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常用汉英翻译词汇(六)

(2007-06-20 00:02:52)
分类: Learning Garden
Unit IX    Medicare

国家机关   state organs

医疗资源的滥用    misuse of medical resources

临床经验    clinical experience

增强身体对疾病的抵抗力    build up the body’s resistance to diseases

 

器官移植   organ transplant

重症监护室     intensive care unit (ICU)

陶冶性情    mold one’s temperament

改善环境卫生    improve environmental sanitation

 

综合医院    general hospital

妇产医院    obstetrics and gynecology hospital

耳鼻喉科    ENT (ear, nose, throat) department

血库   blood bank

住院部   inpatient dept.

手术室    operation room

主治医生    doctor / physician in charge

护士长    head nurse

产妇     expecting mother /  lying-in woman

急性病   acute disease

慢性病   chronic disease

顽症    stubborn disease

地方病    endemic disease

职业病    occupational disease

 

风湿性关节炎   rheumatic arthritis

流产(自然的)  miscarriage

伤寒   typhoid

小儿麻痹症    infantile paralysis

脑溢血     cerebral hemorrhage

 

内服   to be taken orally

外敷    for external application

打针    to give/have an injection

输血    blood transfusion

输液    fluid infusion

输氧    oxygen therapy

 

止痛剂    pain-killer

镇静药   sedative

安眠药    sleeping pill

草药     herbal medicine

秘方    home prescription

偏方    folk prescription

 

Unit X   Industry

工业产值    industrial output

从零开始,白手起家     start from scratch

集成电路     integrated circuit

现代企业制度    modern corporate system

兼并    merger and acquisition

装机容量    installed capacity

机床   machine tool

 

石油勘探   oil / petroleum prospecting

试生产,试制    trial manufacture

国际标准化组织    International Standards Organization (ISO)

家用电器   home appliance

销售网点   sales outlet

节能冰箱    energy-saving refrigerator

本地化    localization

重工业 / 轻工业   heavy / light industry

 

非国有企业    non-state enterprise

中外合资企业     Sino-foreign joint venture

外资企业     foreign-funded enterprise

厂长     head of factory

产权清晰,权责分明,政企分开,管理科学

Clearly defined property rights, clearly specified power and responsibilities, separation from government as well as scientific management

工业基地   industrial base

降低废品、次品数量     reduce the number of rejects and seconds

次品    substandard / defective goods

充分发挥现有设备的生产能力

To use the existing equipment to its maximum capacity

试产    trial production

成品    finished product

半成品    semi-finished product

招标    call for / invite tenders

生产指标   production target

生产销售一体化    integration of production and marketing / vertical integration

劳动密集型     labor-intensive

知识密集型     knowledge-intensive

资本密集型     capital-intensive

上市    to go public ;get listed

 

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