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my vocabulary

(2011-06-15 15:37:04)
标签:

杂谈

SYNONYMY同义词

QUIET安静

tranquil peaceful placid pacific still sedate restful serene

 

COMFORT抚慰

console reassure solace 

 

EXPENSIVE昂贵

costly valuable invaluable precious priceless

 

BESET环绕

besiege surround siege encircle blockade close-off

BESET困扰

plague harass torment badger hassle vex

 

PROTECT保护

safeguard shield secure defend guard defend

 

COMPLAIN抱怨 

yammer gripe grumble moan whine

 

ERUPT喷发

burst-forth spout gush eject belch

 

BURST爆炸爆裂

pop fly-apart blow-up bust split

 

LAMENT哀悼、哭泣

mourn grieve weep wail shed-tears sorrow bewail deplore

 

NATIVE天真、本土

aboriginal indigenous domestic native-born local

 

COLLAPSE崩溃

crumple crumble topple founder buckle slump fold-up

 

NACESSARY必要

needful indispensable essential

 

AVOID 避免

dodge elude evade shun keep-away-from

 

EDGE边缘

brim rim margin verge border

 

EDIT编辑

revise correct refine rewrite polish proofread redact

 

WARRANT保证、担保、使合理

legitimize substantiate rationalize exonerate

 

IMPROPER不合适

unbecoming inappropriate indecorous offensive unseemly unsuitable

 

UNAVOIDABLE不可避免

inevitable inescapable

 

UNBELIEVABLE不可相信

doubtful incredible questionable unconvincing  suspicious

 

UNCLEAR不清楚

vague indefinite obscure indistinct

 

UNLIKE不像

dissimilar distinct diverse various disparate

 

UNCONSCIOUS不知道的, 未察觉的

oblivious forgetful unaware mindless

 

RIDICULE讥笑

jeer taunt scoff sneer laugh-at tease deride

 

ADMIT承认

confess fess fess-up acknowledge own avow

 

CLARIFY阐明

clear-up explain define illuminate interpret

 

LAST持续

endure survive persist persevere keep-on outlast hold-out

 

RECOVER恢复

regain retrieve

 

ENOUGH足够

sufficient ample generous adequate extensive

 

UGLY丑陋

unattractive hideous homely unsightly plain

 

DELIVER递送

dispatch send-over transmit forward

 

TRADITIONAL传统

conventional customary prescriptive

STICK插入, 粘贴

pierce puncture penetrate perforate bore stab prick

 

RUDE粗鲁

rough coarse crude vulgar disrespectful uncivil

 

MISTAKE错误

error misdeed flaw defect wrongdoing shortcoming

 

BREAK破碎

fracture crack rupture shatter breach fall-apart smash splinter mangle

 

CLEAN清洗

clean cleanse launder scrub scour purify

 

STEP行走、跨步

stride swagger strut tread trudge march

 

DELAY延迟

postpone put-off defer stall suspend

 

RESULT产生导致

lead-to bring-about conduce induce generate

 

HOSTILE敌对

unfriendly antagonistic malevolent enemy

 

OFFSET抵消、补偿

counteract compensate balance neutralize equalize cancel-out

 

EXAMINE检测

probe inspect explore investigate

 

ABANDON放弃

desert discard forsake quit dump cast-off reject renounce

 

GAMBLE打赌、冒险

bet wager chance speculate risk hazard

 

TEMPORARY暂时

transitory transient passing fleeting impermanent momentary short-lived short-term

 

 

EMIT释放

emit discharge emanate expel diffuse outpour secrete excrete

FUME愤怒、冒烟

rage rant rave seethe boil explode

 

HAPPEN发生

occur befall take-place go-on come-about come-to-pass break-out

DISCOVER发现

dig-out root-out turn-up

 

NOTICE注意

detect perceive sense sniff-out stumble-on

 

 

BOTHER打扰迷惑

annoy pester distress

 

PROSPER繁荣

thrive flourish

 

OBJECT反对

disapprove  protest oppose demur remonstrate defy

 

RESIST抵制

repulse repel counter refute contradict

 

DASH猛冲

zip bolt dart rush tear zoom

 

ABOLISH废除

annul quash repeal extinguish

 

CLASSIFY分类

categorize catalog grade sort label rank

 

SHARE分享,共享

distribute assign allot allocate apportion dispense

 

ABUNDANT充足

profuse lush

 

WIND

breeze gust blast gale hurricane typhoon tornado

 

VIEW视野

scene scenery sight landscape prospect

 

WILD野生的,发狂的

fierce vicious brutal cruel ruthless bloodthirsty

 

FLATTER阿谀奉承

adulate toady cajole fawn blandish

 

OBEY遵守

comply submit defer yield abide

 

DECAY腐烂

rot decompose

 

COMPLEX复杂

complicated intricate involved convoluted

 

COPY复制

duplicate reproduce replicate clone counterfeit

 

ADAPT适应,改写

Modify,tailor

 

CHANGE改变

alter transform vary shift remodel reform

 

OUTLINE概述,列提纲

rough-out sketch delineate summarize draft abstract synopsize

 

INFECT传染,影响

taint affect

 

SEPARATE分离

segregate isolate insulate dissociate quarantine set-apart split-up

 

BASIC基本的

elementary fundamental primary

 

TOOL工具

instrument device implement apparatus facility

 

FAIR公正的

unbiased equitable evenhanded impartial neutral nondiscriminatory objective unprejudiced

 

ATTACT攻击

raid invade storm strike assail

 

LONE孤单的

alone lonely lonesome separate solo isolated secluded  solitary

FIXED固定的

stationary fixed immobile motionless static rooted stable

 

INTENTIONALLY故意

deliberately advisedly purposely on-purpose by-design

 

EMPLOY 雇佣

employ hire engage take-on

 

TIMID胆小的,怯懦的

sheepish cowardly bashful

 

LEGAL合法的

lawful licit allowable sanctioned constitutional just legitimate judicial

 

 

KIND和善的

humane compassionate sympathetic merciful understanding forgiving tolerant magnanimous

 

NEGLECT忽略

disregard ignore overlook pass-over discount brush aside

 

DISBURSE支出付出

squander expend consume outlay splurge

 

EVOKE引发

summon call-forth elicit rouse awaken

 

MEETING会议

conference assembly congress convention session gathering

 

MIX混合

blend compound mingle combine merge meld

 

MIXTURE混合物

jumble hodgepodge mishmash medley tangle miscellany mess

 

GET获得

acquire obtain gain procure purchase earn

 

ACTIVE有活力的

energetic brick animated vigorous spirited vivacious

 

AROUSE唤醒,引起

excite stir provoke incite stimulate

 

ULTRA极端的,过度的

extreme excessive radical extravagant inordinate extraordinary drastic

 

NOBLE高尚的,雄伟的

preeminent sublime unsurpassed superexcellent unexceptionable

 

TINY

minute slight miniature undersized

 

PUZZLING困惑

knotty baffling perplexing troublesome thorny

 

FORTIFY设防,增强

strengthen reinforce buttress harden steel intensify beef-up

 

PROVIDED提供

providing supposing in-case on-condition

 

PRETEND假装

simulate fake pose feign affect counterfeit sham put-on

 

JAIL入狱

imprison lock-up cage confine intern impound

 

ABATE减少

slacken dwindle fall-off downsize pare subtract

 

REPORT报道

portray detail

 

PRIZE奖赏

reward award bounty premium

 

ARTFUL狡猾的,诡诈的

sly foxy cunning tricky wily crafty

 

EDUCATE教育

train enlighten school edify tutor coach cultivate

 

REVEAL展示

disclose expose divulge uncover unmask lay-bare

 

ECONOMIZE节约,节省

conserve scrimp cut-corners stint cut-back

ASSEMBLE组装

synthesize combine integrate conglomerate

 

LIBERATE解放

release emancipate loose unshackle deliver manumit unbind

 

FIRE开除

dismiss lay-off discharge expel

 

TRANSLATE翻译

paraphrase reword restate rephrase

 

URGENT紧急

pressing exigent imperative

 

TENSE紧张,拉紧

jumpy restless jittery skittish edgy on-edge fidgety

 

NERVOUS紧张

anxious stressed uneasy high-strung

 

ALTHOUGH尽管

despite in-spite-of even-though/if in-the-face-of for-all nevertheless nonetheless notwithstanding

 

EXPERIENCED有经验的

veteran seasoned professional practiced worldly-wise

 

SURPRISE 惊奇

astonish amaze startle wonder marvel

 

COMPETE竞争

emulate rival match vie contend

 

FOCUS聚焦于

center-on center zero-in-on pinpoint fix concentrate spotlight

 

LIVE生存,居住

inhabit occupy reside dwell

 

REFUSE拒绝

reject veto deny decline spurn turn-down

 

DONATE捐献

contribute grant confer bestow bequeath

 

COIL卷成螺旋状

wind spiral twist loop twirl twine convolute

 

DECIDE决定

choose determine settle opt commit oneself rule resolve

 

ACTIVATE激活

actuate impel ignite motivate spur rouse

 

START开始

commence begin set-about set-to

 

GENEROUS大方

lavish bountiful unsparing

 

SHAMEFUL羞耻

disgraceful dishonorable humiliating embarrassing scandalous infamous ignominious despicable

 

RELIABLE可靠的

credible trusty trustworthy dependable

 

POSSIBLE可能的

probable likely potential conceivable imaginable

 

DESIRE渴望

long yearn hunger crave thirst hanker wish-for pine

 

BLANK空白

vacant bare hollow void

 

HORRIFY震惊,恐怖

dismay shock frighten terrify appall scare

 

SHRIVEL枯萎,皱缩

wither dehydrate desiccate wilt wizen dry-up

 

FLATTER奉承

compliment praise laud extol

 

RAPID快速的

prompt fleet expeditious

 

BROAD广泛的

extensive spacious ample roomy

 

LAVISH浪费,太多,无节制

extravagant prodigal

 

OPTIMISTIC乐观的

hopeful forward-looking sanguine upbeat expectant sunny bullish confident

 

SIMILAR类似的

comparable kindred equivalent akin homologous analogous

 

THEORETICAL理论的

hypothetical speculative academic conjectural notional untried unproven untested

 

RATIONAL合理的

sane reasonable sensible levelheaded sober lucid logical

 

EXEMPLIFY例证

typify represent illustrate demonstrate symbolize stand-for personify

 

COOL凉爽

freezing chilly chill icy glacial frigid

 

JOURNEY旅程

trip wayfaring tour excursion voyage safari junket hike

 

NAKED赤裸

uncovered nude bare exposed

 

ROAM漫步,漫游

ramble wander drift stroll meander saunter traipse

 

PUZZLE困惑

confuse bewilder befuddle confound perplex mystify baffle disorient

 

ATTRACTIVE有吸引力

charming enchanting alluring engaging glamorous catchy winning

 

CHARM吸引,使着迷

captivate fascinate enchant enthrall bewitch

 

SECRET机密的

covert confidential private stealthy clandestine

 

DESCRIBE描述

depict characterize picture represent

 

UNDERSTAND理解

grasp apprehend comprehend make-out

 

NOTICEABLE明显的,显著的

perceivable conspicuous observable discernible palpable obvious visible apparent distinct evident perceptible plain seeable

 

WISE明智的

judicious sage sagacious thoughtful astute

 

PEER凝视,盯着看

gaze stare ogle eye scrutinize watch survey scan glare

 

ABUSE滥用

mistreat maltreat ill-treat torture

 

CLIMB爬升

ascend scale mount clamber shinny scramble

 

LIMP跛行

hobble stagger hitch totter

 

BIG

huge gigantic colossal immense enormous gargantuan prodigious whopping tremendous jumbo stupendous

 

FAT

obese corpulent plump rotund stout chubby paunchy

 

JET喷射

stream spew spray spring

 

TIRED

exhausted fatigued weary jaded wear-out

 

CALM沉着,心平气和

composed dispassionate sober collected

 

EVALUATE评估

appraise assess estimate assay gauge rate

 

COMMENT评论

remark observe criticize touch-on expound

 

DESTROY破坏

demolish wreck devastate wipe-out eradicate crush raze obliterate

EVERYWHERE处处,到处

ubiquitous omnipresent widespread all-over pervasive universal worldwide

DECEIVE欺骗

mislead delude trick defraud beguile

ODD奇怪的,古怪的

queer weird bizarre abnormal singular funny quaint

 

ORIGINATE起源于

initiate inaugurate

 

WRINKLE波纹,褶皱

rumple crinkle crumple crease ripple furrow dishevel mess-up muss-up

 

STRESS强调

emphasize punctuate accentuate underscore underline accent

 

MANDATORY强制的

required obligatory requisite compulsory demanded

 

STRONG强壮

tough muscular athletic sinewy brawny

 

KNOCK

bump bang punch pound pummel batter thump rap

 

ADMIRE赞赏,称赞

regard esteem respect look-up-to revere worship honor

 

DELIGENT勤奋的

hardworking industrious assiduous

 

SCORN轻视,蔑视

distain despise look-down-on

 

CONDITION条件

circumstance state case posture status

 

BEG祈求

pray request entreat ask-for plead appeal implore

 

POOR穷困

penniless down-and-out destitute impoverished bankrupt

BAN禁止

restrict boycott forbid bar exclude

 

CANCEL取消

call-off revoke countermand abort

 

REMOVE去除

eliminate exterminate

 

CERTAIN无疑,肯定

positive absolute definite decided

 

WARM温暖的

enthusiastic ardent cordial fervent

 

BEAR忍耐

withstand endure tolerate weather put-up-with

 

RECOGNIZE识别

distinguish discern spot identify pick-out

 

CASUAL随意

random haphazard accidental unplanned arbitrary fortuitous aimless

 

FUSE融化,融合

smelt commingle weld alloy

 

FLEXIBLE灵活的

lithe limber pliant supple bendable lithesome lissome

 

BROADCAST播报,传播

spread disseminate scatter

 

MURDER谋杀

slay slaughter assassinate gun-down strangle decapitate butcher

 

DELETE删除

strike-out omit erase

 

FLASH发出闪光

blink flicker flare shine glow glint shimmer

 

PHYSICAL身体的,物理的

corporeal fleshly material

 

MYSTERIOUS神秘的

inexplicable enigmatic inscrutable cryptic unfathomable mystical arcane

BLEED

ooze exude flow seep percolate

 

MOIST潮湿

humid damp wet vaporous clammy dank misty

 

PERIOD阶段

age epoch era

 

ACTUAL真实的

authentic bona-fide genuine veritable

 

TWINE; ;

braid entwine interlace intertwine knit weave wreathe

 

COMFORT安慰

alleviate mitigate relieve unburden salve assuage

 

ENABLE

empower capacitate endow authorize invest

 

TIRESOME令人生厌的

wearisome exhausting laborious arduous tedious boring monotonous humdrum

 

PARALYZE瘫痪

immobilize incapacitate disable cripple numb anesthetize

 

ADAPT 适应

adjust accommodate orient acclimate habituate

 

PAIN疼痛

smart irritate harm excruciate afflict

 

USE利用

employ apply exploit utilize make-use-of avail-oneself-of take-advantage-of trade-on

 

ACCIDENT事故

casualty mishap occurrence incident

 

SUITABLE适合

fitting apt proper appropriate

 

COLLECT收集

accumulate heap pile-up gather aggregate stack-up amass assemble

 

SKINNY极瘦的

lean bony slender spare spindly slim

 

SKILLFUL娴熟的

expert adept proficient masterly

 

DECAY腐烂

deteriorate degenerate wane

 

DOZE打盹,打瞌睡

slumber nap drowse go-to-bed fall-asleep lie-in turn-in

 

DIE

expire decease depart perish breathe one’s-last pass-away

 

SEARCH搜寻

grub poke forage hunt

 

ABRIDGE缩写,劫掠

contract shorten condense abbreviate curtail

 

REDUCE减少

decrease diminish lessen

 

ESCAPE

run-away break-out abscond elope flee decamp

 

IMPROVE改善

enhance uplift amend better

 

SELECT选择

nominate propose name

 

NATIVE

natural born inherent inborn inbred innate

 

NAÏVE天真

innocent ingenuous childlike unworldly

 

CHOOSE挑选

pick elect single-out opt-for

 

INFORM通知

notify advertise advise apprise instruct give-notice

 

FACILITATE推动

expedite quicken further speed up

 

EBB减少,退潮,衰退

recede decline retreat fade withdraw,flag

 

WINCE避开,畏缩

cower cringe flinch quail recoil shrink draw-back

 

CONSUME消耗

swallow-up devour gobble-up wolf gulp gorge bolt

 

ACCOMPLISH完成

achieve effect fulfill complete consummate effectuate

 

DANGEROUS危险

risky hazardous unsafe threatening parlous perilous

 

PREVENT阻止

scare-off inhibit check hinder stall

 

TRIVIAL琐碎的

unimportant insignificant inconsequential petty trifling piddling worthless paltry

 

JUSTIFY辩解

vindicate defend excuse

 

SINGLE单独的

sole unique solitary

 

FEED喂养

nourish sustain provide serve foster cater maintain

 

GENTLE温柔

mild easygoing equable placid

 

CONTAMINATE污染,玷污

pollute poison blemish bolt

 

HOPE期望

wish expect anticipate look-for look-forward-to

 

EXHIBIT展示

show display present demonstrate showcase parade

 

EMERGE出现

appear arise surface crop-up come-out

 

LIMIT限制

bound confine restrain hem-in curb circumscribe

QUITE相当地

pretty considerably fairly moderately reasonably to-a-degree

 

OPPOSITE相反

inverse contrary contradictory antithetical

 

BELIEVE相信

hold maintain presume trust suppose assume surmise

 

FIT适合

accord harmonize match conform agree

 

IDEA思想

thought scheme theory insight belie notion

 

PEEL剥落,脱落

skin husk strip scale decorticate shuck shell

 

EVAPORATE蒸发

dissipate vanish disappear disperse

 

CAREFUL小心谨慎

alert vigilant attentive cautious circumspect wary watchful on-one’s-guard

 

IMITATE模仿

emulate ape mimic

 

FEASIBLE可行的

doable attainable viable

 

WEAK虚弱的

powerless feeble fragile impotent

 

INSINCERE不真诚

dishonest deceptive fake

 

NUMEROUS大量的

copious plentiful considerable myriad innumerable numberless

 

NARRATE描述

relate recount recite

 

ANNOUNCE宣告

declare proclaim set-forth

WHEEL旋转

reel revolve rotate spin swivel trundle whirl

ASK询问

query question inquire interrogate cross-examine

 

SWIFT敏捷

speedy hasty winged

 

QUELL制止,结束,镇压

subdue crush conquer suppress quash vanquish silence put-down stamp-out

 

SUBMERGE淹没,进入水中

sink submerse plunge immerse dunk dive swamp drown

 

STRICT严格的

severe stern harsh rigorous

 

VEIL掩盖

cloak conceal cover disguise hide mask screen shroud belie

 

HATE憎恨

detest loathe abhor disgust abominate

 

FLOCK群集

school herd pack swarm mob

 

RELY依赖

depend lie-on sponge-on build-upon lean

 

MIGRATE迁徙

emigrate immigrate rove range relocate

 

FORMER以前的

past preceding previous prior

 

THEREFORE因此

accordingly consequently hence thus thereby as-a-result

 

ETERNAL永恒的

undying immortal unfading everlasting imperishable endless permanent ceaseless constant infinite

 

BRAVE勇敢的

fearless courageous heroic manful stout-hearted daring bold gallant

SPEND花费

exhaust use-up pay-out

 

GRACEFUL优雅的

elegant refined polished cultured polite

 

GLOOMY阴暗的,,令人沮丧的

somber depressing bleak dreary mournful funereal gray

 

HESITATE迟疑

waver dither hang-back irresolute vacillating halting

 

POISONOUS有毒的

toxic venomous virulent noxious pemicious

 

WINDY多风的

blustery breezy tempestuous stormy blowing windswept drafty

 

SMELLY有味的

odorous fragrant stinky redolent odoriferous aromatic scented

 

GLAD高兴

merry jovial cheerful joyous gleeful

 

PARALLEL平行,相应的

equal equate correspond approximate

 

PREDICT预测

forecast foresee prophesy foretell divine augur

 

EXCUSE原谅

pardon forgive condone spare

 

FARAWAY遥远的

distant remote removed far-off

 

PROMISE许诺

engage contract appoint give-one’s word vow

 

TUNEFUL声调优美的

melodious melodic musical harmonious euphonious euphonic symphonic

 

ALLOW允许

permit license consent entitle grant

 

SEND送,寄,发出

transport transfer mail ship relay

ACCLAIM欢呼,称赞

applaud hail commend

 

BLAME责备

scold condemn reprove reproach rebuke

 

MAGNIFY放大,扩大

enlarge increase expand amplify exaggerate overstate

 

BATTLE战斗

combat struggle contend clash

 

EXCEL优越,擅长

surpass outdo outshine defeat

 

TREASURE珍视

cherish adore idolize appreciate

 

HONEST诚实,正直

veracious truthful faithful straight factual

 

ARGUE争吵

quarrel bicker squabble wrangle feud

 

ACCURATE精确的

correct precise faultless

 

DEBATE争论

argue dispute controvert contest deliberate rebut

 

PROVE证明

confirm certify validate verify document

 

FAVOR喜爱青睐

support back endorse advocate sanction

 

ABILITY能力

know-how expertise capability experience talent proficiency knack flair mastery

 

FRANK坦率,直率

square straightforward blunt

 

APPOINT任命

delegate designate

 

ACCUSE控告,谴责

indict inculpate impeach incriminate impute

 

LETHAL致命的

fatal deadly mortal killing malignant

 

MAIN主要的

principal chief central prime major predominant foremost crucial

 

FAMOUS著名的

prominent eminent renowned distinguished celebrated

 

DECORATE装饰

beautify ornament garnish adorn

 

LOAD承载

fill stack stuff lade cram weigh-down saddle burden

 

CONCEITED 自负的,自大的

self-satisfied vain pretentious smug

 

DISCOURAGE使沮丧,阻碍

prohibit deter block retard balk obstruct hamper

 

INTIAL起初

original embryonic undeveloped incomplete rudimentary

 

FINAL最终

ultimate terminal conclusive eventual

 

UPPERMOST最高的,最重要的

highest leading maximum superior

 

DEAL交易,应对

transact perform execute prosecute handle carry-out

 

AFFECTED易受影响的,做作的

contrived assumed mannered stilted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Antonym 反义词组

1.  abandon: foster/adopt放弃:采用/采纳

2.  abate: augment/ intensify      减少:增加/加强

3.  abbreviate: extend   缩写:扩充

4.  aberrant: normal/ typical       异常的:正常的/典型的

5.  abet: impede/obstruct/thwart 协助:阻碍

6.  abhor: admire   憎恨,厌恶:崇拜

7.  abolish: establish     废除:建立

8.  abundant: scare/barren  富饶的:缺乏/贫瘠

9.  abridge: protract/extend in length 缩短:伸长

10.     absorb: dissipate/exude/reflect   吸引,吸收: 消散/流出/反射

11abstemious: indulgent 节制的:纵容的

12abstract: elaborate      /concrete 摘要的:详尽的/具体的

13abstruse: explicit/patent     深奥的:清晰的

14acerbic: sweet      酸的:甜的

15acme: nadir   顶点:最低点

16acquiesce: defy/resist        勉强答应:公然反抗/抵抗

17.Acrid/acrimonious: gentle  /harmonious刻薄的:温和的/和睦的

18.acumen: unable to discern 敏锐:不能辨别

19adept: bungling    /inept熟练的:笨拙的

20adroit: ungainly   灵活的:笨拙的

astute/ambidextrous/swift/alacrity  <> cumbersome/ponderous/awkward/gauche

21.adulate: reproach/scorn/disdain/vilify     阿谀:指责/蔑视/鄙视/诽谤

22advocate: denounce     拥护:反对

23affable: irascible  和蔼的:易怒的

24affected: ingenuous/natural      做作的:自然的

25affiliation: dissociation       加入,参加:分裂

26aggravate: alleviate     恶化,加重:减轻,缓和

27aggregate: disperse     聚集:使分散

28aggressive: even-meaning  好斗的:性格温和的

29Agitate/demagogue/instigate/sedition/provoke/convoke:  soothe/conciliate/moderate/console

       煽动:安慰

30alienate: reunite  疏远:再结合

31allude: mention explicitly   暗示:明白地提及

32ally: adversary     联盟:敌手,对手

33altruism: egoism  利他主义:利己主义

34amalgamate: disintegration/isolate   /separate混合:瓦解/分隔

35amass: dissipate   积聚:浪费

36amateur: professional 业余:专业

37amenable: intransigent      服从的:不妥协的

38ambivalent: commitment   不定的:确定的

39amorphous: definite    无定型的:确定的

40amplify: abridge   扩大:缩短

41anarchy: order     无政府状态,混乱:次序,规则

42anomalous: normal     异常的:正常的

43antipathy: benevolence      憎恶:仁爱

44apologist: critic    辩护者:批评家

45appealing: noisome     引起兴趣的:令人不快的

46appease: agitate平息,安抚:激怒

47appreciable: imperceptible  可感知的:感觉不到的

48apt: extremely inappropriate     恰当的:非常不适当的

49arcane/esoteric : well-known     神秘的:众所周知的

50archaic: current/grandiose        古老的:最近的/宏伟的

51Arduous/strenuous/tortuous : facile 费劲的:易做到的

52arid: damp    干燥的:潮湿的

53arrest: vitalize     抑制:激发

Arresting/compelling : banal     引人注意的:陈腐的

54.arrogant/haughty/overweening/hubris <> modest/self-deprecatory   骄傲的:谦虚的

55artless: affected/cunning/disingenuous  朴实的:做作的/狡猾的/虚伪的

56ascend: descend/go down    上升:下降

57Ascetic/stoic:hedonist/sumptuous/indulgent       禁欲者:享乐主义者/奢侈的/放纵的

58assiduous: desultory/remiss      勤勉的:散漫的/玩忽职守的

59assistance: interference     帮助:干涉

60audacious: timid   /timorous大胆的:胆小的.    注意:intimidating  给人以威慑的,咄咄逼人的

61authentic: artificial真的:假的

62autonomy: dependence       自治:依赖

63avarice: generosity      贪财的:慷慨的

Avaricious/miserly/stingy/voracious/greedy/ravenous  贪婪的,吝啬的

magnanimous/bountiful/generous/open-handed  慷慨的

64aversion: court     /inclined厌恶:对女性献殷勤

65avid: indifferent   热切的◇冷淡的,漠然的   

66balm: irritant/piquant        温和的:刺激的

67.   Banal/hackneyed/cliché/trite<> arresting/compelling/attractive original陈腐的:吸引人的

68bankruptcy: solvency  破产:有偿还能力的

69baroque: austere  结构复杂的:简朴的

70barren: prolific     不育的:大量繁殖的

71begin: conclude    开始:结束

Conclusive: initiative 最后的:一开始的

Conclusive还有决定性的意思。

72beleaguer: delight       /mollify/sooth使烦恼:使愉悦

73 belierepresent  掩饰:呈现

74benignant: vicious       仁慈的:恶的

75berate: commend /praise严厉指责: 称赞

76blight: cause to be energetic      使枯萎:使有活力

blighted: hale/robust/sound/unblemished    枯萎的,毁灭的:强壮的,健壮的

77blunt: whet   使变钝:使磨快,使兴奋

78boor: civil person 粗鲁的人:有教养的人

79boundary: unrestrained      边界:无限制的

80brevity: lengthiness/expansion        简短:冗长/延长

81.(1brilliance: dullness     光辉:迟钝

2bereave bestow  剥夺:给予

82bristle: cower       发怒:畏缩

83bungle: bring off  失败:大成功

84buoyant: sink       有浮力的:下沉

85burgeoning: waning     迅速生长的:慢慢衰减的

86byzantine: straightforward 诡计多端的:直接的

87cacophony: euphonious      嘈杂的:悦耳的

88calcify: make malleable     使钙化:使有延展性

89callous: sympathetic/ mature    无情冷淡的:有同情心的

callous:not caring that other people are suffering

同情的:sympathetic,compassionate,commiserate

90calumniate: vindicate  中伤,诽谤:维护,辩护

calumnious: flattering 中伤的:谄媚的

calumny: approbation  诽谤:嘉许

91.capitulate: oppose 屈服:抗争

92.capricious/whimsical <> constant/ deliberate/ pertinacious/ resolute/ steadfast

反复无常的 <> 坚定的/深思熟虑的

93captivate: repulse 迷住,迷惑:击退,厌恶

94cardinal: minor/peripheral 主要的:次要的

95castigate: extol/flatter/accolade 严厉地批评:赞美

(accolade:ac+col脖子:赞扬)

96categorical: conditional/qualified绝对的:有条件的

97catholic: narrow   宽容的:狭隘的

98caustic: palliating 尖刻的:减缓的

99cautious: rash      谨慎的:鲁莽的

100celebrity: obscurity    名人:不为人所知的人

101cement: fracture       /sever结合:破碎

102censorious: eulogistic       挑剔的:赞美的

censure: applaud/commend责骂:称赞

103certainty: indecision  确实:含糊

certitude: obscurity   确实:含糊

104chagrin: cheerful/delight/elated      懊恼:高兴的

105challenge: buttress    挑战:支持

106champion: disparage  /oppose拥护:蔑视,贬低

107chronic: sporadic       习惯性的:零星发生的

108circuitous: direct       迂回:直接

109circumlocution: express succinctly  曲折的陈述:简洁的表达

110circumscribed: unlimited  限制的:无限制的

111circumspect: audacious/reckless    慎重的:鲁莽的

112circumvent: confront 智取:对抗

113claim: renounce  (根据权利)要求:放弃权利

114clarity: opaque    清晰:不透明

115clement: pitiless 仁慈的:无情的

116clumsy: adept     笨拙的:灵巧的

笨拙的:clumsy  ungainly   awkward  cumbersome  ponderous 

灵巧的:adroit   agile    astute  swift   ambidextrous   adept

117.(1cogent: unconvincing/unsound       有说服力的:不令人信服的

2Coherentdiscursive  一致的:散乱的

118collect: scatter    收集:散播

Collective  集体的    collectivism <> individualism 集体主义: 个人主义

Collected  镇定的

119commodious: constricted/cramped  宽敞的:压缩的/狭促的

120commonplace: exceptional       普通的:异常的

121compassion: indifference  同情:不关心

122complacence: anxiety       满足:焦虑

123.(1complaisance: obstinacy   柔顺:固执

   2composure: discomfiture  平静:难堪,不安

124.(1concealed: conspicuous  隐藏的:明显的

2concede: refuse to grant   承认:拒绝承认

125concentrate: dilute solution     浓缩:稀释的溶液

126conceptual: concrete  概念上的:具体的

127conciliate: vex    安抚:使烦恼

128conclude: embark on 结束:开始

129concord: contentiousness  一致:争论

130concur: dissent/naysay     同意:不同意

131.  confirm: disavow 确定:不敢断言

132condemn :embrace/praise 谴责:拥护,支持/表扬

133condone: complain 原谅:埋怨

134Conform to: not hew to    使遵守:不遵守。表遵守的三个词组。。。。conformism  墨守成规, conformist墨守成规的人

135confound: discriminate between     混淆:区分

136conjecture: fact  猜测:事实

137conscientious: careless     负责的:粗心的

138conscientious: remiss       尽职的:疏忽的

139conscious: unwitting  有意识的:不知情的

140conserve: exhaust/squander/waste保留:耗尽

141 contaminate: purify 污染:净化

142. contagious: disinfectious 有传染性的:无传染性的

143contented: avaricious       满足:贪婪

144.(1contentious: conciliatory  争吵的:调和的

   2contradict: accord  相矛盾:相符合

145credence: doubt  /skeptic信任:怀疑

146credulity: skepticism 轻信:怀疑

Credulous: skeptical 轻信的:怀疑的

147Crucial/critical : inconsequential    重要的:不重要的

148cryptic: self explanatory   含义模糊的:能自我解释的

149cumbersome: easy to handle   麻烦的:容易处理的

150.(1curtail: prolong  缩减:延长

2cursory/curt/imprudent/perfunctory : scrupulous/cautious 草率的: 谨慎的

151resplendent<> dim/dull

resplendent,来自于词根splendor,光辉的

152reticent/taciturn<>intractable/rambunctious/boisterous/chaotic  沉默不语:乱糟糟

153magnanimous<>miserly/petty (吝啬,小气的)

154immutable<>consistent  保持不变:连续性的

155disheveled/ unkempt: tidy/neat  不整洁的,凌乱的:整洁的

156. detractor: advocate 贬低者:支持者

157exacerbate: alleviate  加重:减轻

158exotic: indigenous     外来的:本土的

159diatribe: encomium   咒骂:赞美

160deferential/reverent/respectful/reverential: imperious      尊重的:专横的

161constructive<> unhelpful 有好处的:没好处的

162inane: substantiated  空洞的:实体的

163.(1)insecure:reliable/trustworthy  不可靠的,不安全的:可靠的

164.intemperate: constrained 放纵的:节制的

165.introvert: extrovert 内向的:外向的

166.indifferent: concerned   不关心的:关心的

167.mitigate: exacerbate  缓和,减轻:使加剧

168.nomadic: settled 游牧的:定居的

169.protract: abbreviate/abridge/curtail       延长:缩短

170.regressive: forward   后退的:向前的

171.satiate: tantalize       满足:挑逗

172.(1)serene: tumultuous  安静的:乱糟糟的

(2)transient/transitory/ephemeral<>permanent/perpetual/eternal 短暂的:永远的

173.uneasy: composed 不安的,忧虑的:沉静的

174.debacle: complete success 大溃败:大胜利

175.debase: ennoble  贬低:使高贵

176.debilitate/deteriorate : fortify/ invigorate     使衰弱:加强

177.decorous: unseemly   礼仪:不适当的 decorum: impropriety      礼仪:不适当

178.definitive: provisional       /tentative确定的:临时的

179.dejected: exultant  沮丧的:欢跃的

180.deleterious: beneficial/ salubrious 有害的:有益的

181.delicacy: crudity   精致:粗制

182.deluge: drizzle    豪雨:毛毛雨

这两个单词不重要,但是这个单词 inundate 淹没)很重要:

(1)The geologist speculated that eons ago, before the area was -------, the present-day island was actually a hilltop in a vast forest.

(A) inundated (B) situated (C) rejuvenated (D) supplanted (E) excavated

(2)Ephemeral wetlands are characterized by their tendency to completely dry out most summers, only to become__ again the following fall, winter, or spring.

A.      inundated

B.       situated

C.       rejuvenated

D.       supplanted

E.       excavated

183.denounce: bracing/condone/eulogy  指责:支持

184.deprecate: endorse/extol   反对:赞成

185.deride: praise     嘲笑:赞美

deride--derision――derisive

186.derivative: innovative       派生的:原创的

187.desultory: carefully planned    散漫的:仔细计划的

188.detain: manumit       拘留:释放

189.deter: spur    阻碍:鞭策

190.deterioration: improvement    衰退:进步

191.diminish: escalate     减少:增大

192.discomfit: mollify      扰乱:平息

193.discursive: concentrate/succinct     东拉西扯的:集中

194.disimpassioned: responsive      冷淡的:敏感的

195.disingenuousness: guilelessness     无诚意的:坦率的

196.disparate: analogous/homogeneous 不同的:类似的

197.dispassionate: partial /biased   不动感情的:偏袒的

198.dissipate: accumulate       散失:积累

199.diversity: uniformity 差异:统一

200.divulge: conceal  泄漏(秘密等):隐藏

201.earnest: facetious      严肃的:爱开玩笑的

202.effervesce: be flat     兴奋:平淡

       effervescent: languid/still   生气勃勃,兴奋的:没精打采的

203.effrontery: decorum  厚颜无耻:礼貌

front为词根的单词  confront 敌对;effrontery 厚颜无耻;affront 面对

204.elaborate: simplify    详细化:简单化

205.elasticity: lack of tension 有弹性:缺乏弹性

206.embolden: abash/ appall/daunt 使大胆:使不安/使胆寒/使惊奇犹豫

区别:embolden 使大胆; embody 体现

207.enactment: rescission       颁布:废除

208.encompass: exclude包围,包括:排除

209.enervate: fortify 使衰弱:使坚

210.enigmatic: free of ambiguity   高深莫测的:浅显易懂的

211.enrich: deplete   使富有:耗尽

212. ephemeral: endured/permanence

/perpetual/eternal 短暂的:耐久的

213.equable: intemperate       平静的:放纵的

214.equanimity: agitation       镇定:兴奋

215.equivocation: clarity  模棱两可:清楚

216.erudite: unlettered    博学的:无知的

217.eulogy: defamation    颂词:责难

218.evacuate: conquer     撤退:征服

218.evanescent: permanent短暂的:永恒的

219.excavate: entangle    救出:卷入

220.exceptional: commonplace       特别的:普通的

221.exhilarate: sadden     使高兴:使悲哀

222.exonerate: censure    免罪:责难

223.expire: come to life   断气:重生

224.explicit: obscure 清晰的:模糊的

225.extemporaneous: planned 即席的:有计划的

226.extinction: perpetuation   灭绝:永存

extinct  extinguish  使灭绝

227.extrinsic: inherent/instinct      外在的:内在的

her: adherent  追随者,coherent 一致的,inherent 内在的

228.facetious: earnest/lugubrious  滑稽的:认真的/忧伤的

lugubrious:忧伤的

229.facile: profound  易做到的:造诣深的

fac,fact,fic,fig都是表示做的词根

230.facilitate: impeding   促进:阻止

231.factional: disinterested     派系的:无私的

232.fallacious: veracious  假的:真实的

233.fatigue: energetic      疲劳的:精力充沛的

234.fatuity: sagacity 愚笨:机敏

       fatuous: astute     愚笨的:机敏的  infatuate 使迷恋而做了蠢事

235.feckless: responsible 不负责任的:负责任的

236.feeble: hale 虚弱的:强健的

237.feigned: genuine       虚伪的:真诚的

238.ferment: tranquility  动乱:宁静

239.fervent: dispassionate      激动的:平静的

240.fervor: apathy    热情:冷漠

241.flippant: reverential  轻率的:尊敬的沮丧的

242.florid: solemn     鲜艳的:严肃的

florid来自于flor(flower的变体),flourish也是flower的变体

243.flourish/thrive/prosper : wither      繁荣:变得衰弱

244.folly: sagacious   愚笨的:聪明的

245.forestall: abet     预先阻止:唆使,怂勇

246.formidable: comforting     /enticing可怕的:安慰的

247.foster: stifle       鼓励:抑制

248.founder: succeed       失败:成功

249.fragment: coalesce    碎片:结合

250.frivolous: sober  轻佻的:冷静的

(flirty,flighty,frivolity 描述轻浮放荡的女人的3F)

251.frugality/thrift: extravagancy  节俭:奢侈

252.furtive: candid    偷偷地:坦白的

253.futility: effectiveness       无用:效力

254.galvanize: allay  激励:减轻

有次填空题就考察了galvanize的“激励”这个义项,不要背电镀这个意思了

255.garble: elucidate 曲解:阐明

256.garish: lackluster      过分装饰的:无光泽

257.generic: specific 普通的,一般的:特别的

258.genial: truculent       温和的:好战凶猛

259.grave: insignificant   重大的:不重要的

260.gregarious: withdrawn/aloof    爱社交的:疏远的

261.hackneyed/clichés/trite : original    陈腐的:创新的

262.hairbreadth: ample margin      一发之差:足够的边缘

263.haphazard: planned偶然的:有计划的

偶然的:haphazard  fortuitous  accidental   occasional   incidental 

264.harangue: speak temperately  长篇大论:适度的发言

265.hasten: retard    催促:阻碍

266.hasty: deliberate       草率的:深思熟虑的

267.hinder/hamper: further   阻碍:推进

268.homage: disrespect    敬意:失礼

269.husbandry: prodigality      节俭:浪费

270.hypocritical: ingenuous/honest       伪善的:真诚的/诚实的

271.ignoble: eminent       可耻的:杰出的

272.ignominy: eminent    耻辱:显赫

273.impalpable: clear       不易察觉的:清晰的

274.impassive: excitable/fervid      冷漠的:易兴奋的

275.imperturbability: volatility      冷静:易变

276.impetuous/petulant: deliberate       冲动的:深思熟虑的

277.implausible: believable     不可信的:可信的

278.imposing: modest      堂皇的:谦虚的

279.impudent: obeisant    放肆无礼的:恭敬的

280.impugn: champion/endorse      攻击,指责:拥护,支持

281.inchoate: explicit       不完全的:明确的

282.indefatigable: soon tired   不知疲倦的:很快疲倦

283.indelible: erasable去不掉的:可抹去的

284.indispensable: trivial 不可缺少的:微不足道的

285.inept: judicious   愚笨的:明智的

286.inflate: minimize       膨胀:缩到最小

287.infuse: drain away     注入:排出

288.ingenious: prosaic     有创意的:平庸的

prose-prosaic 单调的,monotone,drab,inane,insipid无聊的,单调的

289.ingenuous: cunning   纯真的:狡猾的

290.inhibitor: catalyst      抑制剂:催化剂

291.inimitable: commonplace/ordinary  独特的:普通的

292.innocuous: injurious  无害的:有害的

293.insipid: fascinating    无聊的,无味的:迷人的(sip,喝,dissipate消散)

294.integral: superfluous 完整的:多余的

295.(1)interfere :disregard 干涉:不管

(2)intermittent: constant      间歇的:恒定

296.iridescent: monochromatic      彩色:单色

297.inveterate: uninitiated     根深蒂固的:无经验的

298.irresolution: determination     无决断力:决定

299.jaded: keen 厌倦的:热心的

300.jocular: lachrymose   诙谐的:爱哭的

301.labile: stable       不稳定的:稳定的

302.lachrymose: gladness       悲伤:快乐

303.lackluster: radiant    无光的:发光的

304.laconic/terse/succinct: loquacious/verbose/garrulous   简明的:多嘴的

305.languid: energetic     懒散的:有精力的

306.latent/potential : manifest       潜在的:清楚的

307.lavish: impecunious   过分丰富的:贫穷的

308.laze: travail 懒散:辛勤劳动  travail (vail努力)

309.legendary: obscure    有名的,传说中的:无名的

310.lethargy: animate      无生气的:有生气的

311.levity: seriousness     轻浮:庄重

312.liberal: meager/parsimonious  慷慨的:贫乏的

313.lingering: fleeting     逗留的:短暂的

314.lugubrious: jovial      悲惨的:快活的

315.luxuriant: Spartan     奢华的:简朴的

316.malleable: intractable       可延展性的: 不易管教的

317.manipulate: guileless/occult    假造:不狡猾的

318.martinet: indulgent person      规律严肃的人:放纵的人

319.maverick: follower/conform to tradition       不服从的人:遵从传统

320.measly: grand    低贱的:极重要的

321.measurable: unfathomable      可测量的:无法测量的

322.measured: reckless   仔细考虑的:草率的

323.mechanical: emotional     呆板的:易动感情的

324.meek: unyielding      温顺的:不屈的

325.mellifluous/melodious: raspy/jarring/raucous      声音甜美的:刺耳的

326.mendacity: candor/veracity/honesty       谎言:坦白

327.mercurial/mischievous : constant   易变的/淘气的:不变的

328methodical: haphazard  系统的:偶然的

329meticulous: carelessness细心的:初心的

330.miff: please 小的争执:讨好,和解

331.migratory: sedentary 迁移的:久坐的

332.misgiving: certainty  疑虑:必然

333.mockery: tribute       嘲弄:尊重

334.monotonous: piebald 单调的:花斑的

335.morbid: hale/salubrious/verdant     病态的:健康的

336.moribund: :hale/beginning/currency

/nascent   垂死的:健康的

337.morose: cheerful       郁闷的,乖僻的:高兴的,爽快的

338.motley: unvaried       杂色的:没变化的

339.myopic/shortsighted: prescient       短见的:预见的

340.mysterious: scrutable       神秘而不可知的:可了解的

341.nadir: acme/summit  最低点:顶点

342.nascent: fully established 初期:完全建立

343.nebulous: limpid/distinct/unambiguous/clear out 模糊的:清楚的,明显的

344.nefarious: beneficial/exemplary/virtuous      邪恶的:仁慈的

345.noncommittal: confirm     不能确定:确定

346.noxious: salubrious   有害的:有益健康的

347.numb: sensation 麻木:感觉

348.obfuscate: elucidate   使迷惑◇阐明,说明

349.oblivious: mindful     忘却的:留意的

350  obscure: elucidate      使含糊:阐明

351.obtuse: insightful      愚笨的:有深刻见解的

352occluded: unobstructed     闭塞的:不闭塞的

353.offhand: premeditated      即兴的:预谋的

354.opacity: transparency       不透明:透明

355.opportune: inappropriate  适宜的:不适当的

356.ostentation: artlessness    卖弄:朴实

       ostentatious: unassuming   炫耀卖弄的:谦逊的

357.ostracize: welcome    排斥:欢迎

358.overbearing: meek    傲慢的:谦逊的

359.pacific: truculent       和平的:好战的

360.palliate: exacerbate   减轻:加重

361.pandemonium: serene      喧嚣:宁静

362.panoramic: narrow    全景的:狭窄的

363.paradoxical: common 荒谬的:普通的

364.patent: abstruse 显然的:深奥的

365.pedestrian: imaginative    缺乏想象的:富于想象的

366.peerless: equality      无可匹敌的:同等

367.peevish: good-natured      脾气坏的:好脾气的

368.pejorative: laudatory 贬低的:赞美的

369.penchant: aversion    嗜好:厌恶

370. penitent: unremorseful      后悔的:不后悔的

371.penurious: lavish       吝啬的:浪费的

372.peremptory: open to challenge       不容反抗的:接受挑战的

373.perish: survive   毁灭:幸存

374.perspicacious: dull     敏锐的:迟钝的

375.pertinent: irrelevant 相关的:无关系的

376.philistine: aesthete    庸人:审美家

377.phlegmatic: lively/spirited/vivacious      迟钝的,冷静的:活泼的

378.pinpoint: exam cursorily   精确地定位:粗略的检查

379.placate: antagonize    抚慰:反抗

380.plethora: dearth 过剩:缺乏

381.pliable: rigid       柔软的:刚硬的

382.polarize: coalesce      两极分化:结合

383.postulate: deny as false    假设是真的:否认为假的

384.precipitate: retard/dilatory      匆促的:减速/不慌不忙的

385.(1)precipitous: level /gradually sloping      陡峭的:逐渐倾斜

       (2)precursory: derivative      先驱的:衍生的

386.preeminent: negligible     卓越的:可忽略的,不重要的

387.(1)prevalent: unusual    普遍的:与众不同的

(2)procrastination: diligence 推迟,拖延:勤勉

388.proficient: inept 精通的:无能的

389.profundity: superficiality  深刻:肤浅

390.profuse: scanty   极其丰富的:缺乏的

391.prolong: truncate      延长:截短

392.propensity: aversion  倾向:厌恶

393.propitious: unfavorable    吉利的:不利的

394.prosperous: depressed      繁荣的:萧条的

395.prostrate: upright      伏地的:垂直的

396.protean: static    变化不定的:固定的

397.qualified: unreserved       受限制的:不受限制的

398.quell: arouse      镇压:引发

399.quixotic: pragmatic    唐吉诃德式的,狂想的:注重实际的

400.quota: unlimited number  限额:不限数量

401.rambunctious: quiescent  骚乱的:平静的

402.raucous: melodious   刺耳的:流畅的

403.raze: construct   摧毁:建造

404.recalcitrant: tractable       桀骜不驯的:温顺的

405.reciprocating: unidirectional    往复运动:单向运动

406.recluse: social    隐遁的:群居的

407.recuperative: debilitating 有回复力的:疲惫不堪的

408.redolent: unscented芳香的:无香味的

409.redoubtable: disregard敬畏的:漠视的

410.reliable/ sturdy:untrustworthy  可靠的:不可靠的

411.relinquish: cling to    放弃:坚持

412.renounce: embrace    断绝关系:信奉

413. renovate: cause to decay    修复,刷新:使腐烂

414.repletion: emptiness  充满:清空

415. repute: lack of distinction声望:无名望

416.  requisite: unnecessary       必不可少的:不必要的

417.  resilience: unable to recover     有恢复力:不能恢复

418.  resolute: vacillate 坚决的:犹豫不定

419.  resonant: muffled       声音洪亮的:声音压抑的

420.  resplendence: lackluster辉煌:无光泽

421.  retard: expedite    妨碍:加速 tardy 缓慢的

422.  revere: disparage 尊敬:贬损

423.  rigid: pliant   刚性:顺从

424.  rudimentary: highly evolved      基本:高度发展

425.  rustic: polished     乡村的:优美的

426.  salient: unconspicuous       显著的:不明显的,不引人注目的

427.  salubrious: baneful      有益健康的:有害的

428.  saturnine: jovial   忧郁的:欢愉的

429.  sedate: flighty      稳定:轻浮

430.  slight: show respect to 轻蔑:表示敬意

431.  slipshod: painstaking   漫不经心的:艰苦的

432.  .solicitous: unconcerned  挂念的:不关心的

433.  sordid: honor/noble/wholesome  肮脏:荣誉

434.  spontaneous: premeditated 自发的:预谋的

435.  sporadic: chronic  偶尔发生:长期的

436.  spurious: authentic     假的:真实的

437.  spurious: authentic     假的:真实的

438.  spurn: uphold       摒弃:支持

439.  stagnant: flowing  停滞的:流动的

440.  startle : lull   震惊:使平静

441.  stringent: lax       束紧的:松弛的

442.  substantive: trivial      实质的:轻微的

subtle: obvious     精妙的:显然的

443.superfluity: scarcity  额外:缺乏

444.synoptic: protracted   概要的:详述的

445.systematic: haphazard      系统的:偶然的

446.tantrum: pacify  发怒,发脾气:使平静

447.tawdry: exquisite       俗丽的:优美的

448.tedious: entertaining 乏味的:愉快的

449.temperate: frivolous  节制的:轻佻的

450.tenable: unjustifiable       站得住脚的:不可防御的

451.tenacious: negotiable固执的:可商量的

452.tentative: formal  实验性的:正式的

453.testy: affable      暴躁的:和蔼可亲的

454.thrive: fail   兴旺:失败

455.timeworn: novel 陈旧的,老朽的:新颖的

456.timorous: unflinching/stalwart/intrepid    胆小的,胆怯的:不退缩,不畏惧

457.tonic: enfeebling       滋补:衰弱

458.torrential: trickling   奔流的:细细地流的

459.tranquility: pandemonium       平静:混乱

460.transitory: perpetual 短暂的:永久的

461.translucence: opacity 半透明:不透明

462.transparent: delusive       透明的,显然的:迷惑的

463.travesty: paragon      滑稽模仿:模范

464.treacherousness: faithfulness  清晰的:含糊的/迟钝的

465.trenchant: vague/dull/subtle 清晰的:含糊的/迟钝的

466.trepidation: aplomb   颤抖:镇定

467.tribute: denunciation 感谢词:谴责

468.trivial: massive  琐细的:宏伟的

469.tumult: tranquility    骚动:安静

470.turgid: simple     浮夸的:简朴的

471.turmoil: tranquility   骚动:安静

472.ubiquitous: rarely encountered       到处都是的:很少遭遇

473.unassuming: overbearing 谦逊的:傲慢的

474.uncanny: ordinary     离奇的:普通的

475.unsubstantiated: verified  无确实证据的:已证实的

476.unswerving/steadfast/: deviating/hesitant/hesitating/vacillating/staggering/halting/irresolute坚定:摇摆背离

477.untainted: contaminated  无感染的:被玷污的

478.untenable: defensible       无法抵抗的:可抵抗的

479.unwonted: usual 不寻常的:寻常的

480.usurp: assume rightfully  篡权:正当的就职

481.vacuous: intelligent/omniscient      心灵空虚的:聪明的

482.vague: express   含糊的:明确的

483.valiant: pusillanimous      勇猛的:懦弱的

484.vapid: piquant/ riveting    乏味的:开胃的

485.vehement: apathetic/languid/lull

/tepidity       激烈的:缺乏感情的

486.venerable: despicable       值得尊敬的:可鄙的

487.verbose: concise 冗长的:简洁的

488.verifiable: fallacious  可证实的:错误的

489.verisimilar: implausible    好像真实的:不可能的

490.versatile: having limited application      万能的:用途有限

491.vertex: nadir      最高点:最低点

492.vicarious: firsthand代理人的:直接的

493.vigilant: negligible/oblivious/unalert      警醒的:容易忽略的

494.vivacious: languid      快活的:疲倦的,没精打采的

495.vociferous: serenity   叫喊的,吵闹的:安静的

496.volatile: stable    多变的:稳定的

497.voluminous: scanty/scarce       丰满的,庞大的:狭小的/缺乏的

498.voluntary: coercion   自愿的:强迫的

499.voracity: lack of appetite  贪婪:缺乏胃口

500vulnerablesafe  容易受攻击的:安全的

501.wane: intensify   降低,减少:使增加强度

502.wholesome: deleterious    有益健康的:有毒的

503.zealotry: lack of fervor     狂热:缺乏热情

504.zealous: apathetic      狂热的:冷漠的

505.zenith: nadir      最高点:最低点

506.zesty: bland 狂热的:温和的

浪费 prodigal  lavish  spendthrift  wasteful  squander  extravagant         


吝啬 frugal thrift miserly petty                                     

单调 torpid lethargic inane drab monotonous                        

好斗 belligerent  bellicose  aggressive  contentious                                

诽谤 vilify slander  malign  defame traduce                           

安慰 mollify solace  conciliate  assuage  placate  pacify                

预见 portend  prophesy  prescient  foreshadow                                

世俗  worldly  earthly  mundane  secular  humane                          

先驱  precursor  harbinger  herald   forerunner                              

反感  antipathy  repulsion  aversion                                           

吸引  appealing  telling  compelling  inviting  taking engrossing         

安静  serene  peaceful  tranquil  sedate(镇静)                                  

中立  indifferent  apathetic  dispassionate  neutral  unbiased   impassive                

偏爱  penchant for    propensity for    tendency to   disposition on                        

奇异  bizarre  outlandish  weird  eerie  exotic  esoteric(秘传的)                     

伪装  camouflage  mask  pretend  disguise  dissimulate                         

陈腐  banal  commonplace   trite   hackneyed  cliché                             

勇敢  valorous  intrepid  undaunted  indomitable  gallant                       

否认  deny  naysay  gainsay  repudiate  disclaim  refute  refuse                   

天真  naïve  guileless  innocent  artless  ingenuous                              

傻瓜  fatuous  asinine  lunatic                                                 

固执  stubborn  obdurate   intractable  recalcitrant  obstinate                        

混乱  commotion  turbulent  boisterous  pandemonium  chaotic                     

恶臭  notorious  noisome  fetid   malodorous     flagrant                         

俗艳  flashy    garish   flamboyant   tawdry                                      

炎热  torrid    scalding   sultry   scorching                                      

陈词  banality   bromide   cliché   platitude                                      

顺从  complaisant   docile   amenable  flexible  tractable                          

后悔  penitent  compunction  contrite  remorse                                 

轻视  disdain  spurn  despise  reject  scorn  contempt  derogate  belittle  disparage  depreciate  flout defile                

嘲笑  deride  mock  ridicule  scorn  sneer  quip  flout  persiflage  taunt  mordant  spoof   badinage  banter    

无耻  impudent  shameless  unscrupulous                                 

容易冲动的  impetuous hasty  headlong  rash  brash  passionate  reckless  
理论家  doctrinaire pedant  theorist                                       

残忍的,野蛮的  ferocious brutal  cruel  fierce  ruthless  vicious   wild     atrocious    

秘密的,偷偷的  cryptic   furtive   covert   surreptitious                                             

避难所   asylum   haven  harbor  institution refuge  shelter              
浪费时间,嬉戏   dally   dawdle   delay   lag   linger  loiter              
祝福,感谢  bless  bliss   blessing   benediction                           
欺骗,诈骗  deceive    beguile  mislead   trick   swindle                       
揭密,泄漏  uncover   disclose   expose   open   reveal   unmask               
   filch   pilfer   steel   thieve   purloin   burgle              
诽谤,中伤  aspersion  slander  derogate  calumniate  smear  libel  discredit  asperse  denigrate injure                      
赞扬 extol  compliment glorify  laud  praise  commend    acclaim eulogize                                                
反对,不赞成 demur  deprecate  dissent  dissident                                
否认,拒绝,驳斥   deny  contradict dispute  refute  renounce  naysay  reject  repudiate  gainsay

哀悼,后悔,哀叹   deplore    bemoan    regret   lament     dirge    bewail  repent
驱逐,出境  deport  banish   expel   expatriate   evict  exile  oust  exclude    ostracize
居住  dwell  abide  reside  inhabit  occupy
夸张,吹牛 exaggerate  bombast  overstate  full-blown  overdo  magnify   amplify  enlarge
傲慢,专横  hauteur  swagger   imperious  arrogance  overbearing  preemptory  scurrilous  haughty    insolent    arbitrary   contemptuous
活泼的   vivacious  active  animated  brisk   dynamic   energetic   exuberant  gay  lively  spirited  sprightly  spry         
恶作剧的,顽皮的   prankish   naughty   impish  elfish  devilish    mischievous
笨拙的,麻烦的   cumbersome  awkward  ungainly  ponderous       
暴乱,骚动   agitation   bother   commotion  stir 
大风暴   tempest    violence   storm
大混乱,大灾难  havoc   calamity   catastrophe  misfortune  mishap    tragedy
巨大的,惊人的   prodigious colossal   enormous  extraordinary   gigantic   huge   immense  mammoth  vast      tremendous
奇特的,罕见的   exceptional   remarkable   stupendous
奇妙的    miraculous   wonderful    marvelous
胆小的,胆怯的  cowardly   craven   fearful   diffident   scared  pusillanimous  timid   dastard    poltroon   tremulous  gall-less
大胆的,莽撞的   audacious bold   brave   daring   gallant   heroic  valiant   prowess
沼泽,湿地  marsh   mire   fen   mesh   swamp

多产的,丰富的  prolific  fecund   fertile  fruitful   productive  munificent  prosperous  affluent  flourish   opulent    plentiful  abundant
贫瘠的,不毛之地   barren   sterile
贫困的,贫乏的   indigent  penurious  penury   impecunious   needy
手铐,束缚   shackle   handcuff  manacle   chain    bind   fetter

神秘的  mysterious   esoteric   occult
取消,撤销,废除   repeal  nullify  abolish   quash  withdraw   abrogate  abolish  annul   cancel  invalidate recall  rescind     revoke     nullify      retract     overrule
使衰弱,使衰老  enfeeble   enervate   debilitate  weaken    vitiate
虚弱的,衰老的  feckless   flaccid     flagging   languid     effete  enervate  feeble
持久的  everlasting  perpetual  permanent  endurable  abiding  eternal
短暂的,瞬间的  momentary  temporary  transient  ephemeral  evanescent  provisional
谨慎的,警觉的   wary  chary  vigilant  discreet  considerate  cautious   prudent    careful     circumspect
责备,指责,咒骂   accuse     blame      censure    charge     denounce     impugn   impeach   indict    execrate   condemn  criticize    reproach  reprove    disapprove upbraid   vituperate reprove    injure   reprehend rebuke     inveigh     diatribe    abuse       lambaste    obloquy   invective
免责,确定无罪  exempt    exonerate exculpate  invulnerable    absolve
促进,帮助   precipitate  accelerate  advance   facilitate   hasten    hurry  promote   quicken    speed-up  assist       abet         press
过分注重细节的,挑剔的,拘于礼节的  meticulous  nitpick  finicky     finical  exacting censoring  fastidious choosy     critical     particular    selective 
迅速发展,趋于繁荣  prosper  flourish    thrive   boom  mushroom  sprout
 
镇压,平息  quell   appease    extinguish hush   lull    mollify    pacify   quiet   smother   stifle    subdue     suppress    foil     slake    quench

刺激,鼓动,激怒   rouse   arouse   awaken excite   foment   anger  inflame  pique   provoke   disquiet   incense   whet  stimulate stir   instigate   galvanize    vex     rile  roil   annoy   aggravate  disturb 
禁欲,酷行僧  stoic    ascetic
放纵,溺爱,使满足 indulge   coddle   mollycoddle     cater to  spoil  
伪造,掺假  adulterate forge    counterfeit    falsify      bogus
真正的,纯种的  genuine    authentic
真实的,诚实的   candid   candor  frank   fair   genuine  open  pure  trustworthy  trustful  veracious  virtuous
减弱,降低   appease    allay  alleviate   ease  lessen   moderate  pacify  relieve    attenuate  abate
宁静的,平静的   quiet    calm     serene    peaceful   silent     still   tranquil    pacific   composed
冷静的,不为所动的 phlegmatic  impassive  apathetic composed  indifferent   reserved 
犹豫,停滞  balk    boggle     scruple    demur   falter   flounder   pause   vacillate   waver   hesitate
消除,除去  efface    erase  obliterate  raze    eliminate  exterminate
坏脾气的,暴躁的   cantankerous   cranky     irascible   irritable    quarrelsome  choleric   apoplectic churlish   petulant    raspy
蹒跚,摇晃,跌倒   stagger    sway       tumble     waver  flounder      ramshackle
昂首阔步  swagger   strut  stride 

顽强的,坚固的  headstrong  obstinate  stubborn  adamant  bullheaded  pigheaded  inflexible  tenacious   unbending unyielding  dour recalcitrant  bigotry      tenacity    pertinacity
温顺的,驯服的      obedient   meek       gentle      docile      tame 
效忠,尊敬    homage    adoration deference  esteem   honor   respect   reverence   veneration   worship
忠诚   fidelity     allegiance attachment devotion  faith        fealty 
精确,准确     accuracy  exactness exactitude     precision

简洁的   concise    terse    curt     brief    succinct   compendious  condensed   compressed   laconic
大纲,摘要    précis      compendium            synopsis  abstract   summary 
温和的,宽大的      lenient      benefic    beneficent benign     benignant clement 
使成僵局,僵局      stalemate  deadlock 
粗略的,大概的      schematic cursory    coarse     crude       rough      vulgar 
迷人的,诱人的  intriguing   alluring  appealing   attractive   captivate   charming   enchanting   enticing   fascinating   interesting   inviting   tantalizing   tempting   thrilling    winning   ingratiating

优势,主权,权势   clout   ascendance   ascendancy   authority   preponderance           
荒谬的,愚蠢的   absurd   silly    ridiculous    senseless     ludicrous 
合理的    logical      national    reasonable   sound
一致的,相等的   congruent    tantamount    commensurate

和睦,一致   concord   harmony  agreement   rapport   conformity
分配,给予,分发   allocate    allot     apportion    assign      distribute  divide
相称的,合适的      condign   becoming fitting       proper     suitable    appropriate
琐碎的,不重要的   trivial  frivolous  inane  measly  paltry   puny  shallow  slight  superficial  rifling  worthless 
卑贱的,可怜的      scurry   abject  miserable   pathetic   mean   wretched    ignoble   contemptible   despicable   shameless   ignominious

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