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分类： 暗物质引力微子WG理论研究 |

Reveal the protons, electrons and neutrons with stable, determine the mass and charge composition of the fans

The abstract of the book *Dark Matter
Physics*

Zhuhai Publishing House ISBN ９７８－７－５４５３－０００１－７

by Prof.Tong Zheng-rong

** Dark Matter Physics** in Chinese version is a system
physics theory that has our country independent discovery right,
involves the modern physics innovation theory system; its research
has given a series of significant conclusions. This book has
studied the physical phenomena such as light, electricity, and
electromagnetism, the material base of physical interactions, as
well as its physical properties of space existence. This book has
clarified thoroughly the physical mechanism of interactions among
light, electricity and electromagnetism.

The predecessor of “Dark Matter Physics” is “gravitino WG theory”, which elaborates that there is one sort of “basic gravitino” (i.e. WG) in the material world. A large amount of physical experiments and physical facts proved that this sort of “basic gravitino” is the dark matter in the space, as well as the compose matter of all fundamental particles that nowadays physics has studied and found.

What is worth mentioned is the famous experiment that found dark matter by Switzerland astronomer Ziviky, and the physical fact that positive and negative electronic annihilate into light matter. Scientists have discovered that almost all particle has its anti-particle, the positive and negative particles annihilate into light is a universal phenomenon. Most powerful evidence is nothing better than the following simple fact: both macroscopic and microscopic matters all have gravitation – the most universal characteristic…

The study found the method to determine the mass-energy value of
the "basic gravitino", and gave the theoretical value that is
m_{W} = 3.636 x 10^{-45} kg. It complies with the
experimental values from the detection of free particles in space
that observed by【De Broglie】 to “Double Star” and 【Seal Berg 】 to
“binary pulsar”.

Research on the "Dark Matter Physics" gives a following
conclusions:

I. Strong interaction originates from the pressure effect of dark
matter in overall Universe. And there is a value relationship
between the Universe mass, the mass of basic gravitino and the
strong interaction.

Under this model the intensity of the strong interaction is Mu times of the gravitational force between particles (Mu is the total mass of the universe), which satisfies the actual interaction of strong interaction intensity. At the same time, it indicates that the conclusion that the strong interaction exists inside the particles is a kind of misunderstanding.

** Dark Matter Physics** discusses the following
situation with sizable length: is it possible that the "basic
gravitino" WG condensation “the fog grain” is separated out under
the strong pressure of dark matter as a whole in the universe? This
book also studies a similar "droplets" in the saturation of gas;
gives “the mathematical model of fundamental particle stable state”
and “the dynamic balance equation”:

I_{0} = I = ANd_{W}^{2}

In the discussion, we derived the concept of “Basic Body” of the steady-state particle (B Body), proved the unique existence of this “B body”. The model gives directly the three stable states of “Basic Body of the steady-state particle (B body)” which correspond to protons, electrons, neutrons respectively. This conclusion has been proved by all the particle collision experiments and really involves the cause and mechanism of the stable existence of matter.

II. Physical properties of the "basic gravitinoWG" in all Universe space.

Gravity is a basic property of WG, but the direct gravitational force between particles is too weak to aggregate to larger particles. WG belongs to the elastic granule category. However, the space dark matter WG has the following unique properties:

1. The gravitational superposition arising from the “basic gravitino WG” in all over the universe results in space WG pressure.

2. The average speed of the “basic gravitina WG” has the equivalent magnitude with the speed of light. (1. And 2. corrected the fatal error of the classical “ether” theory)

3. as the stickiness of “the basic gravitino WG” is very small, under tremendous pressure in the WG, has the greatly strengthened field function effect..

4. The mass density of “basic gravitina WG” in space is very
small magnitude of 10^{-28}G/cm3, for non-high-speed state
of the moving object, the role of the media material is very small.
However, it has a great amount of density, in the space of 1
Egyptian diameter's spherical shell surface, the WG hit number of
times of the magnitude in 10^{8-14}/seconds. (That has
solved the possibility of the interaction among light, electricity
and electromagnetism.

5. WG has more strong permeability than a neutrino.

The unique properties of WG above guarantee the wave-particle of light speed dissemination in standing wave. It is the WG fundamental research electromagnetic field function theory derives the important basis of the three big electromagnetism experimental law.

III. The light is a spreading state of "dark matter" in a wave, particle interference, a standing wave in the mathematical form.

The light source being exited generates the WG pulse beam. These
particle beams go into the surrounding WG matter that should cause
corresponding fluctuations. The frequency of the fluctuations
should be related to the nature such as the speed of pulse beams,
energy, etc. Meanwhile, fluctuations will inevitably counteract to
the light source which forces the light source to excite the WG
beams in forced oscillation co-frequency. With the mathematical
methods, this is the typical standing wave state of the
wave-particle interference. Clearly, the energy of light is
discontinuous; it has all the wave characteristics and the particle
physical properties. For example, light momentum and light
pressure. The energy of light depends on the frequency of light. So
far this is the best theory to explain wave-particle duality of
light. In a book of ** Dark Matter Physics**, we explained
the “photoelectric effect”, “polarized light experiment” as well as
“Michelson” experiment and so on in terms of mechanism.

IV. The “Basic gravitino WG”- its fundamental equation as below:

;

One team of the domestic authoritative scholars has performed
mathematical-physical analysis for the theory of ‘WG constituting
the Universe’. They concluded that "with WG solution, we could
really solve the problem of dark matter universe". For more
information, see ** Dark Matter Physics** in 11.1. WG
star; the mathematical-physical analysis for ‘WG constituting the
entire universe’.

V. This theory first studies qualitatively and quantitatively
the material base of electromagnetic field interaction and the
action mechanism. It provides the theoretical deduction for three
major electromagnetism experimental law. External radiation
frequency from "Particle basic body" (B body) should be divided
into two major components, one as the vibration frequency
ν_{B} from the center of mass of the "B body"; Second, the
radiation frequency ν_{w} from the WG cloud outside the
nuclear of the "B body". Obviously the frequency radiation from the
center of mass is much lower than the orbital frequency of WG, they
have completely different spectrum, and ν_{w}
>> ν_{B}. With comparing the
proton body and the electron body concretely, the proton body's
external radiations are mainly the ν_{w}, which is called
the high frequency body; but the electron body's external
radiations are maily ν_{B}, which is called the low
frequency body. Electric interaction is attributed to the dynamic
effect under the resonate principle between the different frequency
bodies or between the same frequency bodies. Electric charge
quantization essence, “Coulomb's law”; "Gauss Law"; "Biot - Sha
Cutting Law" naturally derives under the above premise.

About magnetism, in this theory the conclusion is the WG absorption or the release field and the spatial WG whirlpool complex field, the related experimental laws also could be derived from the theory.

VI. Quantum mechanics wave function introduces the mathematical principle and its material base in complex number form.

The physics significance of Quantum mechanics wave function under the “gravitino WG theory” is the research for the light intensity contribution to some selects P in the space. The calculation includes two parts:

1. The intensity contribution of WG pulse grain of class under standing wave shape.

2. The intensity contribution of WG ether wave under standing wave shape.

Refer to ** Dark Material Physics** in 15.2 “relative
number principle”, we naturally introduce the wave function in the
complex number form.

** Dark Matter Physics** also includes: “The
following-up principle about media system of the light
dissemination”; “The paradox that atomic system is stable but it’s
electron orbital probability movement inevitable radiation
electromagnetism energy ceaselessly”; Light dissemination and The
“Doppler effect” related of the propagation distance. . . Here is
not described in detail one by one.

I hope that the related conclusions in the book of ** Dark
Matter Physics** would be some value to experimental physics,
and let us have the space in the world physics forum. With the
country scientific research institution leadership and the general
physical colleague cooperation, we wish to make the proper
contribution for our country's construction undertaking.

Reference: *China*** Science and Technology
Entering the World**, China Science and Technology
Press

Tong Zheng-rong , Research Prof.

Shanghai Branch of International Technology and Economy Institute of State Council of the People’s Republic of China

Ｅ－ｍａｉｌ：ｔｏｎｇｚｒ＠ｑｑ．ｃｏｍ

2010-9-28