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Gary Locke

(2011-08-15 11:52:47)
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Gary Locke

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other people named Gary Locke, see Gary Locke (disambiguation).
Gary Locke
T.Chinese: 駱家輝
pinyin: Luò Jiā huī
United States Ambassador to China
Incumbent
Assumed office
August 1, 2011
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Jon Huntsman, Jr.
36th United States Secretary of Commerce
In office
March 26, 2009 – August 1, 2011
President Barack Obama
Deputy Dennis Hightower
Rebecca Blank (Acting)
Preceded by Carlos Gutierrez
Succeeded by Rebecca Blank (Acting)
21st Governor of Washington
In office
January 15, 1997 – January 12, 2005
Lieutenant Brad Owen
Preceded by Mike Lowry
Succeeded by Christine Gregoire
5th King County Executive
In office
January 4, 1994 – January 15, 1997
Preceded by Tim Hill
Succeeded by Ron Sims
Member of the Washington House of Representatives
from the 37th district
In office
January 10, 1983 – January 3, 1994
Preceded by Peggy Maxie
Succeeded by Vivian Caver
Personal details
Born January 21, 1950 (1950-01-21) (age 61)
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Mona Lee
Alma mater Yale University
Boston University
Religion Baptist
Gary Locke
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Cantonese Jyutping Lok3 Gaa1-fai1
[show]Transcriptions
Mandarin
- Hanyu Pinyin Luò Jiāhuī
Cantonese
- Jyutping Lok3 Gaa1-fai1

Gary Faye Locke (T.Chinese: 駱家輝; pinyin: Luò Jiā huī; born January 21, 1950) is an American politician and the current United States Ambassador to China.

Locke was the 21st Governor of Washington, serving from 1997 to 2005. He was the first governor of a state in the Continental United States of Asian descent, and remains the only Chinese American in history to serve as a governor.[1]

Family and education

Locke was born on January 21, 1950 in Seattle, Washington. A third-generation American with paternal ancestry from Taishan, Guangdong, in China, Locke is the second of five children of James Locke, who served as a staff sergeant in the U.S. military's Fifth Armored Division during World War II,[2] and Julie Locke, who is from Hong Kong. His parents gave him the Chinese name of 駱家輝 (pronounced Lok Gaa-Fai in Cantonese). He did not learn to speak English until he was five years old.[3] He graduated with honors from Seattle’s Franklin High School in 1968. Locke achieved Eagle Scout and received the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America.[3][4]

Through a combination of part-time jobs, financial aid and scholarships, Locke attended Yale University, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science in 1972.[5] He later received his Juris Doctor from the Boston University School of Law in 1975.

On October 15, 1994, Locke married Mona Lee, a former television reporter for the NBC affiliate KING 5 television in Seattle. She is of Chinese descent as her father is from Shanghai and her mother is from Hubei Province. The Lockes have three children: Emily Nicole, born in March 1997, Dylan James, born in March 1999 and Madeline Lee, born in November 2004.[6]

Washington state

Portrait of Gary Locke as Governor

In 1982, Locke's South Seattle district elected him to the Washington House of Representatives, where he served as chairman of the Appropriations Committee. Eleven years later, in 1993, Locke made history by becoming the first Chinese American to be elected King County's County Executive, defeating Tim Hill. In 1996, he won the primary and general elections for governor, becoming the first Chinese American state governor in United States history. His political committee was fined $2,500 by regulators in 1997 after admitting to state campaign finance law violations during his successful 1996 campaign.[7] Locke easily won re-election in the 2000 governor's race.

Democrats criticized Locke for embracing the Republican Party's no-new-taxes approach to dealing with Washington's budget woes during and after the 2001 economic turmoil. Among his spending-reduction proposals were laying off thousands of state employees; reducing health coverage; freezing most state employees' pay; and cutting funding for nursing homes and programs for the developmentally disabled. In his final budget, Locke suspended two voter-passed, pro-school initiatives while cutting state education funding. That same state budget, though, had record-high allocations for construction projects.

Supported by the state's political left, former Washington Supreme Court Justice Phil Talmadge announced his plans to challenge Locke in the 2004 Democratic primary. Talmadge ended his campaign early for health reasons.

On the national stage, Democrats saw Gary Locke as a rising star and a possible vice-presidential pick. In 1997, Gov. Locke was a guest at that year's State of the Union.[8]

He was chosen to give his party's response to George W. Bush's 2003 State of the Union address.[9] In a surprise move, Locke announced in July 2003 that he would not seek a third term,[10] saying, "Despite my deep love of our state, I want to devote more time to my family."[10]

Susan Paynter, a columnist at the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, suggested that racist slurs, insults, and threats that Locke and his family received, especially the large number which came after his rebuttal to George W. Bush's 2003 State of the Union address, played a role in Locke's decision to leave office after two terms.[11] The governor's office received hundreds of threatening letters and e-mails; others threatened to kill his children.[11]

Locke left office on January 12, 2005. If the disputed 2004 election between Christine Gregoire and Dino Rossi had not been resolved by then, Locke would, under Washington's constitution, have remained in office until a successor qualified.[12]

After leaving office, Locke joined the Seattle office of international law firm Davis Wright Tremaine LLP, in their China and governmental-relations practice groups. During the leadup to the 2008 Democratic presidential primary, Governor Locke signed on as Washington co-chairman of Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton's bid for president.[13]

United States Secretary of Commerce

On December 4, 2008, the Associated Press reported that Locke was a potential candidate for Secretary of the Interior in then-President-elect Barack Obama's cabinet. Eventually, then-Colorado Senator, Ken Salazar, was nominated for that position instead.

On February 25, 2009, Locke was announced as President Barack Obama's choice for Secretary of Commerce.[7] His nomination was confirmed by the United States Senate by unanimous consent on March 24, 2009.[14] Locke was sworn in March 26, 2009, by District judge Richard A. Jones.[15] He was sworn in by President Obama on May 1, 2009. He is the first Chinese American Secretary of Commerce, and one of three Asian Americans in Obama's cabinet, joining Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Veteran Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki, the most of any administration. Politico has reported Locke has been a popular cabinet member among both business and the executive branch.[16]

Ambassador to China

Following the resignation of Jon Huntsman, Jr., Locke was nominated by President Obama to serve as U.S. Ambassador to the People's Republic of China.[17] The Senate confirmed him by unanimous consent on July 27, 2011.[18] On August 1, 2011, Locke resigned as Commerce Secretary and took up his new post.[19] On his first news conference after arrival in Beijing, Locke pledged to promote bilateral cooperation and understanding between the two countries.[20]

References

  1. ^ Gilbert Cruz (February 25, 2009). "Commerce Secretary: Gary Locke". Time. http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0,8599,1881587,00.html. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  2. ^ http://www.thenewstribune.com/2011/01/16/1504584/jimmy-locke-father-of-former-gov.html
  3. ^ a b "Remarks by President Obama and Commerce Secretary Nominee Gary Locke". Whitehouse.gov. February 25, 2009. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Remarks-by-President-Obama-and-Commerce-Secretary-Nominee-Gary-Locke/. Retrieved July 12, 2009. 
  4. ^ Frank Chesley (June 29, 2006). "Locke, Gary Faye (b. 1950)". HistoryLink. http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?displaypage=output.cfm&file_id=7830. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Biography of Governor Gary Locke". Who's Who of Asian Americans. http://www.asianamerican.net/bios/Locke-Gary.html. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  6. ^ http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/governorlocke/bios/bio.htm
  7. ^ a b Sidoti, Liz (February 25, 2009). "Obama selected Locke to run Commerce Department". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090225/ap_on_go_pr_wh/obama_commerce. Retrieved February 25, 2009. [dead link]
  8. ^ Clinton, Bill (February 4, 1997). "Remarks By The President In State Of The Union Address". The White House. http://clinton2.nara.gov/WH/SOU97/. Retrieved February 24, 2009. "Gary Locke, the newly elected Governor of Washington State, is the first Chinese American governor in the history of our country. He's the proud son of two of the millions of Asian American immigrants who have strengthened America with their hard work, family values and good citizenship. He represents the future we can all achieve. Thank you, Governor, for being here. Please stand up." 
  9. ^ Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi (January 15, 2003). "Democractic Leaders Announce Governor Gary Locke Will Deliver the Democratic Response to State of the Union Address". Press release. http://www.house.gov/pelosi/prGovGaryLocke011503.htm. Retrieved February 24, 2009. "Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle and House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi announced today that Governor Gary Locke of Washington state will deliver the Democratic response to President Bush’s State of the Union address." 
  10. ^ a b Washington State Office of the Governor (July 21, 2003). "Gov. Gary Locke Announces He Will Not Seek a Third Term". Press release. http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/governorlocke/press/press-view.asp?pressRelease=1403&newsType=1. Retrieved February 24, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b Paynter, Susan (July 26, 2003). "Threats to Locke's family are a factor in third-term decision". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://www.seattlepi.com/paynter/132272_paynter25.html. Retrieved December 17, 2007. 
  12. ^ Staff reporter (December 23, 2004). "Wash. Recount Favors Democratic Challenger". Associated Press. http://www.redorbit.com/news/general/113536/wash_recount_favors_democratic_challenger/. Retrieved February 24, 2009. "If the legal fighting does not produce a new governor by the scheduled Jan. 12 inauguration, lame-duck Gov. Gary Locke, a Democrat, may have to stick around. That is because of a provision of the state constitution that says the governor's term of office is four years "and until his successor is elected and qualified." 
  13. ^ Ammons, David (October 7, 2007). "Ex-governor Locke named Clinton state co-chair". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2003932467_weblocke07m.html. Retrieved October 17, 2007. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Senate Confirms Gary Locke as Commerce Secretary". United States Department of Commerce. March 24, 2009. http://www.commerce.gov/NewsRoom/PressReleases_FactSheets/PROD01_007824. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  15. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (March 27, 2009). "Locke Officially Leading Commerce". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/federal-eye/2009/03/locke_officially_leading_comme.html. Retrieved March 29, 2009. 
  16. ^ "CEOs: Locke Obama's Secret Weapon". Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0211/48959.html. 
  17. ^ Song, Kyung M. (March 9, 2011). "Obama officially nominates Locke as China envoy". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/politicsnorthwest/2014441720_obamaofficiallynameslockeambassdortochina.html. Retrieved March 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ http://www.senate.gov/galleries/pdcl/index.htm
  19. ^ Nagesh, Gautham (August 1, 2011). "Commerce Secretary Gary Locke resigns to become Ambassador to China". The Hill. http://thehill.com/blogs/hillicon-valley/personnel-notes/174735-commerce-secretary-gary-locke-resigns-to-become-ambassador-to-china. Retrieved August 1, 2011. 
  20. ^ "New U.S. Ambassador Pledged to Promote Cooperation between U.S. and China". The China Times. http://www.thechinatimes.com/online/2011/08/1035.html. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 

External links

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Political offices
Preceded by
Tim Hill
King County Executive
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Ron Sims
Preceded by
Mike Lowry
Governor of Washington
1997–2005
Succeeded by
Christine Gregoire
Preceded by
Carlos Gutierrez
United States Secretary of Commerce
Served under: Barack Obama

2009–2011
Succeeded by
Rebecca Blank
Acting
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Jon Huntsman, Jr.
United States Ambassador to China
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Eric Holder (2009–present)
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Ken Salazar (2009–present)
Secretary of Agriculture
Tom Vilsack (2009–present)
Secretary of Commerce
Gary Locke (2009–2011) · Vacant (2011–present)
Secretary of Labor
Hilda Solis (2009–present)
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See also: Confirmations of Barack Obama's Cabinet
[show]v · d · eUS flag icon United States Ambassadors to China PRC flag icon
Envoys to the Qing Empire
1843-1858

Caleb Cushing 1843-44 · Alexander Hill Everett 1845-47 · John Wesley Davis 1848-50 · Humphrey Marshall 1852-54 · Robert Milligan McLane 1853-54 · Peter Parker 1855-57 ·

William B. Reed 1857-58
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plentipotentiary to the
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John Elliott Ward 1858-60 · Anson Burlingame 1861-67 · John Ross Browne 1868-69 · Frederick F. Low 1869-73 · Benjamin Avery 1874-75 · George Seward 1876-80 · James Burrill Angell 1880-81 · John Russell Young 1882-85 · Charles Harvey Denby 1885-98 · Edwin H. Conger 1898-05 · William Woodville Rockhill 1905-09 · William James Calhoun 1909-13

Envoy to the Republic of China
1913-1929
Ambassador to the Republic of China
1929-1949

Nelson T. Johnson 1929-41 · Clarence E. Gauss 1941-44 · Patrick J. Hurley 1944-45 · John Leighton Stuart 1946-49 · Embassy in Taipei 1949-Pres.

Chiefs of the U.S. Liaison Office in Beijing
1973-79
Ambassador to the People's Republic of China
1979-Present

Leonard Woodcock 1979-81 · Arthur W. Hummel, Jr. 1981-85 · Winston Lord 1985-89 · James R. Lilley 1989-91 · J. Stapleton Roy 1991-95 · Jim Sasser 1996-99 · Joseph Prueher 1999-01 · Clark T. Randt, Jr. 2001-09 · Jon Huntsman, Jr. 2009-11 · Gary Locke 2011-

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