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现实中的杜立德医生:苏格兰科学家‘发明一种人跟动物交谈的方法’

(2014-03-11 10:41:29)
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动物

人兽对话

健康

分类: 每日新闻

新闻翻译第1145贴      20140311

The real Dr Dolittle: Scottish scientist 'develops method for talking to animals'

现实中的杜立德医生:苏格兰科学家‘发明一种人跟动物交谈的方法’

 

A scientist claims to have developed a method for “talking” to animals, allowing owners to ask them questions about how happy they are with their living conditions and welfare.

据《英国独立报》3月10日报道,苏格兰一位科学家声称,已经成功开发了一种人与动物“交谈”的方法,主人可以利用该方法向自家的动物发问:以现有的生活条件和待遇你们过得快乐吗?

 

Dr Ian Duncan, emeritus chair in animal welfare at the University of Guelph, Canada, has admitted his aims are similar to those of the fictional character Dr Dolittle – but said his methods are based strictly on science.

加拿大圭尔夫大学动物福利名誉主席伊恩·邓肯博士已经承认,他这么做的目的与小说人物杜立德医生的目的相似,但称他的方法完全依据科学。

 

Speaking to the Sunday Times, Dr Duncan said he is ready to set out his methods publicly after years of work across a host of livestock and pet species.

 邓肯博士对《星期日泰晤士报》说,自己对大量家畜和宠物的物种进行了多年研究,目前准备公开提出他的人畜对话方法。

 

His research previously led to changes in the regulation of battery farming for hens and pigs in the 1980s and 1990s, and next week he will set out his new theories on the science of animal welfare and sentience at a conference in Washington.

 之前他的研究改变了二十世纪八十年代和九十年代层架式家禽饲养法的管理,下周他将在华盛顿召开的会议上,提出关于动物福利科学和感觉性方面的新理论。

 

He told the newspaper: “We are devising ways of ‘talking’ to animals and putting questions to them about their welfare and happiness.

他告诉媒体:“我们正在设计与动物‘交谈‘的方法,问问动物们关于福利和快乐的问题。

 

“Each species has to be treated differently but the common factor is to devise tests where the animals are offered a choice. If they make the same choice repeatedly . . . it shows what they want from us.”

每个物种必须区别对待,但普遍因素是设计多个测试,在那里动物们可进行选择。假如它们反复进行相同的选择,我们便可知道它们的需求。”

 

Dr Duncan, who is originally from Scotland but now based in Ontario, has spoken out firmly against the religious slaughter of animals for the production of halal and kosher meat.

邓肯博士老家在苏格兰,但现在定居加拿大安大略省,他声明坚决反对为清真食品的生产和犹太洁肉而屠杀动物。

 

He said there is much more to the lives of livestock animals – even farmed fish like trout or salmon – than many people realise.

 他说家畜的生活要比许多人意识到的丰富多彩得多,养殖的鱼像鳟鱼或鲑鱼也是如此。

 

“It used to be thought that animals were ‘dumb’, driven by programmed instincts and responses, but now it is clear they live a much richer life than we ever realised and can remember the past and think about the future. We can use that knowledge to ask questions about their care and then improve it.”

“人们常常认为动物是‘哑巴’,靠自身的本能和对人和事物的反应行事,但现在真相大白了,它们的生活更加多姿多彩,是我们从来没有意识到的,而且动物们能记住过去的事情,能思考未来。我们可以利用了解到的知识去询问动物们担心的事情,随后加以改善。”

 

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/the-real-dr-dolittle-scottish-scientist-develops-method-for-talking-to-animals-9179987.html

 

 

 

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