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lesson19-lesson20

(2011-10-31 12:29:29)
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杂谈

    这两课的重点内容我会拿到课堂上讲,其他的内容孩儿们下载下来自己学习一下便可以了。别忘了作业哦。。。 

1. dear  亲爱的

⑴daring 

宝贝,亲爱的

⑵honey

⑶sugar

⑷sweetheart

⑸candy

⑹Mr. right  如意郎君

⑺sugar report  情书

 

 

2.kidnapper : 绑匪

① kidnap : 绑架

② hold sb for ransom :以勒索赎金为目的绑架某人

①     put a price on sb’s head : 悬赏捉拿

②     abduct women and kids : 拐卖妇女儿童

③     swindle money out of sb :拐骗钱财

④     defraud sb of money : 从某人那诈骗钱财

⑤     swindler :骗子

⑴ political swindler :政治骗子

⑥     imposter : sb who pretends to be someone else.:冒名顶替者

⑦     cheat :sb who is dishonest 

不诚实的人;骗子

⑴cheat on sb :

  To be unfaithful to one’s husband or wife

对丈夫(或妻子)不忠

⑵trickster (耍把戏的)骗子

A fast-talking trickster :油嘴滑舌的骗子

 

 

3. considerable adj. 相当多的

⑴Considerable income : 收入可观

Handsome income <-> meager income  :收入菲薄

⑵Considerate :very thoughtful 体贴细致的

Eg: It is so considerate of you not to play the piano while I was sleeping.

⑶ tolerable  :可容忍的

   Tolerate  : 宽容大度

⑷respectable

A respectable old lady :值得尊敬的老妇人

⑸respectful :

Be respectful to sb :对…表示尊敬

⑹respective :各自的

Eg: These ambitious young men have their respective future dreams .这些有抱负的年轻人都有自己的梦想。

 

 

4.wealthy 有钱的,有资产的

⑴ rich (口)

Rich in Vitamin C

富含维他命C的

Protein-rich food :高蛋白事物

Rich blue :a beautiful strong color 靓丽的蓝色

⑵ opulent adj. 富足的

⑶ luxurious adj. 豪华奢侈的

A luxurious dining room

⑷ well-off : to have enough money to have a good standard of living.

生活小康的,生活富裕的

⑸ better-off

   Best-off  :生活很富裕的

Eg: The government claims that people are better-off than they were five years ago.

⑹be loaded 腰缠万贯的

⑺fat cat  有钱人

⑻have deep pockets  有钱人

 

 

5. disappear v. 消失

⑴Disappear from view :消失在视野中

Disappear from sight : 消失在视线中

Eg: Peter目送他心爱的人乘船慢慢消失在视野之中。Peter watched the boat with his sweet heart on it until it disappeared from view.

⑵vanish  v.(突然)消失

Vanish into the air :消失的无影无踪,一扫而光

Eg: The little boy’s sorrow vanished into the air when he saw his prize dog come back.

当这个小男孩看到他心爱的小狗回来后,他的烦恼一扫而光。

⑶gone with the wind :随风而逝

 

 

6. anonymous adj.

(unknown by name )没署名的;匿名的

①An anonymous phone call 一个匿名的电话

②An anonymous letter : 一个匿名信

③An anonymous donation :没有署名的捐赠

⑴anonymity  n.

Under the anonymity :没有署名

⑵autonym: n. 真名

⑶pseudonym : 笔名

⑷an-(否定)not, without

①     anemia :wand of blood  贫血

②     anarchy :without a monarch  无政府

③     anecdote :(not given out )a story in private life :奇闻异事

 

 

7.ransom  n. 赎金

Hold sb for ransom

⑴bail n./v. 保释金(人)

Pay (money)in bail for sb :花钱保释

v. bail sb out :保释出狱

⑵premium n. 保险费

⑶pension n. 退休金

⑷mortgage 抵押金(房产等)

 

 

8.withdraw  v.撤销,取回

⑴withdraw the troops from the front

从前线撤军

⑵withdraw oneself from society

隐退(不在社交界露面)

⑶withdraw a child from school

接孩子放学

⑷withdraw from the election

退出选举

⑸withdraw a bill :取消一项议案

⑹withdraw an order :取消一项命令

⑺withdraw money :取钱

⑻deposit v. 存款

Deposit money in the bank

⑼overdraw :透支

⑽hot money : 短期贷款

⑾interest rate :利率

 

 

9.Punctually adv. 准时地

⑴Punctual adj

Be punctual for appointments :准时赴约

Be late for school

Be early for party

Break an appointment :失约

Stand sb up :放了某人的鸽子

(13:06:57)

(14:49:04)

 

 

二. 课文讲解

1. Be interested in sth

Show interested in sth

Take interested in sth

Lose interested in sth

Arouse sb’s interested in sth :激起某人对某事的兴趣= stimulate sb’s interested in sth

⑴supplement of oral English

How to ask if sb is interested is in sth :

Eg: Does bull fight appeal to you ?

斗牛能吸引你吗?

Eg: Do you think golfing attracting?

你热衷于高尔夫球运动?

Eg: Are you a film goer?

你是不是电影迷?

Eg: Are you keen on bowing?

你对保龄球很热衷吗?

Eg: Do you go for basketball ?

你喜欢打篮球吗?

Eg: what turns you on ?

到底什么才能吸引你?

⑵be interested in :同…有利害关系

Eg: Being interested in the matter , he cannot arbitrate. 由于他与这件事有厉害关系,他不能裁决。

 

 

2.⑴ a very wealthy old lady …

形容词的修饰顺序:越能描述事物本质的词就越要放到离中心名词近的位置。

①a Chinese writing desk : 一张中式写字台

②a dark brown Chinese writing desk:一张深褐色的中式写字台

③a big dark brown Chinese writing desk:一张宽大的深褐色的中式写字台

⑵a wonderful example of early Chinese architecture 一个早期的中式的精美建筑物展示。

⑶share sth with sb

①share the same interest with sb :二者有共同的兴趣爱好。

②share the sorrow as well as joy with sb :与某人分担快乐与忧伤。

③shares  n.  (Br)股,股份

  Stock      (Am)

Eg: He holds 50% shares in this company. 他在公司里享有50%的股份。

 

 

3.⑴lead an orderly life :过着有规律的生活

Lead a colorful life :过着精彩的生活

Lead a mysterious life :过着神秘的生活

⑵orderly  adj

①     orderly market :规范的市场

②     a man with an orderly mind :头脑清晰的一个人

& Lead an orderly life

  同源宾语是英语在词组层次上的一种特殊的同义重复。某些动词经过名词化,变成名词而充当原来动词的宾语。同源宾语在音韵上给人和谐之感,在修辞上给人以平衡之感。

①  dream a sweet dream :做了一个美梦

②  sleep a sound sleep : 甜甜的睡了一觉。

③  laugh a hearty laugh :开怀大笑

④  smile a faint smile :微微一笑

⑤  sigh a deep sigh :深深叹息

⑶①in the evenings :in every evening

每个晚上

②on Sundays :每个星期天

③     at nights : 每个夜晚

④     in the mornings :每天一大早晨

 

 

4.⑴be home : 回家

Home adv.

①Strike home :击中要害

②Hit the nail on its head :一针见血

③drive home : to make sb understood

               讲清楚,讲透彻

④home free :大获成功

Eg: The whole project is now home free.

   整个工程告捷。

⑤     home page :个人主页

⑥     home crowd :家乡父老

⑵Eg :Even it was rather late, the cat could not have failed to come back home.

 

 

5.⑴hand  n.

①writer :写信人

②be in safe hands / be in good hands

在可靠人手中,(悉心照顾)

③hand :in control /care

Eg: Don’t worry the kids are in good hands

A firm hand :严厉的管教

Eg: The naught boy needed a firm hand.

A free hand :全权负责

A green hand : 生手

A help hand : 帮手

A right hand :得力助手

A china hand :中国通

⑵①but fearing 担心,惟恐(表示原因状语)

② afraid of …

Eg: But fearing to frighten the poor man,Mrs Richards quickly hid herself in the small storeroom under the stairs.

6.⑴“that”refers to :

   “If she didn’t pay a ransom, she would never see the cat again”

Eg: I’ve made it clear that I’m against the plan 关于这一点我已说的很清楚了,我反对这个计划。

⑵ follow one’s instructions :听从某人的指示

Follow one’s orders :听从某人的意愿

Follow one’s wishes

Follow one’s advice :听从某人的建议

Follow one’s promise:信守诺言

Follow one’s nose :跟着感觉走

 

 

7.⑴the next morning =the following morning :第二天早晨

The very next morning :转天大清早

⑵keep one’s word / promise :信守诺言

Make a promise :许诺

Carry out a promise : 履行诺言

Keep a promise

Break a promise :食言

⑶character 方块字(象形文字)

3-charater scripture :三字经

Calligraphy :书法

‘happiness’character :福字

⑷word :字母文字

①     a man of his word :信守诺言的人

②     a woman of her word

③     4-letter words :strong language which is often made of 4 letters. 骂人的粗话

Fart 、shit、fuck、jerk

④ carry out to the letter :事实照办

Eg: The henpecked husband carried out everything to his wife’s letter.这个“妻管严”的丈夫对他的妻子言听计从。

 

 

8. ⑴look well

Well adj .healthy

Look healthy

Look fit

Fitness centre :健身中心

Eg: How are you?

I’m very well.

I’m very good.(wrong)

⑵be dear to sb

Expensive and lovely

双关语pun:

不同词源在长期演化过程中,碰巧变得形式相同,意义不同,于是形成特有的pun,产生无穷无尽的humor,但译成汉语很难同时保留原有的幽默感。

①同音同形异义

Eg: customer: This soup is spoiled?

   Water:   who told you?

   customer: A little swallow.我尝了一小口。

Eg: A: I thought the guy was gay.我认为这个人蛮有意思的。

   B: He is not a gay .他好像不是一个同性恋。

   A: It’s not a gay, it’s just gay.

②同音异形异义(更具有不可翻译性)

Eg: Seven days without water make one weak(week).七天不喝水会使人变得虚弱。

⑶considering …

就…而论,考虑到(介词)

①  according to 根据

②     concerning 关于

③     regarding关于

④     respecting关于,鉴于

Eg: Respecting his serious illness, the doctor decided to make an operation on him.

⑶in more ways than one 不仅如此(还有别的意义)

Eg: Education is paid too much attention to, for the simple reason that it is important for anyone who wants to find a job. But, actually it is essential in more ways than one.

Eg: The sticky business could have been dealt with in more ways than one.这棘手的事情应该多用一些方法解决它。

 

 

 

三.Popular phrases

1.play cat and mouse with :对…搞猫戏老鼠的把戏;对…欲擒故纵

Eg: The police decided to play cat and mouse with the thief.警察决定对那个小偷实行欲擒故纵的方法。

2.dog days  :伏天;酷暑期

 

 

四.Supplementary exercise

1. Digestion _____ the necessary chemical changes in the food which must occur before it can be absorbed.

A. consists of      B. consists in

C. consists with    D. consists

 分析:【B】

B.consist in : lie in

A. consists of: be made up of 由…组成

C.consists with:accord with

   消化的过程主要在于在食物被吸收之前的一系列必要的化学变化。

 

 

 

Lesson20

 Pioneer Pilots       飞行员的先驱

 

一、单词讲解

1.pioneer n.先驱,先锋,(军)工兵

Eg: The pioneers of the women’s Liberation Movement 女性解放运动的先驱

⑴-eer   …人(做某事)

①An auctioneer :拍卖者

②A profiteer : (在战时,混乱之际)囤积居奇者

③Frontier  : n.边境,边疆

Frontier disputes : 国际纷争

The Frontier: 边远地区

   An area where people have never lived there before, that not much is known about, esp. in the western US before the 20th century.

以前从来没有人居住过的,鲜为人知的。

Frontiersman :拓荒者

④Father: n.创始者,鼻祖

Eg: Freud is the father of psychoanalysis.

弗洛伊德是心理学的创始者。

 

 

二.课文讲解

1. offer a prize of :提供(…钱)的奖酬

Eg: The police offered a reward for any information .警方悬赏获取信息。

①Put money on sb’s head 悬赏捉拿

②Offer one’s hand to sb (to shake hands with)

Offer one’s life to the country :把生命献给祖国

Offer identity card :出示身份证

Offer $500 for the horse :出价500买这匹马

③fly across :飞越

④sail across :横渡

Eg: Titanic sailed across the icy waters of the north Atlantic.

⑤swim across 游过

⑥come across : 通过;遇上;碰到

Eg: I came across a new word .我遇到了一个生词。

Eg: I came across an acquaintance.

我遇到了一个熟人。

 

 

2. Eg: The first attempt was not made until over a year passed.

  Eg: The bell struck thirteen times before it stopped.

  Eg: He ran out of the room before they could stop him.他们还没有来得及阻止他,他已经跑出了屋子。

①over :超过,…多(了)

Eg: You don’t seem a day over 20. 你看上去连20都没有。

Eg: You don’t seem your age .

你看上去没那么大。

②take off

⑴ 脱掉

①Take years off sb :使之看上去年轻

Eg: Her slimming course seems to take years off her. 她的减肥课程使她看上去年轻了许多。

②put years on sb : 使某人看上去老了许多。

Eg: His broken marriage put years on him. 他的那场破碎的婚姻使他看上去老了许多。

⑵ 起飞(off:离开,动身)

Draw off 撤离

Lift off (火箭,飞船)起飞,发射,升空

Set off : 出发

Kick off :离开(口)(足球赛)开始比赛

Fly off : (轮子等)飞脱

 

 

3⑴.coast n. the area where the land meets the sea (陆地与海岸相接)海岸

①Pacific coast :太平洋海岸

②seashore /seaside : 海滨

③a seaside sanatorium :海滨疗养院

⑵Beach :海滩,沙滩

Marine nature reserve :海洋自然资源保护区

⑶  He had travelled only seven miles across the channel when his engine failed 此句也可以改写为:

He had travelled only seven miles across the channel before his engine failed

⑷fail :失败,坏了

Eg: Words failed me when I met my long-lost sister.我见到了多年未见的妹妹,激动的说不出来话了。

Eg: The peace-talk failed .和谈失败

①fail to see :used to show that you are annoyed by something 我不明白,我不觉得

Eg: I fail to see anything wrong. 我觉得没有什么错

②be broken :出故障

  Break out

Something sucks (Am)(口语)什么东西坏掉了

Eg: The car sucks.我的车坏掉了。

Eg: Their marriage sucks. 他们的婚姻破裂了

Eg: My English sucks. 我的英语太糟糕了。

③force to land :迫降

Forced landing (航空)紧急降落

Force a smile :勉强一笑

Force sb’s hand :不得不,被迫

 To make someone do something unwillingly or earlier than they had intended.

Eg: We didn’t want to raise our prices but the fall in the dollar forced our hand.我们本不打算谈价的,可是美元下跌使得我们不得不出此下策。

 

 

4.float on the water :漂浮

Float :to stay or move on the surface of water without sinking

⑴float on air :兴高采烈

  float on cloud :兴高采烈

⑵fluctuate :v. 价格波动

Fluctuate wildly :大幅波动

⑶drift :to move slowly on water or in the air

漂流,漂移

Eg: The raft was drifting down the river.木筏顺着水流向下漂。

★drifter :漂泊者,流浪汉

⑷ pick up

★1. pick yourself up :to get up from the ground after a fall. 摔倒后爬起来

Eg: Pick yourself up where you fall down. 从哪里摔倒便从哪里爬起来。

★2. pick up after sb : to tidy things that someone else has left untidy.

Eg: Who wants to get married and spend life time picking up after some men?

★3. pick me up at 7:to collect sb 在7点钟接某人

★4. pick up lesson 20 :学习了第二十课

Pick up a wallet lying on the ground :捡起地上的钱包

 

 

5.⑴ ◆with 的复合结构

Eg1: Now he could walk only with someone supporting him.他要靠别人的搀扶才能走路。

Eg2:She said good-bye with tears in her eyes.

Eg3:Don’t speak with your mouth full.说话的时候嘴里面不要塞满了东西。

Eg4: He was thinking for a while with eyes shuts. 他闭上眼睛想了一会。

Eg4:She ran with beads of sweat running down her face. 他搞的满天大汗。

 

 

6.■overland adj. 陆上的

Overland flight :陆上飞行

⑴Overseas  adj.海外的

Overseas students :海外学生

Overseas Chinese :华侨

⑵overman  监工,工头

 

 

7.▲cover v.

⑴to travel a distance :行走了…

①cover a lot of ground :(travel a long way)走了很长的一段路

⑵覆盖

②to spread over an area :覆盖的面积

Eg: China covered 9.6 million square kilometers.

⑶ to report the details of sth for a newspaper, television or radio.报道

Eg: cover the winter Olympics

⑷to pay money for :付账

①cover the bill :买单

 

 

8. It looked as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel.

▼as if/though

     ⑴行非事实的比喻与夸张,所以它们引导的从句通常使用虚拟语气。

Eg1:He works very hard as if he never intended to sleep a wink.他工作的太卖力了,好像他根本就不需要睡觉。

Eg2:Those flowers looked as if they were asleep in the hot sun.这些花在太阳下好像都要睡着了。

Eg3:He talks as if he were a hero. 他说话的语气好像他是个英雄似的。

⑵但as if /though 引导的从句表示一种实现可能性较大或说话人认为接近事实,往往也用陈述语气。

Eg: It looks as if the little twins are going to have another fight with each other.

●give up

Eg: He was willing to give up a long, normal life for a short, exciting life as a flier.

他愿用漫长的而平庸的一生去换取做一个飞行员的短暂而激动人心的生活。

 

 

9.▲test flight :试飞

①take an IQ test :接受智力测试

(IQ:intelligence quotient)

②a nuclear test :核试验

③test drive :试车

④test pilot :试飞员

⑤test match :国际锦标赛

★ local policeman :当地警察

① local time :当地时间

② local custom :当地习俗

③ local government :当地政府

④ local news :当地新闻

⑤     local color :地方特色

⑥     local anesthesia :局部麻醉

 

 

10.◆within half a mile of Dover

⑴with :no more than

① within a mile of the town :离城镇一英里的地方

② 45 miles south of  London :离伦敦城45英里的地方

 

 

 

三.Adage :箴言

A well-known phrase that says something wise about human experience.

★1.If I saw further than other men, it was because I stood on the shoulders of giants.

如果我看的比别人远的话,那是因为我站在巨人的肩膀上。

           ——————— Isaac Newton

 

★2. Jackie Cochran:

   She was the first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound.第一个进行超音速飞行的女飞行员。

   ※“Earth-bound souls know only that underside of the atmosphere in which they live. But go up higher, and the sky turns dark. High up enough and one can see the starts at noon.”I have. I have traveled with the wind and the stars.

那些束缚在地面上的人只知道大气层以下的世界,但是请往更高处走,天空就会变的黑暗,当达到高度足够高时,你可以在这里看到群星,我看到了。我曾经和风、星星一起旅行。

 

 

 A very dear cat : 一只贵重的宝贝猫

 

 

1. dear  亲爱的

⑴daring 

宝贝,亲爱的

⑵honey

⑶sugar

⑷sweetheart

⑸candy

⑹Mr. right  如意郎君

⑺sugar report  情书

 

 

2.kidnapper : 绑匪

① kidnap : 绑架

② hold sb for ransom :以勒索赎金为目的绑架某人

①     put a price on sb’s head : 悬赏捉拿

②     abduct women and kids : 拐卖妇女儿童

③     swindle money out of sb :拐骗钱财

④     defraud sb of money : 从某人那诈骗钱财

⑤     swindler :骗子

⑴ political swindler :政治骗子

⑥     imposter : sb who pretends to be someone else.:冒名顶替者

⑦     cheat :sb who is dishonest 

不诚实的人;骗子

⑴cheat on sb :

  To be unfaithful to one’s husband or wife

对丈夫(或妻子)不忠

⑵trickster (耍把戏的)骗子

A fast-talking trickster :油嘴滑舌的骗子

 

 

3. considerable adj. 相当多的

⑴Considerable income : 收入可观

Handsome income <-> meager income  :收入菲薄

⑵Considerate :very thoughtful 体贴细致的

Eg: It is so considerate of you not to play the piano while I was sleeping.

⑶ tolerable  :可容忍的

   Tolerate  : 宽容大度

⑷respectable

A respectable old lady :值得尊敬的老妇人

⑸respectful :

Be respectful to sb :对…表示尊敬

⑹respective :各自的

Eg: These ambitious young men have their respective future dreams .这些有抱负的年轻人都有自己的梦想。

 

 

4.wealthy 有钱的,有资产的

⑴ rich (口)

Rich in Vitamin C

富含维他命C的

Protein-rich food :高蛋白事物

Rich blue :a beautiful strong color 靓丽的蓝色

⑵ opulent adj. 富足的

⑶ luxurious adj. 豪华奢侈的

A luxurious dining room

⑷ well-off : to have enough money to have a good standard of living.

生活小康的,生活富裕的

⑸ better-off

   Best-off  :生活很富裕的

Eg: The government claims that people are better-off than they were five years ago.

⑹be loaded 腰缠万贯的

⑺fat cat  有钱人

⑻have deep pockets  有钱人

 

 

5. disappear v. 消失

⑴Disappear from view :消失在视野中

Disappear from sight : 消失在视线中

Eg: Peter目送他心爱的人乘船慢慢消失在视野之中。Peter watched the boat with his sweet heart on it until it disappeared from view.

⑵vanish  v.(突然)消失

Vanish into the air :消失的无影无踪,一扫而光

Eg: The little boy’s sorrow vanished into the air when he saw his prize dog come back.

当这个小男孩看到他心爱的小狗回来后,他的烦恼一扫而光。

⑶gone with the wind :随风而逝

 

 

6. anonymous adj.

(unknown by name )没署名的;匿名的

①An anonymous phone call 一个匿名的电话

②An anonymous letter : 一个匿名信

③An anonymous donation :没有署名的捐赠

⑴anonymity  n.

Under the anonymity :没有署名

⑵autonym: n. 真名

⑶pseudonym : 笔名

⑷an-(否定)not, without

①     anemia :wand of blood  贫血

②     anarchy :without a monarch  无政府

③     anecdote :(not given out )a story in private life :奇闻异事

 

 

7.ransom  n. 赎金

Hold sb for ransom

⑴bail n./v. 保释金(人)

Pay (money)in bail for sb :花钱保释

v. bail sb out :保释出狱

⑵premium n. 保险费

⑶pension n. 退休金

⑷mortgage 抵押金(房产等)

 

 

8.withdraw  v.撤销,取回

⑴withdraw the troops from the front

从前线撤军

⑵withdraw oneself from society

隐退(不在社交界露面)

⑶withdraw a child from school

接孩子放学

⑷withdraw from the election

退出选举

⑸withdraw a bill :取消一项议案

⑹withdraw an order :取消一项命令

⑺withdraw money :取钱

⑻deposit v. 存款

Deposit money in the bank

⑼overdraw :透支

⑽hot money : 短期贷款

⑾interest rate :利率

 

 

9.Punctually adv. 准时地

⑴Punctual adj

Be punctual for appointments :准时赴约

Be late for school

Be early for party

Break an appointment :失约

Stand sb up :放了某人的鸽子

(13:06:57)

(14:49:04)

 

 

二. 课文讲解

1. Be interested in sth

Show interested in sth

Take interested in sth

Lose interested in sth

Arouse sb’s interested in sth :激起某人对某事的兴趣= stimulate sb’s interested in sth

⑴supplement of oral English

How to ask if sb is interested is in sth :

Eg: Does bull fight appeal to you ?

斗牛能吸引你吗?

Eg: Do you think golfing attracting?

你热衷于高尔夫球运动?

Eg: Are you a film goer?

你是不是电影迷?

Eg: Are you keen on bowing?

你对保龄球很热衷吗?

Eg: Do you go for basketball ?

你喜欢打篮球吗?

Eg: what turns you on ?

到底什么才能吸引你?

⑵be interested in :同…有利害关系

Eg: Being interested in the matter , he cannot arbitrate. 由于他与这件事有厉害关系,他不能裁决。

 

 

2.⑴ a very wealthy old lady …

形容词的修饰顺序:越能描述事物本质的词就越要放到离中心名词近的位置。

①a Chinese writing desk : 一张中式写字台

②a dark brown Chinese writing desk:一张深褐色的中式写字台

③a big dark brown Chinese writing desk:一张宽大的深褐色的中式写字台

⑵a wonderful example of early Chinese architecture 一个早期的中式的精美建筑物展示。

⑶share sth with sb

①share the same interest with sb :二者有共同的兴趣爱好。

②share the sorrow as well as joy with sb :与某人分担快乐与忧伤。

③shares  n.  (Br)股,股份

  Stock      (Am)

Eg: He holds 50% shares in this company. 他在公司里享有50%的股份。

 

 

3.⑴lead an orderly life :过着有规律的生活

Lead a colorful life :过着精彩的生活

Lead a mysterious life :过着神秘的生活

⑵orderly  adj

①     orderly market :规范的市场

②     a man with an orderly mind :头脑清晰的一个人

& Lead an orderly life

  同源宾语是英语在词组层次上的一种特殊的同义重复。某些动词经过名词化,变成名词而充当原来动词的宾语。同源宾语在音韵上给人和谐之感,在修辞上给人以平衡之感。

①  dream a sweet dream :做了一个美梦

②  sleep a sound sleep : 甜甜的睡了一觉。

③  laugh a hearty laugh :开怀大笑

④  smile a faint smile :微微一笑

⑤  sigh a deep sigh :深深叹息

⑶①in the evenings :in every evening

每个晚上

②on Sundays :每个星期天

③     at nights : 每个夜晚

④     in the mornings :每天一大早晨

 

 

4.⑴be home : 回家

Home adv.

①Strike home :击中要害

②Hit the nail on its head :一针见血

③drive home : to make sb understood

               讲清楚,讲透彻

④home free :大获成功

Eg: The whole project is now home free.

   整个工程告捷。

⑤     home page :个人主页

⑥     home crowd :家乡父老

⑵Eg :Even it was rather late, the cat could not have failed to come back home.

 

 

5.⑴hand  n.

①writer :写信人

②be in safe hands / be in good hands

在可靠人手中,(悉心照顾)

③hand :in control /care

Eg: Don’t worry the kids are in good hands

A firm hand :严厉的管教

Eg: The naught boy needed a firm hand.

A free hand :全权负责

A green hand : 生手

A help hand : 帮手

A right hand :得力助手

A china hand :中国通

⑵①but fearing 担心,惟恐(表示原因状语)

② afraid of …

Eg: But fearing to frighten the poor man,Mrs Richards quickly hid herself in the small storeroom under the stairs.

6.⑴“that”refers to :

   “If she didn’t pay a ransom, she would never see the cat again”

Eg: I’ve made it clear that I’m against the plan 关于这一点我已说的很清楚了,我反对这个计划。

⑵ follow one’s instructions :听从某人的指示

Follow one’s orders :听从某人的意愿

Follow one’s wishes

Follow one’s advice :听从某人的建议

Follow one’s promise:信守诺言

Follow one’s nose :跟着感觉走

 

 

7.⑴the next morning =the following morning :第二天早晨

The very next morning :转天大清早

⑵keep one’s word / promise :信守诺言

Make a promise :许诺

Carry out a promise : 履行诺言

Keep a promise

Break a promise :食言

⑶character 方块字(象形文字)

3-charater scripture :三字经

Calligraphy :书法

‘happiness’character :福字

⑷word :字母文字

①     a man of his word :信守诺言的人

②     a woman of her word

③     4-letter words :strong language which is often made of 4 letters. 骂人的粗话

Fart 、shit、fuck、jerk

④ carry out to the letter :事实照办

Eg: The henpecked husband carried out everything to his wife’s letter.这个“妻管严”的丈夫对他的妻子言听计从。

 

 

8. ⑴look well

Well adj .healthy

Look healthy

Look fit

Fitness centre :健身中心

Eg: How are you?

I’m very well.

I’m very good.(wrong)

⑵be dear to sb

Expensive and lovely

双关语pun:

不同词源在长期演化过程中,碰巧变得形式相同,意义不同,于是形成特有的pun,产生无穷无尽的humor,但译成汉语很难同时保留原有的幽默感。

①同音同形异义

Eg: customer: This soup is spoiled?

   Water:   who told you?

   customer: A little swallow.我尝了一小口。

Eg: A: I thought the guy was gay.我认为这个人蛮有意思的。

   B: He is not a gay .他好像不是一个同性恋。

   A: It’s not a gay, it’s just gay.

②同音异形异义(更具有不可翻译性)

Eg: Seven days without water make one weak(week).七天不喝水会使人变得虚弱。

⑶considering …

就…而论,考虑到(介词)

①  according to 根据

②     concerning 关于

③     regarding关于

④     respecting关于,鉴于

Eg: Respecting his serious illness, the doctor decided to make an operation on him.

⑶in more ways than one 不仅如此(还有别的意义)

Eg: Education is paid too much attention to, for the simple reason that it is important for anyone who wants to find a job. But, actually it is essential in more ways than one.

Eg: The sticky business could have been dealt with in more ways than one.这棘手的事情应该多用一些方法解决它。

 

 

 

三.Popular phrases

1.play cat and mouse with :对…搞猫戏老鼠的把戏;对…欲擒故纵

Eg: The police decided to play cat and mouse with the thief.警察决定对那个小偷实行欲擒故纵的方法。

2.dog days  :伏天;酷暑期

 

 

四.Supplementary exercise

1. Digestion _____ the necessary chemical changes in the food which must occur before it can be absorbed.

A. consists of      B. consists in

C. consists with    D. consists

 分析:【B】

B.consist in : lie in

A. consists of: be made up of 由…组成

C.consists with:accord with

   消化的过程主要在于在食物被吸收之前的一系列必要的化学变化。

 

 

 

Lesson20

 Pioneer Pilots       飞行员的先驱

 

一、单词讲解

1.pioneer n.先驱,先锋,(军)工兵

Eg: The pioneers of the women’s Liberation Movement 女性解放运动的先驱

⑴-eer   …人(做某事)

①An auctioneer :拍卖者

②A profiteer : (在战时,混乱之际)囤积居奇者

③Frontier  : n.边境,边疆

Frontier disputes : 国际纷争

The Frontier: 边远地区

   An area where people have never lived there before, that not much is known about, esp. in the western US before the 20th century.

以前从来没有人居住过的,鲜为人知的。

Frontiersman :拓荒者

④Father: n.创始者,鼻祖

Eg: Freud is the father of psychoanalysis.

弗洛伊德是心理学的创始者。

 

 

二.课文讲解

1. offer a prize of :提供(…钱)的奖酬

Eg: The police offered a reward for any information .警方悬赏获取信息。

①Put money on sb’s head 悬赏捉拿

②Offer one’s hand to sb (to shake hands with)

Offer one’s life to the country :把生命献给祖国

Offer identity card :出示身份证

Offer $500 for the horse :出价500买这匹马

③fly across :飞越

④sail across :横渡

Eg: Titanic sailed across the icy waters of the north Atlantic.

⑤swim across 游过

⑥come across : 通过;遇上;碰到

Eg: I came across a new word .我遇到了一个生词。

Eg: I came across an acquaintance.

我遇到了一个熟人。

 

 

2. Eg: The first attempt was not made until over a year passed.

  Eg: The bell struck thirteen times before it stopped.

  Eg: He ran out of the room before they could stop him.他们还没有来得及阻止他,他已经跑出了屋子。

①over :超过,…多(了)

Eg: You don’t seem a day over 20. 你看上去连20都没有。

Eg: You don’t seem your age .

你看上去没那么大。

②take off

⑴ 脱掉

①Take years off sb :使之看上去年轻

Eg: Her slimming course seems to take years off her. 她的减肥课程使她看上去年轻了许多。

②put years on sb : 使某人看上去老了许多。

Eg: His broken marriage put years on him. 他的那场破碎的婚姻使他看上去老了许多。

⑵ 起飞(off:离开,动身)

Draw off 撤离

Lift off (火箭,飞船)起飞,发射,升空

Set off : 出发

Kick off :离开(口)(足球赛)开始比赛

Fly off : (轮子等)飞脱

 

 

3⑴.coast n. the area where the land meets the sea (陆地与海岸相接)海岸

①Pacific coast :太平洋海岸

②seashore /seaside : 海滨

③a seaside sanatorium :海滨疗养院

⑵Beach :海滩,沙滩

Marine nature reserve :海洋自然资源保护区

⑶  He had travelled only seven miles across the channel when his engine failed 此句也可以改写为:

He had travelled only seven miles across the channel before his engine failed

⑷fail :失败,坏了

Eg: Words failed me when I met my long-lost sister.我见到了多年未见的妹妹,激动的说不出来话了。

Eg: The peace-talk failed .和谈失败

①fail to see :used to show that you are annoyed by something 我不明白,我不觉得

Eg: I fail to see anything wrong. 我觉得没有什么错

②be broken :出故障

  Break out

Something sucks (Am)(口语)什么东西坏掉了

Eg: The car sucks.我的车坏掉了。

Eg: Their marriage sucks. 他们的婚姻破裂了

Eg: My English sucks. 我的英语太糟糕了。

③force to land :迫降

Forced landing (航空)紧急降落

Force a smile :勉强一笑

Force sb’s hand :不得不,被迫

 To make someone do something unwillingly or earlier than they had intended.

Eg: We didn’t want to raise our prices but the fall in the dollar forced our hand.我们本不打算谈价的,可是美元下跌使得我们不得不出此下策。

 

 

4.float on the water :漂浮

Float :to stay or move on the surface of water without sinking

⑴float on air :兴高采烈

  float on cloud :兴高采烈

⑵fluctuate :v. 价格波动

Fluctuate wildly :大幅波动

⑶drift :to move slowly on water or in the air

漂流,漂移

Eg: The raft was drifting down the river.木筏顺着水流向下漂。

★drifter :漂泊者,流浪汉

⑷ pick up

★1. pick yourself up :to get up from the ground after a fall. 摔倒后爬起来

Eg: Pick yourself up where you fall down. 从哪里摔倒便从哪里爬起来。

★2. pick up after sb : to tidy things that someone else has left untidy.

Eg: Who wants to get married and spend life time picking up after some men?

★3. pick me up at 7:to collect sb 在7点钟接某人

★4. pick up lesson 20 :学习了第二十课

Pick up a wallet lying on the ground :捡起地上的钱包

 

 

5.⑴ ◆with 的复合结构

Eg1: Now he could walk only with someone supporting him.他要靠别人的搀扶才能走路。

Eg2:She said good-bye with tears in her eyes.

Eg3:Don’t speak with your mouth full.说话的时候嘴里面不要塞满了东西。

Eg4: He was thinking for a while with eyes shuts. 他闭上眼睛想了一会。

Eg4:She ran with beads of sweat running down her face. 他搞的满天大汗。

 

 

6.■overland adj. 陆上的

Overland flight :陆上飞行

⑴Overseas  adj.海外的

Overseas students :海外学生

Overseas Chinese :华侨

⑵overman  监工,工头

 

 

7.▲cover v.

⑴to travel a distance :行走了…

①cover a lot of ground :(travel a long way)走了很长的一段路

⑵覆盖

②to spread over an area :覆盖的面积

Eg: China covered 9.6 million square kilometers.

⑶ to report the details of sth for a newspaper, television or radio.报道

Eg: cover the winter Olympics

⑷to pay money for :付账

①cover the bill :买单

 

 

8. It looked as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel.

▼as if/though

     ⑴行非事实的比喻与夸张,所以它们引导的从句通常使用虚拟语气。

Eg1:He works very hard as if he never intended to sleep a wink.他工作的太卖力了,好像他根本就不需要睡觉。

Eg2:Those flowers looked as if they were asleep in the hot sun.这些花在太阳下好像都要睡着了。

Eg3:He talks as if he were a hero. 他说话的语气好像他是个英雄似的。

⑵但as if /though 引导的从句表示一种实现可能性较大或说话人认为接近事实,往往也用陈述语气。

Eg: It looks as if the little twins are going to have another fight with each other.

●give up

Eg: He was willing to give up a long, normal life for a short, exciting life as a flier.

他愿用漫长的而平庸的一生去换取做一个飞行员的短暂而激动人心的生活。

 

 

9.▲test flight :试飞

①take an IQ test :接受智力测试

(IQ:intelligence quotient)

②a nuclear test :核试验

③test drive :试车

④test pilot :试飞员

⑤test match :国际锦标赛

★ local policeman :当地警察

① local time :当地时间

② local custom :当地习俗

③ local government :当地政府

④ local news :当地新闻

⑤     local color :地方特色

⑥     local anesthesia :局部麻醉

 

 

10.◆within half a mile of Dover

⑴with :no more than

① within a mile of the town :离城镇一英里的地方

② 45 miles south of  London :离伦敦城45英里的地方

 

 

 

三.Adage :箴言

A well-known phrase that says something wise about human experience.

★1.If I saw further than other men, it was because I stood on the shoulders of giants.

如果我看的比别人远的话,那是因为我站在巨人的肩膀上。

           ——————— Isaac Newton

 

★2. Jackie Cochran:

   She was the first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound.第一个进行超音速飞行的女飞行员。

   ※“Earth-bound souls know only that underside of the atmosphere in which they live. But go up higher, and the sky turns dark. High up enough and one can see the starts at noon.”I have. I have traveled with the wind and the stars.

那些束缚在地面上的人只知道大气层以下的世界,但是请往更高处走,天空就会变的黑暗,当达到高度足够高时,你可以在这里看到群星,我看到了。我曾经和风、星星一起旅行。

 

 

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