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【自译】关于《美国食品公司黑幕》中的素食者诽谤法案

(2010-02-06 14:48:32)
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Veggie Libel Laws: You Could be Sued for Saying the Wrong Thing About Food

Veggie libel laws also known as food libel laws or food disparagement laws, are laws passed in 13 U.S. states that make it possible for food producers to sue their critics for libel (a false publication, as in writing, print, signs, or pictures, which damages a person's or an organization’s reputation).

 

素食者诽谤法案:你会因“诋毁”食品而被起诉

素食者诽谤法案又称为食品诽谤法案或者食品诋毁法案,该法案被13个州所通过,食品的生产者可以依据该法案以诽谤的名义起诉他们的批评者。(包括:不当的出版物、文章、刊印、标记或者图片等,一切能破坏食品生产的个人或者组织声誉的行为)

he 13 states with veggie libel laws are: Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi,North Dakota Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas.

(通过素食诽谤法案的13个州有:阿拉巴马州,亚利桑那州,科罗拉多州,佛罗里达,佐治亚,爱达荷,路易斯安那州,密西西比州,北达科他州俄亥俄州,俄克拉荷马州,南达科他州,得克萨斯州。)

WHAT DOES IS ALL MEAN?

(素食诽谤者法案究竟意味着什么?)

In states with veggie libel laws, commenting on the health risks cased by bacteria in meats, poultry, or uncooked seafood, sulfites in salads, nitrites in bacon and other processed foods, general saturated fat content, pesticide/herbicide treatments, genetically manufactured ingredients, or other toxic chemicals found in food, could subject the commentator to a very expensive lawsuit.  Additionally, food libel laws place the burden of proof on the plaintiff; in other words food critics must demonstrate that their claims are grounded in reliable scientific facts and data.  Simply raising the publics’ awareness about some food related issue and calling for an inquiry is not allowed.

在通过素食者诽谤法案的州,对肉类、家禽或者生海鲜中的细菌所引起的健康风险、沙拉中的亚硫酸盐、熏猪肉里的亚硝酸盐和其他加工食品,以及食物中含有的高脂肪含量物、农药/除草剂处理物、基因技术制造成分或者其他剧毒化学物质发表评论,会让该评论员经历一场费用高昂的官司。

另外,食品诽谤法案还对原告施加了沉重的取证压力,换句话说,食品的批评者们必须例举出能可靠并且科学地证明他们观点的实例和数据。仅仅是通过讨论相关议题来引起公众对食品的警惕和呼吁应有的调查是不被该法案所允许的。

According to the ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) veggie laws are the descendants of criminal sedition laws, which made it a crime to criticize public officials.  Veggie laws are used almost exclusively by the food industry to silence their critics’ concerns about food production and safety.  Other critics also point out that veggie libel laws not only restrict the availability of information needed to make fully informed judgments about food, but also endanger free-speech rights in order to protect private commercial interests.

美国公民自由联盟(ACLU)认为,素食者诽谤法案是刑事煽动叛乱法酝酿出来的怪胎,令批评公职人员成了一种犯罪行为。该法案专门被一些大型食品生产企业用来压制他们的批评者,而这些批评者所关心的仅是食品的生产和安全。另一些批评者同时指出:素食者诽谤法案,不仅仅使人们获取能够对食品问题做出明智判断的信息变得困难重重,还为了保护私人企业的利益而严重威胁了公民自由言论的权利。

The documentary Food Inc. also offers additional information about veggie libel laws as well as an excellent overview of the entire food industry.

纪录片《食品公司黑幕》也提供了关于素食者诽谤法案的其他内容,以及对整个食品行业的精彩概述。

 

http://www.bukisa.com/articles/210759_veggie-libel-laws-you-could-be-sued-for-saying-the-wrong-thing-about-food

另外附上素食者诽谤法案威胁美国宪法第一修正案的讨论:《"Veggie-Libel" Law Still Poses a Threat

http://www.cspinet.org/foodspeak/oped/candm.htm

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