加载中…
个人资料
紫云
紫云
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:99,553
  • 关注人气:45
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

研究表明:6岁女孩认为男人比女人聪明

(2017-02-13 14:02:38)
标签:

教育

文化

分类: 每日新闻

新闻翻译第1174  2017213

6-Year-Old Girls Link Intelligence to Men Over Women, Study Says

研究表明:6岁女孩认为男人比女人聪明


Girls as young as age 6 tend to attribute intelligenceto men more so than women, according to a new study published this week.

美国广播公司》127日:本周发表的一项新研究成果表明,年仅6岁的小姑娘们普遍认为男人更具有非凡智慧。

Researchers found that girls age 6 or younger are more likely to believe men are "brilliant" compared to women.

研究人员发现,6岁或以下的女孩更容易相信男人比女人“更出色”。

The researchers were affiliated with the University of Illinois, New York University and Princeton University.

研究人员来自伊利诺伊大学、纽约大学和普林斯顿大学。

Jill Weber, a psychologist based in Washington, D.C., said she's not surprised by the study's findings.

"When you think of brilliance, it goes along with power and leadership and standing out and feeling confident," said Weber. "Unfortunately we do not socialize girls [to have] those traits."

华盛顿特区的心理学家吉尔·韦伯称研究结果并不令她感到惊讶。韦伯说,“一想到出色,就会想到权力,领导才能、脱颖而出和满满的自信,可惜我们没有使女孩们融入社会拥有这些特征。”

The study published Thursday in the medical journal Science had 400 children go through a series of experiments to see if they associated the idea of "brilliance" with a specific gender.

该研究成果发表在医学杂志《科学上,它让400名孩子参与一系列实验,看看她们是否将“出色”这一观念与特定性别联系在一起。

In one study, 96 students, equally divided between boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 7, were told a story of a "really, really smart person" and then told to pick that person from a group of images of men and women. While the 5-year-old children tended to pick people from their own gender, the older children were more likely to pick photographs of men.

在一项实验中, 965-7岁的男孩和女孩被平均分成两组,研究人员给孩子们讲了一个“聪明人”的故事,随后让孩子们从一组男女照片中选出那个人。5岁的孩子倾向于选与自己性别相同的人,而年龄大一些的孩子们更容易选男人。

In another experiment, the children were asked to pick one of two games: one for "really, really smart" people and one for "children who worked really, really hard." Researchers found girls were overall less interested in the games for "smart" people but equally interested in the game for children who "worked really, really hard." The studyauthors theorize that girls may not pick the game for "smart" people because they are trying to be modest.

在另外一项实验中,让孩子们在两个游戏中选择:一个是“聪明人”玩的游戏,一个是“努力工作的孩子”玩的游戏。研究人员发现,总的来说,女孩对“聪明人”玩的游戏不太感兴趣,但对“努力工作”人玩的游戏感兴趣。该项研究的执笔人指出,女孩们不选择“聪明人”玩的游戏是因为她们在努力保持谦虚。

Weber explained that children in the 5 to 6 age range become less egocentric and start to pay more attention to those around them.

韦伯解释道,5-6岁的孩子变得不那么以自我为中心了,并且开始关注周围的人。

"Around 6 or 7 cognitively that is when the child's brain is better able to compare and look at diversity and understand differences," Weber explained.

韦伯说,“6-7岁孩子的认知是,他们的大脑能够较好地看待和比较多样化,理解不同之处。”

However, Weber said that parents shouldn't feel demoralized by the study's findings. Instead, they should work to counteract social messages.

然而,韦伯说,看到这些研究成果孩子的双亲不应该失去信心。相反,他们应该努力去消弱社会信息。

"I think the more conscious we are...it reminds us we have to wake up again," Weber explained. "We have to deliberately coach girls" to be more vocal, she said.

她说,“我认为我们更多地意识这些 它提醒我们得注意了,我们必须有意地训练女孩直言不讳。”

The researchers caution that more study is needed with a larger and more diverse group to confirm these early findings.

研究人员提醒,这还需要进一步研究,需要大规模的、不同群体实验来证实这些早期发现。

"The present results suggest a sobering conclusion: Many children assimilate the idea that brilliance is a male quality at a young age," the study authors wrote. "This stereotype begins to shape children’s interests as soon as it is acquired and is thus likely to narrow the range of careers they will one day contemplate."

该项研究的执笔人写到“目前的结果暗示一个令人深思的结论:许多孩子接受了这个观念,即出色是男人的品质。这个固定模式一旦被孩子获得,便开始影响他们的兴趣发展,因此很可能使孩子们将来考虑的职业范围变窄。”



http://abcnews.go.com/Health/year-girls-link-intelligence-men-women-study/story?id

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有