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Chapter 1-Learning Summary 1~7-会计一班-F.A.I.T.H (1)

(2008-03-24 23:35:11)
标签:

learning

summary

会计一班

f.a.i.t.h

杂谈

分类: Chapter 1 作业

QUESTION:  Explain how managers differ form nonmanagerial employees.

解释管理人员与非管理人员的不同.

ANSWER: Here is the difference between managers and nonmanagerial employees:

A manager is someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities in order to accomplish organizational goals.Their job is not only about personal activities ---- it is about helping others do their work and achieve.That may mean coordinating the work of a department group,or it might mean superviaing a single person.What is more,managers may have other work duties not related to coordinating and in tegrating the work of others.

下面是管理人员和非管理人员的区别:管理人员就是通过和别人一起工作来协调他们的工作活动并由此达到完成组织目标的人.他们的工作不仅仅是关系到个人的活动,更重要的是帮助别人做他们的工作并达到一定的目标.也就是说,协调一个部门团体的工作或者也可以是仅仅监督一个人.除此之外,管理人员可能还有其他与协调和整合其他人工作无关的工作.

But nonmanagerial employees do not have these functions.

但是非管理人员就没有这样的职能.

QUSTION:  Discuss how to classify managers in organizations.

讨论在组织中怎样划分管理阶层雇员.

ANSWER: Managers are often described as first-line ,middle ,or top.

管理人员通常被划分为三类:一线管理人员,中层管理者和高层管理者.

First-line managers are at the lowest level of management and manage the work of nonmanagerial employees who are directly or indirectly involved with production or creation of the organization’s products.

一线管理人员是管理层中最低层的管理者,他们管理那些直接参与组织产品的生产和创造的非管理人员.

Middle managers include all levels of management between the first-line managers and the top level of the organization. They manage the work of first-line managers .

中层管理者是指处于组织中一线管理者和最高管理者之间的管理人员.他们管理一线管理人员的工作.

Top managers are responsible for making organization-wide decisions and establishing the plans and goals that affect the entire organization.

最高管理者负责对整个组织作出决策,构建计划,并制定影响整个组织发展的目标的人.

QUESTION:  Define management..

为管理下定义.

ANSWER: Management is coordinating work activities so that they are completed effectively with and through other people.

管理就是通过协调工作中的各项活动来达到这些活动被有效率地和别人一快完成的目的的行为.

QUESTION:  Explain why efficiency and effectiveness are important to management.

解释为什么效率和效果对管理很重要.

ANSWER: Efficiency refers to getting the most output from the least amount of inputs and also are referred to as “doing things right”--- that is,not waste resources.

效率就是指用最少的投入获得最大的收益,也可以说把事情做对,不浪费资源.

Effectiveness is often described as “doing the right things”---- that is ,those work activities that will help the organization reach its goals.

效果通常被认为是做对的事情,这些对的事情将帮助组织达到即定的目标.

So we can say ,efficiency is concerned with the means of getting things done ,and effectiveness is concerned with the ends ,or attainment of organizational goals.Both are important to achieve the organization’s goals.

所以我们也可以说,效率关系到做事的方式,而效果则关系到做事后的结果,也可以说是组织的目标.这些都对达到组织即定的目标有着重要的作用.

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