加载中…
个人资料
思全英语辅导
思全英语辅导
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:2,311,259
  • 关注人气:579
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

教材解析九年级英语第二单元宾语从句专项复习

(2010-12-12 00:00:17)
标签:

教材解析

九年级英语

第二单元

宾语从句

专项复习

教育

分类: 九年级1-5单元教材解析

宾语从句专项复习

 

复习内容:宾语从句考点归纳

复习目标

1.掌握引导宾语从句的各种连词

2.掌握宾语从句的语序──主句+连接词+主语+谓语

3.掌握宾语从句,主句与从句在时态上的呼应。

重点:语序和时态呼应

难点:语序和时态呼应;与疑问词+不定式的转化;与状语从句的辨析

考点梳理

一、宾语从句的连接词

1.连词that,只起连接作用,在从句中不作句子成分,也无词汇意义,在口语中常被省略。

eg. He knew (that) he should work hard.

2.连词if 、whether,它们起连接作用,在从句中不作句子成分,作“是否”解,在口语中多用if。

eg. Tom don't know if/whether his grandpa liked the present.

He asked me whether or not I was coming.

一般情况下,if 和whether可以互换,但以下3种情况只能用whether:

①在不定式前:Whether to go there or not hasn't been decided.

②在介词前:It depends on(依靠) whether it is going to rain.

③与or not连用:They are talking about whether to go there or not.

3.连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which,连接副词when, where, why, how,它们起连接作用,作句子成分,各有自己的意义。

eg. The teacher asked the new students which class he was in.

I wonder where he got so much money.

【注意】

1.由连接代、副词引导的宾语从句可以和“疑问词+不定式”结构转化。

eg. I don't know how I should do with the presents. ==> I don't know how to do with the presents.

2.要注意区分判断由if、when引导的从句类型.

二、宾语从句的语序

宾语从句的语序是陈述语序,即“连接词+主语+谓语+其它成分”。特别强调:它的主语和谓语的语序是陈述语序,而不是疑问句的倒装结构。

Can you tell me who(m) do we have to see?(╳)

Can you tell me who(m) we have to see?( √)

The teacher asked the students what they were doing.(思考: what在从句中的成分)

陈述句变为宾语从句时,要注意人称和时态的变化,语序不变。 eg. She said, “I will leave a message on the desk.” → She said she would leave a message on the desk.

一般疑问句和特殊疑问句变为宾语从句时,也要注意人称和时态的变化,后面接陈述语序。eg. “Where are the tickets?” I asked him. → I asked him where the tickets are.

三、宾语从句的时态呼应

宾语从句中谓语动词的时态,常常受到主句谓语时态的制约,此为时态呼应。如果主句谓语是一般现在时或将来时,从句谓语的时态不受限制;如果主句谓语的时态是一般过去时,从句一般要随着改为相应的过去时态(一般过去时、过去进行时、过去将来时、过去完成时)。

eg. I thought (that) you are free today. (╳)

I thought (that) you would be free today. ( √)

【注意】当宾语从句叙述的是客观真理时,不管主句谓语的时态如何,从句都用一般现在时。

eg. The teacher told us (that) the earth moves around the sun.

四.其他需要说明的问题

1.标点由主句决定,如主句是陈述句、祈使句,则用句号;是疑问句则用问号。

eg. I heard she had been to the Great Wall. Can you tell me which bus I should take?

2.要注意个别句子中主从句人称的一致。

五.宾语从句和状语从句的区分

eg. 1) I will go out tomorrow if it is fine.

  2) I don't know if the train has arrived.

句1)中if引导的是状语从句。这个从句表示“条件”,修饰主句。整个句子的意思是如果明天天气好,我就出去。句2)中if引导的是宾语从句,充当谓语动词don't know的宾语。整个句子的意思是我不知道火车是否到达。

判断方法:

1.可以从整个句式看。状语从句一般可以放在主句的前面或后面(个别除外),宾语从句只能放在主句谓语动词之后。

2.从引导词看。if充当宾语从句的连接词时,相当于whether,词义为“是否”,充当状语从句的连接词时,词义为“如果”。when充当宾语从句的连接词时,意为“什么时候”,充当状语从句的连接词时,意为“当……的时候”。

3.从时态看。if和when作连接词时,引导宾语从句要注意:从句的谓语动词的时态应根据主句的时态作相应的变化。if和when充当从属连词时,引导条件和时间状语从句,若主句的谓语动词用一般将来时,则从句的时态应用一般现在时表示将来。

同步检测

一、用合适的连接词填空

1. Wang Hai told me _____ he didn't go cycling yesterday afternoon.(how, why)

2. Can you tell me ______ else is going to be on duty today?(who, whom)

3. She said _____ it wouldn't matter much.(that, if)

4. He always thinks ______ he can do better.(how, who)

5. I really don't know ________ the bridge will be finished.(how long, how soon)

6. They don't know _______ we are going hiking.

7. She wanted to know _______ her coat would be ready the next day.

8. I was really surprised at ______ I saw.

9. I don't know ______ so many people crowding round him

10. Do you know ______ shirt it is?

二、句型转换

1. When does the train arrive? Please tell me.(改为宾语从句) →

  Please tell me ________ _________ ________ _________.

2. What does he do? Do you know? (改为宾语从句)→

  Do you know _______ he _______?

3. Do they want fried chicken? He asked the boys. (改为宾语从句) →

  He asked the boys _______ they ______ fried chicken.

4. Was the watch made in Shanghai? I don't know. (改为宾语从句)→

  I don't know _______ the watch _______ made in Shanghai.

5. “Do you want to try something new?” Tom's mother asked him. (同义句)

Tom's mother asked him _______ _______ _______ to try something new.

6. I think this is a good idea.(改为否定句)

 I _______ ________ this ________ a good idea.

7. Lucy hasn't decided which trousers to buy.(改为复合句) →

  Lucy hasn't decided ________ _________ ________ _______ buy.

8. I don't know how I can get to the hospital.(改为简单句) →

  I don't know ________ ________ ________ to the hospital.

三、选择题

1. I don't know _____ he will be back home.

  A. who  B. what  C. when  D. where

2. Could you tell me ___________?

  A. where do you live     B. who you are waiting for

  C. who were you waiting for  D. where you live in

3. Do you still remember _______?

  A. that he said  B. what he said  C. did he say that  D. what did he say

4. I can't understand ______the boy alone.

  A. why she left  B. why did she leave  C. why she had left  D. why had she left

5. She told me the sun ______ in the east.

  A. rise  B. rose  C. rises  D. had risen

6. They tried to find out ______ the new train ________.

  A. how far/ had gone  B. how long/ has gone

  C. how far/ went    D. how far had/ run

7. The manager came up to see __________.

  A. what was the matter  B. what the matter was

  C. what the matter is    D. what's the matter

8. Can you tell me ___________?

  A. where are you doing   B. where do you study

  C. where you were doing  D. where yu study

9. I can't understand _______ the boy alone.

  A. why she let   B. why did she leave   C. why had she left   D. why she had left

10. He asked his father _______.

  A. where it happens   B. where did it happen

  C. how it happened    D. how did it happen

11. No one tells us______, so we need your help.

  A. how we should do   B. what should we do

  C. how to do it       D. what to do it

12. Could you please teach me _______ the computer.

  A. how check   B. to check   C. how to check   D. to how checking

13. _______ he'll come or not isn't important.

  A. Why   B. If    C. Whether   D. What

14. Would you like to know _______they will do it or not.

  A. if    B. that  C. whether   D. why

15. ─Where do you think _____ he ____ the TV set? ─ Sorry, I've no idea.

  A./, bought   B. has, bought   C. did, buy   D. did bought

16. Our homework has changed a lot. Who can tell _____ it would be like in _____ five years.

  A. how, another   B. what, more   C. how , other   D. what, another

17. ─ Could you tell me ______? ─ Yes. He ____ to the USA.

  A. where is he/ has been    B. where he is/ has gone

  C. where was he/ has been   D. where he was/ has gone

18. ─Mike wants to know if ____ a picnic tomorrow.

  ─Yes. But if it _______, we'll visit the museum instead.

  A. you have/ will rain      B. you will have/ will rain

  C. you will have/ rains     D. will you have/ rains

19. I don't know if he ______tomorrow. If he ________, I'll meet him.

  A. will come/ comes   B. comes/ comes   C. will come/ will come   D. comes/ will come

20. I really don't know if she _______ it when she ________.

  A. finds/ arrives   B. finds/ will arrive   C. will find/ will arrive   D. will find/ arrives

 

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有