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教材解析九年级英语第十单元重点短语及用法

(2010-12-06 00:00:05)
标签:

教材解析

九年级英语

第十单元

重点短语及用法

教育

分类: 九年级6-10单元教材解析

Unit 10 重点短语及用法

 

1、go off (闹钟)闹响,还可指“离去”  eg:     

My alarm clock is broken, and it doesn’t go off. 我的闹钟坏了,它不响铃了。              

A man got into that office, then he went off. 有个人进了那个办公室,然后又离开了。    

2、rush off 跑掉;迅速离开  eg:  

   Yesterday a thief stole something in my home and he rushed

   off昨天有个小偷在我家偷了东西跑了

   We shouldn’t rush off when we make a mistake.

   当我们犯了错误时,不应该一起了之。

3、on time 准时  eg:

   Please hand in your homework on time.

请按时交你们的作业。

   Every day, we begin our Class on time.

我们每天准时上课。

4、break down损坏;坏掉  eg:

   I was late today because my bike broke down.            

   因为今天我的车子坏了,所以迟到了。

   Everyone shouldn’t break down the public facilities.       

谁也不能损坏公共设施。

5、show up 出席;露面  eg:

   She didn’t show up at the meeting yesterday afternoon.  

  昨天下千开会时她没有出席。

Look! The clever boy is showing up.             

快看!那个聪明的男孩出声了。

6、April Fool’s Day愚人节(4月1日)  eg:

   We often play jokes with other people on April Fool’s Day.

在愚人节那天,我们经常和别人开玩笑。

April Fool’s Day is a western festival.            

愚人节是西方的一个节日。

7、set off激起;引起  eg:

   His joke set us off laughing.                         

  他的笑话使我们大笑起来。

   The boss hoax set off a strike by workers last year.

   去年,那个老板的骗局激起了一声工人大罢工。

8、get married 结婚  eg:

   He would like to get married to a beautiful young lady.  

   他想要和一位漂亮的小姐结婚。

   Lily got marriage two years ago.

   莉莉两年前结的婚。

9、a piece of 一片;一块  eg :

   Please give him a piece of bread for breakfast.       

  请给他一块面包作为早餐

We need some pieces of paper to draw pictures.        

我们需要几张纸画画

10、by the time 到……时候  eg:

By the time I got there, they had already left.          

当我到那儿时,他们已经离开了。

 By the time he came into the meeting room, the meeting had already been had for the minutes.

当他进入会议室进,会议已经开了十分钟了。

词语辨析

1、on time 与 in time

on time意为“准时,按时”,有一个准确的时间标准,而in time意为“及时”,指不迟于某个时间即可。  eg:

   You must finish your homework on time. 

你必须按时完成作业。

   He got up late yesterday, but he ran to the station and got on the train in time.

昨天他起床晚了,但他一直跑到火车站而且及时地登上了火车。

2、empty与free

   两者都可表示空闲的时间勤务空间,但用法上有所区别,empty所谓的空间指全部是空的,而free则指剩余的空间。  eg:

The box is empty, and you can take it away.        

这个箱子是空的,你可以拿走它

Do you have any free space for me?

还有空位子给我吗?

3、leave与forget

两个词都可作为动词,意为“忘记”,但侧重点有所不同,leave侧重于把某物或某人留到某一地点而forget则侧重于忘记做某件事性,常与to do或sth.连用  eg :

   He left his bag at school this morning.

今天上千他把书包落在学校了。

He forgot to do his homework yesterday.

他昨天忘了写作业。

They forgot cleaning the classroom this afternoon.

他们忘了今天下千已扫过教室了。

特殊句式及用法

1、My alarm clock didn’t go off .and by the time I woke up, My father had already gone into the bathroom and I had to wait for him to come out. 我的闹钟没有响 ,等我醒来时,我爸爸已经进了浴室,因此我只得等他出来。

句中wake up意为“醒来,唤醒”  eg:

Please wake me up tomorrow morning

明天早上请叫醒我。

Every day, I can wake up by myself without the alarm clock.

每天早上,没有闹钟我也可以自己醒来。

2、Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride.幸运的是,我的朋友托尼乘他爸爸的小汽车过来了,他们送了我一程。

   Luckily是副词,意为“幸运地”常用在句首,其形容词形式为lucky,“幸运的”  eg:

   Luckily, he didn’t hurt his leg.

很幸运,他没有伤到腿。

   Tom is a lucky boy, and he often gets help from others.

汤姆是个幸运的男孩,他经常从别人那儿得到帮助。

3、I only just made it to my class. 我正好赶上上课。

   句中make it 为习惯用语,一是表示时间,一是表示“成功、做到、赶到”      eg :—Shall we meet at two tomorrow afternoon? 明天下复员我们两点钟碰头好吗?  

—No, let’s make it earlier, At one. OK? 不,咱们早一点,一点吧,好吗?

—Can you finish the hard work today?你今天能完成这项困难的工作吗?

   —Yes, I think I can make it .是的。我想我能做到。

4、 We stayed up really late.我们一直熬到很晚。

   Stay up 意为“醒着、熬夜、睡不着”等   eg:

   She often stays up Watching TV until twelve o’clock at night.

   她经常晚上熬夜看电视到十二点钟。

   Don’t stay up too late. It’s bad for your body.

   不要熬夜了,这对你的身体不好。

5、What happened to Dave on April Fool’s Day?

在愚人节那一天戴维自动么啦?

   句中happen 是一个不及物动词,后面不能直接加宾语,要跟to以后才可以接名词、代词。happen to sb.表示“某事发生在某人身上”。Happen to do sth.表示“碰巧做某事”eg:

Something has happened to his father.

他父亲出事了。

He happened to meet Lucy on the street just now.

刚才他碰巧在街上遇见了露西。

6、Welles was so Convincing that hundreds of people believed the story, and panic set off across the whole country.威尔斯是如此肯定,以以致成千上成忍气吞声人相信了他的话,恐慌在整个国家蔓延开来。

   句中so…that…决为“如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句。  eg:

   He is so young that he can’t go to school. 他很小,还不能上学。

   The little monkey is so interesting that we all love it. 这只小猴子很有趣,我们都喜欢它。

7、She was thrilled, because she really wanted to get married.她很激动,因为她确实想结婚。

   Thrilled是形容词,意为“非常激动的,非常兴奋的”,与excited意义相同,但thrilled常用来说一个人激动的心情。  eg:

   We were very thrilled when we got our good papers.

   当我们拿到我们的高分试卷时,我们非常激动。

   The man is very easy to be thrilled.

   这个人很容易感情用事。

交际用语

1、By the time I got up ,my brother had already gotten in the shower.

到我起来时,我哥哥已经在洗澡了。

By表示时间,意为“不迟于,到……时为止”还可表示“在……以前”。     eg:

He had already learned 1000 English words by last week.  上周时他已学会了一千个单词。

I have finished the work by this month.

到本月为止,我已完成了工作。

2、When I got to school the bus had left my backpack at home.

当我到达学校时,我意识到我把书包忘在家里了。

句中when引导的是一个时间状语从句,主句的时态一般依据事实而定。eg:

When he was young, he began to study English.

当他很小的时候,他就开始学习英语。

When they got outside, the bus had already left.

当他们出来时,汽车已经离开了。

3、Have you ever locked your keys in your house?

你曾经把钥匙锁到过屋子里吗?

这是一个现在完成时态的句子,其构成为have/has+实义动词的过去分词,表示到现在为止,过去发生的动作给现在造成的影响或结果,而过去完成时则表示到过去某个时间为止或在过去某个动作发生前已完成的动作,强调的是过去的过去 

eg: He has been to Shanghai twice    他去过两次上海(到现在为止)。

They had been to Shanghai twice by the end of last month. 到上个月末,他们去过两次上海。

新课标中考样题展示

1、—Have you ever been anywhere for a trip?

   —A trip? I         a way from my hometown even once..

   A. went                   B. have gone         C. have never been       D. have been

2、—When shall we meet again?

—Make it          day you like; it’s all the same to me.

A. one                     B. another                     C. some                D. any

3、I          this book for two weeks, I have to return it now.

   A. borrowed           B. have borrowed         C. kept                  D. have dept

4、You mustn’t forget          your dictionary when you come here tomorrow

   A. to bring     B. bring          C. to take                     D. take

5、He worked          hard          he passed the exam.

A. such; that      B. so ; that       C. as; as                D. too; to

6、What          to her yesterday evening?

A. was happened   B. happened          C. happening          D. happen

7、Tom          a lot of friends since he came to China last year.

A. made     B. makes       C. is making          D. has made

8、—How clean the room is today!       —Oh ,yes! Who          it?

A. is cleaning    B. will clean         C. has cleaned        D. had cleaned

9、—I haven’t seen Jane for a long time. Where is she ?

—She          to New York.

A. went    B. goes             C. will go                     D. has gone

10、—Did you see Mr Smith when you were in France ?

—No, when I          France, he had gone to China.

A. had arrived to    B. arrived to        C. had got to        D. got to

 

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