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通用开发和发布许可( cddl )

(2009-03-31 16:33:00)
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杂谈

通用开发和发布许可( CDDL

Sunday, March 15th, 2009 星期日, 2009年3月15号

CommonDevelopment and Distribution License (CDDL) is a free software license,produced by Sun Microsystems, based on the Mozilla Public License(MPL), version 1.1.通用开发和发布许可( CDDL )是一个免费的软件许可, Sun微系统公司生产的基础上, Mozilla公共License ( MPL )许可, 1.1版。

Files licensed under the CDDL can be combined with files licensed under other licenses, whether open source or proprietary.文件许可的CDDL协议可与其他文件授权许可下,无论是开放源代码或专有。 The Free Software Foundation considers it a free license incompatible with the GNU General Public License (GPL).自由软件基金会认为这是免费的许可不符合GNU通用公共授权( GPL ) 。 The incompatibility arises from a complex interaction of several clauses that the CDDL inherited from the MPL.不相容而产生复杂的相互作用的若干条款的CDDL协议遗留下来的移动像素链路。 TheCDDL was submitted for approval to the Open Source Initiative onDecember 1, 2004 and approved as an open source license in mid January2005.在CDDL协议提交批准的开放源码倡议12月1日, 2004年和批准为开放源码许可的2005年1月中旬。 Inthe first draft of the OSI’s license proliferation committee report,the CDDL is one of nine preferred licenses listed as popular, widelyused or with strong communities.在初稿的OSI的授权扩散委员会报告, CDDL协议是9许可证列为首选热门,广泛使用的或与强大的社区。

Theprevious license used by Sun for its free software/open source projectswas the Sun Public License (SPL), also derived from the Mozilla PublicLicense.以往所使用的Sun公司授权的免费软件/开源项目是Sun公司公共许可证( SPL公司) ,还来自于Mozilla公共许可证。 The CDDL license is considered by Sun to be SPL version 2. CDDL协议授权的被认为是由Sun将SPL的版本2 。

Example products released under CDDL:例如CDDL协议下发布的产品:
* OpenSolaris (including DTrace, initially released alone, and ZFS) * OpenSolaris的(包括DTrace的,最初仅释放,并得到ZFS )
* NetBeans IDE and RCP * NetBeans IDE和垃圾收集站
* GlassFish *玻璃鱼
* JWSDP * JWSDP
* Project DReaM *项目梦

Thesecond CDDL proposal, submitted in early January 2005, includes somecorrections that prevent the CDDL from being in conflict with EuropeanCopyright law and to allow single developers to use the CDDL for theirwork.第二CDDL协议的提案,提交2005年1月初,包括一些更正的CDDL协议,以防止冲突中被欧洲版权法,并允许单开发商使用CDDL协议的工作。

GPL Incompatibility Controversy GPL的不相容之争

Inthe words of Danese Cooper, who is no longer with Sun, one of thereasons for basing the CDDL on the Mozilla license was that the Mozillalicense is GPL-incompatible.的话Danese库珀,谁不再与Sun公司,原因之一的CDDL协议基础上的Mozilla许可证的是, Mozilla的许可证是GPL的,不相容的。 Cooperstated, at the 6th annual Debian conference, that the engineers who hadwritten the Solaris kernel requested that the license of OpenSolaris beGPL-incompatible.库珀说,在第6次年度会议的Debian ,工程师谁写的Solaris内核要求许可证的OpenSolaris是GPL的,不相容的。 “Mozilla was selected partially because it is GPL incompatible. “ Mozilla浏览器被选定部分,因为它的GPL不兼容。 That was part of the design when they released OpenSolaris.这是设计的一部分,当他们发布的OpenSolaris 。 […] the engineers who wrote Solaris […] had some biases about how it should be released, and you have to respect that”. [ ... ]谁写的工程师的Solaris [ ... ]有一些偏见,它如何应予以释放,你必须尊重“ 。

SimonPhipps (Sun’s Chief Open Source Officer), who was present at the timeand who had introduced Ms. Cooper as “the one who actually wrote theCDDL”, made no comment at the time.西蒙斐马克( Sun公司的首席开源官) ,谁出席了时间,谁提出了库珀女士为“实际上是谁写的CDDL协议” ,就此事发表任何评论的时候。 Afterward, in September 2006, Phipps rejected Cooper’s assertion.[8]随后,在2006年9月,斐马克拒绝库珀的论断。 [ 8 ]

Theincompatibility was also demonstrated by a controversy behind a partialrelicensing of cdrtools to the CDDL (which had been previously allGPL), which was declared legally “undistributable” by the Debianproject because the build system was licensed under the CDDL, while theGPL requires that all build systems and scripts also be licensed underthe GPL, thus causing an incompatibility that violates the license.不相容也表明了存在争议的后面部分relicensing的cdrtools的CDDL协议(这曾经所有的GPL ) ,这是法律上宣布:“不可分发”的Debian项目的建设,因为制度是许可的CDDL协议,而在GPL要求所有建设系统和脚本也可以许可遵从: GPL,从而造成不兼容违反许可证。

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