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高考英语经典完形填空训练10篇

(2011-07-24 14:42:15)
标签:

推知

语境

文意

教育

分类: 高考英语

高考英语经典完形填空训练10篇

(一)

Soon it would be the holidays, but before that, there were year exams. All the 1_____ had been working hard for some time, reviewing their lessons for the exams. If they didn’t 2_____, they would have to retake them in September. There were usually a few who 3_____, but Jane didn’t want to be one of them. She had worked hard all year, 4_____ just before the exams she was working so hard that her sister Barbara was 5_____ about her. She went to bed too 6_____. The night before the first exam, Barbara 7____ that she have an early night and take a 8____ pill(药丸). She promised to wake 9_____up in the morning.

As she was falling asleep, Jane was afraid that she might oversleep. Her 10_____ kept jumping from subject to subject. At last, with the help of 11____, she went to sleep. In no time at all, she was sitting in the examination hall, looking at the examination 12_____, but she couldn’t answer any of the questions. 13_____ around her was writing pages and gages. 14_____ she thought hard, she couldn’t find anything to write 15_____. She kept looking at her 16_____. Time was running out. There was only an hour to go. She started one question, wrote two sentences, 17_____ and tried another one. With only half an hour left she wrote another two sentences. By this time she was so worried that she started 18____. Her whole body shook. It shook so much that she 19____ up. She was still in bed and it had all been a 20_____ dream. A minute later, Barbara called her name.

1. A. teachers      B. students      C. classmates     D. schools

2. A. prepare       B. miss          C. join           D. pass

3. A. succeeded     B. failed        C. ended          D. called

4. A. but           B. so            C. and            D. because

5. A. excited       B. frightened    C. worried        D. pleased

6. A. early         B. late          C. heavily        D. eagerly

7. A. insisted      B. hoped         C. ordered        D. wished

8. A. sleeping      B. resting       C. exciting       D. breathing

9. A. him           B. her           C. them           D. herself

10.A. hand          B. eye           C. mind           D. body

11.A. her sister    B. her parents   C. the lessons    D. the medicine

12.A. result        B. marks         C. desk           D. paper

13.A. The teacher   B. The students  C. No one         D. Everyone

14.A.If             B. Though        C. So             D. How

15.A. with          B. about         C. on             D. to

16.A. watch         B. textbook      C. sister         D. subject

17.A. gave up       B. put off       C. look around    D. think over

18.A. examining     B. leaving       C. copying        D. crying

19.A. raised        B. woke          C. stood          D. cheered

20.A. nice          B. wonderful     C. terrible       D. special

答案简析:

1、选B。根据reviewing their lessons for the exams可推知。classmates在此表意不清。

2、选D。由have to retake them可推知。

3、选B。由Jane didn’t want to be one of them合前一句话可推知。

4、选A。前后形成对比,全句意思为“她已刻苦学习整整一年,可是临考前还得努力。”

5、选C。根据上下文之间的逻辑关系予以选定。

6、选B。从下句的she should have an early night可推知,临近考试时她睡得很迟。

7、选A。 根据从句中的虚拟语气形式可排除B、D,根据语境可排除C。

8、选A。根据下一句和下一节第三句可知是“安眠药”。

9、选B。从上文可知,是将Jane叫醒。

10、选C。思维活动应在“大脑”中进行。

11、选D。后来终于睡着了,这说明之前吃的“安眠药”起了作用。

12、选D。从下两句可推知他看的是“试卷”。

13、选D。选项A不合常识,选项B主谓不一致,选项C不合上下文,应一一排除。

14、选B。与下一分句形成对比。

15、选B。根据语境,应为“不知道写什么”。

16、选A。根据look at和Time was running out 可推知。

17、选A。一题未做完又做下一题,说明暂时放弃了前一题。

18、选D。从第四个空格前的内容可知Jane 极不愿意不及格并补考,为此刻苦学习了一年,而考试时却一败涂地,怎能不会焦急、伤心。

19、选B。身体的剧烈晃动导致自己从睡梦中“醒”来。

20、选C。原来做的是一个“可怕的”梦。

(二)

Only once a year, on his birthday, did Charlie Bucket ever get to taste a bit of chocolate(巧克力糖). The whole family 1_____ up their money for that 2____ occasion(时刻), and when the great day arrived, Charles was always 3_____ with one small chocolate bar(条)to eat 4_____. And each time he 5_____ it, on those wonderful birthday mornings, he would place it 6_____ in a small wooden box that he 7_____, and treasure it as though it were a bar of solid 8______; and 9____ the next few days, he would 10_____ himself only to look at it, but never to 11____ it. Then at last, when he could 12____ it no longer, he would peel(剥)back a tiny 13_____ of the paper wrapping at one corner to 14______ a tiny bit of chocolate, and then  he would take a tiny nibble(轻咬)——just enough to allow the lovely sweet taste to 15_____ out slowly over his 16_____. Then next day, he would take 17_____ tiny nibble, and so on, and so on. And 18____this way, Charlie would make his six-penny bar of birthday chocolate 19_____ him for more than a 20_____.

1. A. shared         B. earned         C. took         D. saved

2. A. special        B. common         C. excited      D. shabby

3. A. presented      B. given          C. offered      D. gained

4. A. slowly         B. carefully      C. alone        D. hurriedly

5. A. bought         B. received       C. ate          D. hid

6. A. rudely         B. nervously      C. carefully    D. neatly

7. A. belonged       B. imagined       C. rejected     D. owned

8. A. wood           B. gold           C. candy        D. ice

9. A. for            B. on             C. beyond       D. after

10.A. forbid         B. allow          C. ask          D. force

11.A. taste          B. think          C. eat          D. touch

12.A. see            B. hold           C. stand        D. suffer

13.A. bit            B. bar            C. little       D. piece

14.A. show           B. separate       C. expose       D. taste

15.A. stick          B. spread         C. search       D. speak

16. A. hand          B. mouth          C. stomach      D. tongue

17. A. the other     B. other          C. one          D. another

18. A. for           B. by             C. in           D. on

19. A. remain        B. last           C. keep         D. trouble

20. A. day           B. week           C. month        D. year

答案简析:

1、选D。从前一句来看,这家生活十分贫穷,以致连买一块巧克力糖的钱也要通过节省这一途径。余者不合文意。

2、选A。B、D不合文意,首先可予排除,C不能概全,实际上这时什么心情都有。从后一分句中的great day中可推知,这是一个“不同寻常”的时刻。

3、选A。从词汇搭配看,另三词不能与with连用。

4、选C。根据下文可知是给他“独自”吃。

5、选B。与上一句的present(给予)相对应。

6、选C。从as though it were a bar of solid…来看,他将巧克力糖看作象宝贝一样,绝对舍不得一下子吃光,而是将其“小心翼翼地”放在盒子里,以便慢慢享用。

7、选D。belong不及物,不能接宾语,imagine和reject不合文意,这三项不能选用。

8、选B。a bar of solid gold意为“金条”,根据常识和修饰词solid可选定。

9、选A。凭语感。

10、选B。根据语境应为“允许”自己看。其余不合逻辑。

11、选D。与look at 形成对比。

12、选C。根据下文“他将其剥开一点轻咬”来看,他已不能“忍受”巧克力糖的诱惑了。

13、选A。下一个空格后再现了a tiny bit这一短语。

14、选C。expose“使露出”。另show与separate不合文意,taste是下一步才有的动作,故这三项应予排除。

15、选B。spread out扩散开,合乎文意。而stick out(伸出)。search out (寻找,找到),speak out(说出)明显不合句意。

16、选D。根据常识,味道应在“舌”面上扩散开。

17、选D。another表示“(三者以上的)另一个”。

18、选C。in this way “以这种方式”。

19、选B。last在此意为“够……之用”。余者不合文意。

20、选C。根据全文不难推断。

(三)

Marty Dunn first saw Alexandra soon after she arrived in the United States and was put in an orphans’ home. She was four years old but 1_____ no more than three. She was only half the usual weight 2_____ her age. Her upper jaw(上颚)developed 3_____, but the lower one froze her mouth shut.

Three months later, Alex was given an 4_____ on her jaw in a big 5_____ by Marty Dunn himself. The operation was quite a success. After nine 6_____ Alex had a functioning(可活动的)jaw. The next day the little girl was able to open her 7_____. It was really a wonder! For the first time ever, Alex 8____. It lit up the room.

She had never 9_____ a word before. Now she began to learn to speak. She 10____ knew Spanish. Before long, 11_____ words came out freely.

One day in late November 1986, more than two years 12_____ Alex had arrived at the 13_____, the family went to a nearby 14_____. After their meal, Mrs. Dunn turned to the little girl.

“Alex,” she said, “you know we all 15____ you. We’d like you to become our 16_____ and to be called Alexandra Dunn. Would you like that?

Alex smiled happily. “Oh, yes, I want that!” Then she 17____ Alexandra Dunn lawfully.

The day that Alex had been 18____ for several years finally arrived in June the year before last. For the first time in her young life, Alex had a full set of 19_____. She looked at her parents and said, “I’m the 20_____ girl in the world!”

1. A. seemed         B. pretended        C. looked       D. remained

2. A. with           B. for              C. by           D. at

3. A. poorly         B. normally         C. rapidly      D. slowly

4. A. eyes           B. examination      C. experiment   D. operation

5. A. hospital       B. room             C. orphans’ home D. day

6. A. days           B. hours            C. weeks        D. months

7. A. mouth          B. eyes             C. arms         D. jaws

8. A. spoke          B. cried            C. smiled       D. ate

9. A. known          B. spoken           C. learned      D. written

10.A. obviously      B. really           C. still        D. already

11.A. French         B. English          C. Russian      D. Italian

12.A. after          B. before           C. since        D. ago

13.A. Dunns’         B. hospital         C. orphans’ home   D. country

14.A. park           B. zoo              C. restaurant      D. church

15.A. love           B. save             C. help            D. need

16.A. assistant      B. daughter         C. patient         D. pupil

17.A. proved         B. called           C. stayed          D. became

18.A. passing        B. looking          C. waiting         D. spending

19.A. teeth          B. jaws             C. parents         D. eyeglasses

20.A. loveliest      B. luckiest         C. proudest        D. loneliest

答案简析:

1、选C。虽有四岁,但从外表上“看起来”还不足三岁。

2、选B。for意为“相对于……来说”,合乎文意。

3、选B。normally意为“正常地”,与下颚的不正常形成对比。

4、选D。下句再现了operation一词。

5、选A。做这样复杂的手术肯定会在“医院”里进行。

6、选B。从The next day…可推知,手术当天Alexandra就能活动下颚了。

7、选A。根据语境,能张开的肯定是“嘴”。

8、选C。A、B与下一节首句矛盾。D不合逻辑。C(smiled)含义有二,一是Alexandra

以前因下颚发育不正常而致整个嘴闭合,所以无法正常地“笑”,现在终于可以笑了;二是生理上的残疾终被去除,她感到万分喜悦,情不自禁地笑了。

9、选B。与下一句形成比较,speak a word相当于speak,但前者语气更强。余者与

下句无关。

10、选D。另三项不合行文逻辑。

11、选B。从文章首句看,她现身处美国,而美国人的本族语是英语,所以在这里他很

容易学会英语。

12、选。从句中的谓语动词arrive用了过去完成时,这说明这一动作发生在主句中的

谓语动词go之前,因此,从属连词应用after。 ago在句法上讲不通。

13、选A。依据下面所有文字可推知。

14、选C。从after their meal可知,他们去的是“饭店”。

15、选A。从Mrs Dunn的话中可知,她全家都“爱”Alexandra。

16、选B。从she looked at her parents…中可得到暗示。

17、选D。proved(后来证明是),stayed(保持)不合文意。called意为“称呼,把……

叫做”,这里须在其前面加上be动词才合乎逻辑。

18、选C。这里的waiting用作及物动词,意为“期待”。B(looking)不及物,不能

带宾语,A、D不合文意,这三项不能选用。

19、选A。B、C不合情和逻辑,D与本文无关,只有A合乎语境。

20、选B。A、C不合逻辑,D不合语境。

(四)

Charles R. Drew was a medical student at Columbia University in New York. Before he graduated, he wrote an article 1_____ blood bank, that is, the storing of blood. Up till then, a lot of people had died from loss of blood 2_____ there was no blood bank.

When the United States entered the Second World War, it became 3_____ to set up blood banks. Dr Drew became 4_____ of the red cross’s first blood bank. When the Red Cross 5_____ blood banks to collect and store blood for men 6____ in battle, black American gave blood along with the whites. At 7_____ their blood was not accepted. Later blood from the blacks was 8______ but was stored in a 9_____ place from “white” blood. Although the best doctors 10_____ that there was 11_____ difference at all between the blood of blacks and whites, the Red Cross, with the support of the government, 12_____ to separate black blood from white blood.

After the war, Dr Drew was 13_____ from Washington with three other doctors to attend a medical meeting in a southern state. In northern Carolina their car went 14_____ a ditch(深沟)and Dr Drew was 15_____ hurt. He had lost 16____ blood by the time a passing car took him to the 17_____ hospital. But they were stopped at the gate of the hospital. “18____him to the hospital for blacks.” No matter 19_____ they said, they could not get into the hospital. They had to take him to the 20_____ hospital, but on the way Dr Drew died because he had lost too much blood.

1. A. of           B. on           C. for          D. in

2. A. though       B. if           C. because      D. and

3. A. possible     B. impossible   C. important    D. necessary

4. A. visitor      B. head         C. receiver     D. supporter

5. A. started      B. expected     C. promised     D. forbade

6. A. died         B. killed       C. wounded      D. fighting

7. A. most         B. least        C. first        D. last

8. A. received     B. accepted     C. lost         D. found

9. A. good         B. cool         C. hot          D. separate

10.A. discovered   B. invented     C. insisted     D. regretted

11.A. little       B. much         C. some         D. no

12.A. began        B. refused      C. stopped      D. continued

13.A. driving      B. walking      C. arriving     D. traveling

14.A. from         B. into         C. along        D. off

15.A. hardly       B. nearly       C. badly        D. not

16.A. some         B. little       C. all          D. much

17.A. biggest      B. most modern  C. nearest      D. cheapest

18.A. Take         B. Bring        C. Send for       D. Find

19.A. how          B. what         C. where          D. who

20.A. colored      B. better       C. farthest       D. same

答案解析:

1、选B。on表示“论述”。

2、选C。许多人死于缺血,是“因为”没有血库。

3、选D。由于战争,用血量大增,故建立血库显得“十分必要”。

4、选B。凭语感。另根据语境较易排除其余三个选项。

5、选A。started“使开始”,余者不合文意。

6、选C。受伤的人才有可能需要补充血液。

7、选C。at first意为“起初”,与下一句中的later形成对比。

8、选B。开始对黑人的血并不被接受,只是后来才被接受。

9、选D。根据与from一词的搭配和第十二个空格后的内容可知。

10、选C。insisted“坚持说,坚持认为”,余者不合语境。

11、选D。根据文意和at all选定。

12、选D。虽然专家认为两种血并无差别,但红十字会仍“继续”将两者分开。

13、选A。从their car went…可知,他们一行是“驾车”去的。余者不合文意。

14、选B。车子掉“进”深沟,符合文意。

15、选C。从最终死亡这一事实来看,他受伤“严重”。

16、选D。根据语境可推断。另文章最后一句再现了much这一词。

17、选C。抢救应到“最近的”医院,这是常识。

18、选A。从They had to take him to …可判断出。

19、选B。said是及物动词,须接宾语,故应填代词what。

20、选A。coloured hospital意为“有色人种的医院”,在美国专指黑人的医院。B、C、D不合乎常识和语境。

(五)

A mining(采矿的)engineer enjoyed flying very much. One day, he was flying his own plane over a lonely island when a 1_____ storm came, so he was 2____ to make a forced landing. The plane was in good 3_____ but his legs and shoulder got 4_____ hurt. After getting out of the plane with great 5_____, he found nothing but high green hills 6_____ the place. He lay there expecting to die.

Soon, however, some men appeared from out of the forest. Though curious, they were not 7______of him. He was then gently 8______ to their village, where he was well treated. His 9_____ improved little by little and he became their 10_____. The place was 11_____ and pleasant and he was in 12_____ hurry to leave.

Several months later, he learned some of their language and 13_____ them some of his own.

One day, he discovered some sings of 14_____ mineral deposits(矿藏)in the soil. He decided to 15_____ to his country and set up a firm(公司)to mine the land.

It was not long 16____ the peaceful land was taken over by strange men and machines. When there was 17_____left to mine, the firm 18______ away. They had made a great deal of 19_____ for themselves, but the villagers’ land was 20_____. Now it is impossible to grow crops there.

1. A. quick        B. wonderful         C. heavy         D. sudden

2. A. ordered      B. forbidden         C. permitted     D. obliged

3. A. condition    B. relation          C. action        D. speed

4. A. slightly     B. seriously         C. hardly        D. luckily

5. A. pleasure     B. attention         C. difficulty    D. achievement

6. A. covering     B. wrapping          C. holding       D. surrounding

7. A. tired        B. afraid            C. sure          D. kind

8. A. carried      B. forced            C. pushed        D. pulled

9. A. health       B. leg               C. shoulder      D. heart

10.A. enemy        B. visitor           C. friend        D. slave

11.A. pure         B. proper            C. dangerous     D. quiet

12.A. a            B. such              C. no            D. great

13.A. told         B. taught            C. showed        D. offered

14.A. poor         B. little            C. much          D. rich

15.A. return       B. drive             C. ride          D. walk

16.A. after        B. before            C. when          D. since

17.A. something    B. anything          C. everything    D. nothing

18.A. gave         B. got               C. put           D. passed

19.A. iron         B. dollars           C. gold          D. money

20.A. ploughed     B. protected         C. destroyed     D. sold

答案简析:

1、选C。从他紧急着落看,所遇到的风暴一定较为“猛烈”。

2、选D。be obliged to 意为“被迫”。因是私下驾驶,又是自己的飞机,故不会有人“命令”、“禁止”或“允许”他着落。

3、选A。飞机状况良好,但他的腿和肩受了伤。前后两句形成了对比。

4、选B。从He lay there expecting to die可推知,他所受的伤较为“严重”。

5、选C。由于伤势严重,所以从飞机里出来时显得十分“艰难”。

6、选D。群山“环抱”。A(覆盖)、B(包裹)不合逻辑,C(容纳)表意不清。

7、选B。从他们把他带到村里精心治疗来看,他们虽觉好奇(毕竟是来自不同国度的人),但并不“害怕”。be not tired of “不厌倦”和be not sure of “不确信”不合文意。D既不合文意,也不合词的搭配。

8、选A。他身负重伤,岛上人又很善良,故不可能“逼”、“推”或“拉”他走。

9、选A。B、C不能概全,具有片面性,D表意不清。

10、选C。从当地人精心照料他和他们相互教对方自己的语言来看,他成了当地人的“朋友”。

11、选D。从前面的a lonely island和后面的the peaceful land可判断出。A、B表意不清,C不合文意。

12、选C。这个地方的环境和人是如此的好,所以他并“不急于”离开。in no hurry的意思是“不着急”。

13、选B。本句意思为“他学到了他们的一些语言,也教他们一些自己的语言。

14、选D。因为矿藏很“丰富”,他才决定回国组建一个公司来开采。C与习惯搭配不符。

15、选A。由于身处孤岛,所以不可能“乘车”或“步行”回国。

16、选B。it is not long before“时间不长”是一常见句型。

17、选D。当没什么可开采的时候,采矿公司便离开了当地。

18、选B。gave away“散发、分发”,got away“离开、出发”,put away“收好,放好,储存”,pass away“死”,根据语境不难排除A、C、D三项。

19、选D。make money意为“赚钱”。余者不合习惯表达法。

20、选C。现在土地不可能再种庄稼,说明土地遭到了“破坏”。

(六)

I was shown into the waiting-room which, as  I had expected, was full. Any waiting-room——especially a dentist’s ——is not the best place in the world to 1_____ an afternoon. No matter how hard a dentist(牙医)tries to make his waiting–room look 2_____, it always has an atmosphere of its own-the unpleasant smell and disordered(混乱的)3_____ in the room.

This waiting-room was no exception. There were 4_____ pictures on the wall and the magazines on the table 5____ like a great pile of waste paper. I took my 6____ and decided to pass the time 7______ the people around me.

A little man beside me was 8_____ the pages of a magazine quickly and nervously. It was 9_____ to understand what he was looking at, for 10____ three minutes or so he would throw the magazine onto the 11_____, take another, and sink back into his chair. Opposite me there was a young mother who was trying to 12____ her son from making a 13_____. He had placed an ash-tray(烟灰缸)on the floor and was making plane-noises 14____he waved a pencil in his hands. The boy had clearly become uninterested in 15______. Near him, and old man was fast asleep, and the boy’s mother was 16_____ sooner or later her son would 17____ the gentleman up. There was a deep silence in the room as the door opened and a nurse 18____. The people looked 19_____ with hope in their eyes, then murmured something as the next luckily 20_____ was led out of the room.

1. A. spend           B. take          C. cost          D. stay

2. A. unpleasant      B. happy         C. funny         D. pleasant

3. A. teeth           B. people        C. things        D. books

4. A. dirty           B. nice          C. valuable      D. modern

5. A. tasted          B. sounded       C. looked        D. felt

6. A. chair           B. seat          C. bench         D. desk

7. A. talking with    B. watching      C. thinking about D. listening to

8. A. turning over    B. counting      C. looking up    D. looking at

9. A. interesting     B. possible      C. easy          D. hard

10.A. each            B. every         C. about         D. certain

11.A. chair           B. floor         C. bed           D. table

12.A. prevent         B. allow         C. forbid        D. fight

13.A. song            B. noise         C. mistake       D. model plane

14.A. as              B. if            C. so            D. though

15.A. reading         B. talking       C. waiting       D. singing

16.A. sure            B. sorry         C. angry         D. afraid

17.A. make            B. wake          C. call          D. turn

18.A. left            B. entered       C. smiled        D. spoke

19.A. down            B. around        C. up            D. behind

20.A. patient         B. doctor        C. boy           D. mother

答案简析:

1、选A。根据句意和词的用法可排除另三项。

2、选D。与the unpleasant smell形成对比。

3、选B。由第二个空格前的那句话可知,作者在这里强调的不是室内陈设的混乱,根据下文应指混乱的“人”。

4、选A。根据上节以及the magazines…like a great pile of waste paper可知,这里很不卫生,墙上的画想必也是和桌上的杂志一样布满了灰尘。另三个选项与下一分句意义不符。

5、选C。“像一堆废纸”应是一种视觉感受。

6、选B。take one’s seat意为“就座”。

7、选B。下文描述的均为候诊室里众人的神志,故应选用watching(观看)。

8、选A。从quickly and nervously 以及下一句可以推知,他是在“翻看”杂志。

9、选D。他在那儿快速地、神经质地似地翻动杂志,并且隔一会儿就换一本,真让人“很难”判断他到底要看什么。

10、选B。every three minutes意为“每隔两分钟”。另A、D一般不接复数名词,C不能与or so连用。

11、选D。从第五个空格前的内容可知,杂志是放在桌上的,所以他只能将杂志扔回到“桌子”上,并从那儿再取一本。

12、选A。根据语境可推知,小孩子的母亲正竭力“阻止”他发出声音以免影响他人,特别是旁边正在熟睡的老人。allow不合语境,forbid不接sb from doing, fight表意不清。

13、选B。小孩的母亲正竭力阻止他发出“声音”,因为他正在地上拨弄烟灰缸,同时还在挥动手中的铅笔以模仿飞机的声音。

14、选A。“在挥动铅笔时的同时”模仿飞机的声音。

15、选C。凭语感。另三项与文中的小孩无关。

16、选D。凭语感。她的孩子并没有将那位老人吵醒,故她没必要难过(sorry)或生气(angry)。

17、选B。“将……弄醒”应为wake…up。

18、选B。由the door opened 和…led out of the room可推知。

19、选C。人们本都是坐着的,故护士进来时,他们自然是抬头“向上”看。

20、选A。被护士带出的肯定是“病人”,余者不合语境。

(七)

In some areas of the world the weather is very 1_____ and this fact plays an important part in the daily lives of the people. 2_____ they are farmers, fishermen, or sailors, for instance, they 3_____ know about these changes ahead of time. Space scientists and airplane pilots 4_____ need weather 5_____.

6_____ earliest time, men have 7_____ the sky, the wind, and the atmosphere, as well as a variety of other weather signs, in order to make weather 8_____. But often their weather predictions have not been accurate(准确的). Now there are government bureaus(局、处)in many places that 9_____ weather conditions very carefully. They use a lot of scientific 10_____ to help them make their forecasts(预报). For instance, they have instruments to 11_____ speed and direction of the wind. Thus they can predict the 12_____ of a storm. They have special balloons, ships, and airplanes to help them 13_____ their accuracy, and they make use of radar, satellites and computers to gather 14____ information.

Today when a 15_____ takes off from an airport, he 16_____ know what kind of weather to expect when he reaches his destination(目的地). If there is 17___ rain or snow in the mountains, a weather bureau can predict the day and 18_____ the hour that a river may overflow(使涨满)its banks many miles away. When a storm is moving in a certain 19_____, the people in that area can learn of it ahead of time and 20_____it.

1. A. fine       B. terrible       C. changeable      D. changeless

2. A. Because    B. Though         C. If              D. When

3. A. can        B. may            C. will            D. need to

4. A. generally   B. especially    C. usually         D. seldom

5. A. information B. fact          C. advice          D. result

6. A. From       B. By             C. Since            D. After

7. A. noticed    B. observed       C. saw             D. discovered

8. A. study      B. result         C. information     D. predictions

9. A. research   B. study          C. learn           D. watch

10.A. ways       B. assistants     C. instruments     D. equipments

11.A. measure    B. make           C. find            D. discover

12.A. time       B. direction      C. speed           D. path

13.A. study      B. predict        C. increase        D. know

14.A. necessary  B. impossible     C. foreign         D. priceless

15.A. pilot      B. plane          C. person          D. space

16.A. should     B. can            C. must            D. might

17.A. light      B. slight         C. large           D. heavy

18.A. even       B. also           C. besides         D. including

19.A. path       B. direction      C. strength        D. speed

20.A. leave      B. change         C. prepare         D. prepare for

答案简析:

1、选C。由第三空后的know about these changes可推知。

2、选C。从逻辑上看,从句部分表示的应是条件,而非原因,让步和时间。

3、选D。根据行文逻辑可排除另三项。

4、选B。与农民、渔民和水手相比,从事太空研究的专家和飞行员“特别”需要了解天气情况。

5、选A。第二节末再现了information一词。

6、选C。根据后面的现在完成时态不难决定。

7、选B。根据词的意义选定。A、C、D三项不合逻辑。

8、选D。下一句中再现了weather predictions这一短语。

9、选B。study意为“研究”。A(research)一般用作名词,偶尔也可用作不及物动词,总之不能带宾语,应舍去;现代科学家已不再仅仅靠观看(watch)天空来预报天气了,故D也应排除;learn(C)不合文意,较易排除。

10、选D。余者不能涵盖例子中所提及的instruments。

11、选A。measure意为“测量”。余者不合语境。

12、选D。根据上一句的内容决定。

13、选C。他们使用特别的气球、船、飞机是为了“提高”预报的精确性。A不合逻辑,B、D不合文意,应舍去。

14、选A。B不合逻辑,C、D不合语境和常识。

15、选A。根据后面的代词he可排除B,根据常识可排除D,C(person)比较笼统,不及pilot具体,亦应舍去。

16、选B。这里强调的是可能性,而不是必要性,故应排除A、C,might表示的可能性太小,不符合语境,也应排除。

17、选D。由a river may overflow its banks可推知,雨或雪可能不少,答案应在C、D之间。表示雨、雪之大一般用heavy,而不用large。

18、选A。day和hour在语气上并不是并列关系,故后三项应予排除。

19、选B。根据空格后的内容可排除C、D,另从与介词搭配这一角度考虑可排除A(这里的path与along连用)。

20、选D。prepare for意为“为……作好准备”。余者不合逻辑。

(八)

I am used to taking a bus home, but last night it was 1_____ and I decided to ride in a taxi. I stood on the side-walk 2_____ to each car that passed. I 3_____ each one to 4_____, but none would. Then I 5_____ that it was the time of day when one group of taxi drivers stopped and another began work. I began to wish that I hadn’t had the idea of taking a 6______. I was all wet. I 7_____ my hat to pour 8_____ the water that had collected in the brim(帽边).

At that moment, a taxi stopped in front of me and the driver said something that I didn’t 9_____. I quickly jumped in and sat down. “Where do you want to go ?” he asked me. I gave him my 10_____. “That’s uptown (向住宅区), sir,” he said. “I’m 11_____ duty now. I was just to 12_____ you up if you were going my 13____. “14_____ this time it was raining harder. Cars were stopped 15_____ the taxi. Their knocking horns(喇叭)were beginning to 16_____ that we move. I 17_____ I had known what to do! I felt like insisting that the taxi driver 18______ me home. But at the same time, I knew that I 19____ have gotten into the taxi without understanding what the driver had said to me. Two more blasts(鸣笛)from somebody’s horn made the driver demand that I make up my mind. I got out, 20_____ I didn’t want to.

1. A. late       B. dark        C. raining       D. snowing

2. A. signing    B. showing     C. shaking       D. nodding

3. A. hoped      B. thought     C. considered    D. expected

4. A. pass       B. pause       C. stop          D. stand

5. A. remembered B. forgot      C. imagined      D. thought

6. A. walk       B. car         C. bus           D. taxi

7. A. put on     B. took off    C. put away      D. picked up

8. A. off        B. out         C. away          D. into

9. A. understand B. notice      C. hear          D. listen

10.A. place      B. house       C. home          D. address

11.A. from       B. off         C. to            D. on

12.A. take       B. bring       C. pick          D. keep

13.A. direction  B. road        C. path          D. way

14.A. By         B. On          C. During        D. In

15.A. at         B. in front of C. behind        D. beside

16.A. order      B. demand      C. suggest       D. encourage

17.A. wished     B. hoped       C. hated         D. regretted

18.A. get        B. send        C. take          D. fetch

19.A. mustn’t    B. couldn’t    C. shouldn’t     D. mightn’t

20.A. as if      B. although    C. so            D. and

答案简析:

1、选C.根据后文可知,天正“下着雨”。

2、选A。余者不及signing含义准确。

3、选D。A、B不能接sth to do ,C接sth to do 时作“认为”讲,在此不合语境。

4、选C。打车的人当然希望过往的出租车能“停”下来。

5、选A。根据语境可排除B、C、D(thought)接从句时,一般作“认为”讲,不合文意。

6、选D。全句意思为:我要是不曾有乘“出租车”这一念头该多好啊!car表意不准确,它除了指出租车外,还可指其它车子。

7、选B。“脱下”帽子以便倒掉积水。

8、选B。将水从帽边倒“出”。

9、选A。从第十九个空格后的without understanding what the driver had said to me中可判断出。

10、选D。告诉司机的应是所去的地方,即“地址”。余者不合习惯表示法。

11、选B。从他不再向住宅区送客来看,他已“下”班。

12、选C。pick up系固定搭配,意为“搭载”。

13、选D。根据习惯表达法选定。

14、选A。“到这时为止”雨下得更大了。

15、选C。鸣喇叭来催促的车子一定是“在后面”。

16、选B。鸣喇叭是“要求”前面的车子启动。余者不合语境。

17、选A。根据从句谓语的虚拟语气形式选定。

18、选C。从词的用法角度考虑。

19、选C。我知道在未明白司机话的情况下,我“不该”上车。

20、选B。从句表示的是让步关系。

(九)

Tom was crossing the road the other day when he saw a red car coming in the distance. He thought the car would 1_____, as the lights had turned red. 2_____, the car was going too 3_____ and Tom soon 4_____ that it couldn’t stop in time. He 5_____ to move out of its 6_____ but it was too late. Tom was 7____ down by the red car and lay 8_____ dead on the road. Passers-by 9______ went to him and an ambulance(救护车)was 10_____for. The driver of the red car didn’t stop, 11____one of the men had written down the 12_____ of the car, which he 13_____ to the police who arrived at the site(现场).

At the same time, Tom was taken to the 14_____ and his parents were called for. They were very 15_____ to hear of the accident and quickly rushed to his 16____. For three days Tom was not able to feel or think and his parents were worried that he 17_____ die. But on the fourth day Tom 18____ and spoke softly. His parents were 19_____. The police by then had 20_____ the owner of the car and caught hold of him at last.

1. A. start           B. stop            C. move         D. break

2. A. Unfortunately   B. Obviously       C. Besides      D. However

3. A. fast            B. slow            C. far          D. late

4. A. understood      B. realized        C. knew         D. recognized

5. A. tried           B. managed         C. failed       D. was able

6. A. road            B. path            C. door         D. way

7. A. put             B. knocked         C. laid         D. thrown

8. A. almost          B. already         C. still        D. obviously

9. A. slowly          B. calmly          C. quickly      D. carefully

10.A. looked          B. called          C. sent         D. asked

11.A. but             B. and             C. or           D. so

12.A. type            B. name            C. number       D. address

13.A. took            B. gave            C. posted       D. sent

14.A. station         B. school          C. hospital     D. home

15.A. angry           B. sad             C. surprised    D. disappointed

16.A. head            B. side            C. body         D. hospital

17.A. must            B. might           C. could        D. should

18.A. felt sick       B. got up          C. fell asleep  D. woke up

19.A. surprised       B. calm            C. glad         D. puzzled

20.A. noticed         B. grasped         C. found        D. followed

答案简析:

1、选B。由the car was going too……it couldn’t stop in time可以推知。由后面的原因状语从句也可以推知。

2、选D。前后意义形成转折。

3、选A。由“车子不能及时停下来”可推知,车子开得太快了。

4、选B。由于车子开得太快,汤姆“意识到”它不可能及时停下来。

5、选A。manage to do(设法得以),fail to do (没能够),be able to do (能够)与后一分句but it was too late矛盾,不能选用。

6、选D。out of one’s(the) way系固定搭配,意为“不挡道”。

7、选B。knocked down“撞倒”。

8、选A。根据后文可知,汤姆并未死,而是“差一点”死了。

9、选C。见到人被撞倒,行人应是“快速地”来到他的身旁,余者不合语境。

10、选B。called for意为“叫来”。余者不合文意。

11、选A。前后意义形成转折。

12、选C。根据常识用笔记下的应是“车号”。

13、选B。由于警察就在现场,应是将所记的车号当面“给”他。

14、选C。受了重伤的汤姆只能被送到“医院”。

15、选C。根据常识较易排除另三项。

16、选B。A、C不合习惯表达法,D不合逻辑。

17、选B。担心他有“可能”死。could也可表示可能性,但所表示的可能性要比might大,在此不合语境(因为结果未死)。A、D不合逻辑。

18、选D。woke up意为“苏醒”,与for three days Tom was not able to feel or think形成对比。

19、选C。见到儿子苏醒过来,应该“高兴”。

20、选D。警察有了车号,很快便“追”上了肇事的司机。

(十)

Soon after Dave left college, one of his 1_____, who was 2_____ and had no children of his own, 3_____ and left a lot of money, so he decided to 4_____ his own real estate company.

He found a nice office, bought a lot of things to 5______ it, and moved in. He had only 6_____ there for a few hours 7_____ he heard someone 8_____ towards the door of his office.

“It’s my first 9_____!” he thought. He quickly 10_____ up the telephone and 11_____ to be very 12_____ in answering an important call from someone in New York who wanted to 13_____ a big and 14_____ house in the country.

The man knocked at the door when this was 15_____, came in and waited 16_____ for Dave to 17_____ his conversation. Then he said to him, “I’m 18_____ the telephone company. I 19_____ here to 20_____ your telephone.

1. A. grandparents B. parents        C. aunts       D. uncles

2. A. ill          B. kind           C. rich        D. healthy

3. A. died         B. remarried      C. fell ill    D. went out

4. A. set up       B. find           C. build       D. buy

5. A. supply       B. furnish        C. fill D. surround

6. A. lived        B. been           C. gone        D. left

7. A. and          B. as             C. when        D. suddenly

8. A. going        B. walking         C. crying      D. entering

9. A. repairman    B. visitor        C. worker      D. friend

10.A. hung         B. put            C. picked      D. brought

11.A. seemed       B. looked         C. appeared    D. pretended

12.A. interested   B. active         C. busy        D. comfortable

13.A. build        B. repair         C. sell        D. buy

14.A. cheap        B. expensive      C. wide        D. splendid

15.A. beginning    B. going on       C. holding     D. finished

16.A. happily      B. politely       C. hurriedly   D. impatiently

17.A. finish       B. stop           C. start       D. continue

18.A. from         B. for            C. to          D. with

19.A. came         B. left           C. stayed      D. stood

20.A. use          B. borrow         C. lend        D. connect

答案简析:

1、选D。根据逻辑可排除A、B,由第三空前的his可排除C。

2、选C。之所以能遗留一大笔钱给Dave,是因为他很“富”,且膝下又无子女。

3、选A。“死”后留给Dave一大笔钱,合乎常理。

4、选A。公司是Dave有了钱以后“建立”的。

5、选B。另三个词不合语境。

6、选B。刚“到”那儿几分钟。go是非延续性动词,不能和一段时间连用。

7、选C。when用作并列连词,意为“这时,突然”。Suddenly是副词,不能连接句子,应舍去。

8、选B。根据towards the door of his office可排除C、D,go towards...表示去某地,在这里不合语境,应排除。

9、选B。根据Dave后面的行为可以推知,他以为来人是“来宾”。

10、选C。余者不合文意。

11、选D。12、选C。由下文可知根本没人来电话,他是在“假装” “忙” 着接电话,以示其生意兴隆。

13、选D。14、选B。因为是想说给来人听,所以希望造成一种假象,有人想“买”房,而且愿意出“高价”。

15、选B。go on意为“进行,发生”。另根据前文可排除A,根据后文可排除D,根据词的用法和意义可排除C。

16、选B。这里用politely一词,使语言颇具幽默。另三项不合语境。

17、选A。等他“结束”谈话。

18、选A。根据下文可知,来人是电话公司的。

19、选A。根据语感不难选定。

20、选D。connect意为“连接”。余者不合文意。

 

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