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Marker training - (5)

(2009-07-19 16:24:29)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 训犬资料

How Long Should You Train?
应该训练多久?

 

Most training is best kept to very short sessions. I used to say that training sessions should be 1 1/2 to 2 minutes. Now with marker training if a dog is motivated this can be expanded. When training is fun, the reward is high enough in value and the dog is not tired the time can be extended. Once of our young males could go 10 to 12 minutes. We have had others that needed very short sessions because his concentration did not allow for more.
绝大部分训练最好把时间控制的很短。我过去常说训练课应该只有1、2分钟时间。现在使用响片训练,如果狗儿有动力这个时间就可以延长。如果训练是有趣的,奖励有足够高的价值,狗也不感到累,时间就可以延长。有一次我的年轻公犬持续训练了10到12分钟。我们也有另外一些狗只能训练很短时间,因为它的注意力不能集中太久。

 

Different dogs have different levels of concentration. As dogs gain drive their concentration will increase. To learn what is best for your dog start out by only putting 20 treats in your treat bag. When they are gone the session is over. When in doubt it is always better to leave a session with your dog wanting more.
不同的狗拥有不同的专注水平。随着动力的增加,狗儿的专注程度也会增加。学习一下包里带着20块零食开始训练,什么时候它们完成了训练课,当狗儿想要更多的时候结束训练。

 

Many times new trainers need get so into the work they need the signal of an empty bait bag to remind them that they need to stop. As they gain experience in the work this won't need to be an issue. They will learn to end a session on a positive high note.
许多初学训练的人只有当背包空了的时候才想起该结束训练。随着经常的增加,这点将不再成为问题。他们将学会在积极的、非常专注的时候结束训练。


Placement of the Reward
放置奖励

 

To become an effective marker trainer you must not only master the art of timing but also the art of where and how to deliver the rewards. New trainers often underestimate how important delivery and placement of the reward is to the learning process. Correct placement of a reward can result in new behaviors being learned very quickly.
要成为一个真正的响片训练者,不但必须掌握时机的技巧,还必须要掌握在什么地方、怎样给出奖励。初学训练的人总是低估奖励方式的重要性。正确的奖励方式可以导致非常快速的学会一个新动作。

 

The importance of reward placement in the learning phase of marker training may be best explained with an example.
用一个例子来讲解在响片训练的学习阶段,如何放置奖励的重要性。

 

In the first steps of the "hand touch" exercise we will often mark the dog when he looks at the hand we want him to touch. The correct place to reward the dog is "at that hand the dog looked at."
在刚开始进行触手训练时,我们经常会在狗看手并想要接触手时标记它。正确的奖励地点是在狗儿关注的手里奖励它。

 

In other words you don't just hand the dog a food reward. You place the reward on THE HAND that the dog just looked. If the dog actually puts his nose on the hand you mark the nose touch and place the food treat on the hand that the nose just touched.
换句话说,你不能只是随意的递给狗一份食物奖励。你在狗儿关注的手里奖励它。如果狗儿确实用鼻子接触了手,你就标记这个动作,并且在狗刚碰到的手里放入食物奖励。

 

By placing the reward in the palm of marked hand and letting the dog take the reward off the palm of that out stretched hand the dog quickly figures out that there is a relationship between the behavior and the reward.
就这样把奖励放在被标记的手掌里,并让狗从伸出的手掌里取走食物,狗儿很快就可以弄明白这个动作和奖励之间的关系。

 

That's called proper placement of the reward. When you reward at the correct "place" the learning process will accelerate.
这就叫作正确的放置奖励。当你在正确地方奖励时,学习进度会加快。

 

Another example of proper reward placement is seen when training the place command. If you want to teach your dog to go lie on his rug - or go touch his touch pad. In the first steps of the learning phase for these exercises is when the dog looks at the rug or his touch pad you mark the look and place the reward on the rug or the touch pad.
另一个可以看到正确放置奖励的例子是训练“place”口令。如果你想要教狗儿走过去呆在它的小毯子上(或者是小垫子)。这项训练的第一步是当狗看小毯子的时候标记,并在小毯子上奖励它。

 

In formal heeling, if you want the dog to focus on the side of your face while in the heel position - you mark the moment he looks up at you face. A split second after the mark you bring the reward up buy your face and the reward comes from that point.
在正式的随行训练中,如果你想要狗在随行位置上关注着你的脸,你就标记它抬头看你的脸那一瞬间。在标记后片刻,你把奖励放在脸上,然后奖励从那个位置落下。
 

How to Hand the Dog Food - Without Getting Fingers Pinched
怎样递给狗食物 - 不要把手缩成一团拿着食物

 

Just as proper placement of the reward is important so too is how the reward is offered to the dog. It is often a mistake to hand a high food drive dog a piece of food with the tips of our fingers. At least if we don't want blood blisters and blackened fingernails.
正如放置奖励的位置一样,如何给出食物也是非常重要的。经常犯的错误是把食物贴在手指上喂一只具备高级食物动力的狗。至少我们不会想要血疱和黑指甲。

 

Some dogs naturally take food gently. Some dogs can be trained to take food gently. Then there are those dogs that are so driven for food that a finger getting in the way is not much of a concern for them
一些狗天生吃东西就很温柔。一些狗经过训练也可以温柔的吃东西。对于具备这样食物动力的狗来说,手指的妨碍不是什么大问题。

 

The correct way to offer food to a dog is on the open flat palm of the hand.
正确的方法是把食物放在张开的手掌里递给狗。

 

We hold a food treat in an open hand by pinching the treat between our thumb and the base of our index finger. By holding the treat in this manner its a simple process to release the treat with our thumb so it roles into the palm of our hand. The dog can then take the food off the palm. When give a dog a piece of food in this manner your not going to get bit.
我张开手,把食物夹在拇指和食指根部。这样拿食物可以很方便的松开食物落在掌心。狗可以从掌心取走食物。这样给狗食物的话不必担心被咬到。

Marker <wbr>training <wbr>- <wbr>(5)

The correct way to hold a food reward - pinched between thumb and side of finger

拿食物的正确方法-夹在拇指和食指之间

Marker <wbr>training <wbr>- <wbr>(5)

Use Small SOFT TREATS in most marker training - they go down quickly and are easy to eat.

Too often dogs HACK UP hard crunchy treats

Marker <wbr>training <wbr>- <wbr>(5)

The incorrect way to give your dog food.

错误的给食方法

This is how food hound dogs bite finger tips.

 

 Food can be stores in a bait pouch which we keep on our belt in the middle of our back or it can be kept in a pocket of a training vest or jacket. Or we can pre-load our hand or hands with a food reward. This means we will have food in the hand before the exercise begins.
食物可以装在腰包里,也可以装在马夹的口袋里。我们还可以提前拿着食物奖励。这就意味着在训练开始前,我们手里就已经有食物了。

 

Dogs quickly figure this out when we have food preloaded in our hands. Some dogs will try to MUG your food hand.
狗儿很快就会明白我们手里提前拿着食物。一些狗会试着抢你手里的食物。

 

When that happens simply close your hand into a fist and hold it flat against the front of your leg. When the dog continues to mug the hand we say nothing and do nothing but stand there. The dog will eventually give up and look up at you. When that happens - Mark the look and reward the dog with a food treat.
这个时候只需要把手握成拳头,静静放在裤子的正前方。当狗抢手里的食物时我们什么也不说、也不做,就这样站在那里。最后当狗放弃了并抬头看你的一瞬间,标记它抬头看这个动作,并用食物奖励它。

 

This goes a long, long way to teaching the dog that he holds the key to the food reward. They learn that they can get the food if they do something that you want.
就这样学习了一段时间后狗会把握到获得食物奖励的关键。它们会明白:当它们做一些你想要的动作时就可以得到食物。

Marker <wbr>training <wbr>- <wbr>(5)

If your dog mugs your hand with food, hold both hands against your legs like this until the dog stops and looks in your eyes - then mark the look and reward.

Marker <wbr>training <wbr>- <wbr>(5)

This photo demonstrated placement of the reward on the target after the mark.

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