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Petty Crimes May Not Lead to Penalties

(2007-08-16 12:10:06)
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分类: English Salon

People convicted of petty crimes may be let off with just a slap on the wrist under changes to prosecution guidelines released by the Supreme People's Procuratorate Wednesday.


根据最高人民检察院本周三最新发布的起诉标准,轻微犯罪者将免于起诉.

 

Legal experts hailed the new standards as a "tremendous progress in the protection of human rights".


法律专家称赞新标准是人权保护的极大进步.

 

Those exempted from prosecution will be assessed case by case, but leniency could be given to minors, the elderly and people who have committed a small crime because of poverty.


免于起诉的人将挨个案件评定,但是未成年,老人以及因为贫穷而轻微犯罪的人将受到宽大处理.

 

According to the new standards, procuratorate departments will not necessarily pursue serious charges against those whose petty crimes target neighbors, relatives or friends if they plead guilty, apologize and voluntarily offer compensation.


根据新标准,那些因为邻里亲朋纠纷引发轻微犯罪者,如果认罪悔过,赔礼道歉,主动赔偿损失检查部门将不需要严重控告他们.

 

Other suspects to be exempt include those without "vicious" motives, as well as minor accessories in criminal cases.


其他免于起诉的犯罪嫌疑人包括没有社会恶性动机以及在犯罪过程中轻微从犯.

 

China's Criminal Procedure Law gives powers to local procuratorate departments to prosecute based on community expectations, the severity of the crime and local economic conditions. For example, the minimum amount of theft to attract prosecution ranges from 500 yuan ($66) to 2,000 yuan ($258) in different provinces and regions.


中国刑事诉讼法赋予地方检察院根据社区群众意愿,犯罪的严重性以及当地经济状况来起诉犯罪嫌疑人.例如在各省市和地区构成偷窃罪的最低金额从500元(66美金)到200元(258美元)不等.


The new guidelines strike a balance between sentence severity and leniency.


新标准实现了严重判刑及宽大处理之间的平衡.

 

Procuratorate departments may choose not to undertake legal proceedings if a case can be dealt with without going to court. This is designed to free up the country's legal system to focus on important cases.


如果一个案件可以不在法庭上解决,检察机关可不需要采取法律诉讼,这样是为了解放的法律部门使其关注重要的案件.

 

Tong Jianming, the spokesman for the country's highest procuratorate, said the new guidelines simplify and streamline procedures for different types of criminal cases.


国家最高检察院发言人童建明认为新标准简化了各类犯罪案件的程序.


"Clear standards have been set out on how to, and not to, institute legal proceedings from either a severe or lenient perspective, which will further improve procuratorates' work efficiency," Tong said.


童说关于怎样从严厉或者宽大的角度进行法律诉讼与否已经指定明确的标准,这也将有利于进一步提高检查机关的工作效率.

 

Experts said the full severity of the law was not needed for all criminal cases and the changes would improve prosecution standards and help curb judicial corruption.


专家认为法律的严肃性对于刑事案件来说并不需要,这些变化将改善起诉标准有助于遏制司法腐败.

 

"The standards manage a combination of punishing the guilty as well as protecting citizens' lawful rights, as they prescribe different treatment for small and serious crimes, minors and adult, suspects and accessories," Fan Chongyi, director of the criminal procedure law research center of Chinese University of Politics and Law, told China Daily.
                                                                                                                               
中国人民大学刑事诉讼法研究中心所长樊崇义对中国日报记者说:"新标准实现了严惩犯罪与保护市民合法权利的有机结合,因为它们针对轻微犯罪和严重犯罪,成年和未成年,嫌疑人和从犯分别处理"

 

"Drawing lines between different circumstances better protects human rights."


"根据具体情况指定不同的规定能更好的保护人权."

 

The new standards also stipulate that procuratorates do not use evidence collected from forced confessions, torture or violence.


新标准同时规定检察院禁止使用逼供,严刑拷打或者暴力获得的证据.

 

Tong said that in recent years, illegal evidence used by some local procuratorate departments had resulted in some people being wrongly prosecuted.


童认为最近几年由于很多地方检察院使用违法证据导致很多人被误判.

 

 

文:http://english.cri.cn/2946/2007/08/16/189@262105.htm
翻译:Coco

 

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