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双语加油站*跟我学*枪手

(2008-09-05 13:57:02)
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杂谈

分类: 小鱼学英

句子:这位总统候选人被一名枪手谋杀。

误译The presidential candidate was deliberately shot by a gunner.

正译The presidential candidate was deliberately shot by a gunman.

解释:汉语有“枪”与“炮”之分,而英语都用gun表示。我们可以用big gunlarge gun表示“炮”或“大炮”。英语的gunnergunman不是一回事。gunner 的意思是a member of the armed forces who is trained to use large guns,即“炮手”。gunman 的意思是a man armed with a gun to rob or kill people, 即“持枪杀手”,与criminal(罪犯)或terrorist(恐怖分子)有关。

“枪手”的第一个意思是“射击手”。英语可以译为marksman。例如:这个枪手能从远处非常准确地射击。The marksman can shoot very accurately from a long distance.

“枪手”的第二个意思是“持枪杀手”。英语可以译为gunman。例如:报纸的大标题为:“八人被枪手杀害”。 Eight shot dead by gunman ran the newspaper headline.(报道标题的翻译仔细揣摩,简洁干练)

“枪手”的第三个意思是“受雇替人卖命杀人者”。英语可以译为hit manhatchet man。例如:这名枪手是名受雇于一个犯罪组织的职业杀手。The hit man was hired by a crime syndicate as a professional killer. 这个人因企图雇用枪手杀死对手而被判处五年徒刑。The man was sentenced to serve five years in prison for trying to hire a hatchet man to kill his opponent.

“枪手”的第四个意思是“受雇替人考试者”。英语可以译为substitute examinee/testee。例如:有人张贴广告高薪聘请考研枪手。Someone has put up an ad to employ a substitute examinee for the entrance examination(入学考试) of postgraduates with high pay.

    “枪手”的第五个意思是“受雇替人撰写论文或书籍者”或“受雇替人写文章攻击和谩骂他人者”。英语可以译为ghostwriter。例如:她雇了一名枪手替她写论文。She hired a ghostwriter to write an article on her behalf. 娱乐圈内不时地有枪手炮制影星丑闻。From time to time, some ghostwriters in the entertainment circles cook up scandals about film stars.

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