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Sentence About CAD Knowledg

(2009-02-22 13:09:14)
标签:

教育

分类: ·!English-flying.*ICAO
ABEAM (ABM),Beside: An aircraft is abeam a station when that station is 90° to the right or left of the track of the aircraft. 正切,当电台在飞机左侧或右侧方与航迹成90 度时,飞机正切电台

ABSOLUTE ALTITUDE,The actual distance the aircraft 绝对高度,is above the ground. 飞机离地面的实际距离

ABSOLUTE PRESSURE,Pressure of a liquid or gas measured relative to a vacuum. 绝对压力,相对于真空(无压力)测得的液体或气体的压力。

ACARS,SEE - AIRCRAFT (OR ARINC) REPORTING 飞机通信寻址和报告系统,ADDRESSING AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM ACCELERATION,The rate of change in velocity with respect to time. 加速度,随时间变化的速度改变率

ACCESSORY GEARBOX,A part of the engine,mechanically driven by a compressor or an angle gearbox,for driving components necessary for engine and airplane operations. 附件齿轮箱,发动机的一部份,由压气机或伞齿轮箱带动,用来驱动一些使发动机和飞机工作的部件

ACCUMULATOR (NO. 1),A container with hydraulic fluid pressurized by dry air or nitrogen for operation of components when normal hydraulic supply is not available.蓄压器(NO .1 ),含有靠干燥空气或氮气增压的液压油的容器。当没有正常的液压源可用时,该容器可用以驱动部件

ACCUMULATOR (NO. 2),In a computer,a special storage register associated with the arithmetic logic unit,used for holding the results of a computation or data transfer. 存储器(NO .2 ),计算机中,一种与算术逻辑组件有关系的特别存储寄存器,用来存放运算结果或数据传输。

ACMS,SEE - AIRCRAFT CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM 飞机状态监控系统ACTUATOR,A mechanical device operated electrically ,hydraulically,pneumatically or mechanically for transmitting motion between components. 作动筒,由电,液压,气源或机械驱动的机械装置,用于传送部件之间的运动。

ADC,SEE - AIR DATA COMPUTER 大气数据计算机,ADF,SEE - AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER 自动定向仪

ADI,Attitude Direction Indicator,An electronic display of airplane attitude inFORMation in pitch and roll. 姿态指引仪,用来显示飞机的俯仰姿态和坡度的电子显示。

AERONAUTICAL RADIO INCORPORATED,ARINC is a corporation whose principal stockholders are United States scheduled airlines,air transport companies aircraft manufacturers,and foreign flag airlines. ARINC develops and publishes standards for electronic equipment and systems. 航空无线电公司,主要股东为美国定期的航空公司、航空运输公司、飞机制造厂和外国领队航空公司的组织。其目的是制订并出版电子设备和系统的规范。

AGILITY TUNING,The capability of the DME to alternately tune between two different DME stations in order to get two distance readings from one interrogator. 快速调谐,机载DME 通过交替调谐两部地面DME 电台以测得来自同一台询问机的两个距离数据的能力。

AILERON,A hinged moveable part on the trailing edge of each wing for airplane roll (wing up and wing down)control. 副翼,铰连在每个机翼后缘的可动部件,用于控制飞机的滚转(机翼向上和向下)。

AILERON FORCE LIMITER,An electro-mechanical device for limiting the control wheel movement by the autopilot during autopilot operation. 副翼操纵力限制器,一种机电装置。在自动驾驶工作期间,用来限制驾驶盘的动作量。

AIR CLEANER,A component in the pneumatic system for removing dirt from the engine air supply to the air conditioning system. 空气清洁器,气源系统里的一个部件。用于去除供空调系统使用的发动机引气中的灰尘。

AIRPORT ELEVATION/FIELD ELEVATION,The highest point of an airport"s usable runways measured in feet from mean sea level. In a few countries,the airport elevation is determined at the airport reference point. 机场标高,指海平面与机场可用跑道最高点之间的距离,单位是英尺。有几个国家的机场标高是由机场基准点而决定的。

AIR ROUTE TRAFFIC CONTROL CENTER (ARTCC),A facility established to provide air traffic control service to aircraft operating on IFR flight plans within controlled airspace and principally during the enroute phase of flight. 空中航路交通管制中心(ARTCC ),给在控制空域范围内使用仪表飞行规则飞行的飞机提供空中交通管制服务的站台。

AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC),A service operated by appropriate authority to promote the safe,orderly and expeditious flow of air traffic. 空中交通管制(ATC ),由有关当局管理,旨在促进安全,秩序,和效率的空中交通服务。

AIR CYCLE MACHINE,A compressor and turbine on a common shaft for cooling the air in an air conditioning system. The air is cooled by expansion from high to low ressure across the turbine. The compressor is driven by the turbine. 涡轮冷却器,是装在同一根转轴上的压气机和涡轮,用于冷却空调系统中的空气。空气经压气机压缩后,由热交换器移去热量,然后经过涡轮令涡轮带动压气机。通过涡轮之空气,温度下降。

AIR DATA COMPUTER,A computer which produces air data inFORMation,such as altitude and airspeed,based on pressure and temperature measurements. 大气数据计算机,根据量取压力和温度而产生大气数据资料(高度、空速等)的计算机。

AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL,A system comprised of ground and airborne components used to identify,track and locate aircraft. 空中交通管制,一个由地面设备和机载设备组成的系统。用来对飞机进行识别,跟踪和定位

AIR/GROUND SENSOR,An electrical device operated by the landing gear,which transmits on ground/in air inFORMation for system operation in flight or on the ground. 空地传感器一个由起落架操作的电气装置。用于给空中或地面的飞机系统运作传输地面/空中信息。(有些系统只能在地面使用)

AIRBORNE VIBRATION MONITOR,The AVM takes the signal from the engine mounted accelerometer and calculates the vibration on that engine. 机载振动监测器(AVM ),AVM 从装在发动机上的加速器取得信号后计算出该发动机上的振动。

AIR WAY,A control area or portion thereof established in the FORM of a corridor equipped with radio navigation aids. 航线,以走廊形式建立的控制区域,内有无线电导航设备。

AIRCRAFT (or ARINC) COMMUNICATIONS ADDRESSING AND REPORTING SYSTEM,An addressable digital data link system which permits the exchange of data and messages between an aircraft and a ground-based operations center over a radio network. 飞机通讯寻址和报告系统,有种可寻址的数据通讯系统。利用该系统可使飞机与地面操作中心通过无线电网络进行数据和信息的交换。

AIRCRAFT CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM,A system of sensors and recorders to monitor various airplane systems" perFORMance and status. 飞机状态监控系统,一个利用传感器和记录仪对各种飞机系统的性能以及状态进行监控的系统。

AIRFOIL,A surface designed to obtain a useful reaction,such as lift,from the air through which it moves. Wings,stabilizers and control surfaces are airfoils. 翼面,用以从气流中获得反作用力(如升力)的表面。机翼,安定面和操纵面都是翼面

AIRSPEED (IDS,TDS),The speed of the airplane through the air. 空速,飞机在空气中运动的速度。

AIRSPEED INDEX,An adjustable pointer on the airspeed indicator.空速指标,在空速表上可以调整的指针。

AIRWORTHINESS,The condition of the aircraft with respect to its aerodynamic,mechanical,and legal ability to fly. 适航性,有关气动能力、机械飞行能力、和合法性的飞机状态。

ALGORITHM,A step-by-step procedure for solving a problem,for example,the procedure for finding the square root of a number. 演算法,一步一步的解题方法。例如,计算一个数的平方根的步骤。

AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL (AFM),The legal document containing perFORMance and operating limits,operating procedures,and takeoff and landing perFORMance. 飞机飞行手册(AFM ),包合性能极限,操作极限,操作程序,起飞和着陆性能等资料的法定文件。

AIRPORT ANALYSIS,A comprehensive set of takeoff weight limitations for a given airport runway,generally presented as a function of airport temperature,wind,and aircraft flap setting. 机场分析,一套针对给定的机场跑道的详细重量限制资料。通常与机场温度、风、和飞机襟翼位置成函数关系。

AIRSPEED BUGS,Adjustable pointers on the airspeed indicator. 空速游标,空速表上的可调指标。

ALLOY,A mixture of a basic metal and small amounts of other metals to change the properties of the basic metal. 合金,在金属中加人少量其他金属,而改变其性质的一种金属混合物。

ALPHA SPEED,Minimum airplane speed. 迎角速度,飞机的最小速度

ALPHA VANE,A small moveable airfoil on the side of the fuselage transmitting airplane angle relative to airstream for the stall warning system. 迎角叶片,位于机身侧的可动小翼面。为失速警告系统传输飞机对气流的相对角度。

ALTERNATE,To change from one condition to another. 交替,由一个状况改换到另一个。

ALTERNATE ,An additional airport selected during flight planning,usually near the destination airport,to be used when it is desirable to divert from the original destination airport. 备降场,制订飞行计划时,除了目标机场之外,所选的另一个机场。通常在目标机场附近,以备不去目标机场时,改降之用。

ALTERNATE AERODROME,An aerodrome to which an aircraft may proceed when it becomes either impossible or inadvisable to proceed to or land at the aerodrome of intended landing. 备用机场,当不可能或不适宜在预选机场着陆时,可作着陆使用的场机

ALTIMETER SETTING,The adjustment of the altimeter to account for local variations in atmospheric pressure. 高度表设定,根据当地大气压力变化而对高度表所做的调整。

ALTITUDE ACQUIRE,A digital flight control system mode to transition from climb (or descend) to level flight. 高度截获,一种数字式飞行操纵系统,从爬升(或下降)改平的模式.

ALTITUDE ALERT,A flight deck alert occuring when the airplane approaches or departs a selected altitude. 高度警告,当飞机接近或偏离选定高度时,所出现的驾驶舱警告。

ALTITUDE CAPABILITY,The maximum altitude at which the airplane can be flown at for a given thrust,speed and atmosphere condition. 高度能力,在给定的推力,速度和大气状况下,飞机能飞达的最大高度。

ALTITUDE HOLD (ALT HOLD),A mode of the autopilot or flight director to maintain a selected altitude. 高度保持(ALT HOLD ),自动驾驶仪或飞行指引仪保持在选定高度的一种方式。

ALTITUDE INTERVENTION,Pilot control of the airplane"s altitude during VNAV operation. 高度干预,在垂直导航工作过程中,飞行员对飞行高度的控制。

AMBIENT,The surrounding atmosphere. 周围环境(地面气层),物体周围的环境(特别指大气)。

AMBIENT PRESSURE,Pressure of air surrounding an object,measured in pounds per square inch (psi). 环境压力(地面气压),物体周围的空气压力,用每平方英寸多少磅(psi. )来度量。

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE,Temperature of air surrounding an object,measured in degrees Celsius (°C)or degrees Fahrenheit (°F).

环境温度,物体周围的空气温度,用摄氏度(°C )或华氏(°F )来度量。

AMPERE,A unit of electrical current. One volt across one ohm of resistance causes current flow of one ampere. 安培,电流的单位。1 伏电压在1 欧姆的电阻上所产生的电流为1 安培.
AMPLITUDE,The size or magnitude of a voltage or current waveFORM. 振幅,电压或电流波形的幅度。

ANALOG,Quantities or representations that are variable over a continuous range. 模拟式,用连续性变化的信号来工作,或产生连续性变化的信号系统。

ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL,The process of converting an analog signal to a digital signal. 从模拟式到数字式,将模拟式信号,转换成数值式。

AND GATE,A device or circuit with two or more inputs of binary digital inFORMation and one output. The output is 1 only when all of the inputs are 1. The output is 0 when any one or more inputs are 0. 与门,一种有两个或两个以上的二进位数字信息输人,一个输出的装置或电路。当所有输人为1 ,输出为1 。当任何一个或一个以上的输人为0 时,输出为0 。

ANEROID,A sealed flexible device containing air at low pressure,which expands or contracts during change of pressure outside the device. 膜盒,内含低压空气的密封弹性装置。当它周围的压力变化时,会膨胀或收缩。

ANGLE GEARBOX,A part of an engine,mechanically driven by the compressor,which drives the accessory gearbox. A mechanical device for changing the direction of drive. 伞齿轮箱,发动机的一部分。被压气机以机械方式驱动,然后驱动附件齿轮箱。是改变驱动方向的机械装置。

ANGLE OF ATTACK,The angle of the wing chord in relation to the free stream airflow as it moves forward through the air. 迎角,机翼翼弦在空气中向前运动时与自由气流之间的夹角。

ANGLE OF INCIDENCE,The acute angle which the wing chord makes with the longitudinal axis of the aircraft.安装角,飞机的纵轴与机翼弦线所形成的锐角

ANNUNCIATIONS,Audio or visual indications used to call attention to an event that has taken place.通告,当发生事件时,以声音或目视指示形成的提示信号。

ANNUNCIATOR,A visual device consisting of a number of lights. Each light indicates the condition which exists or has existed in an associated circuit and is labeled accordingly 信号牌,由一系列指示灯组成的目视装置。每个指示灯都有相应的标记,用来显示与之有关的电路的现有情况或已存在的情况

ANODE,The element toward which the principal stream of electrons flows. 正极,主电子流向的极位。

ANOMALY,Not normal. 异常,不正常。

ANTENNA,A device which,used in conjunction with a transmitter or receiver,is used for radiating or receiving radio waves. 天线,一种与发射机或接收机共同工作来发射或接收无线电波的装置。

ANTI-ICING,A method of preventing ice FORMation on the wing leading edges and engine nacelles. 防冰,防止机翼前沿和发动机短舱结冰的一种方法。

ANTI-SKID,A system for providing maximum braking without skidding for any runway condition. Anti-skid components are part of the brake system. 防滑系统,一种在任何跑道状况下,都能提供最大的刹车能力而不使轮胎打滑的系统。防滑部件是刹车系统的一部分。

APPENDIX,A supplement to the Airplane Flight Manual containing additional perFORMance for aircraft configurations not contained in the basic manual. A collection of supplementary material at the end of a book. 附录,飞机飞行手册的附件,包含基本手册中未提到的飞机形态的其他性能。是附在手册末的补充材料。

APEX PIN,A pin for joining the two sections of the torsion link on the landing gear. 顶销,用于连接起落架扭力臂两部份的销子。

APPROACH MODE,An autopilot/flight director mode which is a combination of localizer for roll control and glide slope for pitch control. This mode is used when full instrument landing system is available. 进近方式,一种综合了控制横侧的航道信号和控制俯仰下滑信号的自动驾驶/飞行指引方式。这种方式是在全仪表着陆系统正常时才使用。

APU,SEE - AUXILIARY POWER UNIT 辅助动力装置,


ARINC,SEE - AERONAUTICAL RADIO INCORPORATED 航空无线电公司,

ARM,To make ready for operation. 预位,部件可以开始工作的状态。

ARC,The curved track over the ground of an aircraft flying at a constant distance from a measuring equipment (DME). 弧线,飞机在围绕DME 台等距飞行时的弧形航迹。

AREA NAVIGATION/RNAV,A method of navigation that permits aircraft operations on any desired course within the coverage of station-referenced navigation signals or within the limits of self-contained system capability. 区域导航,容许飞机飞行在有电台参考的导航信号或自备系统能力极限范围内,飞行任何预定航线的一种导航方法。

ARTIFICIAL FEEL,A force developed in the flight control or brake system for opposing or restricting movement. 模拟感觉,在飞行操纵系统或刹车系统中所产生的一种用以抗拒动作或限制动作的力。

ASPIRATED TAT PROBE,A sensor that measures total air temperature when the airplane is in the air and that measures outside air temperature when the airplane is on the ground. The outside air temperature is measured by using bleed air to draw ambient air through the sensor when the airplane is not moving. 吸气式总温探头,用来测量飞机在空中时的总大气温度和在地面时的外界温度。地面外界温度的测量是利用引气将外界空气吸入探头,以达到测量的目的。

ASSEMBLY,The fitting together of a complete structure or unit. 装配,组合成一个完整的结构或组件的过程。

ASSUMED TEMPERATURE REDUCED THRUST,The lower thrust obtained by setting a higher than actual Outside Air Temperature (OAT). 由假设温度而得的减推力,在选择起飞推力设定值时,假定一个比实际外界空气温度高的温度而得到的推力。用这种方法可以减少发动机的磨损和维护费用。

ATC,SEE - AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL 空中交通管制,

ATE,SEE - AUTOMATIC TEST EQUIPMENT 自动测试装置装置,

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE,Pressure of air due to the earth"s atmosphere,expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or inches of mercury (in Hg) or millibars (mB). 大气压力,由于地球周围的大气而产生的空气压力,以每平方寸多少磅(psi )或多少寸高水银柱(in Hg )或毫巴(mB )来表示。

ATTITUDE,The relative orientation of the airplane with respect to pitch,roll,and yaw. 飞机姿态,飞机与俯仰,坡度,和偏航有关的相对方向。

AUDIO CONTROUSELECTOR PANEL,The panel in the airplane which controls and selects the routing of audio. 音频选择面板,飞机内用来控制和选择音频通路的面板。

AUTOLAND,Automatic landing using the Digital Flight control System. 自动着陆,使用数字式飞行操作系统来进行自动着陆。

AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER,A system which determines the direction of a radio station 自动定向仪(ADF ),确定无线电台方向的系统。

AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM,A system composed of all necessary subsystems needed to guide the flight of an airplane. 自动飞行控制系统,由所有能引导飞机飞行的子系统所组成的一个系统。
AUTOMATIC TEST EQUIPMENT,System test equipment that operates under computer control. 自动测试装置,在计算机控制下运作的系统测试装置。

AUTOPILOT,A system which automatically controls and guides the flight of an airplane. 自动驾驶仪,自动操纵和引导飞机飞行的系统。

AUTOPILOT FLIGHT DIRECTOR SYSTEM,An integrated system containing autopilot and flight director functions. 自动驾驶飞行指引系统,一个综合自动驾驶和飞行指引功能的系统。

AUTOTHROTTLE,A system which automatically controls the throttles of an airplane. 自动油门,自动控制飞机油门的系统。

AUXILIARY POWER UNIT,A small turbine engine in the airplane for supplying electrical and pneumatic power for systems operation on the ground or in flight. 辅助动力装置,是飞机内的小涡轮发动机,在地面或空中给各系统提供电源和气源。

AVIONICS,An acronym designating the field of aviation electronics. 航空电子学,是航空电子领域的一特有名称。

AVM,SEE - AIRBORNE VIBRATION MONITOR 机载振动监视器,

AXIAL FLOW COMPRESSOR,A type of compressor used in a gas turbine engine in which air passes through the compressor in a straight flow,front to rear. 轴流压缩机,一种用于燃气涡轮发动机内的压气机。空气由发动机的前部轴向流人,压缩后,由后部流出。

AXIS,An imaginary straight line or an actual physical component (such as an axle) around which a body can rotate 轴线,可让物体围绕着作旋转运动的一个想像的直线或实际存在的部件(如轴)。

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