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涉及政治的英语词汇

(2012-05-17 14:30:29)
标签:

杂谈

最全的医学英语你爱信不信呀作者:jia2lan

政治英语词汇(超全:包括政治学、行政学、国际与国内时政等作者:jia2lan

一院制 Unicameral

一党制国家 One—party States

人权 Human rights

人权宣言 Declarations of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

工会 Trade unions

下议院 House of Commons

上议院 House of Lords

个人主义 Individualism

女权主义 Feminism

马列主义 Marxism—Leninism

马克思主义 Marxism

马基雅维里主义 Machiavelli

王权 Crown

无产阶级 Proletariat

无产阶专政 Dictatorship of the proletariat

无政府主义 Anarchism

专制 Despotism

专制政府/绝对专制主义 Absolute government/absolutism

中央与地方的关系 Central/Local relations

分权 Separation of powers公共行政

Public administration

公民权利 Civil rights

公民自由 Civil liberties

正义Justice

可审判性Justiciability

平等Equality

奴隶制Slavery

占统治地位的党

Dominant party

 

代表Delegate

代议员Representative

代议制政府

Representative government
代表制Representation

主权Sovereignty

市民社会Civil society

市(镇)长Major

立宪主义Constitutionalism立宪政体

Constitutional government

立法机关Legislatures

立法否决Legislative veto

立法委员会

Legislative committees

立法起草

Legislative drafting

半总统制

Semi-presidential systems

议长Speaker

议会制度

Parliamentary system

司法机构Judiciary

司法行政官Magistrate

司法审查Judicial review

民主Democracy

民主党Democratic Party

民主集中制Democratic  centralism

民意测验Opinion polls

共产党Communist Parties共和国Republic
机构/制度Institution

权力Power

权利Rights

权利法案Bill of rights

权威Authority

妇女选举权

Women’s suffrage

地方长官Prefect

地方政府Local government

地方政府财政

Local government finance

地方政治Local politics

同意Consent

同意投票Approval voting

团体理论Group theory

邦联Confederation

邦联条例Articles of Confederation

自由Freedom

自由党Liberal parties

自由裁量权Discretion

自决Self-determination

自治Self-government

自治领Dominion

行为主义Behaviouralism

行政Administration

行政机关Executives

政委员Administrative board

行政法庭

Administrative tribunal

行政法院

Administrative court

州长Governor

多元主义Pluralism

多元社会Plural society

多头制Polyarchy

多数派政府

Majority government

多数统治Majority rule

决策Decision making

决策理论Decision theory

农奴制Serfdom

阶层/阶级Class

麦迪逊,詹姆斯Madison,James

苏格拉底Socrates

极权主义Totalitarianism

否决权Veto

投票Voting

投票率Turnout

护宪Entrenchment

财产权Property
利益Interests

利益表达与聚合

Interest articulation and aggregation

利益集团Interest group

言论,表达和出版自由Freedom of speech,expression,and the press

社区/共同体Community

社团主义Corporatism

社会主义Socialism

社会民主主义

Social democracy

社会契约论Social contract君主制Monarchy

责任Responsibility

责任政府

Responsible government

直接民主Direct democracy直接行动Direct action

杰斐逊,托马斯Jefferson,Thomas

欧洲议会

European Parliament

欧洲共同体

European Community

歧视Discrimination

国际法International Law

国家State

国家元首Head of state

国家消亡

Withering away of the state

国家财政危机

Fiscal crisis of the state

非暴力反抗

Civil disobedience

非暴力行为

Non-violent action

制定法Statute Law

制衡Checks and balance

委任Patronage

委员会Commission

质询Interpellation

法Law

法令Act

法官Judge

法治Rule of law

法律的正当程序

Due process of law

法案,议案Bill

宗教自由

Freedom of religion

审判Adjudication

审查制度Censorship

官僚制/官僚Bureaucracy

实证主义Positivism

封建主义Feudalism

革命和反革命Revolution and counter-revolution

政体Polity

政纲platform

政变Coup D’etat

政府Government

政府组成过程

Government formation process
政府首脑

Head of government

政府调查Public inquiry

政治Politics

政治义务Political obligation
政治文化Political culture

政治中的种族问题

Race in politics

政治心理学

Political psychology
政治发展

Political development

政治行动委员会(美国)Political action committee
政治行为研究

Political behaviour

政治地理学

Political geography

政治权力Political power
政治局(及常务委员会)Politburo(and Pesidium)

政治沟通

Political communication

政治体系/政治系统

Political system

政治参与

Political participation

政治财政Political finance

政治科学Political science

政治社会化

Political socialization

政治社会学

Political sociology

政治学的定量方法

Quantitative methods in politics

政治态度Political attitudes

政治腐败

Political corruption

政治继承

Political succession

政治理论Political theory

政治暴力Political violence

政治影响Political influence

政治整合/政治一体化Political integratio

政党分赃制Spoils system

政党认同Party identification

政党代表大会

Party convention

政党功能Parties,political:functions of 政党组织Party organization

政党核心集团Machine

政党秘密会议Caucus

政策分析Policy analysis
政策实施Implementation

政策输出研究Policy output studies

城市政府City government

城邦国家City state

贵族/贵族制Aristocracy

思想库Think tank

看守政府

Caretaker government

选区Constituency

选民登记

Registration of electors

选择投票Ticket-splitting

选择领导Leadership selection

选举Elections

选举团Electoral college

选举纲领Election program

选举制度Electoral system

选票Ballot

重农主义Physiocracy

重划选区Redistribution

重商主义Mercantilism

种族灭绝Genocide

种族主义Racism

种族隔离Apartheid

顺从Deference

保守主义Conservatism
保守党Conservative parties保护主义Clientelism

修正主义Revisionism

独立机构

Independent agency

独立宣言Declaration of Independence

独裁主义,权威主义Authoritarianism

独裁制Autocracy

帝国Empire

帝国主义Imperialism

美国革命

American Revolution

美国国会Congress
美国辉格党Whig:U.S.

首相(总理)/首相(总理)制政府

Prime minister/Prime ministerial government

总统,总统制President/Presidential system总罢工General strike

总督Governor-General

派别Faction

咨询和同意

Advice and consent

宣传Propaganda

宪法Constitutional law

宪法规约

Conventionofthe constitution

宪法/宪政Constitution/constitutionalism

神权政治Theocracy

神授王权

Divine right of kings

费边主义Fabianism

绝对专制主义Absolutism

统治阶级Ruling class

统治能力Governability

恐怖Terror
恐怖主义Terrorism

格劳修斯Grotius

监护Tutelage

监察专员Ombudsman

党派首领Boss

罢免Recall

恩格斯Engels

缺席投票Absence voting

特权Prerogative

特许状Charter

秘密警察Secret police

倒台与政权更迭

Breakdown and regime change

候选人选择

candidate selection

爱国主义Patriotism

被保护国Protectorate

竞争性政党制度Competitive party system

竞选运动Election campaign

部门Department

部长,部Minister/Ministry

部长会议Council of Ministers

准司法Quasi-judicial

准--非政府组织Quango

资历制Seniority

资产阶级Bourgeoisie

资本主义Capitalism

浮动投票人Floating vote

浪漫主义Romanticism

宽容Toleration

家长型控制Paternalism

调查委员会Selectcommittee

预算,预算编制Budget/Budgeting

陪审团Jury

理性Rationality

理性选择方法Rational choice

教权主义Clericalism

教会与国家

Church and State
基本权利Fundamental right

基层党组织

Primary party organization

职能代表

Functional representation

授权立法

Delegated legislation

授权学说Mandate theory

常设委员会

Standing committee

累计投票Cumulative vote

唯心主义Idealism

领导Leadership

第二院,上议院

Second chambers

康德Kant

混合政府Mixed government

弹劾Impeachment

隐私Privacy

殖民统治Colonial government

联合,联合政府

Coalition/Coalition government

联合民主

Consociational democracy

协商民主

联合国United Nations

联邦制Federalism

联邦党人文集

Federalist Papers

联盟,联合League

超载Overload

超国家政府

Supranational government

博爱Fraternity

斯大林Stalin

斯宾诺莎Spinoza

斯密,亚当Smith,Adam

最低下限Droop quota

最高行政法院

Conseil d’Aetat

最高法院Supreme court

黑格尔Hegal

辉格党与托利党

Whigs and Tories

等级Estates

集体主义Collectivism

集体行动Collective action集体领导

Collective leadership

集合理论Coalition theory

街区选举,集团投票

Block vote

普通法Common law

游说Lobbying

雇主组织Employer’s organization

强制性投票

Compulsory voting

鼓励性行动

Affirmative action

路德,马丁Luther,Martin

解散议会

Dissolution of parliament

意识形态Ideology

新左派New Left

新右派New Right

新政New deal

新教政党Protestant parties

福利国家Welfare state

群众性政党Mass membership party

僭主制/暴政Tyranny

寡头制Oligarchy

寡头政治铁律

Iron law of oligarchy

精英,精英主义Elites,Elitism

精英理论Doctrine of elites

腐败选区Rotten borough

弊政Maladministration

熊彼特Schumpeter

影子内阁Shadow cabinet

暴力Violence

潘恩Paine
霍布斯Hobbes

穆勒Mill

激进主义Radicalism

激进政党Radical parties

整体主义Holism

辩证法Dialectic

辩证唯物主义Dialectical materialism

警察Police

警察国家Police state

 

时事政治词汇

国内时事Domestic Affairs

中国共产党第十七次全国代表大会 17th National Congress of Communist Party of China (17th NCCPC)

中央政治局Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPC

中央纪律检查委员会 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection

中共中央委员会 CPC Central Committee

全国人民代表大会 (简称 全国人大) National People’s Congress (NPC)

九届全国人大四次会议 the Fourth Session of the Ninth National People’s Congress

全国人大代表 deputy to the National People’s Congress

全国人民代表大会主席团 the NPC Presidium

全国人民代表大会常务委员会 the NPC Standing Committee

全国人民代表大会常务委员会办公厅 the general offices of the NPC Standing Committee

中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会 (简称全国政协) National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)

中国政协委员 member of the National Committee of CPPCC

最高人民法院Supreme People’s Court  

最高人民法院院长President of the Supreme People’s Court

最高人民检察院Supreme People’s Procuratorate   

最高人民检察院检察长Procurator-General   

国务院State Council     

外交部Ministry of Foreign Affairs   

国防部Ministry of National Defense   

国家发展计划委员会State Development Planning Commission   

国家经济贸易委员会State Economic and Trade Commission   

教育部Ministry of Education   

科学技术部Ministry of Science and Technology   

国防科学技术工业委员会Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense   

国家民族事务委员会State Ethnic Affairs Commission   

公安部Ministry of Public Security   

安全部Ministry of State Security   

监察部Ministry of Supervision   

民政部Ministry of Civil Affairs   

司法部Ministry of Justice   

财政部Ministry of Finance   

人事部Ministry of Personnel   

劳动和社会保障部Ministry of Labor and Social Security   

国土资源部Ministry of Land and Natural Resources   

建设部Ministry of Construction   

铁道部Ministry of Railways   

交通部Ministry of Communications   

信息产业部Ministry of Information Technology and Telecommunications   

水利部Ministry of Water Resources   

农业部Ministry of Agriculture   

对外贸易经济合作部Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation   

文化部Ministry of Culture   

卫生部Ministry of Health   

国家计划生育委员会State Family Planning Commission   

中国人民银行People’s Bank of China   

审计署Auditing Administration     

fgA中国英语学习网

中共中央总书记 General Secretary, the CPC Central Committee   

政治局常委 Member, Standing Committee of Political Bureau, the CPC Central Committee   

政治局委员 Member, Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee   

书记处书记 Member, secretariat of the CPC Central Committee   

中央委员 Member, Central Committee   

候补委员 Alternate Member   

省委/市委书记 Secretary,…Provincial/Municipal Committee of the CPC   

党组书记 secretary, Party Leadership Group

中华人民共和国主席/副主席 President/Vice President, the People’s Republic of China   

全国人大委员长/副委员长 Chairman/Vice Chairman, National People’s Congress   

秘书长 Secretary-General   

主任委员 Chairman   

委员 Member   

(地方人大)主任 Chairman, Local People’s Congress   

人大代表 Deputy to the People’s Congress   

国务院总理 Premier, State Council   

副总理Vice Premier   

国务委员 State Councilor   

秘书长 Secretary-General   

(国务院各委员会)主任 Minister in Charge of Commission for   

(国务院各部)部长 Minister   

部长助理 Assistant Minister   

司长 Director   

局长 Director   

省长 Governor   

常务副省长 Executive Vice Governor   

自治区人民政府主席 Chairman, Autonomous Regional People’s Government   

地区专员 Commissioner, prefecture   

香港特别行政区行政长官 Chief Executive, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region   

市长/副市长 Mayor/Vice Mayor   

区长 Chief Executive, District Government   

县长 Chief Executive, County Government   

乡镇长 Chief Executive, Township Government   

秘书长 Secretary-General   

办公厅主任 Director, General Office   

(部委办)主任 Director   

处长/副处长 Division Chief/Deputy Division Chief   

科长/股长 Section Chief   

科员 Clerk/Officer   

有中国特色的社会主义民主政治socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics

邓小平理论 Deng Xiaoping Theory

三个代表 three represents theory (the Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China’s advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China’s advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China.)

高举邓小平理论伟大旗帜,全面贯彻“三个代表”重要思想hold high the banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and carry out the important thoughts of "Three Represents"

坚持解放思想、实事求是的思想路线,弘扬与时俱进的精神 adhere to the ideological guideline of emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, and upholds the spirit of advancing with time.

两大历史性课题(提高党的执政能力和领导水平、提高拒腐防变和抵御风险能力)

the two major historic subjects of enhancing the abilities of administration and art of leadership and resisting corruption, guarding against degeneration and warding off risks.

全面推进党的建设的新的伟大工程forge ahead with the new great project of Party building

三讲教育:讲学习,讲政治,讲正气three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

新闻发布会news conference

政府工作报告government’s work report

国有企业state-owned enterprises (SOE)

人均国内生产总值per-capita gross domestic product (GDP)

国民生产总值gross national product (GNP)

经济房low-cost housing

西部大开发 the strategy of developing the western region

西部大开发战略develop-the-west strategy

扩大住房贷款,助学贷款和大件消费品贷款expand housing loans, student loans and major commodity loans

弱势群体 disadvantaged groups (对弱势群体给予特殊的就业援助。Special employment assistance should be given to members of disadvantaged groups.)

西电东送 transmission of electricity from the western to the eastern region

加快经济结构调整 accelerate economic restructuring

购买力 purchasing power

消费者物价指数Consumer Price Index (CPI)

城镇社会保障体系 urban social security system

下岗职工基本生活费 subsistence allowances for laid-off workers

离退休人员基本养老金 basic pensions for retirees

特困行业和企业 industries and enterprises in dire straits

试点项目 pilot project

抵抗全球经济衰退 to combat the global economic slump

医疗改革 health care reform

农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural workers

扩大内需,刺激消费 expand domestic demand and consumption

乡镇企业 township enterprises

地方保护主义local protectionism fgA中国英语学习网

不正当竞争unfair competition fgA中国英语学习网

与时俱进 advance with the times

综合国力 overall national strength

可持续发展 sustainable development

三峡工程 Three-Gorges Project

三峡移民 Migrants from Three Gorges area

电视会议 televised meeting

常务委员 Standing Committee member

下岗职工 laid-off workers

再就业 re-employment

再就业下岗人员 re-employment of laid-off workers

隐形就业 hidden employment

国有企业改革 Reform of state- owned enterprises

医保制度改革 Reform of medical insurance system

政府机构改革 Reform of government institutions

现代远程教育 modern distance education

青藏铁路 Qinghai-Tibet Railway

农村电网改造 projects to upgrade rural power grids

退耕还林、还草工程 Grain for Green Project

增收节支 increase revenue and cut government expenditure

全面小康社会 all-round well-off society

构建和谐社会to build a harmonious society

对某事予以严重关注express grave concern over sth. fgA中国英语学习网

对某事表示深切关注be deeply concerned about sth. fgA中国英语学习网

旨在做某事in a bid to do sth.

海峡两岸关系cross-Strait relations

国务院台湾事务办公室Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council

三通(指台湾海峡两岸实现通商,通航和通邮) three direct links of trade , mail , and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits  fgA中国英语学习网

一国两制one country, two systemsfgA中国英语学习网

反对“台独”  oppose the “Independence of Taiwan

一个中国的原则是和平统一的基础

The One-China Principle is the foundation and prerequisite for peaceful reunification

 

国际时事International Affairs

大使,使节ambassador大使馆embassy

武装部队armed forces

逮捕arrest  

当局 authorities

禁止ban  

炸弹;轰炸bomb

人体炸弹body bomb

预算budget

内阁cabinet

运动,选举campaign

候选人,选手candidate

伤亡casualty  

停火cease-fire

首领,长官chief  

倒塌collapse  

谴责condemn  

腐败corruption  

撞击,坠毁crash  

汇市 currency market

僵局deadlock

死亡数death toll

赤字deficit / 盈余 surplus

外交关系diplomatic tie

经济复苏economic recovery

选举election    

少数民族ethnic groups

证据evidence  

驱逐,放逐expel  

世界经济global economy

有罪的guilty

劫机hijack   人质hostage

独立independence  

通货膨胀inflation  

投资invest  

共同的joint

伊拉克战争Iraq War

多数majority  

行动,步骤move

相互的mutual

核武器nuclear weapon

开枪,开火open fire

推翻,颠覆overthrow

国会parliament (Britain); congress (US)  

维和部队peace-keeping force

(美)五角大楼(美国国防部办公楼) Pentagon  

方针,政策policy  

投票,民意测验 poll  

总统,主席 president  

提议,提案proposal  

抗议protest  

经济萧条recession  

区域的regional  

收入revenue  

暴动和抢劫rioting and looting

安全 security  

间谍spy  

战略strategy

自杀suicide  

高峰会议summit meeting

生还者survivor  

恐怖主义terrorism

恐怖分子terrorist

被困的 trapped  

台风 typhoon  

协议 treaty  

动荡 unrest  

受害者victim  

暴力violence  

 

安全理事会Security Council   

联合国大会UN General Assembly   

联合国教育科学文化组织United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO  

世界卫生组织World Health Organization (WHO)

世界贸易组织World Trade Organization (WTO)

自由贸易协定Free Trade Agreement (FTA) fgA中国英语学习网

发展和平友好、平等互利、长期稳定的关系to develop relations of peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, and prolonged stability  

发展民族经济to develop the national economy  

贩卖军火to peddle munitions   

国家不分大小,应该一律平等All countries, big or small, should be equal   

建立正常的国家关系to establish normal state relations   

求得公平合理的解决to seek a fair and reasonable solution   

取长补短to make up for each other’s deficiencies   

通过外交途径进行谈判to negotiate through diplomatic channels   

维护国家独立和主权完整to safeguard national independence and the integrity of sovereignty   

用和平手段解决争端to solve disputes by peaceful means  

维护世界和平to safeguard world peace

 

1、 抗生素医嘱[Antibiotic order]

·Prophylaxis [预防性用药] Duration of oder[用药时间] 24hr

Procedure[操作,手术]

·Empiric theraphy [经验性治疗]

Suspected site and organism[怀疑感染的部位和致病菌] 72hr

Cultures ordered[是否做培养]

·Documented infection[明确感染]

Site and organism[部位和致病菌] 5days

·Other[其他]

Explanation required [解释理由] 24hr

·Antibiotic allergies[何种抗生素过敏]

No known allergy [无已知的过敏]

·Drug+dose+Route+frequency[药名+剂量+途径+次数]

2、医嘱首页[Admission / transfer]

·Admit / transfer to [收入或转入]

·Resident [住院医师] Attending[主治医师]

·Condition [病情]

·Diagnosis[诊断]

·Diet [饮食]

·Acitivity [活动]

·Vital signs[测生命体征]

·I / O [记进出量]

·Allergies[过敏]

3、住院病历[case history]

·Identification [病人一般情况]

Name[性名]

Sex[性别]

Age [年龄]

Marriage[婚姻]

Person to notify and phone No.[联系人及电话]

Race[民族]

I.D.No.[身份证]

Admission date[入院日期]

Source of history[病史提供者]

Reliability of history[可靠程度]

Medical record No[病历号]

Business phone No.[工作单位电话]

Home address and phone No.[家庭住地及电话]

·Chief complaint[主诉]

·History of present illness[现病史]

·Past History[过去史]

Surgical[外科]

Medical[内科]

Medications[用药]

Allergies[过敏史]

Social History[社会史]

Habits[个人习惯]

Smoking[吸烟]

Family History[家族史]

Ob/Gyn History[ 婚姻/生育史]

Alcohol use[喝酒]

·Review of Aystems[系统回顾]

General[概况]

Eyes,Ears,Nose and throat[五官]

Pulmonary[呼吸]

Cardiovascular[心血管]

GI[消化]

GU[生殖、泌尿系统]

Musculoskeletal[肌肉骨骼]

Neurology[神经系统]

Endocrinology[内分泌系统]

Lymphatic/Hematologic[淋巴系统/血液系统]

·Physical Exam[体检]

Vital Signs[生命体征]

P[脉博]

Bp[血压]

R[呼吸]

T[温度]

Height[身高]

Weight[体重]

General[概况]

HEENT[五官]

Neck[颈部]

Back/Chest[背部/胸部]

Breast[乳房]

Heart[心脏]

Heart rate[心率]

Heart rhythm[心律]

Heart Border[心界]

Murmur[杂音]

Abdomen[腹部]

Liver[肝]

Spleen[脾]

Rectal[直肠]

Genitalia[生殖系统]

Extremities[四肢]

Neurology[神经系统]

cranial nerves[颅神经]

sensation[感觉]

Motor[运动]

*Special P.E. on diseased organ system[专科情况]

*Radiographic Findings[放射]

*Laboratory Findings[化验]

*Assessment[初步诊断与诊断依据]

*Summary[病史小结]

*Treatment Plan[治疗计划]

4、输血申请单[Blood bank requisition form]

(1)reason for infusion[输血原因]

▲红细胞[packed red cells, wshed RBCs]:

*Hb<8.5 [血色素<8.5]

*>20% blood volume lost [>20%血容量丢失]

*cardio-pulmonary bypass with anticipated Hb <8[心肺分流术伴预计血色素

<8]

*chemotherapy or surgery with Hb <10[血色素<10的化疗或手术者]

▲全血[whole blood]:

massive on-going blood loss[大量出血]

▲血小板[platelets]:

*massive blood transfusion >10 units[输血10单位以上者]

*platelet count <50×103/μl with active bleeding or surgery[血小板<5万伴活

动性出血或手术者]

*Cardio-pulmonary bypass uith pl<100×103/μl with octive bleeding[心肺分流

术伴血小板<10万,活动性出血者]

*Platelet count <20×103/μl[血板<2万]

▲新鲜冰冻血浆[fresh frozen plasma]:

*documented abnormal PT or PTT with bleeding or Surgery[PT、PTT异常的

出血或手术病人]

*specific clotting factor deficiencies with bleeding/surgerg[特殊凝血因子缺乏

的出血/手术者]

*blood transfusion >15units[输血>15个单位]

*warfarin or antifibrinolytic therapy with bleeding[华法令或溶栓治疗后出血]

*DIC[血管内弥漫性凝血]

*Antithrombin III dficiency[凝血酶III 缺乏]

(2)输血要求[request for blood components]

*patient blood group[血型]

*Has the patient had transfusion or pregnancy in the past 3 months? [近3个月,

病人是否输过血或怀孕过?]

*Type and crossmatch[血型和血交叉]

*Units or ml[单位或毫升]

5、出院小结[discharge summary]

Patient Name[病人姓名]

Medical Record No.[病历号]

Attending Physician[主治医生]

Date of Admission[入院日期]

Date of Discharge[出院日期]

Pirncipal Diagnosis[主要诊断]

Secondary Diagnosis[次要诊断]

Complications[并发症]

Operation[手术名称]

Reason for Admission[入院理由]

Physical Findings[阳性体征]

Lab/X-ray Findings[化验及放射报告]

Hospital Course[住院诊治经过]

Condition[出院状况]

Disposition[出院去向]

Medications[出院用药]

Prognosis[预后]

Special Instruction to the Patient(diet, physical activity)[出院指导(饮食,活

动量)]

Follow-up Care[随随访]

6、住院/出院病历首页[Admission/discharge record]

·Patient name[病人姓名]

·race[种族]

·address[地址]

·religion[宗教]

·medical service[科别]

·admit (discharge) date[入院(出院)日期]

·Length of stay [住院天数]

·guarantor name [担保人姓名]

·next of kin or person to notify[需通知的亲属姓名]

·relation to patient[与病人关系]

·previous admit date[上次住院日期]

·admitting physician [入院医生]

·attending phgsician[主治医生]

·admitting diagnosis[入院诊断]

·final (principal) diagnosis[最终(主要)诊断]

·secondary diagnosis[次要诊断]

·adverse reactions (complications)[副作用(合并症)]

·incision type[切口类型]

·healing course[愈合等级]

·operative (non-operative) procedures[手术(非手术)操作]

·nosocomial infection[院内感染]

·consutants[会诊]

·Critical-No. of times[抢救次数]

·recovered-No. of times[成功次数]

·Diagnosis qualitative analysis[诊断质量]

OP.adm.and discharge Dx concur [门诊入院与出院诊断符合率]

Clinical and pathological Dx concur[临床与病理诊断符合率]

Pre- and post-operative Dx concur [术前术后诊断符合率]

·Dx determined with in 24 hours (3 days) after admission[入院后24小时(3

天)内确诊]

·Discharge status[出院状况]

recovered[治愈]

improved[好转]

not improved[未愈]

died [死亡]

·Dispositon[去向]

home[家]

against medical ad[自动出院]

autosy[尸检]

transferred to[转院到]

 

 

医学英语常用前后缀

医学英语常用前后缀 ·a-[无,缺] ▲anemia[贫血] atonia[无张力] asymptomatic[无症状的] amenorrhea[闭经] ·ab-[分离] abduct [外展] abscision[切除] ·acou (acu)-[听觉] acumeter [听力计] acouophone[助听器] ·acro-[肢端] acromegaly[肢端肥大症] acromastitis[乳头炎] ·ad (af, an)-[邻近,向上] adrenal [肾上腺] adaxial[近轴的] annexa[附件] ·-ad[……侧] ventrad[向腹侧] cephalad[向头侧] ·adeno-[腺] adenocyte[腺细胞] adenoidism[腺体病] ·adipo-[脂肪] adiposis[肥胖症] adiponecrosis[脂肪坏死] ·adreno-[肾上腺] adrenocorticoid[肾上腺皮质激素] adrenalin[肾上腺素] adrenal[肾上腺] ·-aemia(emia)[血症] bacteremia[菌血症] leukemia[白血病] ·-albi (albino)-[白色] albumin[白蛋白] albinism[白化病] ·-algesia[痛觉] ▲hypoalgesia[痛觉减退] ·-algia[痛] ▲arthralgia[关节痛] ▲cephalgia[头痛] ▲neuralgia[神经痛] ·alkali-[碱] ▲alkalosis[碱中毒] ·alveo-[牙槽,小沟] ▲alveolitis[牙槽炎] ▲alveobronchiolitis[支气管肺泡炎] ·ambi-[复,双] ambiopia[复视] ambivert[双重性格] ·ambly-[弱] ▲amblyopia[弱视] ▲amblyaphia[触觉迟钝] ·amylo-[淀粉] ▲amyloidosis[淀粉酶] ▲amylase[淀粉酶] ·angio-[血管] ▲angiography[血管造影术] ▲angioedema[血管性水肿] ▲angeitis[脉管炎] ▲angiofibroma[血管纤维瘤] ·ante-[前] ▲antenatal[出生前的] ▲anteflexion[前屈] ·antero-[前] ▲anterolateral[前侧壁] ▲anteroventral[前腹侧] ·anti-[抗,反] ▲antibiotics[抗生素] ▲antihypertensives[降压药] ▲anticoagulant[抗凝剂] ·rarchno-[蛛网膜] ▲arachnoiditis[蛛网膜炎] ·archo-[肛门,直肠] ▲archorrhagia[肛门出血] ▲archosyrinx[直肠灌注器] ·arterio-[动脉] ▲arteriospasm[动脉痉挛] ▲arteriosclerosis[动脉硬化] ·arthro-[关节] ▲arthrocentesis[关节穿刺] ▲arthrotomy[关节切开术] ▲arthritis[关节炎] ·-ase[酶] ▲oxidase[氧化酶] ▲proteinase[蛋白酶] ·-asthenia[无力] ▲myasthenia[肌无力] ▲neurasthenia[神经衰弱] ·audio(audito)-[听力] ▲audiology[听觉学] ▲audiometer[听力计] ·auto-[自己] ▲autoimmune[自身免疫] ▲auto hemotherapy[自体血疗法] ·bacilli-[杆菌] ▲bacillosis[杆菌病] ▲bacilluria[杆菌尿] ·bacterio-[细菌] ▲bacteriology[细菌学] ▲bactericide[杀菌剂] ·baro-[压力] ▲barometer [压力计] ▲baroreceptor[压力感受器] ·bary-[迟钝] ▲barylalia[言语不清] ▲baryacusia[听觉迟钝] ·bi-[双] ▲bicuspid[二尖瓣]] ▲bilateral[两侧的] ·bili-[胆汁] ▲bilirubin[胆红素] ·bio-[生命] ▲biology[生物学] ▲biopsy[活检] ·-blast[母细胞] ▲spermatoblast[精子细胞] ▲melanoblast[成黑色素细胞] ▲osteoblast[成骨细胞] ·brachy-[短] ▲brachypnea[气短] ▲brachydactylia[短指畸形] ·brady-[迟缓] ▲bradycardia[心动过缓] ▲bradypsychia[精神不振] ·broncho-[支气管] ▲bronchoscopy[支气管镜检查] ▲bronchiostenosis[支气管痉挛] ▲bronchitis[支气管炎] ·bronchiolo-[细支气管] ▲bronchiolectasis[细支气管扩张] ·calci-[钙] ▲calcification[钙化] ▲calcicosilicosis[钙沉着症] ·carbo-[碳] ▲carbohydrate[碳水化合物] ▲carbohaemia[碳酸血症] ·carcino-[癌] ▲carcinogen[致癌物] ·cardio-[心,贲门] ▲cardiotonics[强心剂] ▲cardioplasty[贲门成形术] ·-cele[疝,肿物] ▲omphalocele[脐疝] ▲hysterocele[子宫脱垂] ▲ophthalmocele[眼球突出] ·celio-[腹] ▲celialgia[腹痛] ▲celioscopy[腹腔镜检查] ·-centesis[穿刺] ▲arthrocentesis[关节穿刺术] ▲abdominocentesis[腹穿] 3 回复:医学英语常用前后缀 ·cephalo-[头] ▲cephaloxia[斜颈] ▲cephalopathy[头部疾病] ▲cephalotomy[穿颅术] ·cerebello-[小脑] ▲cerebellitis[小脑炎] ▲cerebellum[小脑] ·cerebro-[大脑] ▲cerebritis[大脑炎] ▲cerebrology[脑学] ·chemo-[化学] ▲chemotherapy[化疗] ·chloro-[绿,氯] ▲chloroform[氯仿] ▲chloromycetin[氯霉素] ▲chlorophyll[叶绿素] ·cholangio-[胆道] ▲cholangitis[胆管炎] ▲cholangiectasis[胆管扩张] ·cholo-[胆] ▲cholagogue[利胆剂] ▲cholelithiasis[胆石症] ▲cholecystitis[胆囊炎] ▲cholesterol[胆固醇] ·chondro-[软骨] ▲chondrosarcoma[软骨肉瘤] ▲chondrification[骨软化] ·chromo-[色素] ▲cytochrome[细胞色素] ▲chromosome[染色体] ·-cide[杀……剂] ▲germicide[杀菌剂] ▲aborticide[堕胎药] ·circum-[周围] ▲circumoral[口周的] ▲circumcision[包皮环切术] ·coagulo-[凝固] ▲coagulant[凝血剂] ·colo-[结肠] ▲colotomy[结肠切开术] ▲coloptosis[结肠下垂] ·colpo (coleo)-[阴道] ▲coleospastia[阴道痉挛] ▲colposcope[阴道镜] ·contra-[反,逆] ▲contraindication[禁忌证] ▲contraceptive[避孕药] ·counter-[反,逆] ▲counteragent[拮抗剂] ▲conuterpoison[解毒剂] ·cranio-[颅] ▲craniomalacia[颅骨软化] ▲cranioclasis[碎颅术] ·-cyst-[囊] ▲cystomy[膀胱切开术] ▲dacryocyst[泪囊] ·-cyte-[细胞] ▲lymphocyte[淋巴细胞] ▲cytolysis[细胞溶解] ·de-[除去] ▲detoxication[解毒] ·dento[牙] ▲dentistry[牙科学] ▲dentalgia[牙痛] ·-derm-[皮肤] ▲epiderm[表皮] ▲dermatology[皮肤病学] ▲dermoplasty[皮肤成形术] ·dextro-[右] ▲dextrocardia[右位心] ▲dexiotropic[右旋的] ·dis-[分离] ▲discission[分离术] ▲disinfection[消毒法] ·duodeno-[十二指肠] ▲duodenitis[十二指肠炎] ▲duodenostomy[十二指肠造口术] ·-dynia[痛] ▲acrodynia[肢体痛] ▲urethrodynia[尿道痛] ·dys-[异常] ▲dysfunction[功能不良] ▲dyshormonism[内分泌障碍] ▲dysuria[排尿困难] ·-ectasis[扩张] ▲gastroectasis[胃扩张] ▲aerenterectasia[肠胀气] ▲bronchiectasia[支气管扩张] ·-ectomy[切除术] ▲appendectomy[阑尾切除术] ▲lipectomy[脂肪切除术] ·-edema[水肿] ▲encephaledema[脑水肿] ▲myxedema[粘液性水肿] ·-emesia[呕] ▲hematemesia[呕血] ▲helminthemesia[吐虫] ·encephalo-[脑] ▲encephaloma[脑瘤] ▲encephaledema[脑水肿] ·endo-[内] ▲endocarditis[心内膜炎] ▲endoscope[内窥镜] ·entero-[肠] ▲enteritis[肠炎] ▲enterovirus[肠病毒] ·epi-[上,外] ▲epigastrium[上腹部] ·erythro-[红] ▲erythromycin[红霉素] ▲erythroderma[红皮病] ·esophago-[食管] ▲esophagoscope[食管镜] ▲esophagitis[食管炎] ·extra-[……外] ▲extracellular[细胞外的] ▲extrasystole[额外收缩] ·facio-[面] ▲facioplegia[面瘫] ▲facioplasty[面部成形术] ·-fast[耐] ▲acid-fast[抗酸的] ▲uviofast[耐紫外线] ·febri-[热] ▲febricula[低热] ▲febrifacient[致热的] ·feti-[胎儿] ▲feticulture[妊娠期卫生] ▲fetometry[胎儿测量法] ·fibro-[纤维] ▲fibroblast[成纤维细胞] ▲fibrosis[纤维化] ·fore-[前] ▲forebrain[前脑] ▲forehead[前额] ·-form[形状] ▲oviform[卵形的] ▲granuliform[颗粒状的] ·fungi-[真菌,霉菌] ▲fungicide[杀真菌剂] ▲fungistasis[制霉菌作用] ·gastro-[胃] ▲gastroptosis[胃下垂] ▲gastroenteritis[胃肠炎] ▲gastroscopy[胃镜检查] ▲gastratrophy[胃萎缩] ·-gen [原,剂] ▲glycogen[糖原] ▲pathogen[病原体] ▲androgen[雄激素] ▲Estrogen[雌激素] ·-genic[……性] ▲cardiogenic[心源性的] ▲allergenic[变应反应] ·giganto-[巨大] ▲gigantocyte[巨红细胞] ▲gigantism[巨大症] ·gingivo-[牙龈] ▲gingivitis[牙龈炎] ▲gingivostomatitis[牙龈口腔炎] ·glosso-[舌] ▲glossoplegia[舌瘫痪] ·gluco-[糖] ▲glucoprotein[糖蛋白] ▲glucocorticoid[糖皮质激素] ·glyco-[糖] ▲glycogen[糖原] ▲glycouria[糖尿] ·-grade[级,度] ▲centigrade[摄氏温度计] ▲retrograde[逆行性] ·-gram[克,图] ▲microgram[微克] ▲electroencephalogram[脑电图] ·-graph(y)[……仪(法)] ▲electrocardiogram[心电图] ▲bronchography[支气管造影术] ·gyneco-[妇女] ▲gynecology[妇科学] ▲gynecopathy[妇科病] ·hemo(hemato)-[血] ▲hemoglobin[血红蛋白] ▲ 4 回复:医学英语常用前后缀 hematoma[血肿] ·hemi-[半] ▲hemiplegia[偏瘫] ▲hemicrania[偏头病] ·hepato-[肝] ▲hepatitis[肝炎] ▲hepatocirrhosis[肝硬化] ▲hepatosplenomegaly[肝脾肿大] ·hidro-[汗] ▲hyperhidrosis[多汗症] ▲anhidrosis[无汗症] ·histo-[组织] ▲histology[组织学] ▲histomorphology[组织形态学] ·holo-[全] ▲holonarcosis[全麻] ▲holoenzyme[全酶] ·homo-[同] ▲homotype[同型] ▲homologue[同系物] ▲homoplasty[同种移植术] ·hydro-[水] ▲hydropericardium[心包积水] ▲hydrolysis [水解] ·hypr-[高] ▲hypercalcemia[高钙血症] ▲hyperthyroidism[甲亢] ·hypno-[睡眼] ▲hypnotics[安眠药] ▲hypnotherapy[催眠疗法] ·hypo-[低] ▲hypotension[低血压] ▲hypoglycemia[低血糖] ·hystero-[子宫] ▲hysterospasm[子宫痉挛] ▲hysteroptosis[子宫下垂] ·-ia[病] ▲melancholia[忧郁症] ▲pyrexia[发热] ·-iatrics[医学] ▲pediatrics[儿科学] ▲geriatrics[老年病学] ·-iatry[医学] ▲psychiatry[精神病学] ▲pediatry[儿科学] ·immuno-[免疫] ▲immunoglobulin[免疫球蛋白] ▲immunotherapy[免疫疗法] ·infra-[下] ▲infraorbital[眶下的] ▲infrared[红外线] ·inter-[间] ▲intervertebral[椎间的] ▲intercellular[细胞间的] ·intra-[内] ▲intravenous[静脉内的] ▲intracranial[颅内的] ▲intramuscular[肌肉内的] ·-ist[家] ▲pathologist[病理学家] ▲anatomist[解剖学家] ·-itis[炎症] ▲cellulitis[蜂窝织炎] ▲myocarditis[心肌炎] ·leuco (leuko)-[白] ▲leucorrhea[白带] ▲leukocytosis[白细胞增多] ▲leukemia[白血病] ·lipo-(脂) ▲lipotrophy[脂肪增多] ▲lipase[脂酶] ·-lith[结石] ▲cholelith[胆结石] ▲cholelithiasis[胆石症] ·-logy[学] ▲terminology[术语学] ▲Cardiology[心脏病学] ·lumbo-[腰] ▲lumbosacral[腰骶部的] ▲lumbago[腰背痛] ▲lumbodynia[腰痛] ·lympho-[淋巴] ▲lymphedema[淋巴水肿] ▲lymphocytopenia[淋巴细胞减少] ·-lysis(lytic)[松解,分解了] ▲aythrolysis[关节松解术] ▲spasmolytic[解痉的] ·macro-[大] ▲macrophage[巨噬细胞] ▲macromolecule[大分子] ·mal-[不良] ▲malnutrition[营养不良] ▲malfunction[功能不全] ·-megaly[巨大] ▲cardiomegaly[心扩大] ▲cephalomegaly[巨头畸形] ·meningo-[脑膜] ▲meningitis[脑膜炎] ▲meningocephalitis[脑膜脑炎] ·meno-[月经] ▲dysmenorrhea[痛经] ▲menopause[停经] ·-meter[表,计] ▲spirometer[肺活量计] ▲pyrometer[高温表] ·-metry[测量法] ▲iodometry[碘定量法] ·micro-[小] ▲micropump[微泵] ▲microliter[微升] ·mono-[单-] ▲mononucleosis[单核细胞增多] ▲monomer[单体] ·multi-[多] ▲multinuclear[多核的] ▲multipara[经产妇] ·myelo-[髓] ▲myelocele[脊髓膨出] ▲myelocyte[髓细胞] ·myo-[肌] ▲myocarditis[心肌炎] ▲myofibroma[肌纤维瘤] ·naso-[鼻] ▲nasoscope[鼻镜] ▲nasitis[鼻炎] ·neo-[新] ▲neoplasm[瘤] ▲neomycin[新霉素] ·nephro-[肾] ▲nephropathy[肾病] ▲nephrosclerosis[肾硬变] ·neuro-[神经] ▲neuroma[神经瘤] ▲neurodermatitis[神经性皮炎] ·non-[非] ▲non-electrolyte[非电解质] ▲nonfetal[非致命的] ·nulli-[无] ▲nullipara[未产妇] ▲nulligravida[未孕妇] ·nutri-[营养] ▲nutrition[营养] ▲nutrology[营养学] ·oculo-[眼] ▲oculist[眼科医生] ▲oculus dexter[右眼] ▲oculus sinister[左眼] 5 回复:医学英语常用前后缀 ·oligo-[少] ▲oligophrenia[智力发育不全] ▲oliguria[少尿] ·-oma[肿瘤] ▲adenoma[腺瘤] ▲osteoma[骨瘤] ·onco-[肿瘤] ▲oncology[肿瘤学] ▲oncogene[癌基因] ·ophthalmo-[眼] ▲ophthalmocele[眼球突出] ▲ophthalmoplegia[眼肌麻痹] ·-osis[病] ▲cirrhosis[肝硬化] ▲mycosis[霉菌病] ·osteo-[骨] ▲osteomalacia[骨软化] ▲osteoarthritis[骨关节炎] ·oto-[耳] ▲otolith[耳石] ▲otoplasty[耳成形术] ▲otopyosis[耳化脓] ·pan-[全] ▲panimmunity[多种免疫] ▲pantalgia[全身痛] ▲pantatrophia[全身营养不良] ·-para[产妇] ▲primipara[初产妇] ▲nullipara[未产妇] ·-pathy[病] ▲dermatopathy[皮肤病] ▲Cardiomyopathy[心肌病] ·pedia-[儿童] ▲pediatrician[儿科医师] ▲pediatrics[儿科学] ·-penia[减少] ▲leucopenia[白细胞减少] ▲thrombopenia[血小板减少] ·per-[经] ▲percutaneous[经皮肤的] ·peri-[周围] ▲pericarditis[心包炎] ▲perianal[肛周的] ·pharmaco-[药] ▲pharmacokinetics[药代动力学] ▲physicochemistry[药典] ·physio-[物理 ▲physiotheraphy[理疗] ▲physicochemistry[物理化学] ·-plasty[成形术] ▲angioplasty[血管成形术] ▲homoplasty[同种移植] ▲gastroplasty[胃成形术] ·-plegia[瘫] ▲paraplegia[截瘫] ▲hemiplegia[偏瘫] ·pleuro-[胸膜] ▲pleuritis[胸膜炎] ▲pleurocentesis[胸腔穿刺术] ·-pnea[呼吸] ▲orthopnea[端坐呼吸] ▲tachypnea[呼吸急促] ·pneumo-[气,肺] ▲pneumothorax[气胸] ▲pneumococcus[肺炎球菌] ·poly-[多] ▲polyuria[多尿] ▲polycholia[胆汗过多] ·post-[后] ▲postpartum[产后] ▲postoperation[术后] ·pre-[前] ▲premenopause[绝经前期] ▲premature[早搏] ▲preload[前负荷] ·pseudo-[假] ▲psudohypertrophy[假性肥大] ▲psudomembranous[假膜的] ·psycho-[精神,心理] ▲psychology[心理学] ▲psychiatry[精神病学] ·-ptosis[下垂] ▲nephroptosis[肾下垂] ▲hysteroptosis[子宫下垂] ·-ptysis[咯] ▲pyoptysis[咯脓] ▲hemoptysis[咯血] ·pyo-[脓] ▲pyorrhea[溢脓] ▲pyosis[化脓] ·radio-[放射] ▲radiotherapy[放疗] ▲radiology[放射学] ·recto-[直肠] ▲rectitis[直肠炎] ▲rectectomy[直肠切除术] ·retino-[视网膜] ▲retinitis[视网膜炎] ▲retinodialysis[视网膜分离] ·rhino-[鼻] ▲rhinitis[鼻炎] ▲rhinorrhea[鼻漏] ·-rrhagia[出血] ▲gastorrhagia[胃出血] ▲hemorrhage[出血] ▲pneumorrhagia[肺出血] ·-rrhaphy[缝合术] ▲neurorrhaphy[神经缝合术] ▲Vasorrhaphy[输卵管缝合术] ·-rrhea[流出] ▲diarrhea[腹泻] ▲menorrhea[月经] ·schisto-[裂] ▲schistosomiasis[血吸虫病] ▲schistoglossia[舌裂] ·scirrho-[硬] ▲scirrhosarca[硬皮病] ▲scirrhoma[硬癌] ·sclero-[硬] ▲scleroderma[硬皮病] ▲sclerometer[硬度计] ·-scope(y)[镜,检查] ▲stethoscope[听诊器] ▲otoscope[耳镜] ▲proctoscopy[直肠镜检查法] ·semi-[半] ▲semicoma[半昏迷] ▲semiliquid[半流汁] ·spondylo-[脊椎] ▲spondylopathy[脊椎病] ▲spondylitis[脊椎炎] ·-stomy[造口术] ▲colostomy[结肠造口术] ▲ilecolostomy[回结肠吻合术] ·sub-[下,亚] ▲subacute[亚急性] ▲subabdominal[下腹部的] ·super-[在…上] ▲superficial[浅的] ▲superoxide[超氧化物] ·supra-[上] ▲supraventricular[室上性的] ▲suprarenalism[肾上腺机能亢进] ·tachy-[快] ▲tachycardia[心动过速] ▲tachypnea[呼吸急促] ·-therapy[治疗] ▲massotherapy[按摩治疗] ▲pharmacotherapy[药物治疗] ·thermo-[热] ▲thermometer[温度计] ▲thermatology[热疗学] ·thrombo-[血栓,血小板] ▲thrombolysis[溶栓] ▲thrombocytopenia[血小板减少症] ▲thrombosis[血] ·-tomy[切开术] ▲tracheotomy[气管切开术] ▲ovariotomy[卵巢切开术] ·tracheo-[气管] ▲tracheoscope[气管镜] ▲tracheorrhagia[气管出血] ·trans-[经,转移] ▲transurethral[经尿道] ▲transfusion[输血] ·-trophy[营养] ▲dystrophy[营养不良] ▲atrophy[萎缩] ·ultra-[超过] ▲ultraviolet[紫外线] ▲ultrasound[超声] ·utero-[子宫] ▲uteroscope[子宫镜] ▲uterotonic[宫缩剂] ·vaso-[血管] ▲vasomotion[血管舒缩] ▲Vasodilator[血管扩张剂] 6 回复:医学英语常用前后缀 ·cephalo-[头] ▲cephaloxia[斜颈] ▲cephalopathy[头部疾病] ▲cephalotomy[穿颅术] ·cerebello-[小脑] ▲cerebellitis[小脑炎] ▲cerebellum[小脑] ·cerebro-[大脑] ▲cerebritis[大脑炎] ▲cerebrology[脑学] ·chemo-[化学] ▲chemotherapy[化疗] ·chloro-[绿,氯] ▲chloroform[氯仿] ▲chloromycetin[氯霉素] ▲chlorophyll[叶绿素] ·cholangio-[胆道] ▲cholangitis[胆管炎] ▲cholangiectasis[胆管扩张] ·cholo-[胆] ▲cholagogue[利胆剂] ▲cholelithiasis[胆石症] ▲cholecystitis[胆囊炎] ▲cholesterol[胆固醇] ·chondro-[软骨] ▲chondrosarcoma[软骨肉瘤] ▲chondrification[骨软化] ·chromo-[色素] ▲cytochrome[细胞色素] ▲chromosome[染色体] ·-cide[杀……剂] ▲germicide[杀菌剂] ▲aborticide[堕胎药] ·circum-[周围] ▲circumoral[口周的] ▲circumcision[包皮环切术] ·coagulo-[凝固] ▲coagulant[凝血剂] ·colo-[结肠] ▲colotomy[结肠切开术] ▲coloptosis[结肠下垂] ·colpo (coleo)-[阴道] ▲coleospastia[阴道痉挛] ▲colposcope[阴道镜] ·contra-[反,逆] ▲contraindication[禁忌证] ▲contraceptive[避孕药] ·counter-[反,逆] ▲counteragent[拮抗剂] ▲conuterpoison[解毒剂] ·cranio-[颅] ▲craniomalacia[颅骨软化] ▲cranioclasis[碎颅术] ·-cyst-[囊] ▲cystomy[膀胱切开术] ▲dacryocyst[泪囊] ·-cyte-[细胞] ▲lymphocyte[淋巴细胞] ▲cytolysis[细胞溶解] ·de-[除去] ▲detoxication[解毒] ·dento[牙] ▲dentistry[牙科学] ▲dentalgia[牙痛] ·-derm-[皮肤] ▲epiderm[表皮] ▲dermatology[皮肤病学] ▲dermoplasty[皮肤成形术] ·dextro-[右] ▲dextrocardia[右位心] ▲dexiotropic[右旋的] ·dis-[分离] ▲discission[分离术] ▲disinfection[消毒法] ·duodeno-[十二指肠] ▲duodenitis[十二指肠炎] ▲duodenostomy[十二指肠造口术] ·-dynia[痛] ▲acrodynia[肢体痛] ▲urethrodynia[尿道痛] ·dys-[异常] ▲dysfunction[功能不良] ▲dyshormonism[内分泌障碍] ▲dysuria[排尿困难] ·-ectasis[扩张] ▲gastroectasis[胃扩张] ▲aerenterectasia[肠胀气] ▲bronchiectasia[支气管扩张] ·-ectomy[切除术] ▲appendectomy[阑尾切除术] ▲lipectomy[脂肪切除术] ·-edema[水肿] ▲encephaledema[脑水肿] ▲myxedema[粘液性水肿] ·-emesia[呕] ▲hematemesia[呕血] ▲helminthemesia[吐虫] ·encephalo-[脑] ▲encephaloma[脑瘤] ▲encephaledema[脑水肿] ·endo-[内] ▲endocarditis[心内膜炎] ▲endoscope[内窥镜] ·entero-[肠] ▲enteritis[肠炎] ▲enterovirus[肠病毒] ·epi-[上,外] ▲epigastrium[上腹部] ·erythro-[红] ▲erythromycin[红霉素] ▲erythroderma[红皮病] ·esophago-[食管] ▲esophagoscope[食管镜] ▲esophagitis[食管炎] ·extra-[……外] ▲extracellular[细胞外的] ▲extrasystole[额外收缩] ·facio-[面] ▲facioplegia[面瘫] ▲facioplasty[面部成形术] ·-fast[耐] ▲acid-fast[抗酸的] ▲uviofast[耐紫外线] ·febri-[热] ▲febricula[低热] ▲febrifacient[致热的] ·feti-[胎儿] ▲feticulture[妊娠期卫生] ▲fetometry[胎儿测量法] ·fibro-[纤维] ▲fibroblast[成纤维细胞] 7 回复:医学英语常用前后缀 ▲fibrosis[纤维化] ·fore-[前] ▲forebrain[前脑] ▲forehead[前额] ·-form[形状] ▲oviform[卵形的] ▲granuliform[颗粒状的] ·fungi-[真菌,霉菌] ▲fungicide[杀真菌剂] ▲fungistasis[制霉菌作用] ·gastro-[胃] ▲gastroptosis[胃下垂] ▲gastroenteritis[胃肠炎] ▲gastroscopy[胃镜检查] ▲gastratrophy[胃萎缩] ·-gen [原,剂] ▲glycogen[糖原] ▲pathogen[病原体] ▲androgen[雄激素] ▲Estrogen[雌激素] ·-genic[……性] ▲cardiogenic[心源性的] ▲allergenic[变应反应] ·giganto-[巨大] ▲gigantocyte[巨红细胞] ▲gigantism[巨大症] ·gingivo-[牙龈] ▲gingivitis[牙龈炎] ▲gingivostomatitis[牙龈口腔炎] ·glosso-[舌] ▲glossoplegia[舌瘫痪] ·gluco-[糖] ▲glucoprotein[糖蛋白] ▲glucocorticoid[糖皮质激素] ·glyco-[糖] ▲glycogen[糖原] ▲glycouria[糖尿] ·-grade[级,度] ▲centigrade[摄氏温度计] ▲retrograde[逆行性] ·-gram[克,图] ▲microgram[微克] ▲electroencephalogram[脑电图] ·-graph(y)[……仪(法)] ▲electrocardiogram[心电图] ▲bronchography[支气管造影术] ·gyneco-[妇女] ▲gynecology[妇科学] ▲gynecopathy[妇科病] ·hemo(hemato)-[血] ▲hemoglobin[血红蛋白] ▲hematoma[血肿] ·hemi-[半] ▲hemiplegia[偏瘫] ▲hemicrania[偏头病] ·hepato-[肝] ▲hepatitis[肝炎] ▲hepatocirrhosis[肝硬化] ▲hepatosplenomegaly[肝脾肿大] ·hidro-[汗] ▲hyperhidrosis[多汗症] ▲anhidrosis[无汗症] ·histo-[组织] ▲histology[组织学] ▲histomorphology[组织形态学] ·holo-[全] ▲holonarcosis[全麻] ▲holoenzyme[全酶] ·homo-[同] ▲homotype[同型] ▲homologue[同系物] ▲homoplasty[同种移植术] ·hydro-[水] ▲hydropericardium[心包积水] ▲hydrolysis [水解] ·hypr-[高] ▲hypercalcemia[高钙血症] ▲hyperthyroidism[甲亢] ·hypno-[睡眼] ▲hypnotics[安眠药] ▲hypnotherapy[催眠疗法] ·hypo-[低] ▲hypotension[低血压] ▲hypoglycemia[低血糖] ·hystero-[子宫] ▲hysterospasm[子宫痉挛] ▲hysteroptosis[子宫下垂] ·-ia[病] ▲melancholia[忧郁症] ▲pyrexia[发热] ·-iatrics[医学] ▲pediatrics[儿科学] ▲geriatrics[老年病学] ·-iatry[医学] ▲psychiatry[精神病学] ▲pediatry[儿科学] ·immuno-[免疫] ▲immunoglobulin[免疫球蛋白] ▲immunotherapy[免疫疗法] ·infra-[下] ▲infraorbital[眶下的] ▲infrared[红外线] ·inter-[间] ▲intervertebral[椎间的] ▲intercellular[细胞间的] ·intra-[内] ▲intravenous[静脉内的] ▲intracranial[颅内的] ▲intramuscular[肌肉内的] ·-ist[家] ▲pathologist[病理学家] ▲anatomist[解剖学家] ·-itis[炎症] ▲cellulitis[蜂窝织炎] ▲myocarditis[心肌炎] ·leuco (leuko)-[白] ▲leucorrhea[白带] ▲leukocytosis[白细胞增多] ▲leukemia[白血病] ·lipo-(脂) ▲lipotrophy[脂肪增多] ▲lipase[脂酶] ·-lith[结石] ▲cholelith[胆结石] ▲cholelithiasis[胆石症] ·-logy[学] ▲terminology[术语学] ▲Cardiology[心脏病学] ·lumbo-[腰] ▲lumbosacral[腰骶部的] ▲lumbago[腰背痛] ▲lumbodynia[腰痛] ·lympho-[淋巴] ▲lymphedema[淋巴水肿] ▲lymphocytopenia[淋巴细胞减少] ·-lysis(lytic)[松解,分解了] ▲aythrolysis[关节松解术] ▲spasmolytic[解痉的] ·macro-[大] ▲macrophage[巨噬细胞] ▲macromolecule[大分子] ·mal-[不良] ▲malnutrition[营养不良] ▲malfunction[功能不全] ·-megaly[巨大] ▲cardiomegaly[心扩大] ▲cephalomegaly[巨头畸形] ·meningo-[脑膜] ▲meningitis[脑膜炎] ▲meningocephalitis[脑膜脑炎] ·meno-[月经] ▲dysmenorrhea[痛经] ▲menopause[停经] ·-meter[表,计] ▲spirometer[肺活量计] ▲pyrometer[高温表] ·-metry[测量法] ▲iodometry[碘定量法] ·micro-[小] ▲micropump[微泵] ▲microliter[微升] ·mono-[单-] ▲mononucleosis[单核细胞增多] ▲monomer[单体] ·multi-[多] ▲multinuclear[多核的] ▲multipara[经产妇] ·myelo-[髓] ▲myelocele[脊髓膨出] ▲myelocyte[髓细胞] ·myo-[肌] ▲myocarditis[心肌炎] ▲myofibroma[肌纤维瘤] ·naso-[鼻] ▲nasoscope[鼻镜] ▲nasitis[鼻炎] ·neo-[新] ▲neoplasm[瘤] ▲neomycin[新霉素] ·nephro-[肾] ▲nephropathy[肾病] ▲nephrosclerosis[肾硬变] ·neuro-[神经] ▲neuroma[神经瘤] ▲neurodermatitis[神经性皮炎] ·non-[非] ▲non-electrolyte[非电解质] ▲nonfetal[非致命的] ·nulli-[无] ▲nullipara[未产妇] ▲nulligravida[未孕妇] ·nutri-[营养] ▲nutrition[营养] ▲nutrology[营养学] ·oculo-[眼] ▲oculist[眼科医生] ▲oculus dexter[右眼] ▲oculus sinister[左眼]

 

 

医学英语缩写一览表

医学英语缩写一览表 ·aa.-of each[各] ·Ab.-antibody[抗体] ·abd.-abdomen[腹部] ·ABG-arterial blood gas[动脉血气] ·abn.-abnormal[异常] ·ABp-arterial blood pressure[动脉压] ·Abs.-absent[无] ·abstr.-abstract[摘要] ·a.c.-before meals[饭前] ·Ach.-actylcholine[乙酰胆碱] ·ACH.-adrenal cortical hormone[肾上腺皮质激素] ·ACT.-active coagulative time[活化凝血时间] ·ACTH.-adrenocorticotripic[促肾上腺皮质激素] ·ad.(add.)-adde[加] ·ad effect.-ad effectum [直到有效] ·ADH.-antidiuretic hormone[抗利尿激素] ·ad lib-at liesure[随意] ·adm.(admin)-adminstration[给药] ·ad us est.-for external use[外用] ·af.-atrial fibrillation[房颤] ·aF.-atrial flutter[房扑] ·A/G ratio.-albumin-globulin ratio[白-球蛋白比] ·AIDS.-acquired immune deficiency syndrome[爱滋病] ·al.-left ear[左耳] ·alb.-albumin[白蛋白] ·AM.-before noon[上午] ·amb.-ambulance[救护车] ·amp.(ampul)-ampoule[安瓿] ·ANA.-anesthesia[麻醉] ·anal.-analgesic[镇痛药] ·ap.-before dinner[饭前] ·appr.(approx.)-approximately [大约] ·AR.-aortic regurgitation[主闭] ·AS.-aortic stenosis[主狭] ·ASA.-aspirin[阿斯匹林] ·ASD.-atrial septal defect[房缺] ·AST.-aspartate transaminase[谷草转氨酶] ·atm.(atmos.)-atomsphere[大气压] ·ATS.-antitetanic serum[抗破伤风血清] ·av.-average[平均] ·Ba.-Barium[钡] ·BBT.-basal body temperature[基础体温] ·BCG.-bacille Calmette- Guerin[卡介苗] ·biblio.-biliography[参考文献] ·bid.-twice a day[每日二次] ·b.m.-basal metabolism[基础代谢] ·Bp.-blood pressure[血压] ·bpm-baets per minute[次/分] ·BS.-blood sugar[血糖] ·BW.-body weight[体重] ·C.- centigrade[摄氏温度计] ·CA.-carcinoma[癌] ·Cal.-cancer[癌] ·Cal. – calorie[卡] ·Cap. – capsule[囊] ·C.B.C-complete blood count[血常规] ·CC.-chief complaint[主诉] ·CC. list.-critical condition list[病危通知单] ·CCU.- Coronary care unit[冠心病监护室] ·CD.-caesarean delivered[剖腹产] ·CDC.-calculated date of confinement[预产期] ·CEA.-carcinoembryonic antigen[癌胚抗原] ·CG.-control group[对照组] ·CK.-creatine kinase[肌酸激酶] ·Cl.-centilitre[毫开] ·cm.-centimetre[毫米] ·CNS.-central nervous system[中枢神经系统] ·Co.-compound[复方] ·contra.-contraindicated[禁忌] ·CT.- computerized tomography[计算机断层扫描] ·C.V-curriculum vitae[简历] ·DBp-diastolic blood pressure[舒张压] ·DD.- differential diagnosis[鉴别诊断] ·dept.-department[科] ·diag.-diagonsis[诊断] ·DIC-disseminate intravascular coagulation[弥漫性血管内凝血] ·dl.-deciliter[分升] ·DM.-diabetic mellitus[糖尿病] ·DM.-diastolic murmur[舒张期杂音] ·D.O.A-dead on arrival[到达时已死亡] ·DOB.-date of birth[出生日期] ·Dr.-doctor[医生] ·DIW.-dextrose in water[葡萄糖液] ·D-5-W,-5% dextrose in water[5%葡萄糖液] ·DU-duodenal ulcer[十二指肠溃疡] ·ECG.(EKG.)- electrocardiograph[心电图] ·ECHO .-echogram[超声] ·EDD.(EDC)-expected date of delivery (confinement)[预产期] ·ENT. – ears, nose and throat[五官科] ·EMG. – electromyogram[肌电图] ·ER. – emergency room[急诊室] ·et al.-and elsewhere[等等] ·etc. – and so forth[等等] ·F.(Fahr.)-Fahrenheit [华氏] ·F- Female[女性] ·F.B.S.- fasting blood sugar[空腹血糖] ·FDP.-fibrinogen degradation products[纤维蛋白原降解产物] ·FFA. – free fatty acid[游离脂肪酸] ·FUO. – fever of unknown origin[不明原因发热] ·FX. – fracture [骨折] ·GH. – growth hormone[生长素] ·GI.- gastrointestinal[消化] ·GITS. – gastrointestinal therapy system[胃肠治疗系统] ·gtt. – drops[滴] ·GU.- gastric ulcer[胃溃疡] ·Hb. – hemoglobin[血红蛋白] ·HBp.-high blood pressure[高血压] ·HCG. – human choroionic gonadotropic hormone[人绒毛膜促性腺激素] ·HDL.- high density lipoprotein[高密度脂蛋白] ·HR.-heart rate[心率] ·ht.-height[身高] ·HTN.-hypertension[高血压] ·Hx.-history [病历] ·Hypo.-hypodermic injection[皮下注射] ·IABP.-intra – aortic balloon pacing[主动脉内囊反搏] ·I/O.-intake and output [进出量] ·ICU. – intensive care unit[重症监护病房] ·ie. – that is [即] ·Ig. – immunoglobulin[免疫球蛋白] ·Im. – iutramuscular[肌内的] ·INH.- inhalation[吸入] ·INH.- isoniazid[异烟肼] ·Inj.- injection[注射] ·Int.- intern[实习生] ·IP.- in-patient[住院病入] ·Iu.- international unit[国防单位] ·IV.-intravenously[静脉内] ·J.- joule[焦耳] ·K.U.B- Kidney,ureter and bladder[肾、输尿管和膀胱] ·LBp.-low blood pressure [低血压] ·LC. – laparoscopic cholecystectomy[腹腔镜胆囊切除术] ·LDL.-Low density lipoprotein[低密度脂蛋白] ·Liq. – liquid[液体] ·LMP.- last menstrual period[未次月经] ·LP. –lumbar puncture[腰穿] ·M. –male[男性] ·MCD.-mean corpuscular diameter[平均红细胞直径] ·MCH.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin[平均红细胞血红蛋白量] ·MCHC.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration[平均红细胞血红蛋白浓度] ·MCV.-mean corpuscular volume[平均红细胞体积] ·MI.-myocardial infarction[心梗] ·min.-minute[分] ·mixt。 –mixture[合剂] ·mmHg.- millimeters of mercury[毫米汞柱] ·MRI.- magnetic resonance image[核磁共振] ·MS.- mitral stenosis[二尖瓣狭窄] ·N/V.-nausea and vomiting[恶心呕吐] ·N.B – note bene [注意] ·NE.- norepinephrine [去甲肾上腺炎] ·neg.- negative[阴性的] ·NIDDM.- non-insulin-dependent diabetis mellitus[II型糖尿病] ·norm.- normal[正常的] ·NPN.-non-protein nitrogen[非蛋白氮] ·NPO.- non-peros[禁食] ·NS. –normal saline[生理盐水] ·OB.- obstetrics [产科学] ·OGTT.- oral glucose tolerance test[口服糖耐量试验] ·OP.- out-patient[门诊病人] ·OPC.- out-patient clinic[门诊] ·OR.- operating room[手术室] ·OT. – old tuberculin[旧结核菌素] ·P-pulse[脉搏] ·P.C.- post cibum [饭后] ·PE. (Px.)- physical examination[体检] ·PG. – prostaglandin[前列腺素] ·PH. – past history [过去史] ·PHI. – present history illness[现病史] ·PM.- post meridiem[下午] ·Post-op.- postoperation[术后] ·pre-op.- preoperation[术前] ·priv. – private[私人的] ·prn.-pro re nata[必要时] ·prog.- prognosis[预后] ·P.S. – postscript[附言] ·Psy.- psychiatry[精神病学] ·psychol. – psychology[心理学] ·PT. – physical therapy[物理疗法] ·PT.- prothrombin time[凝血酶原时间] ·qd.- quaque die [每日一次] ·qid.-quater in die [每日四次] ·qn.-quaque nocte[每晚] ·RBC.-red blood count[红细胞计数] ·ref.-reference[参考文献] ·RHD.-Rheumatic heart disease[风心病] ·RI.-regular insulin[正规胰岛素] ·rout.-routin[常规] ·RT.-radiotherapy[放射治疗] ·SBE –subacute bacterial endocarditis[亚急性细菌性心内膜炎] ·Seq.-sequela[后遗症] ·sex.-sexual[性别的] ·sig.-signa[标明用法] ·SK.-streptokinase[链激酶] ·SLE.-sgstemic lupus erythematosus[系统性红斑狼疮] ·SM.-systolic murmur[收缩期杂音] ·SR.-sinus rhythm[窦性节律] ·SSS.-sick sinus syndrome[病窦综合征] ·ST.- skin test[皮试] ·stat.- at once[立即] ·Sx.- symptom or sign[症状或体征] ·Syr.- syrup[糖浆] ·Tab.- stablet[片剂] ·TAT.- toxin-antitoxin[毒素抗毒素] ·TB.-tuberculosis[结核] ·tid.- three times daily[每日三次] ·TSH.- thyroid-stimulating hormone[促甲状腺激素] ·us.- ultrasound[超声] ·VIP.- very important person[贵宾] ·Vit.- vitamine[维生素] ·VSD.- ventricular septal defect[室缺] ·VMA.- hydroxymandelic acid[香草杏仁酸] ·WBC.- white blood cell[白细胞] ·Wt.- weight[体重] ·Y/O.- years old [岁]

 

 

 

住院文书格式

1、抗生素医嘱[Antibiotic order] ·Prophylaxis [预防性用药] Duration of oder[用药时间] 24hr Procedure[操作,手术] ·Empiric theraphy [经验性治疗] Suspected site and organism[怀疑感染的部位和致病菌] 72hr Cultures ordered[是否做培养] ·Documented infection[明确感染] Site and organism[部位和致病菌] 5days ·Other[其他] Explanation required [解释理由] 24hr ·Antibiotic allergies[何种抗生素过敏] No known allergy [无已知的过敏] ·Drug+dose+Route+frequency[药名+剂量+途径+次数] 2、医嘱首页[Admission / transfer] ·Admit / transfer to [收入或转入] ·Resident [住院医师] Attending[主治医师] ·Condition [病情] ·Diagnosis[诊断] ·Diet [饮食] ·Acitivity [活动] ·Vital signs[测生命体征] ·I / O [记进出量] ·Allergies[过敏] 3、住院病历[case history] ·Identification [病人一般情况] Name[性名] Sex[性别] Age [年龄] Marriage[婚姻] Person to notify and phone No.[联系人及电话] Race[民族] I.D.No.[身份证] Admission date[入院日期] Source of history[病史提供者] Reliability of history[可靠程度] Medical record No[病历号] Business phone No.[工作单位电话] Home address and phone No.[家庭住地及电话] ·Chief complaint[主诉] ·History of present illness[现病史] ·Past History[过去史] Surgical[外科] Medical[内科] Medications[用药] Allergies[过敏史] Social History[社会史] Habits[个人习惯] Smoking[吸烟] Family History[家族史] Ob/Gyn History[ 婚姻/生育史] Alcohol use[喝酒] ·Review of Aystems[系统回顾] General[概况] Eyes,Ears,Nose and throat[五官] Pulmonary[呼吸] Cardiovascular[心血管] GI[消化] GU[生殖、泌尿系统] Musculoskeletal[肌肉骨骼] Neurology[神经系统] Endocrinology[内分泌系统] Lymphatic/Hematologic[淋巴系统/血液系统] ·Physical Exam[体检] Vital Signs[生命体征] P[脉博] Bp[血压] R[呼吸] T[温度] Height[身高] Weight[体重] General[概况] HEENT[五官] Neck[颈部] Back/Chest[背部/胸部] Breast[乳房] Heart[心脏] Heart rate[心率] Heart rhythm[心律] Heart Border[心界] Murmur[杂音] Abdomen[腹部] Liver[肝] Spleen[脾] Rectal[直肠] Genitalia[生殖系统] Extremities[四肢] Neurology[神经系统] cranial nerves[颅神经] sensation[感觉] Motor[运动] *Special P.E. on diseased organ system[专科情况] *Radiographic Findings[放射] *Laboratory Findings[化验] *Assessment[初步诊断与诊断依据] *Summary[病史小结] *Treatment Plan[治疗计划] 4、输血申请单[Blood bank requisition form] (1)reason for infusion[输血原因] ▲红细胞[packed red cells, wshed RBCs]: *Hb<8.5 [血色素<8.5] *>20% blood volume lost [>20%血容量丢失] *cardio-pulmonary bypass with anticipated Hb <8[心肺分流术伴预计血色素 <8] *chemotherapy or surgery with Hb <10[血色素<10的化疗或手术者] ▲全血[whole blood]: massive on-going blood loss[大量出血] ▲血小板[platelets]: *massive blood transfusion >10 units[输血10单位以上者] *platelet count <50×103/μl with active bleeding or surgery[血小板<5万伴活 动性出血或手术者] *Cardio-pulmonary bypass uith pl<100×103/μl with octive bleeding[心肺分流术伴血小板<10万,活动性出血者] *Platelet count <20×103/μl[血板<2万] ▲新鲜冰冻血浆[fresh frozen plasma]: *documented abnormal PT or PTT with bleeding or Surgery[PT、PTT异常的 出血或手术病人] *specific clotting factor deficiencies with bleeding/surgerg[特殊凝血因子缺乏 的出血/手术者] *blood transfusion >15units[输血>15个单位] *warfarin or antifibrinolytic therapy with bleeding[华法令或溶栓治疗后出血] *DIC[血管内弥漫性凝血] *Antithrombin III dficiency[凝血酶III 缺乏] (2)输血要求[request for blood components] *patient blood group[血型] *Has the patient had transfusion or pregnancy in the past 3 months? [近3个月, 病人是否输过血或怀孕过?] *Type and crossmatch[血型和血交叉] *Units or ml[单位或毫升] 5、出院小结[discharge summary] Patient Name[病人姓名] Medical Record No.[病历号] Attending Physician[主治医生] Date of Admission[入院日期] Date of Discharge[出院日期] Pirncipal Diagnosis[主要诊断] Secondary Diagnosis[次要诊断] Complications[并发症] Operation[手术名称] Reason for Admission[入院理由] Physical Findings[阳性体征] Lab/X-ray Findings[化验及放射报告] Hospital Course[住院诊治经过] Condition[出院状况] Disposition[出院去向] Medications[出院用药] Prognosis[预后] Special Instruction to the Patient(diet, physical activity)[出院指导(饮食,活 动量)] Follow-up Care[随随访] 6、住院/出院病历首页[Admission/discharge record] ·Patient name[病人姓名] ·race[种族] ·address[地址] ·religion[宗教] ·medical service[科别] ·admit (discharge) date[入院(出院)日期] ·Length of stay [住院天数] ·guarantor name [担保人姓名] ·next of kin or person to notify[需通知的亲属姓名] ·relation to patient[与病人关系] ·previous admit date[上次住院日期] ·admitting physician [入院医生] ·attending phgsician[主治医生] ·admitting diagnosis[入院诊断] ·final (principal) diagnosis[最终(主要)诊断] ·secondary diagnosis[次要诊断] ·adverse reactions (complications)[副作用(合并症)] ·incision type[切口类型] ·healing course[愈合等级] ·operative (non-operative) procedures[手术(非手术)操作] ·nosocomial infection[院内感染] ·consutants[会诊] ·Critical-No. of times[抢救次数] ·recovered-No. of times[成功次数] ·Diagnosis qualitative analysis[诊断质量] OP.adm.and discharge Dx concur [门诊入院与出院诊断符合率] Clinical and pathological Dx concur[临床与病理诊断符合率] Pre- and post-operative Dx concur [术前术后诊断符合率] ·Dx determined with in 24 hours (3 days) after admission[入院后24小时(3 天)内确诊] ·Discharge status[出院状况] recovered[治愈] improved[好转] not improved[未愈] died [死亡] ·Dispositon[去向] home[家] against medical ad[自动出院] autosy[尸检] transferred to[转院到]

 

医学英语的特征

① 特殊的单复数(单数→复数) ·a→ae ▲aortae-aortae[主动脉] ▲pleura-pleurae[胸膜] ·us→i ▲coccus-cocci[球菌] ▲bacillus-bacilli[杆菌] ·um→a ▲serum-sera[血清] ▲bacterium-bactera[细菌] ·on→a ▲phenomenon-phenomena[现象] ▲criterion-criteria[标准] ·x→ces ▲cortex-cortices[皮质] ▲appendix-appendices[阑尾] ▲thorax-thoraces[胸廓] ·x→ges ▲pharynx-pharynges[咽] ▲larynx-larynges[喉] ·is→es ▲crisis-crises[危象] ▲analysis-analyses[分析] ·ma→mata ▲trauma-traumata[创伤] ▲hemotoma-hemotomata[血肿] ·men→mina ▲lumen-lumina[腔] ▲abdomen-abdomina[腹] 2、字母可互通使用 ·ae-e ▲haemorrhage-hemorrhage[出血] ▲aetiology-etiology[病因] ·oe-e ▲oedema-edema[水肿] ▲oesophagus-esophagus[食管] ·ou-u ▲oulitis-ulitis[牙龈炎] ▲ouroscopy-uroscopy[尿检] ·ph-f ▲sulphate-sulfate[硫酸盐] ▲sulphonamide-sulfonamide[磺胺] ·k-c ▲EKG-ECG[心电图] ▲leukocyte-leucocyte[白细胞] ▲Katabolism-catabolism[分解代谢] ·y-i ▲syrup-sirup[糖浆] 3、英美的不同拼写形式(英-美) ·our(英)-or(美) ▲colour-color[颜色] ▲tumour-tumor[肿瘤] ·re-er ▲centre-center[中心] ▲metre-meter[米] ·yes-yze ▲analyse-analyze[分析] ▲paralyse-paralyze[瘫痪] ·xion-ction ▲connexion-connection[连接] ▲reflexion-reflection[反射] ·mme-m ▲gramme-gram[克] ·ogue-og ▲dialogue-dialog[对话] ▲catalogue-catalog[目录] ·c-k ▲disc-disk[软盘] ▲sceptic-skeptic[怀疑论者] 4、词根交替现象 ·mouth[口]-oral[口的] ·tooth[牙齿]-dental[牙齿的] ·tongue[舌]-lingual[舌的] ·ear[耳]-aural[耳的] ·nose[鼻]-nasal[鼻的] ·eye[眼]-ophthalmic[眼的] ·skin[皮肤]-dermal[皮肤的] ·heart [心]-cardiac[心脏的] ·liver[肝]-hepatic[肝的] ·stomach[胃]-gastric[胃的] ·lung[肺]-pulmonary[肺的] ·kideny[肾]-renal[肾的] ·neck[颈]-cervical[颈的] ·chest[胸]-thoracic[胸的] ·brain[脑]-cerebral[脑的] ·nerve[神经]-neural[神经的] ·rib[肋骨]-costal[肋骨的] ·mother[母]-maternal[母亲的] ·heat[热]-thermal[热的] ·bone[骨]-bony[骨的] ·virus[病毒]-viral[病毒的] ·saliva[唾液]-salivary[唾液的] ·respiration[呼吸]-respiratory[呼吸的] ·joint[关节]-arthritis[关节炎] ·kidney[肾]-nephritis[肾炎] ·nerve[神经]-neuritis[神经炎] ·lioer[肝]-hepatitis[肝炎] ·brain[脑]-encephalitis[脑炎] ·stomache[胃]-gastritis[胃炎] ·artery[动脉]-arteritis[动脉炎] ·bronchus[支气管]-bronchitis[支气管炎] ·heart[心]-cardiology[心脏病学] ·eye[眼]-ophthalmology[眼科学] ·cell[细胞]-cytology[细胞学] ·tumor[肿瘤]-oncology[肿瘤学] ·disease[病]-pathology[病理学] ·drug[药]-pharmocology[药理学] ·parasite[寄生虫]-parasitology[寄生虫学] ·bacterium[细菌]-bacteriology[细菌学] ·cell[细胸]-cyto-[细胞] ·blood[血]-hemo-[血] 5、常用拉丁短语 ·ad arbitrium[随意地] ·ad decubitum[临睡时] ·ad effectum[直至有效] ·ad interim[暂时] ·ad libitum(ad lib)[随意] ·ad usum externum[外用] ·ad usum internum[内服] ·ante caenam[晚饭前] ·ante cibum[饭前] ·ante horam decubitus[睡前] ·ante jentaculum[早饭前] ·ante meridiem(A.M)[上午] ·bis in die(B.i.d)[每天二次] ·curriculum vitae (C.V)[简历] ·et al (et alia)[等等] ·exmpli gratia (e.g)[例如] ·id est (i.e)[即] ·in brevi[简言之] ·in situ[原位] ·in vitro[体外] ·in vivo[体内] ·locus in quo[现象] ·note bene(N.B)[注意] ·per annum[每年] ·per centum (percent)[百分之……] ·per diem[每日] ·per mensem[每月] ·per os (p.o)[经口] ·per rectum[经直肠] ·post meridiem (P.M)[下午] ·post mortem[死后] ·post partum[产后] ·post scriptum(P.S)[附言] ·pro dosi[一次量] ·pro et contra (pro et con)[赞成和反对] ·pro re nata (p.r.n)[必要时] ·quaque die (q.d)[每天一次] ·quaque nocte (q.n)[每晚一次] ·quaque quarta hora(q.4h)[每4小时1次] ·quaque secundo die(q.o.d)[每二天一次] ·ter in die (t.i.d)[每天三次] ·ut infra[如下所述] ·ut supra[如上所述] ·vice versa[反之亦然] ·vide infra[参见下文] ·vide supra[参见前文]

 

 

医学英语常用短语

1、常用医学短语 ·a bit of [少量] ·a chain of [一串的] ·a couple of [两个] ·a good few of [很多] ·a particle of [少量] ·a series of [一系列的] ·a set of [一套] ·a variety of [种种的] ·abound in [富于] ·above all[首先是] ·access to [接近] ·account for [说明] ·accustomed to[习惯于] ·act as [充当] ·act on[作用于] ·adapt……to[使……适应于] ·add up to [总数为] ·addiction to[对……成瘾] ·adhere to[附着于……] ·adjacent to[接近] ·advantage over[优于] ·adverse to[不利于] ·advisable for[对……适宜] ·affinity for [对……的亲和力] ·ahead of [优于] ·ahead of schedule(time)[提前] ·all but[除……以外都] ·all over[全身] ·all through[从头到尾] ·amount to[合计] ·abundance of [充裕的] ·and so on(forth)[等等] ·apply to [适用于] ·arise from[起因于] ·as a consequence of [由于……的结果] ·as a result of [因为] ·as a rule(general)[通常] ·as a whole[总体来说] ·as above[如上] ·as follows[如下] ·as it is known[众所周知] ·as long as[只要] ·as regards (respect)[至于] ·as usual[照常] ·as well[同样] ·as well as [象……一样] ·aside from[除……外] ·at all costs[无论代价如何] ·at all events[无论如何] ·at all times[无论什么时候] ·at hand[在手边] ·at length[详细地] ·at random[随机地] ·at the expense of [以……为代价] ·at the risk of [冒……的危险] ·beware of [注意] ·beyond all hope[没有希望] ·break down[分解] ·bring about[引起] ·bring forward[提出] ·bring……to light[阐明] ·but for[要不是] ·by itself[独自] ·by mouth[口服] ·by no means[决不] ·by the way[顺便] ·call for [要求] ·cannot but[不得不] ·catch sight of [看见] ·catch the point of [领会……的要点] ·center in[以……为中心] ·characterized by[以……为特征] ·classified as[被分类为] ·classified……into[把……分类为] ·coincide with[与……一致] ·come into force (effect)[生效] ·come into fashion[流行] ·come into play[开始起应用] ·come into use[开始应用] ·come to a conclusion[得出结论] ·come to a decision[作出决定] ·complain of[主诉] ·comply with[遵照] ·concerned about[关心] ·concerned with[与……有关] ·confer……on[把……给予] ·confine……to[将……限制于] ·conform to (with)[与……相符] ·confronted with[面临] ·consist in [存在于] ·consist of[由……组成] ·consist with[与……一致] ·contrary to[与……相反] ·contrast……to(with)[将……与……比较] ·cope with [对付] ·date from[起始于] ·deal with[讨论(处理)] ·decompose into[分解为] ·depend on[取决于] ·deprive……of [剥夺] ·despite of[不管] ·differentiat……from[将……与……区别开] ·dispose of [处理] ·divisible into[可分成] ·do away with[除去] ·do……harm[对……有害] ·do one`s best[尽力……] ·drain away[流出] ·drain of (away)[排除] ·draw a conclusion[作结论] ·draw forth[引出] ·drop away[下降] ·each other[互相] ·eat up [消耗] ·elicit……from[从……中引出] ·engaged in[从事于] ·employ in (on)[从事于] ·equal to[等于] ·equivalent to[相当于] ·even though[虽然] ·every other[每隔一个] ·every second(other) day[每隔一天] ·except for[除了] ·exist in[存在于] ·exposed to[暴露于] ·faced with[面临] ·fade away[消失] ·fall into[分为] ·far from[远离] ·figure out (up)[想出] ·find out [找出] ·first of all[首先] ·fix…to[把…固定于] ·focus……on[集焦] ·follow the example of [以……为榜样] ·follow up[追踪] ·fond of[喜欢] ·for an instant[片刻] ·for ever (and ever)[永远] ·for example[例如] ·for long[长久] ·for short[简称] ·for the good of [为……利益] ·for the moment[暂时] ·for the present[目前] ·for the sake of[为了……起见] ·for the worse[恶化] ·for this reason[由于这个缘故] ·for want of [因缺乏] ·free from (of )[无……的] ·free of charge[免费] ·from now on[今后] ·from the point of view of[据……观点] ·from then on [从那时起] ·from time to time[经常] ·gain an advantage over(of)[胜过] ·gain in[在…方面有进展] ·get rid of (from)[摆脱] ·give full play to[充分发挥] ·give light on[使…明白] ·give off[放出] ·give rise to[导致] ·give up[放弃] ·go abroad[出国] ·go after[跟随] ·go in for[从事] ·go into operation[开始运转] ·go no[进行] ·go over[检查] ·go through[通过] ·go without[没有……也行] ·go wrong with[……发生故障] ·good at [善于] ·good for[适于] ·gorw up[成长] ·guard against[提防] ·hand down……to[把……分发给] ·hands off[请勿动手] ·have a high opinion of[对……评价高] ·have a low opinion of [对……评价低] ·have an advantage over[比……优越] ·have much to do with[与……有很大关系] ·have nothing to do with[与……完全无关] ·headed by [以…为首] ·hold back[退缩] ·hundreds of[数以百计的] ·if only[只要…就好了] ·in a broad sense[在广义上] ·in a narrow sense[在狭义上] ·in a sense[在某种意义上] ·in a word[总而言之] ·in accord (accordance) with[与…一致] ·in addition[另外] ·in addition to[除…外] ·in advance[事先] ·in all [总计] ·in all respects (ways)[在各方面] ·in brief[简单说来] ·in case[假如] ·in case of[如果] ·in charge of[主管] ·in conclusion[最后(总之)] ·in consequence[因此(结果)] ·in consequence of[由于…的结果] ·in detail[详细地] ·in dispute[争议中] ·in due time[在适当时候] ·in essence[实质上] ·in favour of[有利于] ·in general[通常] ·in good order[有条不紊] ·in honour of[为纪念] ·in inverse proportion of[与…成反比] ·in large [大规模的] ·in nature [本质上] ·in no case[决不] ·in no time[立刻] ·in one word[总之] ·in operation[在运转中] ·in order[有条理] ·in other words[换言之] ·in place[在场] ·in principle[原则上] ·in progress[在进展中] ·in proper (definite,right) proportion[按适当(一定,适宜)的比例] ·in prospect[在期望中] ·in pubilc[公开地] ·in question[议论中的] ·in ratio of…to[按……和……的比例] ·in (with) reference to[关于] ·in (with) regard to[关于] ·in respect to (of)[关于] ·in reverse[相反] ·in review[在检查中] ·in search of[寻求] ·in short[简单地] ·in situ[就位] ·in so far as…goes[就……所及的范围] ·in spite of[尽管] ·in stock[备有] ·in succession[连续] ·in substance[实质上] ·in summary[总之] ·in terms of[根据(用……话来说)] ·in the absence of[缺少……时] ·in the case of[在……情况下] ·in the end[最后] ·in the event of[万一] ·in the first place[首先] ·in the following[在下文中] ·in the long run[从长远来看] ·in the name of[以……名义(代表)] ·in the original[用原文] ·in (good) time[及时] ·in truth[实际上] ·in turn[依次] ·in vain[无益] ·in virtue of[由于] ·inferior to[次于] ·instead of[代替] ·inversely proportional to[与……成反比] ·involved with[涉及] ·irrespective of[不顾] ·it(so) happened that[偶然] ·it is out of the question[这是不可能的] ·it makes no matter that[无关紧要] ·it matters little[无关紧要] ·it matters much[事关紧要] ·it occurred to(…) that[想到] ·judging from[由…推测] ·just as it is[照原样] ·just now[刚才] ·just so[正是如此] ·just then[正在那时] ·keep a record[记录] ·keep an eye on[注意] ·keep …from (+ing)[使…不] ·keep …in mind[记住] ·keep …in good order[保持……正常运转] ·keep off [防止……接近] ·keep on (+ing) [继续(……)] ·keep pace with[跟上] ·keep to the point[抓住要点] ·keep up with[跟上] ·known as [被称为] ·lack of[缺乏] ·lag behind[落后] ·lay a basis for[为……打基础] ·lay down[放下(制订)] ·lay emphasis on(upon) [强调] ·lay hold of (on)[抓住(利用)] ·lead to[导致] ·leave room for[留下……的余地] ·let alone[更不用说……了] ·lie down[躺下] ·lie in[在于] ·live on (by )[以……为生(为食)] ·long for (after)[渴望] ·look after[照管] ·look back to[回顾] ·look for[寻找] ·look into[调查] ·look like[看来象] ·look out [当心] ·look upon……as[把……看作] ·lose sight of[忽略(看不见)] ·lots of[许多] ·made after[摹仿] ·made from [由……制成] ·make a compromise[折衷] ·make application for[应用于] ·make certain[弄明白] ·make contributions to[对……作出贡献] ·make light of[轻视] ·make little of[不重视] ·make much of[重视] ·make notes (a note) of[作……笔记] ·make progress[取得进步] ·make sure[弄清楚] ·make up[组成(捏造)] ·make up for[补偿] ·make up one`s mind[下定决心] ·make use of[利用] ·meet the needs of[满足……的需要] ·mistake……for [把……误认为] ·more than once[不止一次] ·most of all[首先] ·name ……after[以……命名] ·named in honour of[为纪念……而命名] ·needless to say[用不着说的] ·never mind[没关系] ·next to[次于] ·no……at all[一点也没有] ·no doubt[无疑] ·no longer[不再] ·no matter[不要紧] ·not……at all[毫不] ·not to mention (say)[不用说(更不必说)] ·nothing but[仅是(不过是)] ·null and void[无效] ·object to[反对] ·of no effect[无效] ·on account of[因为] ·on behalf of[以……名义] ·on duty[值日] ·on purpose[故意] ·on sale[出售] ·on schedule[准时(按预定计划)] ·on the contrary[反之] ·on the ground that[基于] ·on the one hand[一方面] ·on the other hand[另一方面] ·on the spot[就地] ·on the subject of[关于……问题] ·on the whole[大体上] ·on time[准时] ·on trial[试用中] ·one another[相互] ·one by one[逐一] ·or so [大约] ·out of balance[不平衡] ·out of control[失去控制] ·out of danger[脱险] ·out of date[不合时宜的] ·out of proportion to[与……不成比例] ·out of question[无疑地] ·owing to[由于(因为)] ·participate in[参与] ·pass away[去世] ·pass over[渡过] ·pay attention to[重视(注意)] ·penetrate into[贯穿] ·persist in[坚持] ·pick out [挑选] ·place an order for[订购] ·place emphasis (stress) on[强调] ·place reliance (confidence) on[信赖] ·play a part(role) in [在……中起作用] ·point of view[观点] ·pour out [倒出] ·prevent…from (+ing)[阻止……] ·prior to[在……以前] ·project …… on(into)[把……投射到] ·put down[放下(记下)] ·put emphasis on(upon)[强调] ·put forward [提出(促进)] ·put…into operation(production)[把……投入生产] ·put…into effect[实现] ·put…into practice[使……付诸实践] ·put…into service[使……交付使用] ·put off[拖延(推迟)] ·put on[穿上] ·put … on trial[对……进行试验] ·put one`s faith in[相信] ·put……through [实行] ·put to use[利用] ·put up [提出(贴出)] ·put up with[忍住] ·quite a few(a little)[好几个] ·rank with[与……并列] ·react on (upon) [对……起反应] ·react to[对……有反应] ·ready for[准备好] ·reason out[解释清] ·reckon on(upon)[期望] ·reckon up[合计] ·recover……from[从……中回收] ·refer to [涉及] ·refer to …as [把……称作] ·regardless of[不顾] ·relevant to[与……有关] ·relieve……from(of )[使……解除] ·rely on (upon)[依靠(信赖)] ·remind ……of[使……想起] ·remove……from[从……移走] ·research into[调查] ·resistant to[耐……的] ·responsible for[对……负责] ·rest on (upon) [依靠] ·result from[起因于] ·result in[导致] ·rich in[富于] ·right away[立即] ·round about[各方面] ·rule out[消除(排除)] ·run after[追寻] ·run into[流入] ·run out[用完] ·run short[快用完] ·seal off (up )[密封(封闭)] ·search after (for)[寻找(探求)] ·search into[调查] ·second to[次于] ·see to [留心] ·send for[派人取(请)] ·send out [发出(放射出)] ·sensitive to[对……灵敏] ·serve as (for)[但任] ·set about[开始(着手)] ·set aside[撇开] ·set down[记下(制订)] ·set forward[提出] ·set free[被释放] ·set in [来临,开始] ·set up [建立] ·settle down[安定下来] ·settle up[解决] ·share……with[和……分享] ·shed light on (upon)[照亮(阐明)] ·short of[缺少] ·show interest in [对……表示关切] ·show up [显露出来] ·similar to[类似] ·sketch out[拟订] ·slow down[减慢] ·so far[至今] ·so far as [就……来说] ·so long as [只要] ·something wrong with[……有毛病] ·sooner or later[迟早] ·sort out[分类] ·speak of……as[把……说成] ·stand for [代表] ·stand out[突出,出色] ·stand still[站着不动] ·stand up to[经受住] ·stem from[基于] ·step by step[逐步地] ·stick to[粘住,坚持] ·strictly speaking[严格地说] ·strive for[为……而努力] ·struggle against (with)[同……斗争] ·struggle for[为……而斗争] ·subject to[易受] ·suffice for[满足……的需要] ·sum up[总结(总计)] ·superior to[优于] ·susceptible to[对……敏感] ·take (the) advantage of[利用] ·take……as[把……看做] ·take care of[照看] ·take charge of[负责] ·take down[记下] ·take effect[见效] ·take……for[把……当做] ·take……for granted[认为……理所当然的] ·take in [吸收] ·take……into account(consideration)[考虑到] ·take part in [参加] ·take place[发生] ·take precaution against[预防] ·take shape [成形] ·take steps [采取措施] ·take medicine[服药] ·take the place of[代替] ·take turns[轮流(换班)] ·ten to one[很有可能] ·tend to(towards)[倾向于] ·thanks to[幸亏] ·that is to say[就是说(即)] ·the former……the latter[前者……后者] ·think light(little)of[认为……不重要] ·think much of[重视] ·to and fro[往复,来回] ·to be short[简言之] ·to date[至今] ·to our knowledge[据我们所知] ·to the contrary[相反] ·to the disaldvantage of[对……不利] ·to the end (last) [到底] ·to the point[中肯] ·turn back[折回] ·turn into[变成] ·under consideration[在考虑之中的] ·under development[正在研制] ·under discussion[在讨论中] ·under observation[在观察中] ·used to[习惯于] ·void of[没有……的] ·warm up [兴奋] ·wash well[耐洗] ·watch out[注意] ·wear and tear[耗损] ·wear out[用坏(变旧)] ·wipe out[擦去] ·with the purpose that[为的是(为了)] ·without avail[无益] ·without doubt[毫无疑问] ·without effct[无效] ·without reserve[无保留地] ·work in with[和……协调] ·work on (away)[继续工作] ·work on (upon)[影响] ·work out[制订(做出)] ·year after(by) year[一年一年地] ·year in and year out [一年到头] ·yield to[听从于(让步于)] ·zealous for[热望] ·zealous in[热心于] 2、双词医学术语 ·abdominal delivery[剖腹产] ·active stage [活动期] ·advanced stage[晚期] ·air tube [呼吸道] ·alarm reaction[紧急反应] ·alimentary anemia[营养性贫血] ·alimentary toxicosis[食物中毒] ·angina pectoris[心绞痛] ·ardent fever[高热] ·artificial labor[引产] ·attending physician[主治医师] ·bad breath[口臭] ·birth injury[产伤] ·blood group[血型] ·bottle feeding[人工喂养] ·breast pump[吸乳器] ·bronchic cell[肺泡] ·bypass technique[分流术] ·cesarean section[剖腹产术] ·clinical jaundice[显性黄疸] ·closed (open) fracture[闭合性(开放性)骨折] ·coated tablet[包衣片] ·cold injury[冻伤] ·coutrast medium[造影剂] ·culture medium[培养基] ·dead time[失效期] ·differential diagnosis[鉴别诊断] ·dominant heredity[显性遗传] ·emergency tracheotomy[紧急气管切开术] ·emergency room[急诊室] ·emergency theory [应急学说] ·equivalent weight[当量] ·exertion dyspnea[活动性呼吸困难] ·family planning[计划生育] ·first finger[拇指] ·first-aid station[急救站] ·focal lesion[局灶性损损害] ·full diet[普通饮食] ·general immunity[全身免疫] ·gross lesion[肉眼损害] ·heart failure[心衰] ·horizontal position[平卧位] ·hunger edema[营养不良性水肿] ·indirect hernia[斜疝] ·internal organs[内脏] ·life insurance[人寿保险] ·life span[寿命] ·lung field[肺野] ·pigeon chest[鸡胸] ·plain film[平片] ·primary anesthesia[基础麻醉] ·primary cancer[原发癌] ·primary(second) sex characters[第一(二)性特征] ·preclinical medicine[基础医学] ·prolonged labor[滞产] ·remote infarct[陈旧性心梗] ·sensible (insensible) perspiration[显性(隐性)出汗] ·specific gravity[比重] ·still birth[死产] ·subtotal gastrectomy[胃大部切除术] ·surgical abdomen[急腹症] ·table salt[食盐] ·theatre nurse[手术室护士] ·threatened abortion[先兆流产] ·vital sign[生命体征] ·wet brain[脑水肿] ·wet lung[肺水肿]

 

英语问诊常用句子

·Hello.may (can) I help you?[您好,我可以帮您吗?] ·What seems to be bothering you?[您觉得哪儿不舒服?] ·Do you have a record?[您有病历吗?] ·I`ll transfer you to the surgery department.[我给您转到外科去] ·what`s wrong with you?[您怎么了?] ·Sit down, please.[请坐] ·When did the symptom begin ?[症状是什么时候开始的?] ·Are you bring anything up when you cough?[咳嗽时有痰吗?] ·Have you had any chills (chest pain)?[您有发冷(胸痛)吗?] ·Have you ever coughed up blood[您咳血过吗?] ·All right. Let me examine you. Would you mind taking off your coat?[好吧。我给您检查一下,您不介意脱掉外衣吧?] ·Take a deep breath, please[请深呼吸] ·I`ll take a white blood count and give you a x-ray examination.[我将给您做白细胞计数和胸片检查] ·I`m sure it`s pneumonia. You should be admitted to the hospital.[我可以确定您得了肺炎,应当住院。] ·How long have you been like this?[这种症状有多久了?] ·When did you begin to notice these symptoms?[您什么时候发现这些症状的?] ·What`s the trouble?[怎么啦?] ·What`s your trouble?[你怎么啦?] ·What`s the trouble with you?[你哪儿不舒服] ·What`s troubling you?[你哪儿不舒服] ·What`s your complaint?[你哪儿不舒服] ·What`s bothering you?[你哪儿不舒服] ·What can I do for you?[你哪儿不舒服吗?] ·What`s up with you?[你生什么病了?] ·What`s the matter with you?[你哪儿不舒服?] ·Is there a sense of distension and numbness?[你有胀和麻木的感觉吗?] ·When did the trouble start?[什么时候开始不舒服?] ·When did the pain start?[什么时候开始痛的?] ·When did it happen?[什么时候发生的?] ·When did your diarrhea start?[你什么时候开始腹泻的?] ·What kind of pain do you feel?[你觉得怎么个痛法?] ·What kind of stool did you notce, watery or mucous?[你注意大便的样子了吗?是水样的还是粘液样?] ·What did you vomit, food or blood?[你吐的是什么?食物还是血?] ·What kind of treatment have you had?[你过去用什么方法治疗过?] ·What about your heart?[你的心脏怎么样?] ·What`s your stool like?[大便是什么样子?] ·Where is your pain?[你觉得哪儿痛?] ·Where does it hurt?[哪儿痛?] ·What`s your appetite?[你的胃口怎么样?] ·How`s your appetite those days?[近来食欲怎么样?] ·How long have you been feeling like this?[你有这样感觉多长时间了?] ·Have you been coughing and sneezing?[你是不是一直咳嗽和打喷嚏?] ·Have you got a high fever?[你发烧吗?] ·Any fever?[发烧吗?] ·Have you got any chronic disease before?[你以前有过慢性病吗?] ·Does it bleed often?[常出血吗?] ·Do you feel short of breath?[你觉得气急吗?] ·Do you feel pain after meals?[是饭后痛吗?] ·Do you feel abdominal pain when you go to the toilet?[你去厕所时感到腹痛吗?] ·Do you have a pain in your stomach?[你肚子痛吗?] ·Do you have a cough?[你咳嗽吗?] ·Do you remember how many times you went to the toilet?[你记得去过多少次厕所吗?] ·Did you receive any treatment before you came to the hospital?[来医院前你接受过治疗吗?] ·I`d like to listen to your chest.[我想听听你的胸部。] ·I`d like to run a few tests.[我想给你做些检查。] ·You must have a blood (sputum) test.[你需要验验血(痰)。] ·You have the flu.[你得了流行感冒。] ·You have got enteritis.[你得了肠炎。] ·You have caught a chill.[你着凉了。] ·You seem to have picked up some sort of infection.[你好象染上什么传染病了。] ·When did you first notice it?[你什么时候感觉到的?] ·What kind of pain is it?[怎样疼?] ·Did you run any temperature?[你发过烧吗?] ·Have you seen anybody about it?[你找医生看过吗?] ·I think you need some examinations first.[我想您首先需要做一些检查。] ·You`d better take an X-ray picture to see if there is a fracture.[你最好拍张X片子,看看有没有骨折。] ·I`d like to give you an X-ray.[我想给你透视一下。] ·The X-ray reveals a dislocation of your elbow.[X光片显示你的肘关节脱位。] ·I`ll give your some medicine.[我给您开点药。] ·I`m afraid you have to receive an amputation.[恐怕你需要截肢。] ·It is the only way to save your life.[这是挽救您生命的唯一办法。] ·My diagnosis is that you have a malignant tumor osteogenic sarcoma.[我的诊断是您得了恶性骨肉瘤。] ·The fractured leg must be kept in plaster.[必须把骨折的腿打上石膏。] ·Open your mouth, please.[请张开嘴。] ·It`s too worn out to be filled.[这颗牙坏得太历害了,无法补了。] ·Have you ever had an injection of procaine(pencillin) before?[你以前打过普鲁卡因(青霉素)吗?] ·Does it hurt when you eat anything sweet or sour?[你吃甜的或酸的东西时疼吗?] ·I`ll be cleaning them now. let me know if it hurts.[我现在给你洗牙,疼就说一声。] ·The wound hasn`t healed enough yet.[伤口还没完全愈合。] ·You`ll have to wait for one more month, or they won`t fit properly.[你得再等一个月,要不然装上也不会合适。] ·What kind of material do you prefer?[你想要什么材料的?] ·Would you like to have a look at some of the samples?[你要看一看样品吗?] ·You can try the gold-alloy ones.[你可以试一下合金的。] ·You`ve got to come five times before the work can be finished.[你得来五次才能做好。] ·Shall I fix you a plastic crown?[我给你装一个塑料牙套好吗?] ·We`ll give you an X-ray to find out the condition of the root.[我们要给你拍一张X光片,看看牙根的情况。] ·You`ll have to leave your old denture here.[你得把原先的假牙留下。] ·You should leave your denture in your mouth all day.[你应该整天戴着你的假牙。] ·How are your periods? Are they heavy?[你的月经怎么样?量多吗?] ·Have you had any pain in this area during your menstruation?[你来月经时间时这一部位疼吗?] ·How about your menstruation cycles?[你的经期准吗?] ·Have you had any discomfort?[有什么不舒服吗?] ·When was your last menstruation?[你上一次月经是什么时候?] ·How long is your period usually?[通常你的月经周期多长?] ·Have you had any bleeding, watery discharge or pain in your lower abdomen?[你有过阴道出血、水性分泌物以及下腹部疼痛的情况吗?] ·How long has this been bothering you?[这种不适感有多久了?] ·Did you feel contractions regularly?[你感觉到过有规律的宫缩吗?] ·What`s the amount of beeding? Is it profuse?[出血量多少?很多吗?] ·Do you mind if I examine you briefly?[我简单地给你检查一下,你介意吗?] ·Please take off your shoes and panties and lie on the examining table.[请你脱去鞋和裤子,躺到检查床上。] ·I`ll run some tests on you.[我要给你做些化验。] ·That`s due to your heavy period.[这是因为你月经过多造成的。] ·I think it`s carcinoma of the breasts.[我认为是乳腺癌。] ·We`ll send her to the delivery room for further observation.[我们想把她送到产房进一步观察。] ·Do you see dimly from distance or close by?[您看远不清还是看近不清?] ·Do you see objects dimly?[您看东西模糊吗?] ·What kind of pain do you have?[怎么痛法?] ·Is there much secretion from your eyes?[眼里的分泌物多吗?] ·Does light affect your eyes?[您的眼睛怕光吗?] ·Do you see an object as if there were two that overlap?[您看东西有重影吗?] ·Do you see my hand moving?[您看见我的手在动吗?] ·Try not to blink.[不要眨眼。] ·Are you near-sighted or far-sighted?[您是近视眼还是远视眼?] ·Come back in a week for a re-examination of your eyes.[一周以后来复查您的眼睛。] ·I`ll send you some medicine (pill, ointment).[给你开些内服药(丸药,膏药)。] ·I`ll give you some tablets.[我给你一些药片。] ·I`ll make up a prescription for you.[我给你开一张药方] ·I`ll write out a prescription for you right now.[我马上给你开张药方。] ·I`ll give you a prescription. Take it to the chemist`s [我给你一张处方,到药房去配药。] ·I think you`d better take Chinese traditional medicine.[我认为你最好服用中药。] ·Take the medicine according to the instruction.[请按医嘱用药。] ·I`d like to put you on some medicine and have you come back in several days.[给我开点药,几天以后你再来。] ·One tablet each time, three times a day after meals.[每日3次,每次1片,饭后服。] ·Take one capsule every four hours.[每4小时服用一胶囊。] ·Take a dose three times a day.[每天服3次,每次一剂。] ·Put the ointment on the sore once a day.[把软膏涂在患处,每日1次。] ·Shake well before using it.[使用之前要摇匀。] ·The medicine will relieve your pain.[这种药会给你止痛。] ·This medicine can keep your fever down.[这种药可给你退烧。] ·This is for oral administration.[这是口服药物。] ·This lotion is for external use only.[这种洗剂只可外用。] ·You`re suffering from acute appendicitis and must have an operaton.[你得的是急性阑尾炎,要动手术。] ·I`m sorry to say you`ll have an immediate operation.[很遗憾,你得快动手术。] ·Your meals should be frequent but small in quantity.[应该少吃多餐。] ·Your meals should be light and digestible.[吃的东西要清淡容易消化。] ·You should take some more vitamines[你应该多吃些维生素。] ·You should go on a diet.[你应该节食。] ·You can`t touch anything sweet.[你一点甜食也吃不得] ·Fatty food will do you harm.[高脂肪食物对你有害处。] ·Avoid eating greasy food.[不要吃油腻食物。] ·Drink plenty of water.[要喝大量的水。] ·You are scheduled to have a GI and a GB test tomorrow morning.[您预定明天早上作胃肠检查和胆囊检查。] ·Please don`t eat or drink anything until the test is over. I`m sorry but you have to have an absolute empty stomach.[要检查结束之前请不要吃喝任何东西。我很抱歉,您得完全空着胃。] ·This test is done on a 24 hour basis from 6 in the morning until 6 in the following morning.[这个检查是以早晨六点到第二天早上六点的二十四个小时为单位进行的。] ·You may have something to drink whenever you wish.[你可以随意喝你想喝的东西。] ·Please use this container for your urine.[请将尿放进这个容器内。] ·Breathe in deeply. That`ll do.[深呼吸,好了。] ·Now take a breath.[现在吸气。] ·Now take a deep breath with your mouth open.[现在嘴张开作深呼吸。] ·Now turn around, please.[现在请转过去。] ·Take it easy and don`t move.[放松点,别动。] ·Show me exactly where it is.[请告诉我准确的地方。] ·Show me your tongue, please.[请把舌头伸出来。] ·Show me which one it is?[告诉我是哪个?] ·Show me where it hurts the most.[告诉我哪儿最疼。] ·You`d better have a chest X-ray.[你最好透视一下胸部。] ·Your tongue is rather coated.[你的舌苔比较厚。] ·Dull tongue with whitish and greasy coating.[舌质暗,苔白腻。] ·How do you feel now?[现在你觉得怎么样?] ·Where does it hurt?[哪儿痛?] ·Which of your arms is sore?[你哪个胳膊痛?] ·Do you feel weak?[你感到身体虚弱吗?] ·Do you have any pain in your belly?[你腹部痛吗?] ·Does it hurt here?[这儿痛吗?] ·You are scheduled to have an operation.[您要预定动手术。] ·First of all, we will prepare you by shaving.[首先,我们要给你备皮,做手术前的准备工作。] ·I will give you an NG tube right now.[我马上给你插鼻胃管。] ·Urinating after an operation is very hard.[手术后排尿很困难。] ·Did you pass any wind by rectum?[有气从肛门排出吗?] ·You can lie on your side more often.[您可以经常翻身。] ·You look a little better today.[今天看来你精神好一些。] ·You can get out of bed today.[你今天可以下床了。] ·Shall we limit the amount of visitors?[要不要限制访客的人数呢?]

 

 

医院日常用品和设备

·Stethoscope[听诊器] ·Sphygmomanometer (Blood pressure gauge)[血压计] ·Thermometer[体温表] ·Tongue depressor (spatula)[压舌板] ·Needle[针头] ·Syringe[注射器] ·Cotton stick (ball)[棉签(球)] ·Bandage[绷带] ·Elastic bandage[弹力绷带] ·Esmarch`s bandage[橡皮绷带] ·Tourniquet[止血带] ·Gauze[纱布] ·Adhesive plaster[橡皮膏] ·Dressing[敷料] ·Splint[夹板] ·Rubber glove[橡皮手套] ·Sand bag[沙袋] ·Ice bag[冰袋] ·Hot water bottle[热水瓶] ·Bedpan[便盒] ·Urinal[尿壶] ·Catheter[导尿管] ·Rectal tube[肛管] ·Dilator[扩张器] ·Gastric tube[胃管] ·Lavage tube[洗胃管] ·Oxygen tube (cylinder)[吸氧管] ·Sengstaken-Blakemore tube[三腔二囊管] ·Visual testing chart[视力表] ·Incubator[保温箱] ·Plaster bed[石膏床] ·Sheet[被单] ·Bedding[被褥] ·Blanket[毛毯] ·Diaper[尿布] ·Pillow case[枕套] ·Bedside table[床头柜] ·Towel[毛巾] ·Basin[脸盒] ·Comb[梳子] ·Tooth-paste[牙膏] ·Tooth-brush[牙刷] ·Rubber cushion[橡皮圈] ·Air cushion bed[气垫床] ·Scale[台秤] ·Flashlight[电筒] ·Scissors[剪刀] ·Tray[托盘] ·Sputum cup[痰杯] ·Test tube[试管] ·Infusion support[输液架] ·Infusion drip monitor[输液滴速监护仪] ·Micropump[微泵] ·Operating table[手术台] ·Shadowless lamp[无影灯] ·Slit lamp[裂隙灯] ·Scalpel[手术刀] ·Silk sutures[丝线] ·Rubber drainage[引流管] ·Operating gown[手术衣] ·Overalls[工作服] ·Operating sheet[手术床单] ·Mask[口罩] ·Hemostatic forceps[止血钳] ·Needle forceps (holder)[持针钳] ·Dressing forceps[敷料钳] ·Smooth forceps[无齿镊] ·Tissue forceps[组织镊] ·Anesthesia machine[麻醉机] ·Electrocardiograph[心电图机] ·X-ray machine[X线机] ·Ventilator[呼吸机] ·Suction[吸引器] ·Tractor[牵引器] ·Rescue carrigae[抢救车] ·Stretcher[担架] ·Bedside monitor[床边监护仪] ·Defibrillator[除颤仪] ·Ambulance[救护车] ·Pacemaker[起搏器] ·Hyperbaric oxygen chamber[高压氧仓] ·Otoscope[耳镜] ·Rhinoscope[鼻镜] ·Ophthalmoscope[眼底镜] ·Esophagoscope[食道镜] ·Bronchofiberscope[纤支镜] ·Gastrofiberscope[纤维胃镜] ·Proctoscope[直肠镜] ·Peritoneoscope[腹腔镜] ·Sigmoidoscope[结肠镜] ·Cystoscope[膀胱镜] ·Microscope[显微镜] ·Thoracentesis set[胸穿包] ·Lumbar puncture set[腰穿包] ·Bone marrow puncture set[骨穿包] · Abdominocentesis set[ [腹穿包] ·Venosection set[静切包] ·Transfusion set[输血包] ·Refrigerator[冰箱] ·Microwave oven[微波炉] ·Blood pressure monitor[血压监护仪] ·Automatic blood pressure meter( ABPM)[自动血压机]

 

 

医学院和医院相关名称

·Medical university[医科大学] ·Medical collega[医学院] ·Collega of pharmacy[药学院] ·Teatch school[卫生学校] ·Nurses` (training) school[护士学校] ·Academic adviser[学术顾问] ·Chancellor (president)[校长] ·Dean[院长] ·Director[主任] ·Department chairman (head)[系主任] ·Assistant[助教] ·Coach[辅导员] ·Tutor (Counselor)[导师] ·Faculty[全体教员] ·Founder[创办人] ·Lecturer[讲师] ·Monitor[班长] ·Professor[教授] ·Research fellow[研究员] ·School physician[校医] ·Graduate student[研究生] ·Anesthetist[麻醉医生] ·Dentist[牙科医生] ·Dermatologist[皮肤科医生] ·Dietician[营养师] ·Family doctor[家庭医生] ·Doctor of traditional Chinese medicine[中医师] ·Gynecologist[妇科医生] ·Obstetrician[产科医生] ·Oculist[眼科医生] ·Oncologist[肿瘤科医生] ·Pediatrician[儿科医生] ·ENT doctor[五官科医生] ·Internist (Physician)[内科医生] ·Surgeon[外科医生] ·Cardiologist[心血管病医生] ·Urologist[泌尿科医生] ·Radiographer[放射科技师] ·Radiologist[放射科医生] ·Cardiac surgeon[胸外科医生] ·Plastic surgeon[整形外科医生] ·Midwife[接生员] ·Resident[住院医生] ·Chief resident[总住院医师] ·Attending (physician in charge)[主治医生] ·Specialist[专家] ·Pharmacist[药剂师] ·Technician[技师] ·Intern[实习生] ·Head nurse[护士长] ·Nurse[护士] ·Bechelor[学士] ·Master[硕士] ·Doctor[博士] ·Auditorium[大礼堂] ·Meeting room (Reference hall)[会议室] ·Parking Lot (shed)[停车处(棚)] ·Broadcasting station[广播站] ·Administration building[行政大楼] ·Office building[办公大楼] ·Classroom (Teaching) building[教学大楼] ·Bulletin board[布告栏] ·Campus[校园] ·Canteen (Dining room)[食堂] ·Classroom[教室] ·Dormitory[宿舍] ·English corner[英语角] ·Gymnasium[体操房] ·Infirmary[医务室] ·Central laboratory[中心实验室] ·Lavatory (Toilet,Water-closet)[厕所] ·Lecture theatre[阶梯教室] ·Library[图书馆] ·News stall[报亭] ·Accounting office[财务室] ·Dean’s office[教务处] ·Foreign affairs office[外事处] ·General affairs office[总务处] ·Medical education office[医教处] ·Personnel office[人事处] ·President office[校长办公室] ·Reception office[接待室] ·Registration office[报到处] ·Teaching and research office[教研室] ·Platform[讲台] ·Playground[运动场] ·Boiler room[锅炉房] ·Janitor’s room[传达室] ·Mail room[收发室] ·Reference room[资料室] ·Projection room[放映室] ·Reading room[阅览室] ·Swimming pool[游泳池] ·Snack bar[小吃部] ·Graduate school[研究生院] ·School-run workshop[校办厂] ·Company[公司] ·Institute[研究所] ·Pharmaceutical factory[制药厂] ·Affiliated hospital[附属医院] ·Teaching hospital[教学医院] ·Blood bank[血库] ·Anesthesiology dept.[麻醉科] ·Cardiology dept.[心脏科] ·Dermatology dept.[皮肤科] ·Emergency room[急诊室] ·Dental dept.[牙科] ·ENT dept.[五官科] ·General surgery dept.[普外科] ·Infectious dept.[传染科] ·Neurosurgery dept.[神经外科] ·Neurology dept.[神经科] ·Obstetrics and gynecology dept.[妇产科] ·Oncology dept.[肿瘤科] ·Ophthalmology dept.[眼科] ·Nuclear medicine dept.[核医学科] ·Orthopedics dept.[骨科] ·Pediatrics dept.[小儿科] ·Pathology dept.[病理科] ·Skin (Dermatology) dept.[皮肤科] ·Plastic surgery dept[整形外科] ·Thoracic surgery dept.[胸外科] ·Traditional chinese medicine dept.[中医科] ·Traumatology dept.[创伤外科] ·Urology dept.[泌尿科] ·X-ray room[放射科] ·Laboratory dept.[检验科] ·Gastroenterology dept.[消化科] ·Nephrology dept.[肾内科] ·Hematology dept.[血液科] ·Endocrinology dept.[内分泌科] ·Stomatological dept.[口腔科] ·Dispensary (pharmacy)[药房] ·Internal medicine dept.[内科] ·Surgical dept. [外科] ·In-patient dept. [住院部] ·Out-patient dept.[门诊部] ·Nursing dept.[护理部] ·B-mode ultrasonic room[B超室] ·EKG room[心电图室] ·Endoscope room[内镜室] ·Gastroscope room[胃镜室] ·Bronchoscope room[支气管镜室] ·Operation room(OR)[手术室] ·Nutrition room[营养室] ·Fluoroscopy[透视室] ·Dark room[暗室] ·Developing room[冲洗室] ·Heart function examination room[心功能室] ·Injection room[注射室] ·Dressing room[换药室] ·Pulmonary function test room[肺功能室] ·Physiotherapy room[理疗室] ·Laser room[激光室] ·Echo room[心超室] ·DSA room[心导管室] ·Vector-cardiography room[心向量室] ·Phono-cardiography room[心音图室] ·Vision fuuction examination room[视功能室] ·Medical abministration dept.[医务部] ·Personnel dept.[人事部] ·Security section[保卫科] ·Supply room[供应室] ·Mortuty[太平间] ·Health information dept. [病案室] ·Registration office[挂号处] ·Waiting room[侯诊室] ·Observation room[观察室] 

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