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[轉載]無神論與道德文化

(2008-06-20 15:54:51)
标签:

无神论

宗教

道德

责任

文化

分类: 體外脱離

copyrighted @ bokuwasado ,and is originally posted by kei in his journal_LINK

首先:謝謝kei讓我轉載這篇論文,實際上讀到的那一刻就想轉載了,我知道你不太想讓它流於LJ以外的地方,SO今天很忐忑跟你問拿轉載權,還好你蠻友善的答應了,謝啦~ 後面附有我很拙劣的中譯版本。。僅供自娛自樂,當然還是英文原味的好

Atheism and moral culture

  To begin, I would like to state that I am, and always will be, Atheist. I am quite proud to be one, in fact. There are many people who misunderstand the very core of what Atheism is, believing that we are immoral and disrespectful people. Claiming that we are cowards -- self-absorbed people that hide behind hedonism -- who first and foremost fear believing in anything other than ourselves. Many say that I (and the rest of my community) am not imaginative enough to believe in a higher power, that I am delusional, in denial, because I cannot see the "evidence" of The Creator and his work that lies before my very eyes.

  People often say that I should respect their right to religion, and their freedom of speech/thought, and yet very often it is those same people who are disrespectful towards my personal beliefs (or rather, lack thereof). And even more frequent is the rate at which people will claim that others are unfaithful, horrid people when they waiver but for a second on their stand on religion, tossing around the ideas of "Hell" and "damnation" as a scare tactic.
  To such people: I'm sorry; I can only respect your right to speech but feel no moral obligation to respect what you say.

  People claim that they have no intention of shoving their opinions or beliefs upon me, and yet such "intellectual" debates quickly degrade into why I should believe in God and how God would make me a moral character. And when I inquire about the leap of faith that one must take to believe in something so intangible and supernatural, they rarely take the time to step back to acknowledge that there is a leap of faith involved, that there isn't tangible evidence for the existence of a Higher Power, and that at the very core, religion is the belief in the supernatural. (Perhaps because they associate supernatural with things of lore like vampires and faeries.)
  I think Thomas Jefferson was most eloquent with this quote: "Question with boldness even the existence of God; because, if there be one, he must more approve of the homage of reason than that of blindfolded fear."

  As an Atheist, I take moral responsibility and sole accountability for my actions. Everything that I do -- good or bad -- is on the account of my own will, and every situation was because of what I have done. I am unwilling to use the phrase "it was God's will" to explain why I've done what I have, or how I've become the person that I am. As beautiful and romantic as the concept is, I do not believe in pre-ordained destiny. Fate. Whatever you may call it.
  To be frank, I believe that religion and spirituality is poison. It is a weak, pathetic, ignorant, and illogical answer to the Unknowns. Things like "How did man come to be?", "What's the purpose of existence?", and "What happens after death?" It is actively choosing to indulge in ignorance when all of these answers revolve around God and the religious gospel. It is religion and the religious that are unimaginative and fearful, hiding behind the ideas of The Divine rather than actively searching for answers and drawing their own conclusions.

  Religion is a selective filter for knowledge. Particularly in the area of science. What doesn't fit, despite piles and piles of research and evidence, is discarded. Things like evolution, because of religion, are simply dismissed on the grounds that it is incongruent with such and such doctrine, so and so's teachings. It is because of this selective filter that a majority of doctors and nurses worldwide do not understand the concept of bacterial evolution & antibiotic resistance. It is painful to see that so few people fully comprehend the awe-inspiring complexity, efficiency, and beauty of natural selection. Darwinian principles and the slow progress from single-celled organisms to advanced multi-cellular ones.
  Did you know that 80% of Britain believes that evolution does not exist?

  The strength of science is that it does not claim to have all the answers, science is wise enough to say 'we do not know yet'. Human intelligence is a work in progress not a final state of being.

  The religious speak of morals, and yet isn't it ironic that they need guidelines on how to be a morally upright citizen from a book? Priest. Whatever means. When I do good deeds, it is not out of the need to gain points in some divine scoring system, it is not because of taught "obligation". I do not colour my actions with fear of the alternative of divine punishment. Karma. Whatever else it may be called.

  It is tragic when one feels obligated to do good, rather than engaging in it simply just because. I'm not trying to imply that I am of greater moral fiber than anyone else, but I find it sickening when people don't have their hearts in what they're doing, but do it anyway because there is personal gain involved. Shouldn't one be doing good for the sake of genuine desire for self-improvement and not just to climb the imaginary Ladder of Morality? This is one of the things that I hate most about religion.

  Whether you agree or not, religion breeds intolerance. Discrimination. It divides people into groups -- The Right vs. The Wrong. The Morally Superior vs. The Morally Inferior. The Believers vs. The Non-believers. And furthermore: The Truly Devoted vs. Everyone Else.

  Isn't it sad when something that is supposed to inspire love, instead, inspires hate?

  People often ask of me to consider religion and spirituality in my life. I ask of you to consider Atheism.
無神論與道德文化

(。。。無責任爛譯本)
  首先,我需要申明,我是個無神論者,現在是,永遠都將是。事實上我深為自己是一個無神論者而自豪。許多人誤解了無神論的核心,并認為我(和我社區裡的其他人)是一個道德淪喪,傲慢無禮的群體。他們稱我們為膽小鬼——是一群藏匿在享樂主義背後的自我中心的傢伙,最為首要的是,除了自己,我們畏懼于信仰任何事物。許多人說我缺乏足夠的想象力去信奉一種更強大的力量,說我產生了錯覺,對宗教持有抵觸情緒,因為我沒有看到清晰擺在我眼前的證明造物主和他的杰作存在的“證據”。

  人們經常說我應該尊重他們信仰宗教和自由言論/思想的權力,話雖如此,但實際上恰恰是這些人在無禮干涉我個人的信仰。然而現實中更多的情況是這些人會站在宗教的立場之上,裁決不信仰宗教的個體都是不忠的,醜惡的人,并拋出他們有關“地獄”和“罪孽”的論調來作為駭人視聽的擴張策略。

  對於這些人:很抱歉;我只能尊重你言論的權力但卻沒有義務去尊重你的言論。

  這些人虛偽聲稱他們并非要將他們的觀點或信仰強加在我身上,話雖如此可這些“機智”辯論術卻迅速將話鋒轉至為什麽我應該信仰上帝,上帝將如何塑造我的道德品質。但是當我詢問到是什麽能使一個人去信仰一種觸不可及而又神秘莫測的力量時,他們卻很少會承認其理由涉及到一種堅定的信念,承認根本沒有明確的證據能證明一種更強大的力量的存在,最為關鍵的是,承認宗教就是對一種神秘力量的信仰。(或許是因為他們將神秘力量和像吸血鬼、仙女這樣的東西聯繫起來)

  我想在這方面托馬斯·杰弗遜是最具有雄辯能力的:“我質疑勇氣甚至是上帝的存在,因為,倘若上帝真實存在的話,他必定更加贊同尊重理性而非盲目恐懼。”

  作為一個無神論者,我承擔道德上的責任并為我的行為擔負全責。我所做的一切事情——無論好壞——皆出於我自己的意愿,而所有今日之果也都源於過去的所為。我不愿用一句“這是上帝的旨意”來解釋為什麽我做了我已經做了的事情,或是我如何變成現在的我。儘管這說辭聽起來像它的概念般美妙絕倫浪漫四溢,但我不相信有被預先設定了的命運。

  坦白講,我認為宗教和靈性信仰是毒藥。它是對未知事物的一種不堪一擊,悲哀凄慘,淺薄無知且不合邏輯的答案。所有像是“人類是如何產生的?”“生存的意義何在?”和“人死後會發生什麽?”這些問題。當所有這些答案圍繞在上帝與宗教福音身側時,它寧願選擇沉溺在蒙昧無知之中。殊不知真正缺乏想象力和膽小怯懦的恰恰是宗教,它們隱藏在神學觀點背後而拒絕去積極的探求真正的答案并獲得自身的結論。

  宗教是對於知識選擇性的過濾。尤其是在科學領域。所有不符合宗教論調的,哪怕經過了多番研究并握有諸多證據,都被摒棄了。像進化演變一類的理論,由於宗教的緣故都被輕易地置之一旁,僅僅因為它與某某宗教教義,某某神學學說不符。正是因為這種選擇性的過濾,全球範圍的多數醫護人員都不了解細菌的演變和抗菌素的抗性這些基本概念。看到只有極少數人充分理解令人嘆為觀止的複雜,效率,美和自然選擇,達爾文的基本原理和單細胞生物到高級的多細胞生物的進步,這真令人感覺痛心。(注:作者是學細胞生物學的。。)

  你知道80%的英國人認為進化是不存在的嗎?

  科學的力量在於它不要求一切事物都有答案,科學的明智之處在於它敢於說“我們還不知道”。人類的智慧是一個發展的過程而不是最終形態。

  宗教的道德言論,他們竟然需要寫在一本書上的方針來指導自己如何做一個道德正直的公民,這難道不諷刺嗎?牧師。及各種手段。當我行善舉的時候,并不是因為我要在某個神學積分體系中得到高分,并不是因為書中所教導的“義務”。我不會因我的行為去懼怕你們所謂的神的懲罰。

  當一個人在做好事的時候想到的是責任,而不是單純出於自己的意愿,這難道不可悲嗎?我并不是暗示說我比其他人都要道德高尚,但當我看到許多人并未用心在他們所做的事情上,而只是因為做這件事能夠獲取利益這讓我覺得噁心。人難道不是應該爲了完善自身而去做真正渴望的事情,而非攀爬虛無縹緲的道德階梯嗎?這也正是我最痛恨宗教的理由之一。

  無論你贊同與否,宗教在繁衍一種不公。區別對待。它將人分群別類——正確VS謬誤。道德高尚者VS道德卑微者。信教者VS不信教者。此外還有:真心奉獻者VS其他人。

  當某種被認為應鼓舞人們彼此關愛的事物反而引致人們相互仇恨時,這難道不可悲嗎?

  人們常常勸我考慮宗教和靈性崇拜。我倒是想勸你們考慮一下無神論。

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