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Lesson Thirty-Seven

(2007-03-01 16:13:59)
分类: 英语(旅游本科自考)
Lesson Thirty-Seven
Dialogue Sightseeing on West Lake
对话 游览西湖

(L: Li Ming G: Guest)
L:李明 G:游客
G: What an attractive scene!
L: This is “Autumn Moon and Calm Lake Pavilion”. The platform here is the best place from which to enjoy the moon. Unfortunately, we can’t see the moon in the daytime.
G: You see, the green hills and clear waters really present picturesque scenery.
L: That’s why people call West Lake a dazzlingly brilliant pearl.
G: It’s said that West Lake is also known as “Xizi Lake”, isn’t it?
L: Yes. You know, Su Dongpo, a writer of the Northern Song Dynasty, wrote in a poem, “West Lake is comparable with the girl Xizi, always charming with either light or heavy make-up.” These lines suggest that West Lake is always beautiful as the girl Xizi no matter how she wears her make-up or when she is looked at. So later, people started to call West Lake “Xizi Lake” well.
G: I see. West Lake indeed looks beautiful as the girl Xizi. Well, I hear there are many scenic spots round West Lake.
L: Yes, there are ten most well-known scenic spots round West Lake known as the “Ten Points of Interest”.
G: What are they?
L: They’re Melting Snow on the Broken Bridge, Three Pools Mirroring the Moon, Twin Peaks Piercing to the Clouds, Lotus in the Breeze at the Crooked Courtyard, Sudi Causeway in Spring Dawn, Viewing Fish at Flower Harbor, Morning Bell of the Southern Screen, Afternoon View of Lei Feng Tower, Listening to Orioles in the Willows, and Autumn Moon on the Calm Lake.
G: These names sound very poetic but they are too hard for me to remember.
L: Never mind. We’re going to most of those places. Look, we’re here at Three Pools Mirroring the Moon.
G: It’s just an islet with no pools at all.
L: It has. The islet is known as “an islet within the lakes within the islet”. The three pools are located in the south lake of the islet.
G: Is the islet a nice place?
L: Of course it is. You know, on the islet there are many pavilions and halls and other small features that usually characterize gardens, all joined together by a nine-bend bridge. Beyond the islet there’s a causeway lined with weeping willows, and the ponds full of blooming lotus. Because pavilions and halls on the islet are mirrored in green and blue waters, hidden among exotic flowers and green bamboo groves, a most spectacular view is presented.
G: I’m tempted by your description. I must go there to have a good look.
L: Look out. The boat is going to anchor. Besides West Lake, you know. Our programme for today also includes the Temple and Tomb of General Yue Fei, Lingyin Temple, and the Peak Flown from Afar. So we can’t stay on the islet for too long.
G: Aren’t we going to Viewing Fish at Flower Harbor, Hupao Spring, and Liuhe Pagoda?
L: Oh, we won’t have time today. That’s on tomorrow’s programme.

Reading 1 West Lake
阅读1 西湖

The focal point of a visit to Hangzhou is West Lake, a tranquil spot of striking beauty. Originally a shallow bay adjoining the Qiantang River was gradually transformed into an inland lake by the silting-up of the outlet.
The first dike was built in AD 821 by the poet Bai Juyi. About 1090, another famous poet, Su Dongpo (1037-1101), who served as the prefect of Hangzhou during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), had the lake bottom dredged and created some formal gardens along the shore. He also had a second dike built along the western margin. The two dikes-the Bai and the Su-still stand there today, and serve to divide the lake into three parts.
After AD1130, West Lake became the residence of the Southern Song emperors. The great Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) emperors Kang Xi and Qian Long expanded the lake to its present proportions. They loved the place so much that they built “Hangzhou style ” pavilions and temples all over northern China (Beijing and Chengde both have good examples of this architectural influence).
There are four islands on West Lake, the largest of which is Gu Shan (Solitary Hill) in the northwest.

Reading 2 Three Pools Mirroring the Moon
阅读2 三潭印月
This second largest island on the lake is really a series of circular embankments, creating the impression of a “lake within lakes”. It is landscaped in typical Chinese style with the Nine-Bend Bridge (actually bent in a series of right angles) linking the islets. There are many small pavilions, terraces, display rocks, and flower beds. Its covered walkways are punctuated by circular windows, each providing a different perspective on the surrounding landscape.
When the poet Su Dongpo was commissioned to dredge and landscape the lake, there were three deep pits there, thought to be occupied by evil spirits. He had a pagoda built over each pit to lock in the spirit so that boats could pass without fear. Each pagoda has four parts: the base, the body, the cap and a gourd-shaped top with five openings. On moonlit nights the openings are sealed with thin paper and candles are burnt inside the top. The reflection on the lake gives the illusion of moons dancing upon the water--hence the island’s name.

Reading 3 Lingyin Temple
阅读3 灵隐寺
This Buddhist temple, founded by the monk Wei Li in AD326, is the best-known monastery in Hangzhou. There are two main halls in the temple--the Hall of the Four Major Protectors and the Great Buddha Hall.
Inside the first hall is a 200-year-old Maitreya Buddha. At the back, facing out toward the main hall, is a statue of Weituo, chief guardian of the Buddha, carved from the trunk of a camphor tree. It was completed during the Southern Song Dynasty (AD1127-1279). In the main hall stands a 19m. (62.3 ft.) camphorwood statue of Sahyamuni, the historical Buddha. In the same room there is a group sculpture called “Fairy Island,” composed of about 150 images. The stone towers flanking the entrance of the main hall contain 10th-century copies of the Buddhist sutras.
Facing the Lingyin Temple monastery is the 219 m. (719 ft) hill known as “The Peak Flown from Afar”. Its slopes and caves are covered with 330 stone carvings from the Five Dynasties period, the Sung Dynasty, and the Yuan Dynasty (907-1368). They are the most famous ancient stone carvings south of the Yangtse River.



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