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不要抛弃学问

(2008-11-27 21:43:02)
标签:

翻译

胡适

学问

乐民

鲁东大学

文化

分类: 文学翻译

不要抛弃学问 作者 胡适

Never Give up the Pursuit of Learning By Hu Shi

    诸位毕业同学:你们现在要离开母校了,我没有什么礼物送你们,只好送你们一句话罢。

    Dear graduates, now you are going to leave your school, I have nothing special for you but a word.

    这一句话是:“不要抛弃学问。”以前的功课也许有一大部分是为了这张毕业文凭,不得已而做的,从今以后,你们可以依自己的心愿去自由研究了。趁现在年富力强的时候,努力做一种专门学问。少年是一去不复返的,等到精力衰时,要做学问也来不及了。即为吃饭计,学问决不会辜负人的。吃饭而不求学问,三年五年之后,你们都要被后来少年淘汰掉的。到那时再想做点学问来补救,恐怕已太晚了。

    That is “never give up the pursuit of learning”. Maybe a large part of the school work you have done in the past four years are only for today’s diploma, because you have no other choice but do it. From now on, you can do your research as you wish. You’re young and full of energy, you should spend it on something professional. The youth is a precious period which never waits. When you are old and less energetic, it will be too late to undertake some professional thing. To make a living, learning will do you much good. To make a living but never pursue learning, you will be left behind by the young generation three or five years later. Then it will be too late to realize the importance of the pursuit of learning.

有人说:“出去做事之后,生活问题急需解决,哪有工夫去读书?即使要做学问,既没有图书馆,又没有实验室,哪能做学问?”

Someone said, “when you go out to work, the urgent thing to solve is to earn a living. You can spare no time to read. Even though you want to pursue learning, there is not a library or a lab, which makes it impossible for you to carry on your plan of learning.”

我要对你们说:凡是要等到有了图书馆方才读书,有了图书馆也不肯读书。凡是要等到有了实验室方才做研究的,有了实验室也不肯做研究。你有了决心要研究一个问题,自然会撙衣节食去买书,自然会想出法子来设置仪器。

    Now I want to tell you that those who will not read until there is a library, once there is a library they will not read. Those who will not carry on the experiment until there is a lab, once there is a lab they will not do it, either. If you have made up your mind to study a problem, you will of course try your best to buy books by spending less on the clothes or food, and try to buy the instruments as well. 

    至于时间,更不成问题。达尔文一生多病,不能多作工,每天只能做一点钟的工作。你看他的成绩!每天花一点钟看10页有用的书,每年可看3600多页书,30年可读11万页书。

    As for the time, that is not a question. Darwin was always ill during all his life, which prevented him from doing much work everyday. Instead, he could do only a little which would last no more than one hour. Look at his achievements! If you spare one hour a day to finish reading 10 pages of useful books, in a year you can finish more than 3,600 pages of books and thirty years, 110,000 pages.

    诸位,11万页书可以使你成一个学者了。可是,每天看三种小报也得费你一点钟的工夫,四圈麻将也得费你一点钟的光阴。看小报呢?还是打麻将呢?还是努力做一个学者呢?全靠你们自己的选择!

    Dear graduates, 110,000 pages of books will be enough to make you a scholar. But, it will take you one hour to read three different newspapers everyday, and the same is true of playing mahjong for four rounds. To read newspapers, to play mahjong or to try to be a scholar? It’s up to you!

    易卜生说:“你的最大责任是把你这块材料铸造成器。”

    Ibsen said, “the biggest responsibility you should take is to develop yourself into something.”

学问便是铸器的工具。抛弃了学问便是毁了你们自己。

    Learning is the tool to help you. To give up the pursuit of learning will ruin yourselves.

再会了!你们的母校眼睁睁地要看你们十年之后成什么器。

    Farewell! Your school will be eager to know what you are going to be in ten years.

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