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所有关于诗词三十七-颂

(2009-03-30 16:52:00)
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杂谈

所有关于诗词三十七-颂

Wednesday, December 3rd, 2008 星期三, 2008年12月3号

Ode is a form of stately and elaborate lyrical verse.颂歌是一种威严和详细的抒情诗。 A classic ode is structured in three parts: the strophe, the antistrophe, and the epode.一个典型的模式分为三个部分: strophe ,该antistrophe ,和epode 。 Different forms such as the homostrophic ode and the irregular ode also exist.不同形式,如homostrophic模式和不规则的颂歌也存在。

Eachof these culminated in what have been called odes, but the former, inthe hands of Alcaeus, Anacreon and Sappho, came closer to the lyric.所有这些导致所谓诗经,但前,手中的Alcaeus ,阿那克里翁和萨福,接近抒情。

Onthe other hand, the choir-song, in which the poet spoke for himself,but always supported, or interpreted, by a chorus, led to the odeproper.另一方面,合唱,歌曲,其中讲了自己的诗人,但一贯支持,或解释,由合唱,导致颂适当。 Alcman is supposed to have given his poems a strophic arrangement, and the strophe has come to be essential to an ode. Alcman理应给他的诗一strophic安排,和strophe已成为必不可少的一个模式。 Stesichorus,Ibycus and Simonides of Ceos led the way to the two great masters ofode among the ancients: Pindar and Bacchylides. Stesichorus , Ibycus和西蒙尼德的CEO领导方式的两个伟大的主人之间的古人颂:品达和Bacchylides 。

The form and verse-arrangement of Pindar’s great lyrics have regulated the type of the heroic ode.和诗的形式,安排品达的伟大歌词有规范的类型的英雄颂歌。 Itis now perceived that they are consciously composed in very elaboratemeasures, and that each is the result of a separate act of creativeingenuity, but each preserving an absolute consistency of form.现在人们认为,他们自觉组成非常详细的措施,这是由于每一个单独的行为创意巧思,但每个保持绝对一致的形式。 Sofar from being, as critics down to Cowley and Boileau supposed, utterlylicentious in their irregularity, they are more like the canzos andsirventes of the medieval troubadours than any modern verse.迄今从目前的批评,以利和布瓦洛假定,完全荒淫的违规行为,他们更喜欢canzos和sirventes的中世纪troubadours比任何现代诗。 TheLatins themselves seem to have lost the secret of these complicatedharmonies, and they made no serious attempt to imitate the odes ofPindar and Bacchylides.自己的拉丁人似乎已失去了秘密这些复杂的和声,他们没有认真尝试模仿诗经的品达和Bacchylides 。

Itis probable that the Greek odes gradually lost their musical character;they were accompanied on the flute, and then declaimed without anymusic at all.很可能的是,希诗经逐渐失去了自己的音乐特性;陪同他们的长笛,然后在没有任何音乐declaimed在所有。 The ode, as it was practiced by the Romans, returned to the personally lyrical form of the Lesbian lyrists.该模式,因为这是实行了罗马,回到了个人抒情形式的男女lyrists 。 Thiswas exemplified, in the most exquisite way, by Horace and Catullus; theformer imitated, and even translated, Alcaeus and Anacreon, the latterwas directly inspired by Sappho.这是体现在最敏感的方式,由贺拉斯和卡图卢斯;前模仿,甚至翻译, Alcaeus和阿那克里翁,后者是直接启发萨福。

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