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Getting Paid to Watch Movies

(2009-09-30 10:27:33)
标签:

鹰歌

文化

分类: 我的日记
报酬来自看电影
怎样成为一个专业影评人
Getting Paid to Watch Movies
What does it take
To be a professional movie critic?
September 29, 2009

空英:影评人是干什么事的?
SC: What do movie critics do?
JC: I would say that a movie critic is someone who writes critically and analytically about films and measures a film’s artistic virtues. To do this effectively, a critic must have significant knowledge of film history and be able to place an individual film in its historical or cultural context. I think it’s important to emphasize that a good movie critic must also be a good writer. Film criticism is more than simply saying whether a movie is good or bad. It’s about writing in a way that captures the experience of watching the film in question.

我想准确地说;影评人是专门写一些有关影片的评论、分析以及衡量影片艺术上的优点。干这一行还要讲究效率,作为一名影评人,必须要有对电影历史的深厚知识。同时能够置身于影片中的历史或文化的背景和来龙去脉。我想这是要着重要强调的。一位好的影评人同时也必须是一位好作家(写手)。影片的评论不能单纯简单地说,好与坏。这是关乎到文章要抓捕到观看影片的热门讨论话题的瞬间。

空英:影评人如何做到这些?
SC: How do they do it?
JC: Most of the time, critics are invited to see films at press screenings held by the studios. These screenings are generally held a week or two before the film opens to give critics time to file their reviews before the film’s release. However, it’s been an increasingly common practice for studios to NOT screen a movie in advance, which is usually a pretty good sign that the movie is really bad. If there is no screening, the critic has to go see the movie on the morning it opens and then publish a review as quickly as possible.

在大多数的时候,电影制作方(或发行商)会邀请这些影评人观看“电影专场新闻发布会”。这些“电影专场”一般在影片正式放映之前,一到两个星期里给这些影评人有时间写作,并给媒体发送评论稿件。不管怎么说,它一直以来是电影制作方日益普遍的做法,但,没有在公映前放“电影专场”通常可能是影片卖座的好征兆,又或是该片认真的差。如果没有“电影专场”,影评人则要在早上公映时观看电影,然后尽快写出评论文章。
空英:怎样能成为一个影评人?
SC: How does one become a movie critic?
JC: There are all sorts of different doors leading into this profession. I became a passionate lover of film in my teens and soon developed a compulsion to write about them long before I decided to start doing it professionally. I reviewed films for my college newspaper and studied journalism, film and business. After graduating, I got an internship at Variety, eventually they hired me, and the rest is pretty much history.

有很多不同的途径能成为一个专业的影评人。在我十多岁的时候,我对电影充满热情和爱好,不久对写作就产生冲动。我就决定开始做一些专业的影评工作,我重温了在我大学时的报纸和研习的新闻报道,摄影和商科。毕业后,我在《《综艺VARIETY》》谋得一份实习生工作,最终他们雇请了我,接下来的事情是尽人皆知,不用我多费唇舌了。

空英:博客与互联网是如何改变了影评人的潜规则?
SC: How have blogs and the Internet changed the role of movie critics?
JC: Enormously. For better and for worse, the Internet has democratized journalism, and that extends to film criticism as well. Nowadays, anyone who sees a movie can post his or her thoughts on the web even if they aren’t a particularly good writer or don’t have the requisite film knowledge. That said, there are many excellent film bloggers and online critics who are adding their voices to the dialogue. Ultimately, that’s what film criticism is about-fashioning an ongoing dialogue among critics and their readers.

有很大的改变。不管怎样,有好也有坏,互联网是一种新闻报道的民主化进程,其中也包括影评。现今,任何人看完一部电影,写出观后感贴在网上,尽管文章写得并不那么好或是连一点电影知识都不占边,那也无关重要。有一种说法;在网上有很多博客写出一流的影评文章,这是在网上各种对话中加进他们的一种声音。最终,这种评论性的文章就形成一种影评人与读者之间的对话。

I should also add that the Internet has made it much easier to dialogue with readers about my reviews.
我也应该加入到互联网中去,与读者更好地对话和沟通。

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