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SEA1

(2006-09-03 05:35:21)

Subject (主语) & Verb (动词) Agreement (配合)

(A)WRONG (): He go to school.

CORRECT (): He goes to school. (The subject and the verb must agree (配合) in number (单数或众数) and in person (第一、第二或第三人称), e.g. (举例) I/YOU/WE/THEY go/have; HE/SHE/IT/JOHN goes/has.)

WRONG: Diligence (勤奋) and intelligence (聪颖) is needed (需要).

CORRECT: Diligence and intelligence are needed. (When the subject consists of (包括) two things joined together by `and' (`and'来联合), the verb should be (应该是) plural (众数).)

WRONG: A tall () man, together with (联同) two fat () men, are climbing up (爬上) the mountain ().

CORRECT: A tall man, together with two fat men, is climbing up the mountain. (When two nouns (名词) or pronouns (代词) are connected (连结) by words () like TOGETHER WITH, WITH, ALONG WITH (连同), AS WELL AS (连同), IN ADDITION TO (连同), BESIDES (连同) etc (等等), they take a singular (单数) verb.)

CORRECT: Neither (两者都不是) of them want(s) () to come.

CORRECT: I don't think (不认为) either (两者中的一个) of them is/are at home (在家). (Both (两者) plural and singular verbs are possible (可以用) after NEITHER or EITHER OF in a negative (否定的) sentence (句子).)

WRONG: The whisky (威士忌酒) and soda (苏打水) were quickly () consumed (饮用).

CORRECT: The whiskey and soda was quickly consumed. (Certain (某些) combinations (组合) are treated (被视为) as singular in English. Other examples (其他例子) are `bread and butter' (面包和牛油), `gin and tonic' (加奎宁水的杜松子酒).)

WRONG: Everybody (每一个人) have come.

CORRECT: Everybody has come. (Words like EACH (每一), EVERY (每一), EVERYBODY, ANYBODY (任何人), NOBODY (无人), NO ONE (无人), NONE (无一) should take () a singular verb although (虽然) they may be (可能是) plural in meaning (意义上).)

WRONG: He is one of the greatest (最伟大的) poets (诗人) that has ever (从来) lived (生存).

CORRECT: He is one of the greatest poets that have ever lived. (The pronoun `that' stands for (代表) `poets', but not (而不是) `one', so (所以) we should use () the plural verb `have'.)

WRONG: A basket () of apples were sent () to the principal (校长).

CORRECT: A basket of apples was sent to the principal. (Here (这里) the subject is `basket'. Other words only (只是) supplement (附加到) it. So we use `was'.)

WRONG: Her hardest (最难受的) time (时间) were the three years () after marriage (结婚).

CORRECT: Her hardest time was the three years after marriage. (The verb here should follow (参照) `time', but not `the three years'.)

WRONG: The family (家人) have promised (答应) to come.

CORRECT: The family has promised to come. (Collective nouns (集体名词) like (好像) FAMILY, COMMITTEE (委员会), COMPANY (公司), COUPLE (夫妇), PAIR (一对), CROWD (群众), GROUP (组合), TEAM (队伍) should take a singular verb when they are acting (作用) as ONE UNIT (为一单元), but the verb should be plural if the members (成员) of the group act separately (单独行事).)

WRONG: Six days are a long time to wait for (等待) a reply (答覆).

CORRECT: Six days is a long time to wait for a reply. (Words that refer to (有关) DISTANCE (距离), AMOUNTS (数量) and MEASUREMENTS (计量) take singular verbs when they stand for a TOTAL (整体的) amount. They take plural verbs when a number of (一些) INDIVIDUAL items (个别的项目) are concerned (有关).)

Note (注意): Some students (学生) are careless (大意) not only (不单止) about agreement of the subject and the verb, but also (甚至) about agreement of the same (相同) subject (or object (受词)) within a sentence (在句子里).

WRONG: Although plastic bags (胶袋) are cheap (平价), it will produce (产生) toxic (有毒) gas (气体).

CORRECT: Although plastic bags are cheap, they will produce toxic gas. (`Plastic bags' is plural and we should use the pronoun `they'.)

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