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Mechanics to the Rescue

(2009-10-24 11:56:36)
标签:

鹰歌

杂谈

分类: 我的日记
汽车抢修工
多了解一些汽车常识
不齿下问

Mechanics to the Rescue
Everything you wanted to know
About cars but were afraid to ask
October 14, 2009

SC: Used cars can be cheaper than new ones, but they can also be riskier. How do you know you are getting a good used car?

二手车比新买的车要便宜得多,但也存在很大的风险。你如何懂得购买一辆好的二手车?

RC: A lot of people check consumer guides that tell you which cars are built with quality and last well. Guides also list which car parts are good and which tend to fail.

很多人会上“消费者指南”网站查询,它会告诉你那些车子用好的质材建造和使用寿命长。同时“消费者指南”有清单列明;那些牌子的车零部件质量好和那些零部件容易磨损。

If you’ve got a mechanic that you trust, take the car to that mechanic. Pay him or her to look it over and check all the major components. That’s always money well-spent.

如果你有一位信得过的汽车技工,就把你的车子开到他那里。让他/她全面检查你的爱车各有关主要的零部件,当然是要付费的,这钱是值得花费的,一点也不冤枉。

SC: How can you find a good mechanic?
你如何能找到一位好的汽车技工?

RC: In North America, mechanics have to get their “Class A License.” Getting the license requires about 9,000 hours of work as an apprentice, completion of college courses and passing a written test. Having a license is one mark of a mechanic’s ability.

在美国的北部,汽车技工必须要有“A 级证书,”要想得到这“A 经级证书”,学徒工必须在车行工作9000个小时,并完成一定的课程,笔试合格。拿到证书后,就表明你是一个有能力的合格汽车技工。

Dealerships often have factory-trained technicians. They tend to be well-trained., but they can also be pricey.

汽车经销商(权)通常都有经过厂培训出来的汽车技工。他们经过良好的培训,当然收费也相当昂贵。

You can also rely on word of mouth. If you’ve found a good mechanic, quite often you’ll tell people.

当然你也可以依靠那些有好口碑的技工。如果你真的能找到好的汽车技工,那可要告诉其他人啊。
SC: What can you do to save money on maintenance without putting your car at risk?
在维护车辆中如何省钱,又不会有危险存在?

RC: I would make sure my tires were at the right air pressure so I could improve my fuel economy. I’d also keep an eye on things under the hood such as oil and brake fluid. It doesn’t cost you anything to check those things.

那我首先要搞清楚我车子的胎压是否正常,这样我可以进一步提高经济效益。我还要注意车盖下面的东西,例如;润滑油,刹车油等。检查这些东西根本不会花费你一分钱。

It’s also good to be familiar with the owner’s manual for the car. The need for things like oil changes varies among different cars. Typically, people like to do those things too soon—and that’s like throwing money out the window.

与此同时还要熟读汽车手册。像更换润滑油类这样的事情,要视乎车辆各种不同的品牌。
有一个比较典型的共性,就是人们喜欢更换这些润滑油太过频密,这等于把钱往外撒。

SC: Do different grades of gasoline make a difference to your car and its mileage?
不同等级的汽油会使车辆跑不同的历程?

RC: In theory, yes. Higher-octane fuels can give better mileage. But, if you are going to use higher-octane fuel, make sure your car is tuned up. Things like tire pressure affect mileage greatly.

从理论上来说,是的。高辛烷值的汽油(相当于我国的97#汽油)当然会跑路途远一些,但,如果你使用的是高辛烷值的汽油,你一定要把你的爱车调整好,才能适用于高辛烷值的汽油。象胎压这样的小问题会直接影响车辆跑的里程。

It’s probably best to do a little experiment. Use a tank of gasoline and check your mileage, and then try the higher octane and check your mileage again. See if the tradeoff in better mileage is worth it because obviously, higher octane costs more money.

这里有一个比较好的实验,就是用一箱普通的燃油来检查你车子所跑的里程,然后再使用高辛烷值的汽油来作比较,权衡一下他们所跑的里程是否值得,很明显,高辛烷值的汽油当然售价会高些。

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