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写作常用词汇

(2012-01-29 09:15:29)
标签:

杂谈

高频形容词:

贫穷的:poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken

富裕的:rich = wealthy = affluent = well-to-do = well-off

优秀的:excellent = eminent = top = outstanding

积极的,好的:good = conducive = beneficial=advantageous

消极的,不良的:bad = detrimental = baneful =undesirable

明显的:obvious = apparent = evident =manifest

健康的: healthy = robust = sound = wholesome

惊人的:surprising = amazing = extraordinary = miraculous

美丽的:beautiful = attractive = gorgeous = eye-catching

有活力的:energetic = dynamic = vigourous =animated

流行的: popular = prevailing = prevalent = pervasive

高频动词:

提高,加强:improve = enhance= promote = strengthen = optimize

引起:cause = trigger = endanger

解决:solve =resolve =address = tackle =cope with = deal with

拆除:destroy = tear down = knock down = eradicate

培养: develop = cultivate = foster = nurture

激发,鼓励:encourage = motivate = stimulate = spur

认为: think = assert = hold = claim = argue

完成:complete = fulfill = accomplish= achieve

保留:keep = preserve = retain = hold

有害于:destroy = impair = undermine = jeopardize

减轻: ease = alleviate = relieve = lighten

高频名词:

影响:influence= impact

危险:danger = perils =hazards

污染:pollution = contamination

人类:human beings= mankind = humane race

老人: old people= the old = the elderly = the aged = senior citizens

幸福:happiness = cheerfulness = well-being

老师:teachers = instructors = educators = lecturers

教育:education = schooling = family parenting = upbringing

青少年:young people = youngsters = youths = adolescents

优点:advantage = merits = superiority = virtue

责任: responsibility = obligation = duty = liability

能力: ability = capacity = power = skill

职业: job = career = employment = profession

娱乐: enjoyment = pastimes = recreation= entertainment

孩子: children = offspring = descendant = kid

高频短语:

充满了:be filled with = be awash with = be inundate with = be saturated with

努力:struggle for = aspire after = strive for = spare no efforts for

从事: embark on = take up = set about = go in for

在当代: in contemporary society = in present-day society= in this day and age

大量的: a host of = a multitude of = a vast number of = a vast amount of

一些: a few=a handful of=a fistful of=several=a couple of

越来越:be increasingly + adj, be on the rise, the growing number ofan increasing number of越来越多的

人们认为:it is generally/widely believed/held/agreed that

许多问题:a host of/a multitude of problems

引起人们注意:claim call/attract general/public/world attention to sth

意识到:there is a growing awareness/realization of/that, awaken sb To the fact/danger

适应新的形势/变化:adapt/adjust/accommodate oneself to new environment/change

接触各种思想、经历:be exposed to new ideas/experience/problems

接触社会:come into frequent/close contact with the world/society

获得成功:achieve/accomplish success

提出观点、建议:advance/put forward/come up with arguments/ideas/suggestions

作出努力:make tremendous/persistent/sustained effort to do sth, take great pains to do

影响学习、工作:interfere with studies/work

产生影响:have/exert a profound influence on …, have a dramatic/undesirable effect on

较好地驾驭生活:be a better pilot of ones life

剥夺机会/权利:deprive oneself of the chance/right/opportunity

采取旧的方式:substitute for/take the place of the old way

采取措施:take effective steps/measures to

控制我们的环境:take/gain increasing control over our environment

躲避危险/挑战:shy/run away from the danger/challenge

满足要求:meet/satisfy/accommodate the demand of

补偿损失:compensate for/make up for the loss/damage

解释某现象:account for/explain the phenomenon

对……很好的了解:have a better understanding/appreciation of, have a new perspective on, provide/gain an insight into

把某因素考虑进去:take sth Into account(consideration), givr much thought to

培养对……的信心:develop/foster ones interest/confidence in

经历变化、困难、艰险:undergo/experience great change/hardships/experience

表现出自信心等:project ones confidence/feeling/image

 

 

学习知识、技术:pursue/ acquire knowledge/technology/skill

被看作学习的……榜样:be held up as an good example

交流经验、知识:share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge

发挥、起到重要作用:play an (important/active/great) role/part

逃学、缺课:skip school/a class/a meeting/a lecture

知识、经验丰富:rich in knowledge/experience

确立、追求目标:set/pursue a goal/higher standard

达到目标:achieve/accomplish/attain the goal/aim/objective

克服困难:overcome obstacles/difficulty

面临危险、困难:be confronted (faced) with/in the face of danger/difficulty

阻碍了成功:stand in the way of success, be an obstacle/barrier to success/growth

阻碍了发展:hamper/impede/stunt the development of

持传统的看法:hold conventional wisdom

发表看法:voice/express ones opinion

持相反/合理的观点:take the opposite/fresh view

揭穿某种一贯的说法:shatter the myth of

把成功/错误归咎于:attribute/owe the success/failure to

对……很重要:be indispensable Important/vital to

施加压力:put/exert a academic pressure on

重视:assign/attach much importance/significance to

强调:place/put much emphasis/stress/value on

把注意力集中在:focus/concentrate ones attention/efforts/thoughts upon

提供机会、信息:provide/offer/furnish an opportunity/information for sb

抓住机会:grab/seize/take the opportunity

得到机会:enjoy/gain access to a opportunity/information

有可能:there is (little/much) possibility/likelihood that, chances/the odds are that

展开竞争:complete against/with sb for the prize/position/control/the mastery of

开展运动:conduct (carry on/undertake/initiate/launch/wage) a (vigorous/nation-wide/publicity/advertising) campaign (for/against)

对我很有/没有什么意义:make much/little sense to me

带来无穷的幸福,满足:be a source of happiness satisfaction/contentment/pride/complaint

献身于:devote/dedicate oneself to a cause/career

大不一样(没啥两样):make much (little/no) difference

真正重要的是:what really matters/counts is

改变生活旅程:change/alter the course of life

建立在大量的学习,实践上:built on tremendous amount of study/practice

进行调查,执行任务:conduct/carry out an study/task/experiment

辞去工作/学习:leave/quit ones job/work/school

参加考试竞争等:enter (for) the examination/contest, race

参加活动、讨论:take part/participate/be engaged in sports/activities/discussion

进入大学、社会、家庭、劳力市场、职业:enter a school/college/society/the work force/professionals

实现自己的理想/愿望:realize/fulfill/achieve ones dream (hopes/wish/desire)

减轻压力、紧张:reduce/alleviate/relieve the stress/pressure/tension

提高社会地位:enhance/improve/upgrade social status/position/standing rise to the position of leadership

提高技术、能力:sharpen(increasing/improve/enhance/boost) ones skill/ability

加快、促进发展:accelerate/facilitate/advance/enhance/boost/the development of

随着生活节奏的加快:with the quickening pace/rhythm/tempo of modern life/society

开阔眼界、兴趣:broaden ones interest/outlook, expand(broaden/enlarge) ones mental horizons

有助于了解、发展、宣传、解决:contribute much/little/greatly to a better understanding of/the popularity of/the growth of/solving the problem

有助于解决问题:go a long way to(towards) solving the problem

迷恋名利、分数:be obsessed/preoccupied with grades/fame/fortune

把时间花费、浪费在:spend/waste time doing sth, put in hours doing sth

利用机会、技术:make (full/better) use of/take advantage of opportunity/time, tap/harness technology potential/skills/talent

把知识、经验运用到……:apply/put the theory/knowledge/experience to practice/daily life/good use

取得进步:make much progress/strides/gains in

充分发挥潜力、能力:develop ones ability/potential to the full, give full play to ones ability

充满激情、渴望:have a burning desire/a great passion for

好学校:a great high school, a good independent school

高级课程:a special program of studies, an advanced program of studies

好学生:outstanding students, boys and girls of high ability, superior students

成绩优秀学生:high-achieving students, The students at the top of the class, A students

大多数美国人:most Americans The majority of Americans

积累财富:make money and possess luxuriesamass wealth and possessions

想象:imagine, visualize

缺点:faults, defects, the weakness

问题:problems, question, troubles

许多:many, Large numbers of, enormous

人:people, individuals

失业:unemployment, jobless

能力:capacity, skill, ability

影响:affect, touch

把我们带到:lead us, take us

引起:arising from, brought about

天生:be born with, be endowed with

特别的:something special, something super-normal

永不屈服的精神:A never surrender attitude, an unrelenting drive to succeed

伟人:become great, an uncompromising personality, great achiev

迷住了:became fascinated with, became obsessed with

思考研究:thinking about, working out

受特别保护:entitled to special consideration, grant them special protection, protected by special immunity

无助:helplessness, defenseless, have put their lives in our hands

无辜:innocence, blameless, threatened or offended no one

举例:example of,

直觉:intuition, illustration of this six sense

损害:have a bad effect on, do great injury to, cause great damage to

冲进:plunge, rush

回报:payoff, rewards

检查:checking, review

新的:new, changed, altered

孩子:children, offspring

问题:question, matter, problem

没有一刻联系不上:nevertemporarily unavailable, instantly accessible at all times

每个人:even to strangers, to everyone

灌输思想:imbue sb with the notion, inculcates in sb the notion

虽然,但:Surebut, While it is true that, its equally true that

了解:have a perspective on, are better for our understanding of, see the connections between things

看的更远:beyond the confines of our occupation, far removed from our own, see beyond our immediate needs

不知道:ignorance, no one knows, Little is know about

使:make, render

学习:learn adequate, acquire good

外国教师:The foreign research scholar, the visiting professor, the foreign professor, the newcomer, foreign faculty

利用:take full advantage of, make use of

需要:is required, is called for

期望:the teachers expectations, the teacher knew he could do

不辜负:to measure up to, to live up to

没有:a lack of, an absence of

话音:tone, voice

传递:to communicate, be transmitted

收到:pick up, absorb

信息:signals, messages

积极反应:reacted positively, performed accordingly

超过:excel at, are more adept at, outperform men, women outdo men

许多:a large portion of, a bounteous source of, many

提供:provide, furnishes

热起来:boomed, exploded in popularity

发泄:ventilating,outbursts of rage

策略:strategies, technique

提供:provide, furnish the necessary resources

 

常用话题词及短语

教育: engineer of the human souls 人类灵魂的工程师

teaching methodology教学方法

experimental 试验型

adventurous 勇于尝试

responsible and conscientious (本意: 对得起良心的)工作态度认真负责的

loving and caring 爱心

patient 耐心

cultivate and inspire originality and creativity in students

培养, 激励学生的原创精神和创造力

impact 对生活的影响

respect students 尊重学生人格

value价值观

moral道德观

world perspective 世界观

unconditional support 无条件支持

familiarity 熟悉

comfy and cozy 舒适, 温馨

stand by me在我身边给我鼓励和支持

lack of understanding 不理解

naggy 唠叨 nag at somebody

generation gap 代沟

four generations living under one roof 四世同堂

no privacy 没有隐私

no peace and quiet 不得安宁

criticism 批评孩子

bossy 好管事的

disciplinarian 纪律严明

对于孩子方法简单粗暴的家长

enforce curfew 宵禁(必须回家的时间)

Youre grounded 不许出门

My way or the highway 要么听我的,要么滚出去

Breadwinner 养家的人

Cook 做饭

common activity 共同事情

family dinner 家里聚会吃饭

road trip 开车出行

discussion of life 谈生活

不同风格家庭表达方式

nuclear family 小家

extended family 大家

bi-racial family 国际家庭

close-knit family 家庭关系紧密,观念强,常联系的家庭

dysfunctional family 家庭功能不健全,问题多多家庭

好家长的特点

fashion sense/ fashionable/ trendy 时尚 生活方式新

Hands-off 放手

Trusting 信任孩子

Reserved 有所保留

Role model 行为榜样,模范

A good communicator 善于沟通

sense of humor 幽默感

contribution 贡献

selflessness 无私

make a difference 促成变化,促成改变

scope of knowledge知识面

spread knowledge传播知识

lasting artistic works永恒的艺术作品

abstruse深奥的

break with old customs抛弃传统

carry down from generation to generation代代相传

advocate the new lifestyle倡导新的生活方式

entertainment娱乐

be different from …与…不同

direct experience直接经验

echo共识

satiate peoples psychological demands满足心理需求

attach more importance to …更重视…

spiritual enhancement精神升华

a mirror of …是…的一面镜子

determinant决定性因素

contribute to …有助于…

a sense of cool and satisfaction一种惬意的感觉

pastimes消遣方式

nurture imagination培养想象力

meditation沉思

an essence of immortality永恒的精髓

instructive有启发性的

edification熏陶

arouse ones curiosity about something引发某人对某事的好奇心

enrich ones knowledge丰富某人知识

value of knowledge知识的价值

cultural differences文化差异性

time is fleeting and art is long时光飞逝,艺术永恒

adapt oneself to the development of使自己适应…的发展

scope of knowledge知识面

narrow the gap between缩小了…的鸿沟

lighten the burden of减轻了…的负担

comprehensive knowledge广博的知识

distance education远程教育

enrich the teaching method丰富教育手段

be attractive to somebody对…具有吸引力

eye-catching极好的、极快的

eye-dazzling极好的、极快的

fascinating极好的

appealing极好的

multimedia teaching多媒体教学

vocational education职业教育

down-to-earth切合实际的

stress-related illness与压力有关的疾病

enjoy equal rights享有平等权利

receive education接受教育

thought-provoking引人深思的

enlightening予以人启迪的

far-reaching深远的

never-ending永不停息的

perplexing令人困惑的

overwhelming压倒一切的

the cultural diversity文化的多元性

insightful富有洞察力的,有深刻见解的

exchange experience交流经验

undertake the due obligations承担责任

offer a chance of education提供一种教育机会

give a big push to the development of education给予教育极大的推动

face possible pressure and competition迎接可能的压力和竞争

Be easily taken in by容易受到某人或某事的欺骗

exam-oriented education应试教育

knowledge-intensive知识密集型的

education for all-round development全面发展教育

have quick and easy access to something更快地接触到…东西

Develop Our Creative Mind培养我们创造性思维

Fake Diplomas假文凭

Embracing the Knowledge Economy Age拥抱知识经济时代

Renew Knowledge革新知识

People-oriented以人为本的

compulsory education义务教育

keep skills fresh and up-to-date使得技能可以与时俱进

widen ones knowledge拓展知识面

enrich ones social and life experience丰富了社会和生活阅历

enlarge ones view拓展知识面

broaden ones horizons拓展知识面

realize the value of life实现生命价值

grasp good communication skills掌握良好的交流技能

remove misunderstanding and discrimination消除误解和歧视

improve cultural integration and globalization促进了文化的融合和文化全球化

cultivate a strong sense of responsibility培养了强烈的责任感

promote social skills and competence提高了社会能力和竞争力

make contribution to society对社会做出贡献

quality Education素质教育

cross-cultural communication跨文化交流

rote learning死记硬背

concentrate ones attention on关注…

student-oriented education以学生为主体的教育

bias of culture文化偏见

cradle of culture文化摇篮

mainstream culture主流文化

system of education教育体制

tap ones potential挖掘某人的潜能

go astray误入歧途

commit crimes犯罪

denotation字面意思

connotation暗含意思

impractical不切实际的

intellectual development智力发展

interaction交流

thinking capacity思考能力

universal language世界语

linguistic studies语言学研究

a means of communication一种交流工具

develop linguistic skills培养语言技能

verbal communication口头交流

grammatical rules语法规则

context语境

core核心

a complex progress一个复杂过程

cream精华

cultivate logical thinking培养逻辑思维

obscure晦涩的

readability朗朗上口

an unrealistic dream一个不切实际的梦想

comprehensive knowledge全面的知识

communicate with others directly, and freely与他人直接自由交流

face-to-face communication面对面交流

stimulate ones interest激发了…的兴趣

artificial intelligence人工智能

miraculous令人惊叹的

increase efficiency提高效率

easy accessibility易于操作

make astounding advances突飞猛进

enrich the teaching and learning methods丰富了教学手段

expertise专业知识

flourishing繁荣兴旺的

speedy communication快速的交流

language acquisition语言习得

term术语

implication含义

be fully aware of…充分意识到…

optimistic乐观的

pessimistic悲观的

drawback弊端

precious gift宝贵的礼物

linguist语言学家

mission impossible不可能的任务

社会

person of the year 风云人物

world-renown 世界闻名

prestigious 声明远播的

notorious 臭名昭著的(国外娱乐业尤其是面对年轻人的,越坏越流行)

charity organization 慈善机构

philanthropy 慈善事业

trend-setting 带动潮流的

high media exposure 媒体曝光率

lead a glamorous life 充满魅力的生活

positive influence on young people对年轻人有正面影响

privilege 享受特权

award show/ fashion show 颁奖典礼/ 时装发布会

talent 才华

求职与就业

routine 规律 重复的

career 事业

profession/ occupation 职业

individual success个人成功

work overtime加班

laid off 下岗

contribute to/ make contribute to贡献

balance between 平衡

preoccupied with忙于

promotions 升职

under stress 承受压力

job hopping 跳槽

intense competition强烈竞争

be replaced被淘汰

benefits 福利

head hunter猎头

human resource 人力资源

meaning in life 生命的意义

self-worth 自我价值

being in a team 在团队中

learn from your boss 跟老板学习

become fast friend with your colleagues 和同事交朋友

contribute to social progress and stability 为社会进步和稳定做贡献

become an able, worthy and useful person 成为有能力, 有价值,有用之人

a bread-winning process赚钱过程

mental satisfaction 精神满足感

be born出生

start school入学

immigrate 移民

graduate毕业

learn to drive学习开车

join the army参军

get a job就业

become a citizen成为公民

rent an apartment租公寓

go to college 上大学

fall in love恋爱

get married 结婚

travel旅游

buy a house买房子

move搬家

die死亡

milestone里程碑

turning point 转折点

memorable 印象深刻

an eye-opening experience/ an eye opener 打开眼界的事情

take seriously 认真做…

put all my effort in …全力以赴干…

impressed 印象深刻

inspired 受激励

realize the importance of …意识到… 的重要性

jump up for job快乐的跳起来

have the time of my life 玩的非常快乐

shocked 惊呆了

in a daze

celebrate 庆祝

birth certificate 出生证

diploma 文凭

degree学位

resident alien card居留卡

drivers license 驾照

recall 回忆

deep impression印象深刻

effect on me对我的影响

think it over反复思考

stay in my mind留在我的心里

工作:

Full-time, part-time, white-collar, blue-collar, semi-skilled, self-employed, freelancer,

收入: income, earnings, wages, salary,

职业好: enjoyable, pleasant, fascinating令人着迷的

Steady稳定的

provide many opportunities for…提供各种。。。的机会,

give me a sense of satisfaction/accomplishment给我一种满足感、成就感,

apply what I have learnt to my job把我学的用在工作中,

put my talent into full play充分发挥我的天分,

improve my interpersonal and communicative skills提高我的人际交往和交流能力, improve my independence独立能力,

well-fare福利

benefit future development将来的发展,

不好:

demanding难做的,

stressful有压力的,

tiring累人的, exhausting令人筋疲力尽的,

boring无聊的,

routine work常规工作,

repetitive重复性的,

work overtime/extra hours加班

workaholic工作狂,

repetitive strain injuries职业病,

adverse conditions恶劣的工作条件,

freelancer自由职业self-employed

Personnel, human resources 人力资源

学校:

nursery托儿所

kindergarten幼儿园

primary school/elementary school小学,

secondary school中学教育

higher education高等教育

further education进修

教育: parenting, schooling,

enroll 入学admit 招收,录取

Parents are obliged to do…父母有责任、义务去做。。。

compulsory education 强制教育、义务教育

minors 未成年人

immature 不成熟的

学习的好处

learn skills学习技能

acquire knowledge学习知识,

enrich knowledge丰富知识,

widen horizon开阔视野,

inspire interest激发兴趣,

stimulate interest激发兴趣,

cultivate v 培养 hobbies

develop potentials

conduce to mental development

lay a solid foundation for the future为将来打下坚实的基础

学习上的问题:

lack discipline缺少约束力/persistence毅力,

test-oriented education应试型教育,

quality education 素质教育

cram for examinations突击考试,

stuff materials

memorise, memorisation,

rote learning死记硬背

Test-taking techniques应试技巧

坏处:

discourage critical thinking 打击评判性思维

students stop questioning what they are being taught

学生们不去质问他们学习的东西

conduce to academic performance有助学习表现

Adversely influence 负面地影响(动作)

Exert adverse/unfavorable influence on对。。。产生负面影响

Emphasis on memorisation adversely influences one’s academic performance

Creativity 创造性

Come at the expense/cost of creativity以牺牲创造力为代价

Lower/raise the standard of…降低了。。。的水平

饮食与体育锻炼

healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式

sedentary lifestyle久坐的,

an active lifestyle积极锻炼的,

excessive intake of…吃过多的。。

fast food快餐

convenience food方便食品

diabetes, diarrhea, respiratory disease,

nutrition营养

balanced diet均衡的饮食

protein蛋白质,

vitamin维生素,

fibre纤维

mineral矿物质,,

treatment 治疗

Relieve=ease=alleviate 减轻stress

aerobic exercises有氧运动

vigorous有活力的

energetic经历充沛的

develop teamwork spirit 培养团队合作精神

conduce to physical fitness身体健康

be sick of …对…厌倦

generation gap代沟

exchanges of feelings感情交流

emotional bond感情纽带

strengthen family ties加强家庭纽带关系

be detached from reality与现实隔绝

distinguish right from wrong明辨是非

 scientific invention科学发明

exert a far-reaching impact on…对…产生一种深远的影响

double-edged sword双刃剑

airplane飞机

pave the way for the future development为未来的发展铺平道路

lay a solid foundation for…为…打下良好的基础

 

自然社会问题

traffic congestion交通拥挤

water scarcity水短缺

the environmental pollution环境污染

over-industrialization过度工业化

over-crowdedness过度拥挤

unemployment失业

wealth distribution财富分配

social instability社会动荡

urban construction城市建设

population explosion人口激增

a rising crime rate犯罪率上升

drain of energy and resources能源和资源消耗

offer more job opportunities提供更多的就业机会

a rapid pace of life快节奏生活

stress-related illnesses与压力有关的疾病

high cost of living高额生活费用

pastoral life田园生活

class polarization阶级两极分化

social welfare社会福利

give special care to …给予…特殊关照

urban sprawl城市扩张

convenient transportation means便捷的交通工具

better medical services更好的医疗服务

pressure of modern life in city城市生活压力

 be vulnerable to …易于患上…

melting pot熔炉

on the brink of …处于…边缘

pollutant污染性物质

waste disposal废物处理

put the blame on …归咎于…

be attributable to …归因为…

ways of consumption消费方式

suffer heavy losses遭受重大损失

citizen居民

be confronted with…面临着…

breed crimes滋生犯罪

a feasible measure一种可行的措施

give priority to …优先考虑…

city planners城市规划者

endanger social stability and safety危害社会稳定和安全

save resource节省资源

speed up加速

relieve the pressure of…缓解…的压力

advocate the management of resources倡导资源管理

benefit from从中受益

put forward valuable suggestions提出宝贵建议

交通方式means of public transport

traffic conditions are worsening=deteriorating

交通状况恶化

traffic regulations=codes交通规则

obey遵守

violat=break违背

traffic congestions=traffic jams

heavy traffic拥挤的交通

light traffic比较畅通的交通,

crowded street拥挤的道路

vehicle车辆

adopt effective transport strategies采取有效的交通策略

relieve the pressure on traffic减轻交通方面的压力

encourage people to use public transport, 鼓励大家使用公交

carpool拼车

build more cycle lanes 自行车道,

encourage Park and Ride 停车换乘

raise fuel price 提高油价

impose=put higher tax 征收高额的税

subsidise=fund public transport 补贴公交

city council市政府

role in easing traffic 在缓解交通压力上扮演了重要角色

participate in the reconstruction of the city参与城市重建

raise the environmental management level提高环境管理水平

create a pleasant ecological environment创造出一种和谐的生态环境

give priority to优先关注

catch much attention引起很大关注

resource allocation资源配置

perfect the construction of urban infrastructure完善城市基础设施建设

reduce the number of vehicles减少车辆

implement strict vehicle emission standards制定严格的汽车排放标准

reduce waste减少浪费

eliminate poverty and backwardness消除贫穷与落后

 prevent and control pollution预防和控制污染

reinforce the conservation of water and soil加强水土保护

keep ecological balance维护生态平衡

adopt environmental protection technique采取环保技术

create a healthy cultural environment创造出一种更加健康的文化氛围

strengthen the regulation and monitoring加强监督和管理

enhance the governmental intrusion加大政府干预性措施

promote legislative regulations促进立法管理

establish and perfect the social security system建立和完善社会的安全体系

give special care to给某人或某物特别的关照

Map out (work out) a blueprint of …制定出…的发展蓝图

impose some restrictions on对…实施限制

Increase the inputs in …加大对…的投入

arouse peoples awareness of唤醒人们的…意识

take some preventive (remedial) measures采取一些预防(补救)措施

enforce on-the-spot penalties采取立即惩罚性措施

play the role of media充分的发挥媒体的作用

take proper guidance and support采取恰当的引导和支持

impose heavier penalty on对…实施严格的惩罚

set down effective laws制定积极有效的法律

urban planning 城市规划

Result in shortage of energy and natural resources导致了能源和自然资源的短缺

Break the ecological balance破坏了生态的平衡

Be harmful to our physical and mental health对我们的身心健康有害

Contaminate the environment污染环境

promote the sustainable development of the city促进城市的可持续性发展

Greenhouse effect温室效应

strengthen pollution control加强污染控制

popularize environmental protection knowledge普及环保知识

Burning迫在眉睫的

energy crisis能源危机

depletion of resources能源消耗

milestone里程碑

sophisticated equipment尖端设备

technical innovation科技创新

expediency权宜之计

antithetical与…背道而驰的

over-commercialized过渡商业化的

a heated discussion热烈的讨论

exhaust gas废气

disastrous灾难性的

overshadow使…相形见绌

compared to/with…与…相比

usher in引领

speedy and comfortable既快捷又舒适

opposite forces负面影响

a fatal breakdown致命故障

potential hazards潜在危险

pose a threat to…对…有一种威胁

promote relative industries促进相关产业发展

accelerate加速…

means of transportation交通方式

transportation tools交通工具

social status社会地位

environmentally-friendly resources环保的能源

make peoples life easier使人们生活更方便

alternative fuel可替代燃料

sustainable development可持续性发展

scientific exploration科学探索

air travel航空旅行

ridiculous可笑的

absurd荒唐的

substitute取代

overcome difficulties克服困难

make progress取得进步

a sense of national pride民族自豪感

be addicted to …对…上瘾

be fascinated by …被…所吸引

be dependent on …依赖…

observe traffic regulations遵守交通规则

break traffic regulations违反交通规则

get struck in traffic遇上堵车

rush hour上下班高峰时间

ease the traffic pressure缓解交通压力

pedestrian行人

pavement人行道

zebra crossing斑马线

overspeed超速行驶

bottleneck交通堵塞地区

settle down effective laws制定出积极有效的法律

impose restrictions on …对…实施限制

short-sighted目光短浅的

non-renewable resources不可再生资源

carbon dioxide二氧化碳

a pillar industry支柱产业

make full use of …充分利用

road networks公路网

speed limits限速

enhance the quality of life提高生活质量

pay a heavy price付出惨痛的代价

promote the development of relative industries促进相关产业发展

traffic engineering交通运输工程

the number of car ownership汽车拥有量

call for …需要…

overcrowded过度拥挤的

violator违规者

headache令人头痛的事

traffic accidents交通事故

head-way进展

conflict with …与…相冲突

major cause主要原因

be replaced by …被…所取代

provide convenience for …为…提供便利

curb…限制…

dilemma进退两难

encourage somebody to do something鼓励某人去做某事

energy-saving节能的

marketable products畅销产品

potential market潜在市场

in view of考虑到

be tempted into an unhealthy lifestyle从而过上一种不健康的生活方式

jump into our sight映入眼帘

fake and exaggerated information虚假信息

be deceptive and misleading具有欺骗性和误导性

high-tech products高科技产品

perfect services完善服务

环保:

environmental protection 环境保护

environmentally-friendly 环保的

preserve v保护,保存

污染:

Pollute= contaminate, 污染(动词)

pollutant 污染物

Pollution=contamination 污染(名词)

垃圾: rubbish, garbage, trash, waste, litter

处理: dispose of, burn, bury (landfill垃圾场),

dump倾倒,recycle 回收

plastic bags塑料袋, drinking cans饮料罐

biodegradable packaging 可降解包装,

throwaway 可丢弃的

disposable 可丢弃的

discourage v 不鼓励

燃料

non-renewable 不可再生的

fossil fuels矿石燃料: natural gas, coal, petroleum

limited/finite natural resources 有限的自然资源

alternative energy替代能源

replace=substitute v取代

(wind power, hydropower水电,

solar (lunar) power太阳能,

nuclear power核能

radioactivity n 辐射性

use up, deplete, exhaust v 用光,耗尽

conserve v 节省,节约,

consume less v 少消耗

危害动物:

poaching非法打猎,盗猎,

damage natural habitat 破坏自然栖息地,

rare breed稀有物种,

endangered species濒危物种,

extinct adj灭绝 (die out, disappear动词),

animal rights activist动物权益保护者 ,

natural reserve(giant panda大熊猫)自然保护区,

protect wild life保护野生动物,

disastrous灾难性的, devastation破坏,

have disastrous effect on…对。。。有灾难性的影响

危害植物:

vegetation植被

deforestation森林消失,

landslide山体滑坡,

危害环境:

carbon dioxide二氧化碳,

acid rain酸雨(erode腐蚀)

greenhouse effect温室效应 (worsening, deteriorate, deterioration恶化)

global warming全球变暖

ecological system=ecosystem生态系统

green belt绿化带, sand storm沙尘暴, (filter v 过滤)

arouse peoples awareness/consciousness of environmental protection提高公众的环保意识

人类文明文化

 cultural diversity文化多元化

flourishing繁荣昌盛的

cultural treasures文化宝藏

cross-cultural communication跨文化交流

cultural reconstruction文化重建

spiritual civilization精神文明

heritage遗产

achievements of art艺术成就

tear down拆除

humane historical sites人文历史遗址

preserve the cultural relics保护文化遗产

blueprint蓝图

skyscraper摩天大楼

high-rise office buildings高层写字楼

city construction城市建设

well-structured结构良好的

crystallization结晶

visual enjoyment视觉享受

driving force驱动力

reconstruct 重建

destruct 破坏

architectural industry建筑工业

map out制定出

city designing城市设计

beautify our life美化我们的生活

human civilization人类文明

cradle of culture文化摇篮

mainstream culture主流文化

cultural traditions文化传统

national pride民族自豪

local customs and practices风土人情

attract peoples eyes吸引人们的眼球

artistic taste艺术品味

cornerstone基石

be closely interrelated with…与…有密切关系

adhere to the tradition坚持传统

architectural vandalism破坏建筑行为

carry forward …弘扬…

cultural needs文化需求

reputation声望

maintain the world peace维护世界和平

give publicity to…宣传…

burden负担

cause irreversible damage造成不可逆转的损失

national identity and value民族特性和价值观

 remove prejudice and misunderstanding消除偏见和误解

symbol象征

artistic standards艺术水准

enjoy great popularity广受欢迎

cultural devolution文化退化

cultural insights文化视角

learn about the would了解世界

a thrilling experience一种令人激动的经历

abstract抽象的

concrete具体的

move somebody to tears使…感动落泪

get relaxed and entertained得到放松和娱乐

venue场所

has its value有其自价值

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