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英汉地球物理学名词(三)

(2009-06-18 21:29:21)
标签:

地球物理

三岔人工作室

英汉

杂谈

分类: 地球物理

英汉地球物理学名词,算是比较全的。太多找起来麻烦,用个小技巧:按下Ctrl+F,在对话框中输入要查询的单词,按“下一个”即可。本想一次性全发完,但是新浪博客限制每篇博文字数不超过20000汉字,所以只能分篇了。

 

起始相||starting phase
气爆震源||gas exploder
气辉||airglow
气压层||barosphere
气压层顶||baropause
汽孔||steam vent
钱德勒晃动||Chandler wobble;  又称“钱德勒章动”。
前进波||progressive wave
前兆||precursor
前兆时间||precursor time
前震||foreshock
潜波||diving wave
浅[源地]震||shallow-focus earthquake
浅海海底电缆||bay cable
强地动地震学||strong motion seismology
强地面运动||strong [ground] motion;  简称“强地动”。
强震||strong earthquake
强震仪||strong-motion seismograph
倾角测井||dipmeter survey
倾角赤道||dip equator
倾向定向||dip orientation
倾斜叠加||slant stack
倾斜改正||tilt correction
倾斜时差校正||dip move-out, DMO
倾斜仪||tiltmeter
球面发散补偿||spherical divergence compensation
球型||spheroidal
球型振荡||spheroidal oscillation
区域地震||regional earthquake
区域异常||regional anomaly
全波理论||full-wave theory
全方位检波器组合||omnidirectional geophone pattern
全球风系||global wind system
全球环流||global circulation
全球数字地震台网||Global Digital Seismograph Network, GDSN
全球性地热带||planet-wide geothermal belt
全天空照相机||all-sky camera
群速度||group velocity
扰动位||disturbing potential
扰动质量||disturbing mass
扰日日变化||disturbed daily variation, Sd
热层||thermosphere
热层顶||thermopause
热磁分离||thermomagnetic separation
热磁曲线||thermomagnetic curve
热点||hot spot
热量收支||heat budget
热流||heat flow
热流单位||heat flow unit, HFU
热流区||heat flow province
热流亚区||heat flow subprovince
热清洗||thermal cleaning
热剩磁||thermoremanent magnetization, TRM, thermoremanence
热焰||hot plume
热源||heat source
热壑||heat sink
人工磁化法||artificial magnetization method
人工地震||artificial earthquake
人工震源||artificial seismic source
刃型位错||edge dis[]
日本气象厅[烈度]表||Japan Meteorological Agency [intensity] scale, JMA [intensity] scale;  简称“JMA表”。
日地空间||solar-terrestrial space
日地物理学||solar-terrestrial physics
日球层||heliosphere
日球层电流片||heliospheric current sheet
蠕变||creep;  又称“蠕滑”。
蠕变仪||creepmeter
软流层||asthenosphere;  地质学中称“软流圈”。
瑞利波||Rayleigh wave;  简称“R波”。
锐始||impetus, i (拉)
三极排列||pole-dipole array
三维地震法||3-D seismic method
三维偏移||3-D migration
三维数据体||3-D data volume
三维显示||3-D display
散见 E 层||sporadic E
散射γ测井||scattered γ-ray logging
山根||root of mountain
扇形边界||sector boundary
扇形结构||sector structure
上地幔||upper mantle
哨声||whistler
射气测量||emanation survey
射线参数||ray parameter
射线法||ray method
射线追踪||ray tracing
设计谱||design spectrum
伸长仪||extensometer
深[源地]震||deep-focus earthquake
深成水||plutonic water
深地震测深||deep seismic sounding
深度偏移||depth migration
深度剖面||depth [record] section
深空||deep space
甚低频带辐射场系统||very low frequency band radiated field system
甚低频法||very low frequency method, VLF method
声波测井||acoustic logging, sonic logging
生热率单位||heat generation unit
升频扫描||up sweep
剩磁年龄||age of remanence
剩余磁化[强度]||remanent magnetization, remanence
剩余重力异常||residual gravity anomaly
施伦伯格[电极]排列||Schlumberger [electrode] array
湿模式||wet model
时变比例||time variant scaling
时变滤波||time-variable filtering
时差||moveout, stepout
时间剖面||time [record] section
时间切片||time slice
时间项||time-term
时间项法||time-term method
时距曲面||surface hodograph
时距曲线||time-distance curve, T-X curve, hodograph
时深转换||time depth conversion
实时相关||real time correlation
世界范围标准地震台网||World Wide Standard Seismograph Network, WWSSN
视磁化率||apparent magnetic susceptibility
视电阻率||apparent resistivity
视极移||apparent polar wander
视极移路径||apparent polar-wander path, APWP, apparent polar-wander curve
视应力||apparent stress
首波||head wave
曙暮光||twilight
数据采集||data aquisition
数据处理||data processing
数据解释||data interpretation;  又称“资料解释”。
数字化世界标准地震台网||Digital World Wide Standard Seismograph Network, DWWSSN
数字式测高仪||digisonde
衰落||fade
双侧断裂||bilateral faulting
双极扩散||ambipolar diffusion
双重核共振磁力仪||double nuclear resonance magnetometer, Overhauser magnetometer
水库诱发地震||reservoir-induced earthquake
水平回线法||horizontal loop method, HLEM
水热爆炸||hydrothermal explosion
水热对流系统||hydrothermal convection system
水热活动||hydrothermal activity
水热矿化||hydrothermal mineralization
水热喷发||hydrothermal eruption
水热区||hydrothermal area
水热蚀变||hydrothermal alteration
水热田||hydrothermal field
水热系统||hydrothermal system
水热循环||hydrothermal circulation
水热资源||hydrothermal resources
水压致裂||hydrofracturing
瞬变场法||transient field method;  又称“过渡场法”。
斯特默长度||Stormer length
斯特默锥||Stormer cone
斯通莱波||Stoneley wave
斯韦劳事件||Thvera event
嘶声||hiss
松弛源||relaxation source
松山期||Matuyama epoch
速度反应谱||velocity response spectrum
速度滤波||velocity filtering
碎屑磁颗粒||detrital magnetic particle
碎屑剩磁||detrital remanent magnetization, DRM, detrital remanence
隧道波||tunneling wave
台湾强地动一号台阵||Strong Motion Array in Taiwan Number 1, SMART 1
太阳潮||solar tide
太阳电子事件||solar electron event
太阳风||solar wind
太阳罗盘||sun compass
太阳日变化||solar daily variation, S
太阳微粒发射||solar corpuscular emission
太阳宇宙线||solar cosmic ray
太阳质子事件||solar proton event
太阴潮||lunar tide
坍塌检验||slump test
碳酸气孔||mofette
碳酸泉||carbonated spring
探空火箭||sounding rocket
探空气球||sounding balloon
汤姆森-哈斯克尔矩阵法||Thomson-Haskell matrix methord
套芯钻||overcoring
特征波||characteristic wave
梯度风||gradient wind
体波震级||body wave magnitude
天然剩磁||natural remanent magnetization, NRM, natural remanence
跳距||skip distance
烃类检测||hydrocarbon indicator, HCI
停止相||stopping phase
通道波||channel wave
同态反褶积||homomorphic deconvolution
同位素测井||radioisotope logging
同位素地球温度计||isotopic geothermometer
同震的||co-seismic
统一震级||unified magnitude
透射矩阵||transmission matrix
透射系数||transmission coefficient
突发电离层骚扰||sudden ionospheric disturbance, SID
突发相||breakout phase
突发相位异常||sudden phase anomaly, SPA
湍流||turbulence
湍流层||turbosphere
湍流层顶||turbopause
湍流耗散||turbulent dissipation
湍流混合||turbulent mixing
湍流交换||turbulent exchange
湍流扩散||turbulent diffusion
湍流谱||spectrum of turbulence
托架||towed boom
椭率改正||ellipticity correction
外层空间||outer space
外源场||external field
网格单元||grid cell [bin]
威尔莫地震仪||Willmore seismograph
微电极测井||micrologging, microresistivity logging
微粒食||corpuscular eclipse
微脉动||micropulsation
微震||microearthquake
微震仪||microvibrograph
微重力测量学||microgravimetry
韦宁迈内兹均衡||Vening Meinesz isostasy
围压||confining pressure
维歇特地震仪||Wiechert seismograph
伪加速度反应谱||pseudo-acceleration response spectrum
伪速度反应谱||pseudo-velocity response spectrum
尾波||coda, cauda (拉)
尾刺系统||tail stingers system
纬度校正||latitude correction
纬向风||zonal wind
纬向环流||zonal circulation
位场延拓||continuation of potential field
位移反应谱||displacement response spectrum
温度测井||temperature logging
温纳排列||Wenner array
稳态蠕变||steady state creep
无磁场空间||[magnetic] field-free space
无定向磁强计||astatic magnetometer
无线电相位法||radio-phase method
无旋波||irrotational wave
无震带||aseismic belt
无震滑动||aseismic slip
无震区||aseismic zone
无滞剩磁||anhysteretic remanent magnetization, ARM
伍德-安德森地震仪||Wood-Anderson seismograph
西杜杰尔事件||Sidutjall event
下地幔||lower mantle
陷落地震||collapse earthquake
相对振幅保持||relative amplitude preserve
相对重力测量||relative gravity measurement
相干叠加||coherence stack
相干加强||coherence emphasis
相速度||phase velocity
相位激发极化法||phase induced polarization method
向阳扇区||toward sector
向源初动||kataseismic onset
向源震||kataseism
消减[噪声]||mute
消减||subduction
消减带||subduction zone, subduction belt
消减型地热带||subduction-type geothermal belt
消散波||evanescent wave
消振||shock absorption
小区划||microzonation, microregionalization
谐波简正振型||overtone normal mode
泄漏振型||leaky mode, leaking mode
行星际尘埃||interplanetary dust
行星际磁场||interplanetary magnetic field, IMF
行星际激波||interplanetary shock
行星际间断||interplanetary discontinuity
行星际空间||interplanetary space
行星际闪烁||interplanetary scintillation
行星震学||planetary seismology
修订的麦卡利[烈度]表||modified Mercalli [intensity] scale, MM [intensity] scale;  简称“MM表”。
修正地磁坐标||corrected geomagnetic coordinate
虚地磁极||virtual geomagnetic pole, VGP;  根据地磁场观测值估算得出的等效地磁极位置。
虚反射||ghost reflection
虚高||virtual height
虚实分量法||imaginary-real component method
续至波||secondary wave;  简称“S波”。
旋转波||rotational wave
旋转磁强计||spinner magnetometer
旋转剩磁||rotational remanence, rotational remanent magnetization, RRM
选择γ-γ测井||selective γ-γ logging
熏烟纸记录图||smoked paper record
循环磁化[强度]||cyclic magnetization
寻常波||ordinary wave
压磁效应||piezo-magnetic effect
压力轴||pressure axis, P-axis;  简称“P轴”。
压剩磁||piezo-remanent magnetization, PRM, piezo-remanence
压缩波||compressional wave
亚极光带||subauroral zone
岩爆||rock burst
岩浆房||magmatic chamber, magmatic pocket
岩浆环流||magmatic circulation
岩浆水||magmatic water
岩石层||lithosphere;  地质学中称“岩石圈”。
岩石磁性||rock magnetism
延伸距离||extended distance
延时组合||beam steering
验震器||seismoscope
洋底喷气孔||submarine fumarole
洋底热泉||submarine hot spring
洋脊型地震||ridge-type earthquake
洋中脊||mid-ocean ridge
遥测地震台网||telemetered seismic network
遥测地震仪||telemetric seismic instrument
夜光云||noctilucent cloud
夜间辐射||nocturnal radiation
液核||liquid core
一跳传播||one-hop propagation
伊勒瓦拉反向||Illawarra reversal
逸散层||exosphere
逸散层底||exobase
翼梢系统||wing-tip system
银河宇宙线||galactic cosmic ray
引潮力||tide-generating force
引潮位||tide-generating potential
引力潮||gravitational tide
引震应力||earthquake-generating stress;  又称“发震应力”。
应变积累||strain accumulation
应变阶跃||strain step
应变仪||strainmeter
应力过量||stress glut
应力迹线||stress trajectory
应力解除||stress relief
应力位错||stress dis[]
应力仪||stressmeter
应用地球物理[学]||applied geophysics
应用地震学||applied seismology
影区||shadow zone
硬架系统||rigid frame system, rigid boom system
有感地震||felt earthquake
有限差分偏移||finite difference migration
有限性变换||finiteness transform
有限性校正||finiteness correction
有限性因子||finiteness factor
有限移动源||finite moving source
有效波||effective wave
有效大气透射||effective atmospheric transmission
有效峰值加速度||effective peak acceleration, EPA
有效峰值速度||effective peak velocity, EPV
有效应力||effective stress
诱发地震||induced earthquake
诱发地震活动性||induced seismicity
余震||aftershock
雨水||meteoric water;  又称“大气水”。
宇宙背景辐射||cosmic background radiation
宇宙射电噪声||cosmic radio noise
宇宙线暴||cosmic ray storm
宇宙线赤道||cosmic-ray equator
宇宙线丰度||cosmic ray abundance
宇宙线集流||cosmic ray jet
宇宙线膝||cosmic-ray knee
宇宙噪声吸收仪||riometer
愈合前沿||healing front
预测反褶积||predictive deconvolution
原地测量||in-situ measurement
原地剩磁||site remanence
原地应力||in-situ stress
原生磁化[强度]||primary magnetization
原生气体||juvenile gas
原生剩磁||primary remanent magnetization
原生水||juvenile water, connate water
远场||far-field
远场面波||far-field surface wave
远场体波||far-field body wave
远震||distant earthquake, teleseism
远震地震波||teleseismic wave
月震||moonquake
月震图||lunar seismogram
月震学||lunar seismology
月震仪||moon seismograph
孕震区||seismogenic zone
载荷潮||load tide
载荷勒夫数||load Love's number
再磁化||remagnetization
再磁化圆[弧]||remagnetization circle
暂态蠕变||transient creep
造山地热带||orogenic geothermal belt
泽德费尔德图||Zijderveld diagram
粘滑||stick slip
粘滞剩磁||viscous remanent magnetization,VRM, viscous remanence
展开立体图||open cube display
张力轴||tension axis, T-axis;  简称“T轴”。
张位错||tensile dis[]
障碍体[震源模式]||barrier [source model]
折合摆长||reduced pendulum length
折合热流量||reduced heat flow
折合走时||reduced travel time
折射波对比法||refraction correlation method
真高||true height
震动持续时间||duration of shaking
震害||earthquake damage
震后的||post-seismic
震级-频度关系||magnitude-frequency relation
震级||earthquake magnitude, magnitude
震前的||pre-seismic
震情||seismic regime
震群||[earthquake] swarm
震相辨别||phase discrimination
震相识别||phase identification
震源||hypocenter, focus, seismic source
震源参数||hypocenter parameter, seismic source parameter
震源尺度||focal dimension
震源定位||hypocentral []
震源动力学||seismic source dynamics
震源过程||focal process
震源机制||focal mechanism, earthquake source mechanism
震源机制解||focal mechanism solution
震源距||hypocentral distance
震源力||focal force
震源球||focal sphere
震源深度||focal depth, earthquake depth
震源时间函数||source time function
震源体积||focal volume
震源运动学||seismic source kinematics
震灾||seismic hazard, earthquake hazard
震中||[earthquake] epicenter,  epifocus
震中对跖点||anti-epicenter, anticenter
震中方位角||epicenter azimuth
震中分布||epicenter distribution
震中距||epicentral distance
震中烈度||epicenter intensity
震中迁移||epicenter migration
振幅包络||amplitude envelope
振型-射线双重性||mode-ray duality
正常[深度]地震||normal earthquake
正常重力位||normal gravity potential
正频散||normal dispersion
正向极性||normal polarity
正异常||positive anomaly
正转||prograde
吱声||tweak
直达波||direct wave
直接电导率||direct conductivity
直流[场]清洗||direct current cleaning, DC cleaning
志田数||Shida's number
质子层||protonosphere
质子旋进磁力仪||proton-precession magnetometer
质子耀斑||proton flare
中层大气||middle atmosphere
中间层||mesosphere
中间层顶||mesopause
中间极性||intermediate polarity
中间梯度法||central gradient array method
中心偶极子||central dipole
中性层||neutrosphere
中性层顶||neutropause
中子-γ测井||neutron-γ logging
中子-超热中子测井||neutron-epithermal neutron logging
中子-热中子测井||neutron-thermal neutron logging
中子-中子测井||neutron-neutron logging
中子活化测井||neutron activation logging
中子活化法||neutron activation method
重力||gravity
重力测量||gravity measurement
重力测量学||gravimetry
重力场||gravity field
重力等位面||equipotential surface of gravity
重力低||gravity low, gravity minimum
重力调查||gravity survey
重力高||gravity high, gravity maximum
重力加速度||gravity acceleration
重力勘探||gravity prospecting
重力梯度测量||gravity gradient survey
重力梯度带||gravity gradient zone
重力梯度仪||gravity gradiometer
重力位||gravity potential
重力仪||gravimeter
重力仪零漂改正||gravimeter drift correction
重现周期||return period
主测线||inline
主磁场||main field
主导[地震]事件||master [seismic] event, calibration [seismic] event
主导地震||master earthquake
主动源[方]法||active source method
主相||main phase
主震||main shock
助动重力仪||astatic gravimeter
转换波||converted wave
转换断层||transform fault
转折点||turning point
锥面波||conical wave
准横传播||quasi-transverse propagation
准纵传播||quasi-longitudinal propagation
子波处理||wavelet processing
自发[断层]破裂||spontaneous [fault] rupture
自反向||self-reversal
自然γ测井||γ-ray logging
自然电位测井||self-potential logging, SP logging
自然电位法||self-potential method
自适应叠加||adaptive stack
自由空气异常||free air anomaly
自由振荡||free-oscillation
综合断层面解||composite fault-plane solution
综合物探系统||integrated geophysical system
总磁异常强度||total intensity of magnetic anomaly
总热剩磁||total thermoremanent magnetization
纵波||longitudinal wave
纵向电导||longitudinal conductance, S
走时表||travel-time table, seismological table
走时曲线||travel time curve
走向定向||strike orientation
足球振型||football mode
阻挡时间||blocking time
阻挡体积||blocking volume
阻挡温度||blocking temperature
阻挡直径||blocking diameter
阻抗界面||impedance interface
阻抗探针||impedance probe
组合检波||geophone array
组合源||source array
钻孔形变计||borehole deformation gauge
钻孔应变计||borehole strainmeter
钻孔应力计||borehole stressmeter
最大可用频率||maximum usable frequency, MUF
佐普利兹-特纳走时表||Zoppritz-Turner travel time table
氡气测量||radon survey
褶皱检验||fold test
蝌蚪图||tadpole plot

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