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[转载]八支串联瑜伽之路(2)

(2010-09-24 21:40:36)
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This ancient manuscript is the basis on which the Asana -, Vinyasa - and Bhanda - System of Ashtanga Yoga is founded.
这本古老的抄本基本在探讨体位法,串联动作及能量收束法-八支瑜伽的系统也根据此建立
He also learned the Yoga Sutra, which ise the spiritual and philosophical foundation of Ashtanga Yoga.
他也学习瑜珈经-此经典是八支瑜伽的精神及哲学的基础


(reported from Pattabhi Jois, February 2004 摘录自.. 2004/02 Pattabhi Jois)


After Krishnamacharya left his guru around 1924, he began searching for the Yoga Karunta.
1924年.. Krishnamacharya离开他的大师,他开始寻找.. Yoga Karunta这本经典
After a great deal of effort he finally tracked down a copy at the Calcutta University library.
在多方努力的追踪下,在.. Calcutta大学的图书馆发现一本复制本
Unfortunately, soon after he found it, the book got badly damaged by ants and Krishnamarchaya wasn't able to preserve it.
但不幸的,在他发现此书不久,此书被虫啃咬损伤严重,Krishnamarchaya无法保留此书
So it may be impossible to verify its authenticity.
因此已不可能被确认其纯正性..

"Karunta" means "groups" and it is said that its text contained the exact groupings of Asana.
"Karunta"的意思是'集合"亦即此书是体位法的精选集
Everything about Vinyasa, Bhanda, Drishti, Asana and the whole six sequences as they are taught up to now was contained within this manuscript.
一直延续至今的教学体系均在此抄本,其内容包含串联动作,能量收束法,凝视点体位法和整个.. 6级系列
The "Yoga Karunta" thus forms the foundation of the practical part of Ashtanga Yoga.
"Yoga Karunta" 是形成八支瑜伽实际修练部分的基础
(reported from Pattabhi Jois, February 2004 摘录自.. 2004/02 Pattabhi Jois)


The "Yoga Karunta" is attributed to the sage Vamana Rishi.
Vamana Rishi圣哲写下"Yoga Karunta" 经典
He is said to have come to earth when Ashtanga Yoga was forgotten, and a sage was needed to bring it back to mankind.


当八支瑜伽被遗忘须有一位圣哲将祂带回人间..

Vamana Rishi incarnated for this task and learned the whole Ashtanga Yoga system from lord Vishnu while in the womb of his mother.
Vamana Rishi为了其学习源自于毗湿奴神的八支瑜伽系统任务,投胎在其母亲的子宫内化身为人..
After the normal time of pregnancy was over, Vamana was still not finished with his learning.
在正常的怀孕期结束后,Vamana仍未学成..
According to legend, he refused to be born until he had finished his studies of Ashtanga Yoga.
根据传说,他拒绝出生,一直到他学成八支瑜伽才出生..

(reported from Pattabhi Jois, February 2004 摘录自.. 2004/02 Pattabhi Jois)

The "Yoga Sutras" are not hard to find.

瑜珈经较易取得..

They are available in many translations and commentaries.

可买到有许多的译本及注解本..

According to Western research the "Yoga Sutras" were written between 400 and 200 BC.
根据西方学者研究瑜珈经约在西元前.. 400-200年写成

Hindu mythology dates them much earlier, about 10 000 BC.
印度神话记载则更早在西元前.. 10000年
The "Yoga Sutra" is the primary text of the science of classical yoga, in which the author, Patanjali, collated and systematized the existing techniques and knowledge of Yoga.
瑜珈经是古典瑜珈专门技术的主要文本,由其作者.. Patanjali整理及系统化瑜珈的技术及知识而成
The Yoga Sutras definie Yoga as: "yogash citta-vrtti-nirodha", which means: "Yoga is calmness of waves in the mind."
瑜珈经定义瑜珈为: "yogash citta-vrtti-nirodha",其意思为"瑜珈是静心"
Only with a calm mind can the true nature of being be experienced.
只有一颗平静的心灵才能体验真正的本质..

To achieve this aim, the path described in the Yoga Sutras is made up at eight limbs:
为了达此目标,瑜珈经将此修练道路分为八支组成
Yama (moral observance)道德诫律
Niyama (inner integrity)精进
Asana (postures) 体位法
Pranayama (breath control)呼吸控制法
Pratyahara (sensory withdrawal) 摄心
Dharana (concentration) 凝神
Dhyana (meditation) 入定
Samadhi (contemplation)三摩地
This eight limb way to a calm mind gave Ashtanga Yoga its name.
八支瑜伽的命名来自此平静心灵的八支方法(Ashta = Eight八; Anga = limb分支; Yoga = Calmness of waves
in the mind静心)
(Yoga Sutras瑜珈经)


Patanjali, the author of the "Yoga Sutras" is said to have been incarnation of Adisesa, the serpent protecting Lord Vishnu.
瑜珈经的作者.. Patanjali传说他是毗湿奴神的护身蛇.. Adisesa转世为人
Lord Vishnu sleeps on him in the ocean of being.


毗湿奴神沉睡在其所属的海洋..

Patanjali was born to a woman named Gonica, a very sinecures yogini.
Patanjali的母亲.. Gonica是一位全职的瑜珈修行者
As she was offering her prayer to the Sun God Surya, a small snake appeared in her hands and took human form.
当她向太阳神.. Surya礼拜祈祷时.. ,一条小蛇出现在她的手且化为人形
It asked Gonica to accept Patanjali as her son.
祂要求.. Gonica接受.. Patanjali 当她的儿子
She followed its wish and named him Patanjali, a discription of the way he was born; "fallen prayer"
(Pata = fallen降下; anjali = prayer祈祷者).
她答应了将祂命名为.. Patanjali,形容祂的出生"天降的祈祷者"
(a quite common Hindu tale摘录自印度神话故事.. )


But the roots of the Vinyasa System of Ashtanga Yoga can be found much earlier.
但八支瑜伽的串联动作系统,可更早被发现

They reach back to the first written documents of mankind - the Vedas.

研究发现在吠陀第一本被人类写成的经典内已有记载..

There are four Vedas: The Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvanaveda.
有四种吠陀:梨俱吠陀,夜柔吠陀,沙磨吠陀及阿闼婆吠陀
Two contain hints about the Asthanga Vinyasa Yoga practice and to the Vinyasa system.


两种内容暗示包含八支串联瑜伽的串联动作系统..

The first to be written was the Rigveda, which is believed to date back to 8000 BC.
第一次约在西元前.. 8000年写于梨俱吠陀
Yajurveda came a bit later, but is still a very ancient text.
夜柔吠陀较晚出现,此仍为是很古老的经典
In both you can find explanations of moving and breathing, especially in Suryanamaskara.


特别在拜日式亦可发现动作与呼吸的解释..

The physical and spiritual benefits are also detailed.

身体及心灵的受益亦被详载..

In Yajurveda there is a mantra called Aruna Mantra, which puts the Vinyasa Count for Suryanamaskara A at nine.
在.. Yajurveda有一.. Aruna 祈祷梵咒将拜日式A 的串联动作数定为九
In the Maha Saura Mantra of Rigveda the Vinyasa count of Suryanamskara B is numbered through to seventeen - just as it is now.
在.. Rigveda的.. Maha Saura 祈祷梵咒将现今的拜日式B 的串联动作数定为十七
(reported from Pattabhi Jois, February 2004摘录自.. 2004/02 Pattabhi Jois)

The way Ashtanga Yoga took hold in the western world
推广八支瑜伽到西方世界的道路..

Andre van Lysbeth, Norman Allen, David Williams, Nancy Gilgoff are just some of the people who have helped
introduce Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga to the West.
在一些人如:Andre van Lysbeth, Norman Allen, David Williams, Nancy Gilgoff的帮助及介绍下,八支串联瑜伽推广到西方世界..

In 1964 Andre van Lysbeth, a Belgian, found his way to Pattabhi Jois' small Yoga Shala in Mysore.
在.. 1964年比利时人.. Andre van Lysbeth在.. Mysore发现.. Pattabhi Jois'小的.. Yoga Shala
Already quite into Yoga and knowing Sanskrit very well, van Lysbeth became interested in this ancient system,
and spent two months to studying the primary and intermediate series with Pattabhi Jois.
他早已进入瑜珈修练领域且梵文佳,van Lysbeth对此古老瑜珈系统有兴趣,就花了.. 2个月的时间和.. Pattabhi
Jois学习第一级及第二级..
Among the many books he wrote in later years, there was one called "Pranayama", which he wrote just after his
time with Jois and which included a photo of the guru along with his name and address.
过几年他写许多书,有一本"呼吸控制法"的书,因他刚完成与Jois的课程.. ,故书中包含了大师的相片且注明其
姓名与住址..

Thus the name Pattabhi Jois slowly spread in the western world, but mostly in Europe.
因此.. Pattabhi Jois 的名字慢慢的在西方世界传开.. ,其中大部分是在欧洲..
Many of the first people that travelled to India to meet Jois came from there.
从此已开始有许多人旅行至印度去与.. Jois学习瑜珈..
The first American to study with Pattabhi Jois was Norman Allen in 1973.
在.. 1973年第一位美国人.. Norman Allen 与.. Pattabhi Jois 学习瑜珈..
He had been watching a Yoga demonstration given by Manju Jois, Pattabhi's son, at Swami Gitananda's Ashram in Pondicherry.
他在.. Pondicherry的.. Swami Gitananda's Ashram 看过.. Pattabhi的儿子.. Manju Jois的瑜珈示范..
Impressed by this demonstration, he set out to study the system.
他对其示范印象深刻,他开始学习此系统..
A little later David Williams and Nancy Gilgoff arrived at the small Yoga-Shala in Mysore.
过不久.. David Williams 和Nancy Gilgoff 也抵达.. Mysore的小.. Yoga-Shala In 1975, they invited Pattabhi Jois to give a workshop in California, USA.
在.. 1975年他们邀请.. Pattabhi Jois 到美国加州举办研习营..
Only about ten or fiteen people were at that first workshop, a far cry from the hundreds that attend his workshops
today.
此研习营只有.. 10或.. 15人参加,与今日举办的研习营有数百人相差天壤之别..
On that trip Manju Jois who had joined his father in America, decided to stay to teach the traditional technique of Ashtanga Yoga there.
在此段行程.. Manju Jois 和他的父亲一起到美国,他决定继续留在美国教传统的八支瑜伽..
As time went by and Ashtanga Yoga became more known in the west, Pattabhi Jois was invited for workshops not only to the USA but also to Brazil, England and many other countries.
随着时光八支瑜伽在西方世界变的越来越有名,Pattabhi Jois 被邀请至美国也到巴西.. ,英国及其他国家..
Nowadays Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga has grown to become one of the worlds most known Yoga systems.

直到今日八支串联瑜伽已变成世界知名的瑜珈系统之一ㄧ

You can find Ashtanga Yoga classes all around the world.
您可在全世界均找到八支瑜伽的课程..
Stars like Madonna and Sting say that they to follow this ancient practice, something which has increased the popularity of Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga even more.
玛丹娜与史汀明星也练习此系统,更增加了八支串联瑜伽的知名度..

Here you can read a bit about me and my approach to Yoga.

这里您可知道有关于我和我的瑜珈履程..

After I learned Yoga form from my mother at early age, I restarted Yoga on my own with a daily practice in 1990.
在我年纪较轻时,我的母亲教我瑜珈,之后从.. 1990年起我重新开始学习瑜珈且每天练习
In 1999 I discovered Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga.
在.. 1999年我发现八支串联瑜伽
At that time, there weren't many people doing Ashtanga Yoga in Germany, my home country and place of resicence.
在当时,我的国家德国和居住附近,并没有很多人修练八支瑜伽
My first contacts with Ashtanga Yoga were at workshops.


我的第一次接触八支瑜伽是参加一次研习营..

I travelled to nearly every Ashtanga Yoga workshop within about 500 km from my home city, Nurenberg.
从我居住的城市.. Nurenberg到每一次八支瑜伽研习营举办处大约.. 500公里
I was lucky enough to meet and learn from some of the most well-known Ashtanga Yoga teachers, such as Lieno Miele, John Scott and David Svenson.
我很幸运可遇到且受教于一些很有名的老师如:Lieno Miele, John Scott 和David Svenson.
I'm fascinated by the grace, power and elegance of the Ashtanga Yoga practice.
我被八支瑜伽练习时的优美,劲道及典雅所吸引
But to a greater extent I am enthralled by its ancient tradition; each movement, breath and direction of gazing has been practiced for thousands of years, just as it is done today.
但最大的吸引之处为其古代的传统,现今修练的每一个动作,呼吸及凝结视点均和数百年前的修练一样
Being part of a tradition of generations of Yogis that have already practiced all these techniques is a magic thought for me.
对我而言当一位代代相传的瑜珈行者之一,练习古老传承的方法是一项很神奇的思维
Some people claim that Ashtanga Yoga has no tradition at all.


一些人断言八支瑜伽一点都不是传统..

They say: "Ashtanga Yoga is just a modern invention".
他们说:"八支瑜伽只是一项现代的发明.. "
It's true that there are many assertions about Ashtanga Yoga which are difficult, if not impossible to prove.
事实而论,八支瑜伽的许多主张理论是困难且很难去证明的
But do we always need evidence?
但我们总是须证据来证明吗?


Somehow life is like a kaleidoscope.

生命无意中就像万花筒..

If you look through it, you see beautiful colours and amazing geometrical paterns.
若您看穿祂.. ,您可见漂亮的颜色及神奇的几何图案

If you are only concerned with physical reality, you can destroy the kaleidoscope and you will come to the
conclusion that all the beauty you saw was mere splinters of odd coloured glass.
若您只专注在物理性的真实.. ,您可将万花筒打破得到一个结论.. ,看起来漂亮但这不过是一些碎掉及零散的彩

色玻璃..

You will be disillusioned and the dream of the kaleidoscope will be dead.

您将从梦中觉醒而万花筒将会死亡..

For me, it feels good to be practising Ashtanga Yoga in what I understand to be the most traditional method.
对我而言在我知道许多传统的方法,八支瑜伽的修练是较有益的
I used to be a bit confused about the differences between different teaching approaches.


我以前会迷惘于太多不同的修练法门..

To get in direct contact with the roots of Ashtanga Yoga I travelled to India to study with Sri K. Pattabhi Jois.
为了直接接触八支瑜伽的根源,我到印度与.. Sri K. Pattabhi Jois学习
All other Ashtanga Yoga teachers alive have either learned directly from him or from his students.


所有其他的八支瑜伽的老师都从他或其学生学到此系统..

I hoped - a hope that has been justified by my experience of him - that he was the one who could teach me the most traditional way of Ashtanga Yoga.
我根据我自己的经验认为,他是唯一可教我传统八支瑜伽的老师..
He always confirms the method he teacjes today is exactly the one he learned from his teacher Sri Tirumali Krishnamacharya.
他总是确认此系统的方法是他从其老师.. Sri Tirumali Krishnamacharya学习来的..
But it seems that he wasn't very exact in his teaching, because there are a few slight differences between the practices (and therefore teachings) of the various people that have studied with Patabhi Jois at different times.
但似乎有一现象,在不同的人且在不同时期与.. Patabhi Jois学习后,练习法有些微的不同..
My Ashtanga Yoga practice represents what I learned from Pattabhi Jois.
我的八支瑜伽也呈现我从.. Pattabhi Jois学到的部分..
In the places where I noticed differences, I asked him or his grandson Sharath for the correct method of counting, breathing and moving.
在一些我注意到不同之处,我请教他及其孙子.. Sharath有关于计数,呼吸及动作正确的方法..
However, because I only did the primary and intermediate series under Pattabhis guidance, when I practice the advanced series I use the counting and method I have learned from some senior students of Pattabhi Jois.
因我在.. Pattabhis的指导下只学第一级及第二级,因此当我练习第三级以上时,我从.. Pattabhi Jois的一些资深

学生学习计数及方法..

I teach what I practise.

我练习完成的部分我才教..

For me, teaching feels more like sharing my personal practice - I just forward what I have experienced.

对我而言教学像是分享我个人经验过的练习成果..

Hence, I teach Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga in a way I believe to be the most traditional.

所以我相信我教的八支串联瑜伽是最传统的..

Nevertheless, the "most traditional" form of Ashtanga Yoga still differs quite a bit from teacher to teacher.

除非最传统的八支瑜伽形式仍是在不同的老师间有一些不同..

Maybe Ashtanga Yoga is like yeast.

也许八支瑜伽像酵母..

If you put a bit of curd in milk, the yeast will transform the milk into curd.

假如您放一些凝乳在牛奶,酵母将会将牛奶转变成凝乳


You can take your curd to any country, put it into milk and it will happen.
您可以拿着凝乳到任何国家.. ,放入牛奶会发生一样的变化..

- But the curd will always taste a bit different.
但凝乳尝起来总是会有一点不一样..

The yeast is the same, but the milk changes.
酵母是一样的.. ,但牛奶会变化
Likewise, Ashtanga Yoga has a different flavour everywhere, but it is still Ashtanga Yoga.
八支瑜伽在每ㄧ个不同的地方亦有不一样的风格.. ,但祂仍是八支瑜伽

Ashtanga Yoga Mantras

八支串联瑜伽祈祷梵咒..

The beginning and the end of the practice of Ashtanga Yoga traditionally is marked by an Mantra (=Prayer).

传统在开始及结束练习八支串联瑜伽时均会念祈祷梵咒..

* Ashtanga Yoga Mantra - for the beginning of Ashtanga Yoga practice
开始练习八支串联瑜伽的祈祷梵咒..

Before we start our Ashtanga Yoga practice we think of its thousand year old tradition and bow to it with a Mantra (= prayer).
在开始练习八支串联瑜伽前,回想数千年前传统.. ,向祈祷梵咒致敬..

* Mangala Mantra - End Mantra of Ashtanga Yoga
吉祥祈祷梵咒-结束八支串联瑜伽的祈祷梵咒..
The prayer of Mangala Mantra at the end of the Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga system sends love, light and peace out into the world.
结束八支串联瑜伽的吉祥祈祷梵咒系统是为了送出爱,光及和平给世界..

Ashtanga Yoga Mantra - for the beginning of Ashtanga Yoga practice开始练习八支串联瑜伽的祈祷梵咒..
Before we start our Ashtanga Yoga practice we think of its thousand year old tradition and bow to it with a Mantra(= prayer).
在开始练习八支串联瑜伽前,回想数千年前传统,向祈祷梵咒致敬..
In particular, we bow to Patanjali, who is one of the most important guides for the philosophical path of Ashtanga Yoga.
我们尤其须向帕坦伽利致敬,他是八支串联瑜伽哲学道路的最重要指导之一..

Om
vande gurunam caranaravinde
sandarshita svatma sukha va bodhe
nih sreyase jangalika yamane
samsara halahala mohasahantyai
abahu purushakaram
shankacakrasi dharinam
sahasra shirasam svetam
pranamami Patanjalim
Om

English:

I pray to the lotus feet
of the supreme Guru
who teaches the good knowledge,
showing the way
to knowing the selfawakening great happiness;
who is the doctor of the jungle,
able to remove the poison
of the ignorance of conditioned existence.
To Patanjali, an incarnation of Adisesa,
white in color with 1000 radiant heads
(in his form as the divine serpent, Ananta),
human in torm below the shoulders
holding a sword
(discrimination),
a wheel of fire
(discus of light, representing infinite time),
and a conch
(divine sound)


- to him, I prostrate.
(om)
我跪拜在大师的莲花足下
发现自我,觉悟幸福
超越计较,行如丛林中的医者
平静污浊尘世中的妄想..
Patanjali您是神的化身
灵性光芒在众生头顶发亮
人肩下手拿鉴别之剑
转轮有如无穷无尽的时光
对祂发出神圣的有如贝壳之音
我伏拜致敬
(om)..

The prayer of Mangala Mantra at the end of the Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga system sends love, light and peace out into the world.
结束八支串联瑜伽的吉祥祈祷梵咒系统是为了送出爱.. ,光及和平给这个世界..

Om Svasti praja bhyaha pari pala yantam
Nya yena margena mahi mahishaha
Go brahmanebhyaha shubamastu nityam
Lokah samastah sukhino bhavantu
Om shanti shanti shanty

* English:
* Let prosperity be glorified -
let rulers, (administrators) rule the world with law and justice
let divinity and erudition be protected
let all beeings be happy and prosperous.
- to him, I prostrate.
让成功获得荣耀
让统治者用法律与公平治理世界
让神学及知识被保护
让全部生灵顺心喜乐
对祂我伏拜致敬..

[转载]八支串联瑜伽之路(2)

 

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