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(2012-05-22 20:02:57)



分类: 英语


  As can be clearly seen from the graph/table/chart,

  great changes have taken place in __________ 图表显示的情况

  Or: As is shown in the table/figure, .

  The __________ have/has skyrocketed/jumped from _____ to _____. 描述变化

  When it comes to the reasons for the changes, different people give different explanations. Here I shall just give a few. 概述原因

  To begin with, . 原因之一

  What’s more, . 原因之二

  Last but not least, . 原因之三

  While it is desirable that ___________, there are still some problems

  and difficulties for __________ 话题转移

  Firstly, __________ 要点一

  In addition, __________ 要点二

  In a word, __________ 总结


  1.As we can see from the chart/graph/table/diagram…

  2.The chart/graph/table/diagram shows that…

  As is shown in…; According to…; As can be seen in…

  3. This chart/graph/table/diagram shows a great/sharp/sudden/slow/rapid…. increase/drop...

  4. To make a generalization; on the whole; in general/generally speaking

5. 表示增长、上升的词汇

  increase, rise, climb, go up, soar, skyrocket,副词:sharply, remarkably, obviously, significantly, gradually, slowly

  6. 表示下降、减少的词汇decrease, drop, fall, go down, decline

  7. 表示持续不变的词汇level off; remain steady/unchanged

  8. 表示倍数的词汇

  double; triple the number of/the percentage of; four/five times

  9. 表示多少的词汇

  a little/ much/ a lot more/less than…, over…


 For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below:




Student Use of Computer

Since 1990, there has been tremendous growth in the use of computers by students. While in 1990, the average number of hours a student spent on the computer was about one hour per week, this number grew to nearly four hours per week by 1995, and to approximately 20 hours per week by the year 2000.

This significant growth in the use of computers by students in the 1990s can be attributed to several factors, including widespread usage, lower prices, and technological and social developments. Nowadays, computers are widely used by students for word processing, book keeping, multimedia presentations, and access to the Internet for both research and communications. Additionally, since 1990, due to competition and technological advances, computer hardware and software prices, as well as Internet usage charges have dropped significantly. Finally, technological developments and changes in social habits in the 1990s have played a major role in this tremendous growth in the use of computers. Todays society relies heavily on computers for immediate access to the news and for entertainment, including, listening to music, watching movies and sport events, and playing computer games.

While computers are of great assistance to the students, and therefore, are indispensable tools, they also pose some challenges. The biggest challenge that many students face is discipline in the use of this powerful device. That is, students need to have the discipline of not allowing themselves to be lured by the entertaining aspects of this wonderful toolaspects that can result in addiction to computer games or viewing of undesirable material on the Internet. That is to say, students need to use this powerful tool with great wisdom!


书信是一种应用非常广泛的应用文形式之一。英文书信的种类很多,但可以把它们归为两大类,一类是私人书信(personal letters),另一类是事务书信(business letters),例如:申请信、求职信、推荐信、证明信、感谢信等。英文书信的书写有一定的格式。一封完整的书信应包括寄信人的地址和日期;收信人的姓名和地址;称呼、正文、结尾和签名。



1 信封的写法


  Li Ming
  Chinese Department
  Beijing University
  Beijing, P. R.China

 Mrs. Mary Smith
  26 Long Street
  London, N. W. 16
  Great Britain

2 信的构成



  Chinese Department
  Beijing University
  Beijing, China
  30th Jan 2004
Prof, Mary Smith
26 Long Street
London, H. W. 16←
Great Britain
Dear Madam, ←



签名→Li Ming



Jan. 30, 2002 Jan. 30th, 2002

30th Jan. 200230 Jan, 2002


收信人姓名、地址写在左上方,低于写信人地址和发信日期一至两行,一般要在收信人姓名前加上尊称或头衔,如Mr., Mrs., Prof., Director等,如:

  Prof. Wang
  Chinese Department
  Beijing University







Yours truly, Truly yours, Faithfully yours, Yours faithfully, Respectfully yours, Yours respectfully, Yours lovingly, Yours, Yours ever等。




Enc. Drive License附驾驶执照

如果在写完信后,又有需要补充的内容,可在左下方写P. S. (postscript)



I’d like to apply for the job (post, position) advertised...

In answer to your advertisement, I wish to apply for...

I have had the experience of...

I am very interested in (keen on) ...

I shall be much obliged if you will give me an opportunity for interview...

I am writing to you to apply for admission to your university to pursue my Ph. D. Degree.

[例1Graduate School of Stanford University

Stanford University
P. O. Box 616
U. S. A
May 12, 2002
Foreign Affairs Office
Beijing University
Beijing, P. R. China

Dear Sirs,

I am a postgraduate student at the Graduate School of Stanford University. I focus my studies on Chinese culture. Upon graduation, I would like to come to your university as an English instructor or tutor.

I have been studying the Chinese Language and culture for the past two years in Stanford. I would like to continue my studies in China as an English instructor. In addition to my extensive educational background, I have computer and baseball coaching experience, which may also be of benefit to your university.

Enclosed is a resume concerning my educational background.

I look forward to your reply.

Sincerely yours

John Smith


English Department
Beijing University
Beijing, China
Feb. 16, 2002
The Graduate School
Hawaii University
P. O. Box 135

Dear Sir

My name is Gao Ying. I was enrolled in English Department of Beijing University in 1994. During my four years of study, I was a top student, and received good grades in all my courses. After my graduation, I continued to study in American literature and obtained my M. A. degree in 2001.

With a view to further studies, I am writing to you to apply for admission to your university to pursue my Ph. D. in the field of world literature.

Thank you very much for your consideration. I am looking forward to hearing from you.

Sincerely yours,

Gao Ying



Advantages and Disadvantages of the Cell Phone

Nowadays, with the rapid development of information industry, cell phones play a dominant role in people's life. But, like everything else, they have both favorable and unfavorable aspects. First, it's useful. As a wireless mobile telephone, it's easy and handy contact the person you are looking for however far away he is. Therefore, it greatly facilitates people's life. Second, it's convenient. Whenever one meets trouble or something urgent, one can make a call immediately. Most important of all, it's a very helpful companion. With a multifunctional cell phone in hand, one can easily get on the Net, browsing the useful information, conducting e-commerce and doing whatever one can do via Internet.

However, just as everything has two sides, the cell phone also has many disadvantages. To begin with, it's expensive to buy and pay the hills, especially that of global service. To make matters worse, it's also easy to lose and costly to get it repaired. Worst of all, it's not as clear as a family telephone and sometimes the number dialed is often not available. Last but not least, it's alleged the microwaves in it might do harm to people's health.

In my opinion, with its expenses greatly reduced after China's entry into the WTO, it will face an ever brighter future in its development. Someday most of them will be developed into new Internet-enabled mobile phones, which will be as useful as pocket computers. And I believe its advantages will not only offset its disadvantages, but also far outweigh them.

Online Chatting
With the development of computers, the Internet has made its way into our daily life, Online chatting as a new communicative way has become more and more popular, especially with youngsters. However, like everything else, online chatting has both advantages and disadvantages.
On one hand, people can make friends and air their views freely on line. When they feel frustrated they may talk with a stranger on line rather than with their parents or friends. For they think it's easier to talk
with a stranger on line. They can also chat with people from different areas all over the world. When the chat is over, they feel contented and refreshed. On the other hand, some young people become too addicted to online chatting. They will sit in front of the computer day and night. It is not only a waste of time but also harmful to their health.
In my opinion, online chatting does bring a lot benefits to our life, but we should try to reduce the negative effects to the minimum and make online chatting our valuable assistant.


On Water Shortage


No one can have failed to notice the fact that water shortage is a grave problem with which the whole world is confronted. Actually it has become so widespread that it has severely affected people’s daily life and hindered the development of the global economy.

A number of factors could account for the problem but the following might be the critical ones. First with the development of agriculture and industry an increasing amount of water is needed. Secondly the ever-increasing population is another leading cause of water shortage. Besides the global tendency of warming up also contributes to the problem. What’s worse pollution and waste of fresh water aggravate the situation.

In view of the seriousness of the problem effective measures must be taken before things get worse. First it is essential that laws and regulations be worked out and enforced to protect water resources. Secondly people should enhance their awareness of saving water. With these measures taken it is reasonable for us to expect a brighter future.

Getting to Know the World Outside the Campus

As the society advances, it is essential for us college students to get to know the world outside the campus. Firstly, it enlarges our scope of knowledge. Secondly, it prepares us for entering the society. Finally, it makes us more aware of our duty as college students and thus stimulates us to work harder.

  There are many ways for us to know the outside world. To begin with, we can watch TV, read newspapers or listen to radio. In this way, we can keep ourselves well-informed of what is going on home and abroad. Next, we can take part in such social practices as conducting a survey and participating in community projects. These will reward us with much experience. With which we will serve the society better when we enter it .

  As a college student in the modern age, I will get myself out of the ivory tower and into the real world. On one hand, I will read more frequently the newspaper so as to keep myself informed of current affairs. On the other side, I plan to find a part-time job like being a tutor or a waiter. The job will help me to know the society more directly.

What Would Happen If There Were No Electricity
Ever since early this century, electricity has become an essential part of our life. Modern industrial and agricultural production must rely on it. Modem traffic, communication and entertainment as well as our daily life have much to do with it. It can he said that ours is an electric age.
If there were no electric power, no machines could be run, no living things could survive, no civilization would exist in the world. It's clear that without electric power living things would be hard to live on the earth.
Therefore, we must go out of our way to exploit waterpower resources and sparingly use electricity so as to make good use of it in our country.


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