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List of English words of Portuguese origin 2

(2011-03-03 15:44:53)
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杂谈

一对一私塾各种外语---英语,德语,西班牙语,法语,意大利语等---电话:15256271132
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Savvy 
v.  理解List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2 'sævi
v.   Keep your mouth shut! Savvy?List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
v.   闭上嘴! 懂吗?
n.  理解能力, 悟性, 常识List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.  理解能力List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   He is a banker known for financial savvy.
n.   作为一名银行家,他以精通金融著称。
n.  悟性
n.   My daugther has a good savvy in music.
n.   我女儿在音乐上很有悟性。
n.  常识
n.   To make our citizenry more savvy in general knowledge and current affairs will take time and sustained efforts.
n.   要培养新加坡人对时事和常识的认识,需要时间和长期的努力。
adj. 机智的, 有常识的
from sabe he knows, from saber to know
Amah 
n.  阿妈(印度等一些东方国家的奶妈、女佣)
from Portuguese ama, nurse, housemaid, from Medieval Latin amma, mother
Buccaneer 
n.   海盗(尤指17世纪时掠夺西班牙船只的海盗)List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2 .bʌkə'nir
n.   The terror of the dead buccaneer had fallen on their spirits.
n.   那具海盗的骷髅带来的恐惧已经影响了他们的情绪。
n.  不择手段的投机者
vi.  做海盗
from Tupi mukém
Caramel 
n.   焦糖,  焦糖糖果,  焦糖色,  淡褐色List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2 'kærəmel, 'kærəməl
n.   The beverage is often colored with caramel.
n.   这种饮料常用焦糖染色。
n.   Good caramel and marmalade aftertaste.
n.   怡人的焦糖与柑橘的回味。
n.   焦糖糖果
n.   焦糖色
n.   淡褐色
n.   A thin girl with caramel skin and a yellow silk blouse walks alone through a barren landscape of rubble.
n.   一个淡褐色皮肤的瘦女孩,穿了一条黄色的丝质裤子,独自穿越一道瓦砾之上的贫瘠风景。
from caramelo, caramel, from Late Latin calamellus
Cashew 
n.   腰果List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2 kæ'ʃu:, 'kæʃu:
n.   Cashew nuts and walnuts are both nuts.List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   腰果和核桃都是坚果。
n.   We want to buy Ferrous and Non Ferrous Scrap, Cashew Nuts, Raw Cotton.
n.   我们要采购有色金属和非有色金属废料,腰果,原棉。
from caju (a tropical fruit)
Fetish 
n.  恋物, 崇拜物, [心理]恋物癖List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   Women's underclothes are a common fetish.List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   女人的内衣裤是常见的能引起性快感的恋物。
n.   She has a fetish about cleanliness.
n.   她有洁癖。
n.   He makes a fetish of his new car.
n.   他把自己的新汽车奉若神明.
n.  崇拜物
n.   Tortoise is one of four fetish of ancient, and tortoise is only real thing in four fetish.
n.   龟是中国古代“四灵”之一,且是“四灵”中唯一的实有之物。
n.  [心理]恋物癖
n.   Some forms of sadomasochism and the related fetish of bondage sex have gained a certain degree of normalcy.
n.   一些形式的性虐和与受虐癖相关的性爱已呈现几分常态。
from French fétiche, from Portuguese feitiço ("charm", "sorcery", "spell"), from Latin factitius or feticius ("artificial")
Jaguar 
n.   美洲虎List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   It was a long, slow walk back to the Jaguar.
n.   过了好长一段时间,他才慢慢地回到他的美洲虎车里。
n.   I'm only rash when I'm in my Jaguar.
n.   我只是在开我的美洲虎车时才心急。
from Tupi or Guaraní jaguarete via Portuguese
Molasses n.   糖浆,  糖蜜List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2 mə'læsiz
n.   You may put some molasses on the bread.List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   你可以放些糖浆在面包上。
from melaço (="treacle")
Mulatto 
n.  白人和黑人的混血儿mju:'lætəu
Portuguese mulato. From mula (=mule) a cross between a horse and a donkey or from the Arabic term muwallad, which means "a person of mixed ancestry"
Pickaninny 
n.  黑人的小孩,  小孩子'pikənini, 'pikə.nini
from pequenina (="little one") or pequeninha (="toddler")
Palaver 
v.  空谈,  奉承pə'lɑ:və
n.  空谈,  奉承
a chat, from palavra (="word"), Portuguese palavra (word), parabola (parable), speech (current fala, discurso), chat (current bate-papo, papo {pronunc. : bahtchy papoo}, palavrinha, conversa and also Eng. chat) alteration of Late Latin parabola, speech, parable.
Sargasso 
n.   马尾藻List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2 sɑ:'gæsəu
n.   The European eel's migration to the Sargasso Sea to spawn is one of nature's great unsolved mysteries.
n.   欧洲鳗鲡迁移到马尾藻海产卵是大自然未解开的最大的谜团之一。
n.   If it were only for the sake of an idea Copernicus would have smashed the existent macrocosm and Columbus would have foundered in the Sargasso Sea.
n.   如果仅仅是为了一个观念,哥白尼本会砸烂整个现存宇宙的,哥伦布也会葬身马尾藻海。
from sargaço (="sargasso")
Stevedore 
n.  码头装卸工人'sti:vidɔ:, 'sti:və.dəur
v.  装卸货物
from estivador (="stevedore")
Yam 
n.  山药, 番薯List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   The main crops are corn, millet, yam, naked oats, buckwheat, and other small grains.
n.   主要农作物为玉米、小米、山药、莜麦、荞麦和其他的小杂粮。
n.   Two important aboriginal foods are the fruit of the cycad palm, and a large nutritious yam.
n.   澳洲土著人有两种重要的食物:一种是铁树目裸子类棕桐树的果子,另一种是又大又有营养的山药。
n.  番薯
n.   A true yam is a starchy edible root generally imported to the United States from the Caribbean.
n.   真正的番薯是指一种可使用的淀粉质根菜类食物,通常从加勒比海输入美国。
n.   Today the terms generally are used interchangeably , and the U.S.Department of Agriculture requires that a label with the word yam be accompanied by the term sweet potato.
n.   一般而言,今天这两个词被大家混用,美国农业部要求商品标签上印有”番薯“字样的产品也必须加上”甘薯“这个词。
n.   Today the terms generally are used interchangeably , and the U.S. Department of Agriculture requires that a label with the word yam be accompanied by the term sweet potato.
n.   一般而言,今天这两个词被大家混用,美国农业部要求商品标签上印有“番薯”字样的产品也必须加上“甘薯”这个词。
from inhame or Spanish igname from West African nyama (="eat")

Albino 
from albino, with the same meaning, from Latin albus
Albatross 
an alteration of albatroz, under influence of the Latin word albus ("white");
Banana 
from Portuguese or Spanish (more probably from Portuguese, as the most widespread Spanish word is plátano); from Portuguese, of African origin; akin to Wolof banäna banana
Baroque 
from barroco (adj. = "unshapely")
Breeze 
(= "from Portuguese word brisa")
Caste 
from casta (="class")
Cobra 
from cobra (snake)
Coconut 
from coco (coconut)
Commando 
from comando (="command")
Cougar 
from French couguar, from Portuguese suçuarana, perhaps from Tupian sɨwasuarána or Guaraní guaçu ara.
Dodo 
According to Encarta Dictionary and Chambers Dictionary of Etymology, "dodo" comes from Portuguese doudo (currently, more often, doido) meaning "fool" or "crazy". The present Portuguese word dodô ("dodo") is of English origin. The Portuguese word doudo or doido may itself be a loanword from Old English (cp. English "dolt").
Embarass 
from Portuguese embaraçar (same meaning; also to tangle - string or rope ), from em + baraço (archaic for "rope")[1]
Emu 
from ema (="rhea")
Flamingo 
from Portuguese flamingo, from Spanish flamenco
Junk 
from junco, from Javanese djong (Malay adjong).
Mandarin 
from mandarim, from the Portuguese verb mandar (='to rule; to send') via the Dutch mandorijn, from the Malay mantri, from Hindi मंत्री matri, from Sanskrit मन्त्रिन् mantrin (="counsellor")
Mango 
from manga, via Malay mangga, ultimately from Malayalam മാങ്ങ māṅṅa or from Tamil மாங்காய் mānkāy
Mangrove 
probably from Portuguese mangue mangrove (from Spanish mangle, probably from Taino) + English grove
Marmalade 
from marmelada, a preserve made from marmelo (="quince")
Monsoon 
from monção
Mosquito 
from Mosquito meaning 'little fly'
Negro 
Negro means "black" in Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian, being from the Latin word niger (Dative nigro, Accusative nigrum) and the Greek word Νέγρος Negros both of the same meaning. It came to English through the Portuguese and Spanish slave trade. Prior to the 1970s, it was the dominant term for Black people of African origin; in most English language contexts (except its inclusion in the names of some organizations founded when the term had currency, e.g. the United Negro College Fund), it is now considered either archaic or a slur in most contexts.
Pagoda 
from pagode; corruption of Persian بوتکاتا butkata (+"idol deity")
potato
from "batata"
Samba 
from samba ; ultimately of Angolan origin, semba
Tank 
from tanque
Verandah 
from varanda (="balcony" or "railing"), from Hindi वरांडा varanda or Bengali baranda
Zebra 
from zebra (same meaning), which started as the feminine form of zebro (a kind of deer), from vulgar Latin eciferus, classical Latin EQUIFERVS.
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
Albacore 
n.  长鳍金枪鱼'ælbəkɔ:, 'ælbə.kəur
from albacor from Arabic بكورة al-bukr (="the young camels")
Alcatraz 
阿尔卡特拉兹(又称"恶魔岛", 美国圣弗兰西斯科湾的小岛, 1934-1963年为一座联邦监狱所在地)
(="gannet") from Arabic غطاس al-ġaţţās ("the diver")
Anil 
n.  木蓝属植物, 
from anil, through French, via Arabic النيل al-nili and Persian نیلا nila; ultimately from Sanskrit नीली nili (="indigo).
Auto-da-fé, n.   中世纪天主教会宗教裁判所(对异教徒)的判决(仪式),  判决, 处刑List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
a judicial 'act' or sentence of the Inquisition 
from auto da fé (= "act/sentence of faith")
Bossa nova 
波萨诺沃舞
(= "new trend" or "new wave")
Cachalot 
n.  抹香鲸'kæʃəlɔt, 'kæʃə.lɔt
from Portuguese cachalote (same meaning), probably via Spanish or French. The Portuguese word comes from cachola ("head" or "big head").
Carambola
n.  [植]五敛子,  阳桃.kærəm'bəulə
Portuguese, perhaps from Marathi कराम्बल karambal
Caravel 
n.  轻快帆船'kærəvel, 'kærə.vel
from caravela
Carioca 
n.  (巴西)克力欧卡舞,  克力欧卡舞曲.kæri'əukə
Carioca
n.  巴西里约热内卢的居民或土著
from Tupi "carioca" (cari = white men, oca = house; house of the white men), via Portuguese carioca (native of Rio de Janeiro)
Carnauba 
n.  [植]巴西棕榈(所产硬腊可用于制造上光腊,  唇彩,  唱片等)kɑ:'naubə
from carnaúba
Cow-tree 
a tree abundant in a milk-like juice : from árvore, pau de vaca (="tree of cow")
Creole 
克利奥尔人的,  克利奥尔语的,  克利奥尔式法语的List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2'kri:əul
In the southern state of Louisiana, people enjoy spicy Cajun and Creole foods.
在南部的路易斯安那州,人们喜欢吃辛辣的卡真人的食品和克利奥尔人的食品。
French créole, from Castilian Spanish criollo, person native to a locality, from Portuguese crioulo, diminutive of cria, ("'person raised in one's house with no blood relation, a servant'"), < Portuguese criar ("'to rear, to raise, to bring up'") , from Latin creare, to beget; < Latin creo ("'to create'"), which came into English via French between 1595 and 1605. [same root as creature]
Grouper 
n.   鲈科之鱼,  石斑鱼List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2'gru:pə
n.   鲈科之鱼List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   石斑鱼
n.   Gags are the most common grouper caught on the east coast.
n.   堵嘴是最共同的石斑鱼风行东海岸。
n.   I was sweat-soaked and sucking air like a beached grouper.
n.   我汗流浃背,象一条搁浅的石斑鱼一样吸着空气。
from garoupa
Guarana 
n.   瓜拉拿(又名巴西可可)List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   Ingrediants " Ingredients like torrintaurine, garama guarana and inositol are natural substances.
n.   原料中诸如牛磺酸,瓜拉拿和肌醇都是天然原料。
from Portuguese guaraná, from Tupi warana
Lambada 
n.  兰巴达(巴西的一种贴身舞)
from lambada (="beating, lashing")
Macaque n.   短尾猿,  猕猴List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2 mə'kɑ:k
n.   In the Minnesota study, researchers sedated macaque monkeys and placed recording electrodes into their spinal nerves.
n.   在明尼苏达大学的这一研究中,研究人员给予短尾猿镇静剂,并将记录电极插入他们的脊髓中。
from macaco, through French
Macaw 
n.   金刚鹦鹉List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2 mə'kɔ:
n.   This theme has a background picture of a blue and gold Macaw.
n.   这个主题有一只蓝色和金色的金刚鹦鹉的一张背景画。
n.   The eye of a blue macaw is surrounded by a featherless golden rim.
n.   蓝金刚鹦鹉的眼睛具有金色无毛的眼眶。
from macau; ultimately from Tupi macavuana.
Manioc 
n.  树薯,  树薯粉'mæniɔk, 'mæni.ɔk
=mandioca
from mandioca (="cassava") from Tupi mandioca.
Maraca 
n.  响葫芦mə'rɑ:kə
from maracá from Tupi
Marimba 
n.  马林巴琴mə'rimbə
from Portuguese, of Bantu origin; akin to Kimbundu ma-rimba : ma-, pl. n. pref. + rimba, xylophone, hand piano
Palmyra 'pæl'mairə
n.  [植]扇叶树头榈(亦作 palmyra palm,  palmyra tree)
from palmeira (="palm")
Piranha 
n.  锯脂鲤,  比拉鱼(南美淡水小鱼,  能掠食活动物)pi'rɑ:njə
from piranha (=piranha), from Tupi pirá ("fish") + ánha ("cut")
Sablefish 
n.  [鱼]裸盖鱼'seiblfiʃ, 'seibəl.fiʃ
from sável (="shad," "whitefish")
Tapioca 
n.  树薯粉.tæpi'əukə
from tapioca
Teak 
n.   柚木,  柚木棕色List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   Pine is a soft wood and teak is a hard wood.List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   松木是软木,柚木是硬木。
n.   A teak table and chairs furnish the roof terrace.
n.   一套柚木桌椅装点着屋顶平台。
n.   柚木棕色
from teca
Tempura 
n.   [日语]天麸罗(日本菜肴)List <wbr>of <wbr>English <wbr>words <wbr>of <wbr>Portuguese <wbr>origin <wbr>2
n.   The tempura is a batter that is quickly deep fried just enough to cook the food inside it.
n.   天麸罗是一种快速煎成的糊糊的东西,用来闷熟它中间的食物。
Japanese 天麩羅, tenpura?, also written as "天ぷら", from Portuguese tempero, temperar, (=seasoning, to season)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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