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大学英语预备级第四课课文部分

(2007-11-12 20:59:47)
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知识/探索

分类: 大学英语预备级教案
 Paragraph One
1. body  a. the whole physical structure of man 身体,躯体
          We wear clothes to keep our bodies warm.  我们穿衣服来保暖。
         b. keep body and soul together  维持生存,活命,苟延残喘
          He earns scarecely enough to keep body and soul together. 他所赚的
          钱几乎不够维持温饱。
         c. main part of a structure  建筑物之主要部分 
           the body of the concert hall音乐大厅的中央部分
         d. organization or a group of people who do sth together  团体,
            人群, 队伍    Large bodies of unemployed men marched
            through the streets demanding work. 一群群失业者在大街上游行
           要求工作。
        f. mass, quantity, collection  团,量,聚集
           A lake is a body of water. 湖是一潭水。
        g. a heavenly body  天体
        h. body languange 肢体语言   bodyguard 保镖
2. come away with sth  = come and go with sth  来带走什么
3. all a sick person needs
   all that a sick person needs
   what a sick person needs
4. it makes sb feel/ be + adj. to do sth  做某事让某人觉得怎么样
5. a sick person 病人
   an ill person  坏人
   A person is sick. 人生病了,或恶心
   A person is ill. 人生病了
6. well  adj  健康的 
         adv. 好地
          n. 井
7.case  a.  病例  five cases of SARS
        b. 案例   a law case
        c. in that case 在那种情况下 in this case 在这种情况下 
           in any case 在任何情况下 in no case决不 in case 以防,万一
            in case of  以防,万一
           Take an umbrella in case it will rain in the afternoon.
           Take an umbrella in case of the rain. 带把伞一防下午下雨
paragraph 2
1. sb/ sth seem (to be) + adj.  
    The question seems to be easy, in fact it isn't. 这个问题看上去很简
      单,实际上却很难
    The questin seems easy, in fact it isn't.
   sb seem to do sth 某人好像是做...
   sb seem to be doing sth某人好像正在做...
   sb seem to have done sth 某人好像已经做过...
    He seems to write a novel. 她好像是写小说的。
    He seems to be writing a novel. 她好像正在写小说。
    He seems to have written a novel. 她好像已经写好小说了。
   It seems that S + V + O
    It seems that it is going to rain.  天好像要下雨了
  It seems as if S + V + O
    It seems as if it is going to rain. 天好像要下雨了
2. happen 
 a. sth happen 发生了什么事情
   A fire happened last night. 昨晚发生了一场火灾。
b. sth happen to sb 某人发生了什么事情
   An accident happened to him last year. 去年他发上了一场火灾。
c. sb happen to do sth 某人碰巧做某事
 When I visited him yesterday, he happened to be out.
d. It happen that S +V + O
   It happened that he was out when I visited him yesterday.
e. As it happens  碰巧,偶然
  As it happened, I had not money with me.
Parargraph 3
1. open up  打开某物,打通,开展, 开拓
2. sb have knowledge of sth  某人了解...
   sb have a good knowledge of sth 某人掌握...
   sb have no knowledge of sth 某人不了解...
knowledgeable 知识渊博的,博识的,有知识的
3. as if
   S + V + as if + S + had done sth (与过去事实相反)
   S + V + as if + S + did (were) sth (与现在事实相反)
   S + V + as if + S + could/would + do sth (与将来事实相反)
paragraph 5
1. wish
 a. wish sb a Happy Birthday
 b. sb wish to do sth
    sb wish sb to do sth
    sb wish that ...
c. sb wish that S + had done + sth (与过去事实相反)
   I wish that I had met you last night. 我希望我昨晚见到你
   sb wish that S + Ved + sth (与现在事实相反)
    I wish I stayed at home now. 我希望我现在在家里
   sb wish that S + could/ would + do sth (与将来事实相反) 
   I wish I could fly in the sky like a bird some day. 我希望有一天我能像鸟儿一样在天空中飞翔。
d. Best wishes to/for you.
2. will
 a. a strong will
   Where there is a will, there is a way.
b. at will 随意  with a will 坚决的,热情的   against one's will 违心地 good will 善意   ill will  恶意
c. Peace on earth and good will towards men.愿世界有和平,以善意待人
Paragraph 6
1. A rest with B      A依赖于 B
   A rely on B        A依赖于 B
   A depend on B      A依赖于 B
paragraph 7
1. stay healty 保持健康
   keep fit
   maintain health
paragraph 8
1. each
    each of sb (复数) each of us 我们中的每个人
    each 单独使用  Each comes from America.
    each + n.  Each student is interested in Enlish.
   注意的主谓一致
Each of us likes English.
   We each like English.
   each and every + n.  每个...
Paragraph 10
instead   I planned to go to Beijing for the holiday. Instead, i went to Shanghai.
 
instead of   I went to Shanghai for the holiday instead of Beijing.
 
 
  
 
 
 
 

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