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什么是期货市场What are Future Markets

(2011-06-05 19:09:11)
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分类: 周易

编辑;武贤淑

Futures markets are centralized regulated markets where an actual commodity is nt physically traded,instead,futures contracts are bought and sold. Futures contracts are legally binding agreements and are standardized accordingto the quality, quantity,delivery time,and location for each commodity. The only variable is price ,which is discovered on an exchange-trading floor.

   Futures price are quotes delivering   designated quality and quantity of grain to a specific place and time 。 The delivery place is established according to the rules of the futures contract 。the delivery time consists of certain designated days during the delivery month。

   Options on futures ,also traded on the floor of a regulated futures exchange ,are contracts that convey the buyer the right ,but not the obligation ,to buy or sell a particulate futures contract at a certain price for a limited time 。Only the seller of the option is obligated to perform ,there are two different types of options: calls and puts 。A call is an option that gives the buyer the right ,but not the price on or before the expiration date。 A put is an option that gives the buyer the right ,but not the obligation ,to sell the underlying futures contract at the strike price on or before the expiration date。

    期货市场是集中化,规范化的市场.在此市场中,交易的对象不时实际货物,而是买卖期货合约.期货合约是受法律约束的,在质量,数量,交割时间及每一具体商品的交割地点上都有标准化的协议.合约中的唯一可变因素是在交易厅内体现出来的价格.

     期货价格指的是为在某一具体地点和时间提交某一标明质量,数量的农产品的报价.交货地点根据期货合约条款预先制定,而交割时间包括在交割月中的某几个具体指定交易日.

    期货选择权合约也在规范化的交易场所内进行交易。期权合约赋予买方权利,而非义务,在某一限定时间内按某一特点价格水平买进或者卖出某一相关期货合约,而齐全卖方则必须根据买方要求履行期权合约。期权具有两种形式,即看涨期权和看跌期权。看涨期权赋予买方以权利,但不必负有义务,在期权到期日当天或者到期之前,按照敲定的价格买进相关期货合约。看跌期权赋予买方以权利,但不必负有义务,在期权到期日当天或者到期之前,按照敲定的价格卖出相关期货合约。

   

   本文博主亲自编辑,转载请注明出处。谢谢.

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