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新目标英语八年级上册第二单元词语解释与延伸

(2011-06-26 00:00:04)
标签:

新目标英语

八年级上册

第二单元

词语解释与延伸

教育

分类: 八年级上册1-4单元教材解析

新目标英语八年级上册第二单元词语解释与延伸

 Section A

 1.matter    事情  问题  差错    

   (1) We have a lot of matters to talk about.我有许多事要谈。

      It doesn't matter. 没关系。用于接受别的人歉意。

  (2)- I'm, sorry I'm late.对不起我迟到了。  –It doesn't matter. 没关系。    

      What's the matter? 与 What's wrong?   What's your trouble ?

         你怎么了? 该句用于询问对方的身体状况, 也是医护人员询问病人病情时的常用语。

  (3)-What's the matter, Granny? 老奶奶,你怎么了?

       -I want to see my husband in hospital,but I can't find its address.

        我想去看我生病住院的丈夫,但是我找不到地址了。

        What's the matter with somebody ? = What's wrong with somebody?

          某人怎么了? 某人得了什么病?

  (4)-What's the matter with you?你怎么了? –I have a bad headache.我头痛得厉害。            

  (5)-What was the matte with her yesterday ? –She caught a bad cold.

        昨天她怎么了? 她换了重感冒。

       * What's wrong with something?  某物出了什么故障?

  (6)-What's wrong with your watch? 你的表出了什么毛病?- It doesn’t work.坏了。        

  (7)He has a sore throat.    What’s wrong with him?

2. have a cold  患感冒    have a bad cold   患重感冒  

   - What's wrong with you? – I have a bad cold.

   - How are you feeling now ?  - I'm feeling much better.

3. stomachache  胃痛   腹痛  肚子痛   have a stomachache  胃痛

   = have a pain in the stomach    have  a bad  stomach   胃痛得厉害

 (1) -I'm not feeling  well at the moment.- What's wrong?

     - I have a bad stomachache..此刻我感觉不舒服。 你怎么了?我胃痛得厉害。

 (2)The boy said he had a stomachache.The boy said he had a pain in the stomach.

    男孩说他肚子痛得厉害。

4. sore  adj   疼痛的   酸痛的  throat  喉咙  烟喉 

  have a sore throat  烟喉痛    

  have a sore back = have a pain in the back 背痛

(1)Do you have a sore throat?  你喉咙痛?

(2)There's something wrong with  my throat.我烟喉有毛病。

(3)I can't speak out because I have a sore throat.我说不出话了因为嗓子痛。

(4)He can't speak carry the heavy box because he has a sore back.他不能般这重箱因为背痛。

5.back   arm   ear  eye  foot  hand  head  leg  mouth  neck  nose  stomach

   tooth  -teeth   

 (1)- What’s wrong with her? –She has a pain in the back.

    =She has a backache.她怎么了? 背痛。

 (2) Look at the boy . There are only two teeth in his mouth.看那个男孩。只有两颗牙。

have a toothache  牙痛    dentist  牙医

  (1)-What’s the matter? – I've a toothache. 怎么了? 我牙痛。

       - Maybe you should see a dentist.-That’s a good idea.

         出许你应该去看牙医。 是好主意。

  (2)-I had a bad toothache last night.-I’m sorry to hear to that.

        我昨晚牙痛得很厉害。 听到此事我很难过。

   (3) -Do you think I should see a dentist ? 你认为我该看牙医吗?

      –Yes , I think so.是的,我认为是这样。

7.fever  adj   发烧   

   have a fever 发烧  

   have a high fever  高烧

A: What's wrong with you?  

B: I caught  a bad cold yesterday .I’ve  got a headache and a fever.

A: How  long have  been  like this ?

B: Ever since last night.

A: You’d better take some medicine .Have a good rest and drink more water. You will be OK soon.

8. rest n 休息  

   have a rest  休息一会儿   

   have a good rest 好好休息

   Lie down 躺下 

(1)You had a cold . You should have a good rest in bed

     你患了重感冒。你应该躺在床上好好休息。

 (2) Let's stop to  and have a rest.咱们停下来休息吧。

 (3) Please take off your shirt and lie down on the bed.请躺下你的衬衫,躺在床上。

    rest n 剩余部分   the rest  剩余的人

   There are ten boys in the classroom .Three of them are cleaning the classroom. The rest are

   cleaning the windows.教室有十个男生,其中三个在打扫教室,其余的在擦玻璃。

9.honey  蜂蜜   tea with honey  加蜂蜜的茶   with 带有  具有

(1)Drinking tea with honey is good for our health. 渴蜂蜜的茶对健有益。

(2)Would you like some dumpling with meat in them? 你想吃肉馅铰子吗?

(3)The man with a pair of think glasses is my English teacher.戴深度眼镜的人是我的英语老师。

10.medicine药  

    take some medicine  吃药   

    take this medicine 吃这药  

(1)You'd better take this medicine twice a day. You'll be all right soon.

     这药你最好一天吃两次。 你会很快就好的。

(2)My mother  asked me to give her some medicine for cold .我母亲要求我给她买点治点感冒的药。

(3)      

A: What's wrong with you, young man ?

B: I don't feel well.

A: I'm sorry to hear that. Please take off your shirt and lie down on the bed.

B: Yes,doctor.

A: Well, there's nothing much wrong with you Do you  take much exercise ?

B: No, doctor. I never have any time for exercise.

A: How do you sleep?

B: Very badly, doctor.Can you give me some medicine to help me sleep?  

A: Yes, I can.but I'm going to,You don't need medicine. Just take more exercise.

B; You are right, doctor. It's important for me to keep healthy.Thank you for your advice.

A: You’re  welcome . I hope you feel better soon.

 

Section B

1.illness  n 疾病  身体不适    ill  adj   病的

(1)Taking this medicine twice a day after meals is good for your illness.

     饭后一天吃两次这副药对你的疾病有益。

(2)-I’m feeling very ill. –You’d better a doctor.

2.adivce  建议   give sb. some advice 给某人提些建议 

  give sb. some advice on 给某人提某一方面的建议

 (1) He had a bad cold . Could you give him some advice?他患了严重的感冒 你能给他提些建议吗?

(2)My  dentist gave me some advice on my teeth .我的牙医给了提了关于牙齿方面的建议。

3.thirsty   adj    口渴的    feel  thirsty  感觉口渴 be thirsty 渴

(1) –I’m feeling  tired and thirsty  at the moment  .

    - You may  drink a glass of water with nothing and lie down on the bed .

      Have a good rest.  You'll be better in the few days.

      现在我感觉又累又渴。  你可以渴一杯清水,并躺在床上,好好休息。过几天就会好的。

4.stress v  加压力于 ,便紧张  * be stressed out  有压力的,紧张的

   get stressed out 有压力

(1)She's always stressed out,so she can't sleep well.她总是有压力,所以睡得不好。

(2)Don't be stressed out and try to relax .不要有压力设法放松。

(3) Don't get stressed out, It'll make you sick.

problem  问题,令人困惑的事情 

(1)I have some problem  to ask .

 (2) The physics problem is very difficult,I can't work it out.

     这道物理题很难, 我算不出来。

   have some problems( in ) doing something  做某事有困难

    * have no problem doing something  做某事没有困难

 (3) It was very rainy last Sunday,so we had some problems climbing the mountains.

     上星日下大雨,所以我们爬山遇到了困难。

(4)He said he had no problem in working out the physics problem.他说他没有问题算那道物理题,。

    * no problem  没问题   -Can you go the movies with me mow?

                           - No problem.

6.traditional  adj  传统的    

(1)Traditional teaching methods can't improve our grades.传统的教学方式不能提高我们的成绩。

(2)The doctor is good at traditional Chinese medicine .这位医生很擅长传统的中医。

7.believe  vt  相信  认为

   believe  that + 宾语从句.

(1)I believe that the best way to learn English well is to speak it as much as  possible.

   我认为学好英语最好的办法是尽可能地多说。

  * I  don't believe that + 宾语从句。我认为、、、、、、不。

(2)I don't believe that that he will come tomorrow.我认为他明天不会来的。

8 balance n平衡   协调    keep the balance of the nature 保持自然平衡

  balanced diet 均衡的饮食

(1)People should protect animals in order to keep the balance of the nature.

     为了保持生态平衡,人们应该保护动物/

(2)It's easy to have a healthy lifestyle,and it's important to eat a balanced diet.

     有一个健康的生活习惯很容易,并吃均衡的饮食很重要。

     yin (u)阴  yang (u) 阳  

(1) It might be because you have too much “yin”.可能是你阴太虚了。

(2) You  have too much yang in your life ,so you  shouldn’t eat a lot of yang food .

    在你的生活中阳太盛,所以你不该吃许多阳性食品。

(3) People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang .Chinese doctors believe

    that they should eat more yin foods like tofu.

    有压力易发怒的人们也许是阳性过盛 。中医认为他们应该吃象豆腐类的阴性食品。

9.weak adj  虚弱的  无力的  反义词   strong  强壮的

  feel weak  感觉不舒服

be  weak in  = be not good at / not do well in 在、、、差

be a little weak in =be not very good at = not do very well in 在、、、、有点差

(1)-I'm feeling very weak.I can't walk on. 我感觉不舒服。 我不能继续往前走了。

(2)He said he wasn’t very good at Chinese. =He said he didn’t do very well in  Chinese .=

     He said he was a little weak in Chinese.   他说他语文有点不好。

(3) The boy said that was weak in sight and hearing. 这个男孩说他的视力和听力不好。

10.Dangshen 党参 , Huangqi  黄芪  herb  草本植物,药草,香草

  Maybe you have too much yin.. You should eat hot yang foods like beef .Eating Dangshen and

     Hruangqi herbs are also good for this .也许你阳气太盛。 你应该吃象牛肉热的阳性食品。吃党参和

     黄芪对此也有益。

11.angry  adj   愤怒的,生气的 

    be angry   get angry   become angry   生气

    be angry with sb.  生某人的气

(1)Father and I  are  always angry, but we are good friends.我和父亲总是生气,但我们是好朋友。

(2)I was angry with him for taking my  notebook  without saying anything.

     我很生他的气因为他什么也没说就拿走了我的笔记。

(3)He became angry when he heard the news.  当他听到这消息时发起了火。

12   west   n 西部  西方   —western  adj  西方的,   来自西方的

(1)Xinjiang lies in the west of  China.   新疆在我国的西部。

(2)Korea lies to the west of Japan.  韩国在日本的西部。

(3)Chinese medicine is  now  popular in many western countries.中国医药在西方许多国家受迎接。

13.few很少   几乎没有 

    few   几个   一些  

    little 很少    没有

    a little一点儿

    few few  修饰可数名词, few  表示否定     a few 表示肯定

    little  a little  修饰不可数名词。 little 表示否定     a little 表示肯定

(1)Tom has to stay at home himself because he has few friends.

     汤姆得呆自已呆在家里因为他没有朋友。

(2)Although it's windy,a few students are playing football there.尽管刮风,几个学生在哪儿踢足球。

(3)We must hurry  ,There’s little time left.我们必须快点,没有多少剩下的时间了。

(4)My father can speak a little Japanese.  我父亲会讲点英语。

14. stay v  stay + adj  stay  at home  呆在家里    

(1)We often stay at  home on Sundays. 我们在周日经常呆在家里。

(2)Taking excise every day is good for staying health..天天锻炼对保持健康有益。

15.until= till  conj   直到、、、、、之时,  在、、、、、、之前     肯定句与延续性动词连用

(1)I watched TV until my father came back at 12:00 last night.

       我昨晚看电视直到我父亲12点回来。

(2)I'll stay in Shanghai until next week. 我将在上海呆在下周。

not …….until  ……直到……才…….否定句, 误语动词用延续性动词。句子结构是:

   否定句+ until + 从句/ 时间状语。

(3)I didn't go out to play football until I finished my homework..我做完作业才出去踢足球。

(4)I won't believe it until I saw it with my own eyes.直到我亲眼见到我才会相信。

     not……..until   可以替换  when, before, after, if 等引导的状语从句。

(4)He went to bed after he did his homework.- He didn't go to bed until he did his homework.

(5)They left the room when the meeting was over.

   -He didn't leave the room until the meeting was over.

(6)I'll let you in if you show your pass.- I won't let you in until you show your pass.(通行证)

16。 hear vt  听见,听说, 听  hear sb. do sth.听见某人做了某事(动作的全过程)

     hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人在做某事

(1)I heard children singing in the nest room when I passed by.我路过的时候听见孩子们在隔壁唱歌。

(2)We heard them cry  just now. 刚才我听见他们哭了。

(3)I listened, but I heard nothing.我听了,可是我什么也没听见。

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