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朗文高级语法连载---情态动词(含考题)

(2010-05-17 10:59:28)
标签:

高级语法

朗文

情态动词

教育

分类: NATTI翻译-朗文语法

•      情态动词

•       情态动词

•       1.来源

•       2.含义

•       3.汇总

•       4. 特点

•       5.功能

•        

•       1.情态动词溯源

•       1.动词

•       1.1 实义动词

•       1.2 助动词(be , do, have)

•       1.3.情态动词

•       动词分类

•       动词分类

•       2.情态动词何谓?

•       情态?

•       名词,动词,介词,冠词

•       时态=时间+动作的状态

•       情态?

•       表明说话人的情绪态度

•       3.情态动词汇总

•       情态动词特例

•       have

•       need

•       dare

•       4.情态动词特点

•       1.无人称变化

•       2.无数的变化

•       3.后加动词原形

•       5.有哪些情绪态度么?
功能

•       5.1.推测(可能性)---所有情态动词共有

•       5.2.(礼貌)请求

•       5.3.许可

•       5.4.建议

•       5.5.命令

•       5.1推测功能

•       5.11.对现在的推测

•       5.12.对过去的推测

•       5.13.对将来的推测

•       5.11对现在的推测(可能性)

•       He is sick.

•       He must be sick.

•       He has to be sick.

•       He should be sick.

•       He ought to be sick.

•       He could be sick.

•       He may be sick.

•       He might be sick.

•       翻译

•       Look at the house! Those people have to  have a lot of money.

•       He is really big; he has to be over 7 feet tall.

•       5.11对现在的推测(否定)

•       ---The restaurant is always empty.

•       It isn’t good.

•       It can’t be good.

•       It couldn’t be good.

•       It may not be good.

•       It might not be good.

•       5.12对现在的推测(否定)

•       can not:       不可能

•       could not:不可能(弱)

•       may not:   可能不

•       Might not:或许可能不

•       5.12对过去的推测
(肯定)

•       Why wasn’t Tom in class?

•       She was sick.

•       她一定病了。

•       She must have been sick.

•       She could have been sick.

•       She may have been sick.

•       She might have been sick.

•       5.12对过去的推测(否定)

•       Why didn’t Sam eat?

•       Sam wasn’t hungry.

•       Sam couldn’t have been hungry.

•       Sam can’t have been hungry.

•       Sam must not have been hungry.

•       Sam may not have been hungry.

•       Sam might not have been hungry.

•       阅读赏析

•       Mother: Susie, every time you misbehave, I get another gray hair.”

•       Susie: “ Gosh, mom, you must have been a terror! Just look at Grandma!”

•       Exam link

•       53. She _____ fifty or so when I first met her at a conference.

•       A. had been B. must be

•       C. has been D. must have been

•                                2009专业四级

•       阅读赏析

•       Adam and Eve had an ideal marriage. He didn’t have to hear about all the men she could have married….and She didn’t have to hear about how well his Mother cooked.

•       阅读赏析

•       A guy from countryside was visiting the big city for the first time. Entering an office building, he saw a old and ugly woman step into a small room. The doors closed, lights flashed, and after a while, the door opened, and a beautiful young model stepped off the elevator.

•       The guy was amazed and said,“I should have brought my wife.”

•       do  & have done

•       Could do

•       Could have done

•       Should do

•       Should have done

•       Should not have done

•       Need do

•       Need have done

•       Needn’t have done

•       阅读练习

•       Wild Bill Donovan would have loved the Internet.(2003年考研)

•       41. The emergence of the Net has ____.

•       A. received support from fans like Donovan.

•       B. remolded the intelligence services

•       C. restored many common pastimes

•       D. revived spying as a profession

•       5.13对将来的推测

•       Tom will do well on the test.

•       Tom should do well on the test.

•       Tom ought to do well on the test.

•       Tom may do well on the test.

•       Tome might do well on the test.

•       Tome could do well on the test.

•       5.推测(可能性)总结

•       5.2.(礼貌)请求

•       1.Will/Would you…:

          听话人是否愿意做某事

•       2.May/Can/Could I… :

         听话人是否允许我做某事

•       3.Could/Can you …:

        听话人是否能够(帮助做某事)

•       怎么才礼貌?

•       Will/Can you do…?

•       Would/Could you do…?

•       Would/Could you please do…?

•       Would/Could you kindly do…?

•       Would /Could you be so kind as to do…?

•       礼貌

•       Excuse me , sir. I realize you have the right to smoke here. But could you put out your cigarette? Your smoke is coming right at us.

•       Well, sorry , I am in the smoking section, and I was here before you. If you wouldn’t mind , you could go to the non-smoking section.

•       礼貌?

•       Damn it!Put out your cigarette! Your smoke is coming right at us!

•       Fuck off ! I am in the smoking section , and I was here before you.

•       5.3.许可

•       ill you…?     I will…表示意愿

•       May I …?          You may…

•                                                        表示许可

•       Could/Can I …? You can…u …?  I can/提供帮助

•       Can I leave the table now?

•       I’m sure you can , but you may not.

•       5.4.建议

•       should/ought to do…

•       had better (not) do …

•       Why not do?

•       What/How about doing?

•       If I were you, I would …

•       5.5.命令(祈使句)

•       must

•       have  (got) to

•       补遗

•       can &be able to

•       would& used to

•       补遗

•       can’t … too

•       May/might as well

•       must

•       must do

•       must be

•       must be doing

•       must have done

•       must have been doing

•       宁愿做A而不愿做B

•       1.Prefer doing A to doing B

•       2.Prefer to do A rather than do B

•       3.Would rather do A than do B

•       宁愿死,也不屈服!

•       宁愿死,都要爱!

•       I prefer to die rather than stop loving.

•       I would rather die than stop loving.

•       特定句型1
would rather

•       I would rather go there alone.

•       I would rather have been there alone.

•       I would rather you watched Avatar.

•       My dad took me to the cinema. But I would rather he had taken me to the zoo.

•       would rather

•       would rather do

•       would rather have done

•       would rather sb did

•       would rather sb had done

•       Exam link

•       Who would you rather ___ with you, George or me?

•       A. going

•       B. to go

•       C. have gone

•       D. went

•                                     2002年四级

•       特定句型2
would like

•       1.would like sth

•       2.would like to do sth

•       3.would like sb to do sth

•       翻译练习

•       您想要点什么?---一杯咖啡。

•       What would you like?

•       I would like a cup of coffee.

•       今天我想去看电影。

•       I would like to see a movie tonight.

•       我想要去写份报告。

•       I would like you to write a report.

•       阅读赏析

•       “You couldn’t see my tears because I am in the water.” Fish said to water.

•       “But I could feel your tears because you are in me.”

   Answered water.

•       阅读赏析

•       What’s the difference between a monkey and a flea?

•       A monkey can have fleas, but a flea can’t have monkeys.

•       阅读赏析

•       To the world you may be just one person.

•       To the person you may be the world.

•       阅读赏析

•       Boy: May I hold your hand?

•       Girl: No thanks, it isn’t heavy.

•       Hold: 握住,支撑住。

•       阅读赏析

•      May I borrow your record player tonight?”a man asked his neighbor.

•       Sure. Do you want to listen to some music.

•       No. he answered. Tonight I want to have some peace and quiet.

•       阅读赏析

•       May I go to the toilet?

•       Go ahead.

•       阅读赏析

•       Boy:  I would go to the end of the world for you.

•       Girl:Yes, but would you stay there?

•       阅读赏析

•       I dare not to bare my heart in the teeth all the times: I am very fond of you. I have been strongly attached to you for a long time. Would you please send my words the girl sitting behind you?

•       阅读赏析

•       We have got a new dog, would you like to come and come around and play with him?

•       Well, I don’t know. Does he bite?

•       That’s what I want to find out.

•       阅读赏析

•       Teacher: About your son, I can say one thing at least.

•       Father: What is that?

•       Teacher: with grades like these, he couldn’t be cheating.

•       Exam link

•       1. I was really anxious about you. You____ home without a word.

•       A. mustn’t have           

•       B. shouldn’t have left

•       C. couldn’t have left          

•       D. needn’t have

•                                           (NMET  2001)

•       Exam link

•       2.—Are you coming to Jeff’s party?

•       —I’m not sure. I__________ go to the concert instead.(NMET  2000)

•       A. must              B. would         

•       C. should           D. might

•       Exam link

•       3. —Will you stay for lunch?

•       —Sorry, ____________. My brother is coming to see me.

•       A.I mustn’t         B.I can’t      

•       C.I needn’t         D.I won’t

•                                               (NMET  99)

•       Exam link

•       4. Sorry I'm late. I ________ have        turned off  the alarm clock and gone  back to sleep again.

•       A. might     B. should      

•       C. can         D. will

•                     (2000北京春季)

•       Exam link

•       5. — Write to me when you get home.

•       — _________. 

•                            (01北京春季)

•         A.I must    B.I should  

•        C.I will      D.I can

•       Exam link

•       6. — Is John coming by train?
  — He should, but he _________   not. He likes driving his car. 

•                        (02全国) 

•       A.must  B.can  

•       C.need  D.may

•       Exam link

•       7. ― I heard they went skiing in the  mountains last winter.

•       ― It ______ true because there was little snow there.  (02北京)

•       A. may not be     B. won’t be                 

•       C. couldn’t be      D. mustn’t be

•       Exam link

•       8. — I hear you’ve got a set of             valuable Australian coins. 

•                        I have a look?

•       — Yes, certainly.  (02北京春季)

•       A. Do              B. May        

•       C. Shall           D. Should

•       Exam link

•       9.The room is in terrible mess; it _________ cleaned.

•        A) can't have been

•       B) shouldn't have been

•       C) mustn't have been

•       D) wouldn't have been

•                                 1996年6月四级第31题

•       Exam link

•       10. You _____ her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town  for two weeks.

•       A) needn't have seen   

•       B) must have seen

•       C) might have seen   

•       D) can't have seen

•                                  1996年1月四级

•       Exam link

•       11. Mary's score on the test is the highest in her class; she ____have studied very hard.

•       A) may   B) should   

•       C) must   D) ought to

•                                     四级

•       Exam link

•       12.With all this work on hand, he _______ to the cinema last night.

•       A) mustn't    

•       B) oughtn't to go

•       C) wouldn't go

•       D) shouldn't have gone

•                                             四级

•       Exam link

•       13.If you don’t like to swim, you ___ as well stay at home.

•       A. should                 B. may

•       C. can                       D. would

•                                 

•                                      2006年1月四级

•       Exam link

•       14.You ___ her in her office last Friday; she’s been out of town for two weeks.

•       A. needn’t have seen

•       B. mustn’t  have seen

•       C. might have seen

•       D. can’t have seen

•                             1996年1月四级

•       Exam link

•       15. The room is in a terrible mess: it ___ cleaned.

•       A. can’t have been

•       B. shouldn’t have been

•       C. mustn’t have been

•       D. wouldn’t have been

•                                 1996年四级

•       Exam link

•       16. You ____ him so closely; you should have kept your distance.                               

•       A. shouldn’t follow    

•       B. mustn’t follow

•       C. couldn’t have been following

•       D. shouldn’t have been following

•                                       2000年6月六级

•       Exam link

•       17.Mary ___my letter; otherwise she would have replied before now.

•       A. has received

•       B. ought to have received

•       C. couldn’t have received

•       D. shouldn’t have received.

•                                  1991年考研

•       Exam link

•       18. Some women ___ a good salary in a job instead of staying home, but they decided not to work for the sake of the family.

•       A. must make

•       B. should have made

•       C. would make

•       D. could have made

•       Exam link

•       19.He ___ another career but, at the time ,he didn’t have enough money to attend graduate school.

•       A. might have chosen

•       B. might choose

•       C. had to choose

•       D. must have chosen

•                                            1995年1月六级

•       Exam link

•       20. You ____ him so closely; you should have kept your distance. 

•       A. shouldn’t follow

•       B. mustn’t follow

•       C. couldn’t have been following

•       D. shouldn’t have been following

•                                       (2000.6六级)

•       Exam link

•       65. Which of the following sentences expresses "probability"?

•       A. You must leave immediately.

•       B. You must be feeling rather tired.

•       C. You must be here by eight o'clock.

•       D. You must complete the reading assignment on time.

•                                               08年专四

•       Exam link

•       53.’You ______ borrow my notes provided you take care of them,’ I told my friend.

•       A. could  B. should 

•       C. must   D. can

•                                       07年专四

•       Exam link

•       52. If only I __play the guitar as well as you!

•       A. would    B. could

•       C. should D. might

•                                专业四级

•       Exam link

•       56. Loudspeakers were fixed in the hall so that everyone__ an opportunity to hear the speech.

•       A ought to have B must have

•       C may have D should have

•                                     2006年专四

•       05年专四

•       57. I went there in 1984, and that was the only occasion when I ________ the journey in exactly two days.

•       A. must take                         

•       B. must have made

•       C. was able to make                   

•       D. could make                  专业四级

•       阅读翻译

•       Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if food shortage is to be avoided.

•                                    1998考研

•       阅读练习

•       Step outside and you could break a lip slipping on your doormat. Light up the stove and you could burn down the house.

•                        1998年考研阅读text1

•       阅读练习

•       The current state of affairs may have been encouraged --- though not justified --- by the lack of legal penalty(in American, but not Europe) for data leakage.

•                         2007年考研阅读理解text4

•       阅读练习

•       Now he is suing the casino, charging that it should have refused his patronage because it knew he was addicted.

•                                2006年考研阅读Part B

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