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自学导读第二册 lesson 68

(2006-08-27 23:02:28)
分类: 新概念英语
Lesson 68
Persistent
纠缠不休
课文详注 Further notes on the text
1. I crossed the street to avoid meeting him, but he saw me and came
running towards me. 我穿过马路以便避开他,但他看到我并朝我跑
过来。
(1)avoid 以及本课中出现的 enjoy, fancy, mind, finish 等动词后面只
跟名词性的宾语,即只跟名词或动名词:
They managed to avoid a car crash/crashing their car into the wall.
他们设法躲过了一起汽车撞车事故/避免了将车撞在墙上。
(2)running 引导的是分词短语,作状语,修饰 came,表示伴随状
况:
She ran after the thief shouting out for help.
她一边追赶小偷,一边大声喊叫求助。
2.It was no use pretending that I had not seen him锶粼僮白雒豢
见他已是没有用了镲
这句话中,it 是先行主语,真正的主语是 pretending 引导的动名词短
语。It is (of) no use doing锸歉龉潭ń峁梗ㄆ渲械 of 可省略),表示“做镲
也是徒劳的/无益的”:
It is (of) no use worrying about your family.
为你的家人担心是无益的。
3. No matter how busy you are锊还苣愣嗝︼
no matter 可与疑问词 (how, who, when, where, what 等)一起引导让步
从句,表示“无论”:
No matter where you go, you can't forget your home.
无论你到哪里,都无法忘记自己的家。
No matter what I say, I seem to say the wrong thing.
无论我说什么,都似乎说得不当。
4. I had to think of a way of preventing him from following me around
all morning. 我得想办法不让他整个上午缠着我。
think of 在这里的含义是“想出”, way 在这里表示“办法”, a way
of 后面的部分用于修饰 way。prevent 表示“阻止/制止”时其常用结构
为 prevent sb. from doing sth., from 可以省略:
I can't prevent you from going if you want to.
你如果想去,我无法阻止。
5. You're not busy doing anything, are you? 你不忙,是吧?
这是一个附加疑问句,又称反意疑问句,是由陈述句后面加简略疑
问句构成。陈述句如果是肯定的,则附加疑问句通常用否定形式;陈述
句如果是否定的,则附加的疑问句用肯定形式。陈述句中有助动词时,
附加疑问句重复其中的助动词;如果没有,则用do 的各种形式构成:
John was angry, wasn't he?
约翰生气了,不是吗?(肯定式+否定式)He hasn't left, has he?
他没走,是吗?(否定式+肯定式)
I can see him, can't I?
我可以见他,不是吗?(情态助动词作助动词)
You like it, don't you?
你喜欢它,不是吗?(没有助动词时加do)
6. Would you mind my coming with you? 我跟你一道去行吗?
(1)Would/ Do you mind? 是一个用来表示客气的请求或征求意见
的结构,其中可以用if 引导的从句或动名词结构。表示“同意/不介意”
时,用“No, not at all”或“Certainly not”来回答;不同意时往往用一些委
婉的说法,如“ I'm sorry, but铩钡然卮穑挥谩皔es, I do”:
Would you mind waiting a moment?
No, not at all.
I' m sorry, but I have to see the manager in ten minutes.
10
Would you mind if I open the windows?
Certainly not.
Sorry, but it' s cold here.
您等一会儿行吗?
可以。
对不起,不过我分钟后得去见经理。
我把窗户打开好吗?
可以。
对不起,不过这儿本来就冷。
ì
í



ì
í



(2)如果动名词的动作执行者与句子的主语不一致时,它前面可以
加所有格形容词或宾格代词,作为动名词的逻辑主语(cf. 本课语法):
I hope you won't mind my staying here.
我希望你不介意我呆在这儿。
语法 Grammar in use
动名词的一些用法
(1)在第20 课的语法中,我们学习了动名词的基本形式和作用,
在第44 课的语法中,我们学习了动名词用于某些短语动词
(look forward to, be used to 等)之后、一些表示喜好的动词(hate, love,
prefer 等)之后不定式与动名词的区别以及 need 和want 之后动名词的用
法等:
I like watching TV.
我喜欢看电视。(一般行为)
I'd like to watch TV.
我(现在)想看电视。(特定)
The strap needs mending.
这提包带需要修理。(动名词在这里有被动的含义)
(2)有些动词后可以用动名词作宾语,但不能用不定式。这些动词
包括 avoid, admit, deny, fancy, finish, enjoy, mind(在乎,在意),suggest, stand
(容忍)等:
I tried to avoid meeting him.我试图避开他。
I never enjoy meeting Nigel Dykes.
我就怕遇到奈杰尔·戴克斯。
I haven't finished speaking yet.
我还没有说完。
Would you mind answering the phone for me?
No, of course I don' t mind answering the phone for you.
你替我接一下电话好吗?
可以,我当然可以替你接电话。
ì
í 镲

(3)有些结构通常要接动名词,如 busy, worth, it is no/little use, bored
with, interested in, insist on, prevent飂rom 等:
I was looking forward to reading those books.
Well, you can' t read them, so it' s no use thinking about them.
look forward to it' s no use
我一直盼着读那些书。
嗯,你既然读不成,想也没用。( 和
后面都接动名词)
ì
í



I'm busy making meat pies.
我正忙着做肉馅饼。
A Lancaster bomber in reasonable condition is worth rescuing.
一架状况尚好的兰开斯特轰炸机值得抢救。
He insisted on paying.
他坚持要付钱。
I'm interested in acting.
我对表演感兴趣。
(4)动名词可以有自己的逻辑主语(即动作执行者,而不是句子的
主语):
He insisted on my paying the bill.
他坚持要我付账。
I don't think the children enjoy your/his/John's singing.
我不认为孩子们喜欢你/他/约翰唱的歌。
Please excuse his not writing to you.
请原谅他没有给你写信。
Do you mind my smoking?
我可以抽烟吗?
Do you mind opening/my opening the door?
你/我可以开门吗?
(5)come 和go 之后可以跟与户外活动相关的动名词(climbing, driving,
fishing, riding, shopping, walking 等),表示建议、邀请或叙事:
Why don't we go swimming?
为什么我们不去游泳呢?
Come dancing this evening.
今晚来跳舞吧。
Yesterday we went fishing.
昨天我们去钓鱼了。Will you come climbing with us?
There's no point in my coming climbing with you. I can' t climb.
there's no point in
it is no use coming my
你和我们一起来爬山好吗?
我和你们去爬山毫无意义。我不能爬。( 意义
和用法都与相似;动名词前加了逻辑主语)
ì
í



(6)感知动词(hear, see, feel, watch 等)后面既可以跟宾语加分词结
构,也可以跟宾语加不带to 的不定式。现在分词往往强调动作正在发生,
用于叙述中时使人身临其境;不定式则可以表示动作发生了或过程结束
了。有时它们之间的区别不大,可以互相替换使用。试比较:
I saw him coming.
I saw him come into the shop.
There's a child crying.
Where? I can' t hear anyone crying.
我看见他来了。(在过程中)
我看见他进了那家商店。(已发生)
有个孩子在哭。
在哪里?我听不到有人哭。(表示正在进行,最好用分词)
ì
í 镲

ì
í 镲

I watched him climb/climbing the tree.
我看到他爬树了。(区别不大)
词汇学习 Word study
1. fancy vt.
(1)设想,想像:
Fancy meeting you here!
想不到在这儿见到你!
Fancy Ian not knowing the answer to such an easy question!
真想不到伊恩竟会不知道如何回答这样一个简单的问题!
(2)想要,喜欢(往往用于指个人爱好):
I don't fancy going for a walk in the rain.
我不爱在雨中散步。
It's a fine day and I fancy driving down to the coast.
天气真好,我想开车去海边。
2. insist vt.,vi.
(1)坚持,坚决认为:
He insisted that he was right.
他坚持他是对的。
He insists on the importance of the meeting.
他强调这个会议的重要性。
(2)坚决主张/要求,一定要:
I insist on speaking to the manager.
我坚决要求/一定要与经理谈话。
My wife insists that I (should) have my hair cut.
我妻子执意要我理发。
练习答案 Key to written exercises
1.关键句型练习答案C (sample sentences)
1 It's no use trying to reason with him.
2 Let's go swimming.
3 Forgive my interrupting you.
4 Do you deny having taken/taking the money?
5 He came rushing towards me.
6 I'm busy writing letters.
7 I always enjoy going to the cinema.
8 Would you mind closing the door, please?
2.多项选择题答案
1b 2b 3c 4d 5b 6b
7b 8c 9c 10 c 11a 12a

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