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博士翻译之二

(2007-06-11 10:12:18)
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分类: 海外军团——英语交流
 

(5)

有时候,在工作中重要的倒是能否处理好人际关系而不是有很多的才能。人际关系就是一种善于听取别人的意见,体察别人的需要,虚心接受批评的能力。善于处理人际关系的人敢于承认错误,敢于承担自己的责任,这是对待错误的一种成熟和负责任的态度。这就是为什么许多平平庸庸的公司雇员在大调整中保住了位置,而有才能的人反到下岗。因为他们很注意处理各方面的关系,所以八面玲珑,到处有缘。而人际关系差的人往往不能处理好批评。碰到错误,他们首先想到自己,拒不承认错误,或情绪低落或大发雷霆,成为有刺的人,难以相处。

  Sometimes it is interpersonal skills rather than professional skills that really counts in your career. Interpersonal skills are nothing but the ability ti be good listener, to be sensitive toward others’ needs, to take criticism well. People with skill in social relations admit their mistakes, and take their share of blame, which is a mature and responsible way to handle an error. That is why many mediocre employees survive violent corporate upheavals while people of great talent are being laid off. Sensitive in their dealing with others, they are well liked everywhere. People with poor interpersonal skills have trouble taking criticism. When confronted with a mistake, they let their ego get in the way. They deny responsibility and became moody or angry. They mark themselves as “prickly”.

(6)

我们大家生活在同一个星球上,因此我们要共同对付人类生存与发展面临的挑战。生态环境恶化,贫困失业,人口膨胀,疾病流行,毒品泛滥,国际犯罪活动猖獗,以及妇女儿童权益得不到保障等等,都是事关人类生存与发展的全球性问题。发达国家对其在工业化,现代化过程中造成的生态环境恶化是欠了债的,理所当然地应对环境保护作出更大的贡献。这些全球性问题的逐步解决,不仅要靠各国自身的努力,还需要国际上的相互配合和密切合作。

Global Issues

Since all of us live on the same planet, we need to jointly cope with the challenges facing/confronting the human survival and development. Of the global concerns for human survival and development are the aggravation of the ecological environment, poverty and unemployment, population explosion, the spread of epidemics, the abuse and widespread use of narcotics, the rampant international crimes, and the failure to safeguard the interests of women and children. Since the developed countries owe debts to the ecological deterioration in its industrialization and modernization, they should naturally contribute more to the protection of the environment. The gradual solution to these global concerns not only requires the efforts of all the countries but also their mutual cooperation and close coordination.

(7)美国华人

70年代以来,美国华人社会发生了重大的变化。最显著的是许多来自大陆的中国人不断涌入美国,使美国华人的人数猛增。随着华人人口的迅猛增加和华族素质的明显提高,华人经济日趋繁荣。据悉,自1986年起,美国华人经济已跃居全美少数民族之首,遥遥领先于日裔、韩裔等其他后裔。美国华人家庭的年均收入已超过美国白人家庭。目前,一批华人企业家在美国经济界享有一定声望。更可喜的是,近年来美国冒出一批知名华裔科技人才。他们的科技成就引起了国际科技界的注意和钦佩。同时华人的政治地位明显提高,涉足美国政界的人越来越多。

The American Citizens of Chinese Descent

Since the 1970s, great changes have taken place in the Chinese American community. The most notable phenomenon is that an increasing number of Chinese from the Mainland China have flocked to the U.S., sharply increasing the number of Chinese Americans in the U.S. society. With the surge of the Chinese population and considerable improvement of the quality of the Chinese Americans, the Chinese economy has been thriving. It is said that, since 1986, the business of Chinese Americans has leapfrogged/jumped to the top position among all the ethnic minority groups in the US, far ahead of Japanese Americans and Korean Americans. The average annual income for Chinese American families has exceeded that for white American families. At present, a number of Chinese entrepreneurs enjoy certain reputation/prestige in the American economic community. More encouragingly, a number of well-known scientific professionals of Chinese descent/origin/ancestry have emerged in the U.S. recently. Their scientific achievements have aroused the attention and admiration from the international scientific community. In the meantime, the Chinese Americans have enjoyed significant improvements in their political status with more of them taking up government posts.

(8)

长期以来,发展中国家在不合理的国际经济关系中深受不公平交换之害。近年来,它们的贸易条件更加恶化,出口收入锐减,生产投资萎缩,债务负担沉重,甚至连续多年出现了资金从穷国向富国倒流的现象。富国愈富,穷国愈穷,这个趋势比十年前更加突出了。这种情况如果任其继续发展下去,对于全世界,不论是发展中国家还是发达国家,都将带来更加严重的后果。第三世界的经济发展已经成为关系全局的紧迫问题。现存的国际关系不应该也不可能原封不动地维持下去,建立国际经济新秩序是时代的需要。

The Third World

For a long time, the developing countries have suffered from the unfair exchanges in the irrational international economic relationships. In recent years, their trading conditions have further worsened with sharply diminishing export income, shrinking production investment, and the mounting debt burdens, and even the backflow of funds from poor countries to rich countries for many consecutive years. The trend of wealthy nations becoming wealthier and poor nations becoming poorer has been more prominent than 10 years ago. This trend, if is allowed to continue unchecked, will bring about more severe consequences to both developing countries and developed countries. The economic development in the third world has become an urgent issue for the whole world. The existing international economic relationship should not be and could not be maintained without any change. To establish a new international economic order is a necessity of the modern times.

 

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