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球员位置英汉对照详解

(2007-03-13 08:06:03)
分类: 资料收藏

在xlsteelers那里淘来的,以前发过一个,不过没有这个全面:

 

进攻组 Offensive Team

进攻线卫 Offensive Lineman(C,G,T):

中锋 Center,C

中锋在进攻线中央位置,主要任务是启球(snap)和阻挡防守队员。
The center performs the normal blocking functions of all linemen and is the player who puts the ball in play by means of the snap.

中卫 Guard,G
中卫(左右各一名)列于中锋外侧和擒卫内侧,负责在冲锋和传球进攻中阻挡防守队员对跑锋或四分卫的袭击。
The two guards are directly on either side of the center and inside the tackles. Like all interior linemen, their function is to block on both running and passing plays.

擒卫 Tackle,T
擒卫(左右各一名)列于中卫外侧,职责也是在冲锋和传球进攻中阻挡防守队员对跑锋或四分卫的袭击。如果四分卫是右撇子(右手传球),左擒卫在传球进攻中负责保护四分卫的盲区,其速度通常快于其他进攻线卫以有效地阻止快速冲向四分卫的防守边卫。
The offensive tackles play on either side of the guards. Their role is primarily to block on both running and passing plays. For a right-handed quarterback, the left tackle is charged with protecting the blindside, and is often faster than the other offensive linemen to stop 'speed rushers' at the Defensive End position.

四分卫 Quarterback,QB
四分卫是进攻方在场上的组织者,通常站在中锋身后接其从两腿间传出的启球,然后或在冲锋进攻中将球递给跑锋,或在传球进攻中将球扔给可接球的队员,或自行带球跑动突破。
The quarterback is positioned to take a snap handed between the center's legs. Typical play from formations where the quarterback takes the snap proceeds by the quarterback either handing the ball off to a running back to run, throwing the ball downfield, or running personally.

边锋 Tight End,TE
边锋的位置在擒卫的外侧,既负责阻挡也能充当外接手接球。
Tight ends play on either side of, and immediately next to, the tackles. They are a mix between a blocker and a pass receiver.

外接手 Wide Receiver,WR
外接手是接球专家,主要职责是在特定的传球路线上跑动并甩开防守队员以便接到传球(并在接球后继续向前方突破以求达阵)。外接手偶尔也负责阻挡(尤其是在冲锋进攻中)。外接手的位置可以在进攻线上或线后。
The wide receivers are speedy pass-catching specialists. Their main job is to run pass routes and get open for a pass, although they are occasionally called on to block. A wide receiver may line up on the line of scrimmage or at least one step behind the line of scrimmage.

全卫 Fullback,FB
全卫站在进攻线后,可以冲锋,阻挡,或接短传。全卫通常的责任是跑向进攻线中部为跟随其后的跑锋开路。
Fullback is positioned behind the middle of the line, a fullback may do some running, some blocking, and some short receiving. Most plays utilizing the fullback call for him to block, generally by running up the middle of the line, clearing a path for a running back to use.

跑锋 Running Back(Halfback),RB
跑锋是在地面冲锋进攻中的持球队员,也经常是短传的接球者。跑锋和外接手通常是进攻组中速度最快的队员。
The running back carries the ball on most running plays and is also frequently used as a short-yardage receiver. Running backs, along with the wide receivers, are generally the fastest players on the offensive team.


防守组 Defensive Team

防守线卫 Defensive Lineman(DT,DE):

擒卫 Defensive Tackle(Defensive Guard),DT
擒卫列于边卫内侧,负责冲破进攻线阻挡以突击四分卫和阻止跑锋从进攻线中部突破。如果防守线上只有一名擒卫和进攻中卫正对,该位置被称为中擒卫。
Defensive tackles are side-by-side linemen who are between the defensive ends. Their function is to rush the passer (if they can get past the offensive linemen blocking them), and stop running plays directed at the middle of the line of scrimmage. A defensive tackle that lines up directly across from the ball (and therefore, is almost nose-to-nose with the offense's center) is often called a Nose Tackle or Nose Guard.

边卫 Defensive End,DE
边卫列于防守线最外边,负责突击四分卫和阻止跑锋从进攻线外侧突破。
The two defensive ends play on opposite outside edges of the defensive line. Their function is to attack the passer or stop offensive runs to the outer edges of the line of scrimmage.

线后卫 Linebacker,LB

外线后卫 Outside Linebacker,OLB

内线后卫 Inside Linebacker,ILB

中线后卫 Middle Linebacker,MLB
线后卫站在防守线后,职责根据情况可包括突击四分卫,盯防接球手,和阻止地面冲锋。
linebackers play behind the defensive line and perform various duties depending on the situation, including rushing the passer, covering receivers, and defending against the run.

防守后卫 Defensive Back(CB,S):

角卫 Cornerback,CB
角卫主要责任是盯防外接手,以把球打掉或截断的方式挫败四分卫的传球进攻。在冲锋进攻中,角卫也负责拦住跑锋。
Cornerbacks primarily cover the wide receivers. Cornerbacks attempt to prevent successful quarterback passes by either swatting the airborne ball away from the receiver or by catching the pass themselves. In rushing situations, their job is to contain the rusher.

安全卫 Safety,S

强卫 Strong Safety,SS

游卫 Free Safety,FS
安全卫位于离争球线最远的地方,是最后一道防线,通常协助角卫防止长传进攻。强卫通常比游卫更高大强壮,站在游卫和争球线之间以加强对冲锋进攻的防守,而灵活迅速的游卫则集中防传球。
The safeties are the last line of defense (farthest from the line of scrimmage) and usually help the corners with deep-pass coverage. The strong safety (SS) is usually the larger and stronger of the two, providing extra protection against run plays by standing somewhere between the free safety and the line of scrimmage. The free safety (FS) is usually the smaller and faster of the two, providing variable and extra pass coverage.


特勤组 Special Team

射手 Placekicker,PK
射手负责开球和踢任意球。
Placekicker handles kickoffs and field goal attempts.

置球员 Holder,H
置球员在争球线后7-8码的位置接长传手的启球后将球置好使射手得以踢球,通常由替补四分卫或弃踢员担任。
Holder is usually positioned 7-8 yards from the line of scrimmage, he holds the ball for the placekicker to kick. The holder is often a backup quarterback or a punter.

长传手 Long Snapper
长传手是负责把球启给置球员的特殊中锋,通常由替补边锋担任。
Long snapper is a specialized center who snaps the ball directly to the holder. The long snapper is often a backup tight end.

开球反攻员 Kick Returner,KR
开球反攻员负责在接到对方射手开球后反攻。

Kick returner returns kickoffs.

弃踢员 Punter,P
弃踢员负责弃踢。

Punter kicks punts.

弃踢反攻员 Punt Returner,PR
弃踢反攻员负责在接到对方弃踢后反攻。
Punt returner returns punts.

枪手 Gunner
枪手是在开球和弃踢中快速跑向后场拦截开球和弃踢反攻员的球员。
Gunner is a player on kickoffs and punts who specializes in running down the field very quickly in an attempt to tackle the kick returner or the punt returner.

Wedge Buster
Wedge Buster的任务是破坏开球时接球方多名阻挡员联合组成的楔子,以防止反攻员有畅通的道路长距离反攻。Wedge Buster经常全速与阻挡员发生冲撞,因此是一个十分危险的位置。
Wedge Buster's immediate goal is to disrupt the wall of blockers (the wedge) on kickoffs, preventing the returner from having a lane in which to get a substantial return. Being a wedge buster is a very dangerous position since he may often be running at full speed when coming into contact with a blocker.

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