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070205

(2007-02-06 15:38:30)
分类: VOA

In the Mind of an Amnesiac, It Seems the Future May Suffer, Too (2/2) ( 本次听写约189 )

 

The men in the contral group give descriptions rich in detail. One man discribed the heat of the sun on the beach and an old fishing boat on the water and big brown rocks. He discribed how to his left the beach curved around and became a point with wooden buildings on it. And his description continued.

对照组的人描述的很细致。其中一位的描述是:阳光把沙滩照得暖洋洋的,海上有一只旧鱼船,还有褐色的大岩石露出海面。长长的沙滩弯弯曲曲地向着他的左边伸向远方,在(滩天相接处)和座落其上的木屋汇成一点。他的故事还在继续......。

But the amnesiacs were far more basic in what they saw. One said he could not see anything except the blue of the sky. He could hear seagulls and feel the sand. But when asked if he was seeing this in his mind's eye, he answered "No. The only thing i can see is blue.

而健忘患者的描述就非常简单了。其中的一位说除蓝天之外他什么也没看到。不过能听到的海鸥的叫声,还能感受到沙滩(在他的脚下)。当被问及是否这些还留在他的脑海中的时候,他回答说:“没有,唯一在我脑海中浮现的只有蓝色”。

The scientists rated answers based on spatial references--where objects were discribed in relation to each other. They also rated answers for any descriptions of people or animals, for sensory descriptions and for emotions or actions.

科学家们评估这些答案是基于他们对空间的认知--就是将他们所描述的相互间有关联的景像联系到一起的能力。科学家们也把他们对人或对动物的任何描述,不论是意识的、情感的或行为的都纳入评估的范围。

The control group rated higher in all areas. The amnesiacs rated lower, especially in terms of spatial references and emotions. The findings could show that the hippocampus has more to do with imagination and memories than scientists may have ever imagined.

对照组的人在所有方面都表现的很优秀(认知的质量很高),而健忘患者则相反,尤其是他们对空间和情感的认知方面很差。(研究)结果显示,海马体对想像力和记忆的作用比科学家们想像的还要大。

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