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Lesson 59

(2009-01-02 08:48:10)
标签:

lesson

59

教育

分类: 新概念英语第二册

Lesson 59  In or out?  进来还是出去?

 

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why did Rex run away?

Our dog, Rex, used to sit outside our front gate and bark. Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate. As the neighbours complained of the noise, my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to 5  let himself in. Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate. However, when I was going out shopping last week, I noticed him in the garden near the gate. This time he was barking so that someone would let him out! Since then, he has developed another bad habit. As soon as he opens the gate from the outside, he comes into the garden and waits until the gate 10  shuts. Then he sits and barks until someone lets him out. After this he immediately lets himself in and begins barking again. Yesterday my husband removed the gate and Rex got so annoyed we have not seen him since.

 

New words and expressions 生词和短语

 

bark(1.1)/ba:k/v. 狗叫

expert(1.5)/'eksp+:t/n. 专家

press(1.4)/pres/v. 按,压

develop(1.80/di'vel+p/v. 养成

paw(1.4)/p&:/n. 脚爪

habit(1.8)/'h$bit/n. 习惯

latch(1.4)/l$tM/n. 门闩

remove(1.11)/ri'mu:v/v.拆掉,取下

 

Notes on the text 课文注释

 

every time此处是连词,作“每当”、“无论何时”讲,引出时间状语从句。

  Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate.很快雷克斯成了开门的专家。 become an expert at作“成了……能手”讲。

  This time he was barking so that someone would let him out!这次它叫着让人把它放出去。 so that是连词,作“为的是”讲,引导状语从句。

  Rex got so annoyed we have not seen him since.雷克斯很生气,此后我们便再也没有见到它。句中含有一个so annoyed that…的状语从句,表示结果,但that被省略了。

  

参考译文

 

我家的狗雷克斯,过去常坐在大门外面叫。每当它想到花园里来时,便汪汪叫个不停,直到有人把门打开。由于邻居们对狗叫很有意见,所以我丈夫花了几个星期的时间训练它用脚爪按住门闩把自己放进来。雷克斯很快成了开门的专家。然而上星期我正要出去买东西时,发现它正呆在花园里边靠门的地方。这次它叫着让人把它放出去!从那以后,它养成了另外一种坏习惯。它从外面把门一打开,就走进花园,等着门自动关上。这之后他就坐下汪汪叫起来,直到有人来把它放出去。出去之后,它又马上把自己放进来,接着再开始叫。昨天,我丈夫把大门卸了下来,雷克斯很生气,此后我们便再也没有见到它。

 

Summary writing 摘要写作

 

Answer these questions in not more than 80  words.

回答下列问题,将答案组成一个段落,不要超过80个单词。

Why did our dog, Rex, use to sit outside the front gate and bark? (so that)

Did my husband train him to open the gate himself or not? Has Rex developed another bad habit or not? (Ever since)

Why does he bark when he is in the garden? (so that)

Does he let himself in after this or not? Does he bark until someone opens the gate again or not? (and)

Has my husband removed the gate or not? Has Rex disappeared or not? (Now that)

 

Composition 作文

 

Write two or three sentences using the ideas given below:

用以下词组写出23个句子来:

My husband put the gate back ---- kept it locked ---- Rex returned ---- delighted at first ---- could not open the gate ----dissatisfied ---- disappeared.

 

Letter writing 书信写作

 

How would the following appear in a letter:

按书信的格式,重新排列以下日期、地址,并给出几个词的缩略形式:

August the first; the third of December; July the second; Avenue; Place; Street; London, East Central 4.

 

Key structures 关键句型

 

Review K550-58  复习第 50-58课的关键句型

These things always happen. (KS50) ( 50)

What happened? (KS51) (51)

What has happened? What has been happening? (KS52) (52)

Pirates would often bury gold in the cave (KS55) ( 55)

Frinley is said to possess a cursed tree. (KS58) (58)

 

Exercises 练习

 

Which verbs in the passage tell us a what is happening now; b what always happens; c what happened; d what has happened; e what was happening.

从课文中选出表示以下动作的动词:a现在正进行的动作;b经常发生的动作;c过去发生的事情;d已经完成的动作;e过去正在进行的动作。

Give the correct form of the verbs in parentheses. Do not refer to the passage until you finish the exercise:

用正确的时态填空,完成练习后再对照课文,核对你的答案:

Our dog, Rex, ______(sit) outside our front gate and bark. Every time he______ (want) to come into the garden he______ (bark) until someone opened the gate. As the neighbours______ (complain) of the noise, my husband ______(spend) weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in. Rex soon ______ (become) an expert at opening the gate. However, when I______ (go) out shopping last week, I______ (notice) him in the garden near the gate. This time he______ (bark) so that someone would let him out! Since then, he ______(develop) another bad habit. As soon as he opens the gate from the outside, he______ (come) into the garden and ______(wait) until the gate shuts. Then he______ (sit) and______ (bark) until someone lets him out. After this he immediately lets himself in and ______(begin) barking again. Yesterday my husband______ (remove) the gate and Rex______ (get) so annoyed we______ (not see) him since.

Write these sentences again changing the form of the words in italics. Omit any words that are not necessary.

改变以下句子中用斜体印出的词组,可以省略不必要的词语。

People say that he is very rich. 4  They gave her a prize.

People say that there is a hold-up on the roads. 5  They promised us a new office.

She gave me a pen.

 

Special difficulties 难点

 

To, in order to, so as to, so that, in order that表示目的的几种方式

Note the way these pairs of sentences have been joined:

注意下面各对句子连接的方法:

He ran to the station. He wanted to catch the train. 他跑到车站。他想赶上火车。

He ran to the station to catch the train.他跑到火车,想赶上火车。

I told him about it. I wanted to help you. 我把这事告诉了他。我想帮助他。

I told him about it in order to help you. 我把这事告诉了他,以便帮助他。

I opened the door quietly. I did not want to disturb him.我轻轻地把门打开。我不想打搅他。

I opened the door quietly so as not to disturb him.我轻轻地把门打开,为的是不打搅他。

He works hard. He wants to pass his exams. 他学习很刻苦。他想通过考试。

He works hard in order that he may pass his exams. 他学习刻苦,为的是通过考试。

He left the letter on the table. He wanted me to see it.他把信留在桌子上。他希望我看见。

He left the letter on the table in order that l might (should) see it. 他把信留在桌子上,以便我能看见。

He was barking. He wanted someone to let him out. 他正在叫。他希望有人放他出去。

He was barking so that someone would let him out. (11.7-8) 他在叫,以便有人把他放出去。

He was barking for someone to let him out.它在叫着,为的是让人放它出去。

He sent a fax. He wanted his mother to learn the good news. 他发了一份传真,他希望母亲知道这个好消息。

He sent a fax in order that his mother might (should) learn the good news. 他发了一份传真,以便他的母亲能知道这个好消息。

He sent a fax for his mother to learn the good news.他发了一份传真,为的是让他的母亲能知道这个好消息。

 

Exercise练习

 

Join the following sentences leaving out the verb to want.

连接以下句子,用括号中的词组来替代动词want

He left early. He did not want to see me. (so as to)

The secretary asked me into the office. The manager wanted to speak to me. (so that)

I ran to the station. I did not want to be late. (so as to)

He worked hard. He wanted to learn English. (in order to)

He has not sent me his address. He does not want me to write to him. (so that)

I went to see him. I wanted to find out what had happened. (to)   

 

Multiple choice questions 多项选择题

 

Comprehension 理解

The writer's husband trained Rex to open the gate because ______.

a Rex couldn't get in

b Rex needed help

c Rex enjoyed opening the gate

d Rex barked a lot and disturbed the neighbours

One of these statements is true. Which one?

a Rex only learnt to open the gate from the inside.

b Rex only learnt to open the gate from the outside.

c Rex never learnt to open the gate.

d Rex doesn't like opening the gate.

Structure句型

He would bark until someone opened the gate. That's what he ______.

a is used to doing          b used

c is used to                  d used to do

The neighbours complained______ the noise.

a for                            bto

cconcerning                  d about

The writer went ______last week.

a for shopping              b for shop

c to shopping               d shopping

He was barking ______let him in.

a for someone to          b in case someone

c so someone to           d so that someone

As soon as he______ the gate from the outside he comes into the garden.

a will open                   bopens

c is opening                 d has been opening

Vocabulary词汇

My husband spent weeks ______him to press his paw on the latch.

a teaching                    bguiding

cleading                        d conducting

Rex became an expert. He was very ______. 

a crafty                       b sly

c cunning                    d skilful

10  I______ him in the garden. 

a observed                   blooked

cremarked                    d took care of

11  He has developed another bad ______. 

a habit                         bcustom

c use                           d usefulness

12  My husband removed the gate. He ______. 

a took it in                   b took it away

c took it on                  d took it up

 

Sentence structure 句子结构

 

Join these sentences, then check your answer against the text. 连接以下句子,然后对照课文第10行,核对你的答案。

Then he sits. He barks. Someone lets him out.

 

 

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