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回声

(2007-07-13 11:34:53)
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感悟随笔

分类: 英文
 

  回声的英文是Echo它的英文解释是Echo is a reflective sound.

For example: If you are in a cave or cover or an empty room when you talk is the echoes of the wall.

  if a sound echoes, you hear it again because it was made near something such as a wall or hill:

  The sound of an engine echoed back from the thick forest.

One might think that our word echo is from the name of the nymph Echo, whom Greek mythology associates with echoes. According to one version of her story, she was torn to pieces by shepherds driven to this act by the god Pan, who was hopelessly in love with her. Pieces of Echo hidden in the ground still respond to Pan's frenzied cries, producing the phenomena known as echoes. A second version of her tale has it that Echo, as a penalty for distracting Hera from observing Zeus's infidelities, lost all power of speech, except the ability to reply. This defect lost her the love of Narcissus, which caused Echo to pine away until only her voice was left. The hapless nymph, however, cannot even claim credit for echoes because the Greek word   the source of English echo,   existed with our common noun sense before any mention of Echo is found. Our word echo is first recorded in Middle English in a work composed in 1340.

  您可能想到echo 这个词来自仙女埃科的名字,她在希腊神话中与回声有关。关于她的故事,有一种说法认为,神潘爱她无望,便指使牧羊狗将她撕成碎片。她的碎片藏在地下时仍在回答潘的疯狂叫喊,于是产生了回声。另一种说法是,埃科使得赫拉察觉不到宙斯的不忠,作为惩罚被剥夺了说话的能力,只能重复别人的话。这个缺陷使她失去了纳西色斯的爱情,于是埃科不断憔悴消损,最后只留下她的声音。可惜的是这位不幸的女神并不能因为制造了回声这个词而居功,因为希腊语ekho , 即英语中echo 的来源,早在任何关于埃科的故事之前就存在了。我们现在的词echo 最早是在1340年出现于中世纪英文作品中。

  可能是小说中的情节:

  一个异地交流新上任的检察长请示当地的书记要不要起诉一个局长贪污的案子,不起诉,钱不是一个人花的,起诉一个局长要牵出多少人那?不利于和谐社会。

  有一个反贪局长没钱花了,写几封检举信给其他局的局长们,用不了几天他就有钱花了。

  法律事实与客观事实?

  人类若思考、上帝就发笑。

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