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新目标英语八年级上册第九单元(Section A & B)词语解释与延伸

(2011-06-12 00:00:18)
标签:

新目标英语

八年级上册

第九单元

(section

a

&

b)

词语解释与延伸

教育

分类: 八年级上册9-12单元教材解析

新目标英语八年级上册第九单元(Section A & B)词语解释与延伸

born  adj  出生  be born  出生

(1)-When were you born?-I was born on October20th,1990.你是什么时候出生的?1990年十月二十日。

(2)-When was DongYapeng born?

   -She was born in 1973. 邓亚萍是什么时候出生的?1973.

(3)- Where was she born?-She was born in Shanghai.她出生于何地?在上海。

(4) I was born in Suzhou on March6th,1992.

    When and when were you born?

(5) Beckham was born on July 2nd ,1975.

    Bedkham’s birthday was on July 2nd ,1975.

too……to …… 太、、、、、、而不能、、、、、本身表示否定

*第一种句子结构:两个句子的主语相同

主语+be +too +adj +to do sth.

他弟弟太小,不能上学。

His borther is too young to go to school.

冰太薄,不能在上面溜冰。

The ice is too thin to skate on .

这箱子太小,不能装下所有的东西。

The box is too small to hold all the things.

她太累了,不能继续往前走了。

She is too tired to walk on.

他激动得说不出话来。

He is too excited to say a word.

这女孩太小,不能骑自行车。

The girl is too young t ride a bike.

*第二种结构:两个句子的主语不同,第二个句子的主语是第一个句子的宾语。

主语+   be     too +   adj  + to do +其它。

主语+   谓语动词+ too +  adv + to do +其它。

这箱子太重,我搬不动。

The box is too heavy for me to carry.

这道物理题太难,我人算不出来。

The physics problem is too difficult for us to work out.

这鞋太脏,她不能穿。

The shoes are too dirty for her to wear.

这房间太暗,我什么了看不见。

The room is too dark for me to see anything.

他说话太快,我们听不清楚。

He spoke too quickily for us to hear clearly.

他跑得太快, 我们跟不上他。

He runs too fast for us to catch up with.

*句子改写。同义句改写

(13) She is very young . She can’t go to school.

     She is too young to go to school.

(两个句子的主语相同用too…..to…..的第一种结构)

(14) Her mother is very old .She can’t do housework

     Her mother is too old to do housework.

(15) The bag is very heavy . nobody can carry it .

     The bag is too heavy to carry.

     The bag is too heavy for anybody to carry.

    (两个句子的主语不同,第二句的宾语是第一句的主语,又因为有nobody ,所以有两种改法)

international  adj  国际的, 世界性的

Our school is an internation school.

我们学校是国际学校。

LuiXiang is also international sports star.

刘翔也是国际运动名星。

He knows three international sports  stars.

How many interenational sports stars does he know? 他认识三个国际名星。他认识几个国际名星?

4.record  记录  break a record for 打破……的记录   hold a record for ….....保持、、、、、、的记录   have   the world  record for 有、、、、、的世界记录

(1) He had the world record for flying acroos Atlantic .他有飞越大西洋的记录。

(2)–Who broke the school record for weight lifting?-He did。谁打破了校举重记录?他。

(3) DengYapeng holds world record for ping-pong .邓亚萍保持了乒乓球的世界记录。

* record     记录  记载

(4) The book records our country history.

    这本书记载了我国历史。

5. hiccup  v 打嗝-hiccupping –hiccupped?

(1)- Who has the world record for hiccupping?

   -Charles Smith does.

   -How long did he hiccup ?

   -He hiccupped for 69years and 5 months.

   -When did he start hiccuping?

   -He started in 1922.

   -When did he stop hiccupping?

   -He stopped in 1990.

   -谁有打嗝的世界记录?

   - 查尔斯. 史密斯

   -他打嗝多久了?

   - 六十九年零五个月。

   - 他什么时候开始打嗝的?

   - 1992年

   -什么时候停止打嗝的?

   -1990年。

6. sneeze  打喷嚏-sneezes –sneezing –sneezed

   have world record for sneezing

   Use a handkerchief when you sneeze.

   你打喷嚏时要用打帕。

   –Donna Green has world  record for sneezing. 丹娜. 格林有打喷嚏的世界记录。

7.golf  n 高尔夫球 play golf  打高尔夫球

  (1) –His father’hobby is to play golf.

      -When did he start playing golf?

      -Ten years ago.

       他父亲的业余爱好是打高尔球。他什么时候开始打高尔夫球的?十年前。

(2) –Does he enjoy playing golf ?

     -Yes , he does. 他喜欢打高尔球吗?喜欢。

8.Brazilian  adj 巴西的,巴西人的,巴西人

  (1) Ronaldo is a Brazilian football player.

      罗纳尔多是巴西的足球运动员。

(2)–What do you think of Brazilian?

    -They’re very friendly .他们很友好

9.national  adj 国家的, 全国的

(1)The National Day of the PRC  is on October 1st.

   中华人民共和国国庆节是十月一日。

(2)Ronaldo ,the great Brazilian soccer player ,played for his national team when he was seventeen.

   杰出的巴西运动员罗纳尔多,17岁的时候变为国家队踢球。

(3) He hopes to join the national football team.

    他希望加入国家足球队。

10.achievement  n 成就,成绩 即可数也不可数

    具体指一件事可数。

    Edison was a man of great achievement.

    爱迪生是一个具有伟大成就的人。

    Flying across the Altantic for the first time is a great chievement .

    首次飞越大西洋是一大成功。

    make (great) achievement 创造杰出的成就

    What great achievement he made for China all his life.他毕生为中国创造杰出的成就。

11. perform    演出,表演

 (1) Miss Wang was very pleased with their perform 王老师对他们的表演很满意。

(2) The seals performed well at the aquarium.海豹在水族馆表演很出色。

(3) MeiLanfang first performed Beijing Opera when he was ten. 梅兰芳十岁时第一次表演京剧。

12. gymnast   n 体操运动员

13.medal  n 奖牌  奖章

14.champion 冠军

15.Championship  锦标赛(常用复数)

16.gold   金子, 黄金

(1) LiuXun ,the Chinese gymnast ,won a gold medal at the World Championships when she was

    seventeen.刘弦,中国体操运动员,十七岁时获得世界杯锦标赛的一枚金牌。

(2) She started ice skating when she was four and she became a skating champion when she was ten.

    她四岁的时候开始滑冰的,十岁时成为滑冰冠军的。

(3) Her mother bought a gold ring for her as a gift for her twentieth birthday.

    她二十岁的生日她的母亲给她买了一枚金戒指作为礼物。

17. too 前含有never, but , only ,not 时, too……to ……的不定式表示肯定意义,用来加强语气。

(1) You are never too young to start doing things.

    无论你年纪多小,都可以开始干一番事业。

(2) Never too old to learn.活到老学到老。

(3) I’m only too happy to see you.我见到你真是太高兴了。

18.golfer  高尔夫球运动员*Tiger Woods老虎  伍兹

-Who is Tiger Woods ?老虎. 伍兹是谁?

-He is a golfer他是高尔夫球运动员。

-When did he start golfing? 他是什以时候开始打高尔夫球的?

-When he was ten months old.十个月的时候。

19.became v 成为  变成-becomes –becoming –became

(1) He started ice skating at the age of four and became a skating chompion when she was ten.

    他四岁时开始滑冰十岁时成为滑冰的冠军。

(2) He wants be a sports star when he grows up.

    他长大的时候想当一名运动名星。

* become  连系动词+ adj

(3) It is becoming colder and colder when winter comes.冬天来的时候天气变得越来冷。

(4) It is becoming smaller and smaller when you take a piece of ice into a warm room.

    当你把一块冰拿进暖和的房间它会变得越来越小。

20. enough  足够  充分

  adj  足够的, 充分的  adv   足够地, 充分地

*enough  足够 充分

 (1) Has he had enough? 他吃饱了吗?

 * enough  adj 足够的, 充分的  修饰名词前置或后置

 (2) I have no time enough to do housework.

     我没有充足的时间干家务。

 * adv 足够地   充分地 修饰动词,副词,形容词后置。

(3) Have you played enough?你玩够了吗?

(4) The problem is difficult enough.这道题真难。

(5)He runs fast enough.他跑得够快地。

* enough to do sth. 能干…….

句子结构:主语+be +adj +enough +to do sth.

(6) I’m lucky enough to have such a good friend.

    我真幸运有这样的朋友。

(7) He was kind enough to help me.他好心来帮我。

(8) Her sister is old enough to go to school.

    她妹够上学的年龄了。

(9) You know well enough when I mean.

   你当然懂得我的意思了。

*not ……enough to do sth.不能干……相当于too….to 的句型,它们的形容词互为反义词

句子结构:

主语+be +not +形容词+enogh +to do sth.=

主语+be +形容词(反义词)+to do sth.(两个句子的主语相同)

主语+be+not +adj +enough for sb.+to do sth.

=主语+be +adj (反义词)enough for sb.to do sth.

(两个句子的主语不同)

(10) The boy is too young to drive a car.

     The boy isn’t old enouhg to drive a car.

(11) The box is too heavy for me to carry.

     The box isn’t light enough for to carry.

(12) The problem isn’t easy enough for us to work out.

     The problem is too difficult for us to work.

The skirt is too small for her to buy.

     The skirt isn’t large enough for her to buy.

21.  at the age of …….在、、、、岁时,与when引导的表示年龄的时间状语从句进行同义句型转换。

(1) Jim beccame famous when he was fiften.

    Jim became famous at the age of fifteen.吉姆十五岁的时候出名的。

(2) He began selling newspapers when he was twelve.=He began selling newspapers at the age of

    twelve.他十二岁时开始卖报纸的。

22.call   把、、、、、、叫做。称呼。为、、、、、、取名

(1) What do you call for this in English? 这个你用用英语说是什么?

(2) His name is Richurd ,but we call him Dick.他叫查里德,可是我们叫他迪克。

*call one’s name 点名

(3) –May I call your name ?=May I know your name?我可以点名吗?

* call 可以用过去分词作定语后置。

(4) The man lived in a town called Xiaottang ten years ago.十年前他住在一个叫小溏的城镇。

23. talented  adj  有天赋的,天才的 the tlent 有天才的人们

(1) He was already a talented musician at the age of twenty.

    他二十岁的时候已是一人有天才的音尔家了。

(2) I think you’re a talented singer.

    我认为你是一个有天赋的歌手。

(3) The talent in the university take an active part in activities.

    在这所大学了的才子积极参加各项活动。

24.loving  adj  慈爱的

(1) His grandmother is a very loving person.

    他的祖母是一位慈爱的人。

(2) Arthru is loving grandfather. He spends all his free time with his grandson.

    亚瑟是一个慈爱的祖父,他把自已所有的空闲的时间都用来和孙子在一起。

25. creative    adj  有创造力的,创造性的,启发想像力的-more creative –most creative

(1) Children should play with creative toys.

    孩子们应该玩有启发想像力的玩具。

(2) I think Arthur is as creative as Daved.

    我认为亚瑟和大卫一样有创造力。

(3)He is a creative artist.他是一个具有天赋的艺术家。

(4) I don’t think he is so creative as Mozart.=I think he is less creative than Mozart.

    我认为他不如莫扎特有才华。

26.outstanding   adj  杰出的,出色的

(1) He became an outstanding singer when he was fourteen.他十四岁的时候就成为了一名杰出的歌手。

(2) Abraham Lincoln was an outstanding president in the Untied States.

    亚伯拉罕.林肯是美国杰出的总统。

(3) People were very pleased with the dolphin’s outstanding perform.

    人们对海豚出色的表演感到非常的满意。

27. kind  adj  和蔼的, 仁慈的,友好的,亲切的

    be kind to sb.=be friendly to sb .对某人好

    She is a kind and loving grandmother.她是一位和谟而慈爱的祖母。

    Our headmaster is very kind to us .我们班主任对我们很好。

28. unusual  adj  不寻常的,罕见的,独特的

(1) Such a man is quite unusual .这样的人少有。

(2) Such cold weather is quite unusual .这样冷的天气是少有的。

    I like that painting,it’s most unusual.我喜欢那副画,它别具一格。

    It's unusual for a man to live to the age of 200.一个人活到200岁是不寻常的。

29. grandson  外孙,孙子

(1) He is a  loving grandfather.He spends all his free time with his grandson.

    他是一个慈爱的祖父,他把他空闲的时间都和孙子在一起。

(2) No one likes his grandson because he always tells lies.没有人喜欢他的孙子因为总是撒谎。

30.violinist    小提琴手

(1) She was already a talented  violinist when she was eight.

    他八岁的时候已是一个具有天赋的小提琴手。

(2) The violionist was born in 1971..

    这小堤琴手生于1971年。

31 skate  滑冰,留冰-skates –skating –skated

 *go skating 去滑冰  ice skating 滑冰

(1) His cousin started ice skating at the age of ten and became a skating champion at the age of

    seventeen.他表哥十岁的时候开始滑冰的十七的时候成为滑冰冠军的。

(2) –What’s he doing for vacation?

     -He’s going skating with his friends.

      他假期打算干什么?他打算和朋友一起去滑冰。

32 tour    在、、、、、、旅行,观光-toured

 *tourist   n 旅 游

(1) They toured the countryside in a car two year ago.两年前他们乘车去乡下旅行。

(2) Many tourists come to  Hainan every year.

    每年有许我游客来海南。

33. the U. S.=the United States 美利坚合众国,美国

(1) She toured the United States when she was fourteen. I saw her play when I was eight.

    他十四岁时旅行了美国。我八岁时看她表演过。

34. well-known  adj 出名的,有名的,众所周知的

(1) YaoMing is a well-known international sports player.姚明是一们有名的国际体育名星。

(2) It’s well –known that MichaelJordan is an outstanding  basketball player.

    众所周知麦克尔.乔丹是一位杰出的篮球运动员。

35. pianist   钢琴家,钢琴手

(1) LiYundi was alsk the first Chinese pianist in the 70-year history of the competition to win

    this prize.在这项比赛的七十年历史中,李云迪是第一位获此殊荣的中国钢琴家。

(2) LiYundi ,a well-known Chinese pianist,always loved music.

   李云迪是一位出色的中国钢琴家,酷家音乐。

36. hum  v 作嗡嗡声,哼唱-hums –humming-hummed   

(1) The little girl often hums different pieces of music .这个女孩经常哼着不同的曲子。

(2) I don’t know the words of the song but I can hum it to you .

    我不知道这首歌的歌词,但我可以哼给你听。

37. accordion   手风琴play the accordion拉手风琴

(1) He began to learn the accordion when he was five.他五岁开始学手风琴的。

(2) His hobby is to play the accordion.

    他的业余爱好是拉手风琴。

38.take part in =join in 参加某种活动

(1) LiuYundi took part in the 14th Chopin International PianoCompetition in poland .

    李云迪参加了在波兰举行的第十四届肖帮国际钢琴大赛。

*join  +组织

(2) –When did your brother join the Party ? –Two years ago.你的弟弟是什么时候入党的?二年前。

*join sb in sth. 和某人一起参加某种活动

(3) Can you join us in the game ?

    你能和我们一起做游戏吗?

*go in for 指参加应试(主要指参加技能或智力测试)

(4) I’ll go in for the exam next year.

    我明年将参加考试。

39. alive   adj  活着的。 在世的,活力的,有生气的

(1) He was alive when they took him to the hospital.

    人们把他送到医院的时候他还活着。

(2) Is the dog alive or dead?这狗是活的还是死的?

(3) Children  caught the bear alive.孩子们活捉了那头熊。

(4) Although he is old ,he is still very much alive.

    虽然年老了,但他仍然,十分活跃。

40. athlete  n 运动选手,运动员

(1) Is he an athlete ?No,he isn’t .他是运动员吗?不是。

(2) He became an outstanding athlete when he was sixteen.他十六岁时成为了一名杰出的运动员。

41.Because of ……. 因为,由于,后接名代词

(1) We didn’t go sightseeing because of the bad weather last weekend .

    我们没去观光由于这坏天气。

(2) He stopped playing soccer because of his sore back. 由于背疼,他停止了踢足球。

(3) He didn’t go to school yesterday because he was ill.

    He didn’t go to school yesterday because of his illness.他昨天没上学因为病了。

42. Asia   亚洲-Asian  亚洲人

(1) The Chinese soccer team toured Asia last year.去年中国足球队旅行了亚洲。

(2) He is one of the most famous Asian athletes.他是一个最著名的亚洲运动员。

43. university  n 大学

(1) –When did your father start teaching in the university ?-Ten years ago.

      你父亲是什么时候开始在大学教学?

(2) His sisters go to the university next year.他的姐姐们明年上大学。

 44.major   v 主修。 专研-majored *mayor in 主修, 以、、、、、、、为专业

(1) He is a chemistry mayor .他是化学系的学生。

(2) He majored in Russia when he was in the university.他在大学时主修锇语。

(3) What subject does your brother major in at Peking University?

    在北京大学你哥主修什么科目?

(4) His wife majored in cooking when she was in Korea.他的妻子在韩国时主修烹饪。

45. management  n 管理,经营

(1) A business can’t do well without good management.没有好的管理生意是做不好的。

(2) His cousin majored in management in the univeresity.他表哥在大学主修管理专业。

(3) Deng Yaping went to Tsinghua University ,majored in English and management in 1997.

    邓亚萍在1997年在清华大学主修英语和管理专业。

46. single   n (网球,乒乓球等的)单打比赛

  ITTF=International Table Tennis Fderation

  国际乒乓球联合会

  WangNan was the champion of the women’s table tennis single match.

  王楠是女 子乒乓球单打冠军。

47.be the first one ……to do sth .第一个做、、、、、的人

(1) He’s always the first one to get to the factory.

    他总是第一个到工厂。

(2) Tom is the last one to get up .汤姆是最后一个起床的。

 48.70-year history 70年的历史 名词作定词用连字符号

    an eight –year –old  girl  一个八岁的女孩

    a 200-dollar check   一张二百美元的支票

    a five-star-red flag 一面五星红旗

(1) That’s a five –star –red flag,our national flag.

    那是一面五星红旗、我们的国旗。

    Our Chinese teacher asked us to write an eight –hundred –word compsition.

    我们的语文老师要求我们写了一篇八百字的作文。

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