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新概念英语第三册第四课课文

(2012-03-25 16:09:41)
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英语

教育

分类: 读书

新概念英语第三册第四课课文

These days,眼下,如今;

 

receive money,拿工资;
save money,存钱;
spend money,花钱;
Spend the money tomorrow today,今天花明天的钱。
make money,挣钱;

 

far more money than,多得多的钱
在比较级前加上表示程度的副词,形容比较的程度,在此,far不是表示远近,而是表示程度。
some more money than 多一些的钱,some表示不确定的程度,多一点。
lots more  money=far more money =a lot money,多得多的钱。
a little money 多一点的钱。

 

refer 尽管是元音和er结尾的,但是他的重音在第二个音节,并且以元音加辅音字母构成,所以把他当成闭音节对待。在变为过去式或现在分词时要双写r,再加后缀。这是一类有特殊现象的词:
refer refered referring
prefer preferred  preferring
stir  stirred  stirring 搅拌
star  starred  starring
Forest Gump starred by Tom Harks.阿甘由汤姆汉克斯主演。

be referred to as,被称作。。。(这是一种书面语的表达)
walking dictionary,活字典
He is referred to as walking dictionary.他被称做活字典。

be known to us all as,大家叫他。。。。(这是一种口头语的表达)

与中文的习惯不同,当主语不确定时,中文习惯说:“有些人。。。,大家。。。”等,而英语则用被动语态表达。
He is known to us all as walking dictionary.大家叫他活字典。

第二课课文里有“be recognized as,认出是。。。”尽管这是被动语态,在译成中文时可以译为主动语态方式:“认出是。。。”;
In the tochlight,he was recognized as Bill by the vicar.借着手电筒的光,牧师认出来那是比尔。

 

wear a collar and tie,穿着衬衫,打着领带
collar and tie共用一个冠词,说明collar and tie是身兼二职的,不能分离的,如:
a fork and knife;一副刀叉;
a singer and  dancer,一个歌舞演员
a father and mother,既当爹又当妈

 

such is human nature,that...
Such后一般要有that引导的定语从句,在本课中引导的是同位语从句,而不是非限定定语从句。
human nature,人的本性,人之常情。

 

give rise to,引起
That boys are weighed more important than girls can give rise to curious situations.重男轻女会导致各种奇怪的社会现象
Pollution gave rise to a world wise green-house effect.污染导致了全球范围的温室效应。
give birth to 生了。。。孩子
She gave birth to a pretty girl.她生了个漂亮的女孩。


as it did。。。像。。。一样
as引导了一个方式状语从句

in the case of,就。。。情形而言,对。。。来说
it was otherwise.另当别论
Poverty depressed many people,but in the case of my father,it was otherwise. 贫困使人一蹶不振,但是就我父亲而言则另当别论
Fat depressed many people,but in the case of Han Hong,it was otherwise.肥胖使人一蹶不振,但是就韩红而言则另当别论
Difficulties depressed many people,but in the case of me,it was otherwise.困难使人一蹶不振,但是就我而言则另当别论

 

in case of,万一,以防
Take an umbrella with you in case of rain.带上雨伞,以防下雨。
电影《Body gaurd》台词:
A:Whst for?
B:In case.

 

too...to...结构,不要译为“太...以至于不能...”,那样太生硬,汉语翻译为“太...连...都没...”比较好。

 

get engaged,订婚
get married,结婚
get separated,分居
get divorced,离婚

The Oath 结婚誓言
I take you as my wedded husband from the moment forward.For better or worse,for rich or poor,health or sickness to love and cherish.As God is my withness,I give you promise.

 

注意:simply的位置在前,表示“and no more” 仅止于此,没有其他了。

如果simply的位置在后,表示“以他妻子听得懂的简单方式告诉她”。

 

change into 换上。。。
change back into 脱下来后换回来了
get into,穿上
put on,穿上

 

Alf did this 这里this是一种省略与替代的表达
I can do so.(书面表达)
do it(口语表达)
do that/this

 

fellow 同伴,伙伴(有一种亲近感,以引起感情共鸣)
fellow dustman
fellow townsman,同乡
fellow country,同胞
fellow citizen,市民们(市长讲演时用语)

 

-mate 伙伴后缀
workmate同事
roommate室友
helpmate,妻子(贤内助)
soul mate 红颜知己、蓝颜知己(心灵伙伴)

 

have never done ... and never will 从来不曾...,今后永远不会...
Don't you know I have carried the torch for you for a long time.你难道不知道我已经暗恋你很久了吗?
I'm sorry. I have never loved you and never will.(这样的回答太残酷了)

 

will soon be working。。。将来进行时,将来进行,并且持续下去

half as much as...原级比较级,“...是一样的”
用原级比较级表示“一半,两倍...”
如:as old as 年龄一样大
she is twice as old as her son.他是他儿子年龄的两倍。

 

as much as he used to (do)
to的不定式省略了动词,当说话人为了避免重复刚刚提过的动词时,动词不定式的动作就省略掉了。这在Tofle考试题中经常出现。
如:what mean hope expect refuse seem intend等等
I asked(邀请) him to go to the party,but he refused to.
I intended(原本打算) to go out for dinner with him,but he didn't want to.

 

rise 做名词用
rise in status社会地位提升
rise in taxes税收水平提升
rise in prices物价上涨

The rise in prices gave rise to a series of social reactions.物价上涨带来了一系列社会反映。

rise in the world 在世界崛起
China as the largest developing country is rising in the world.

 

rise and fall 有高有低
The level of people's moods rises and falls during a day.人的情绪在一天中有高有低。

 

worth  adj.值得,其后加动名词,而且不能加被动语态

be worth doing值得一做
be worth reading值得一读
be worth watching值得一看
be worth visiting值得一看

It's worth the time.值得花费时间
It's worth the efforts.值得付出行动
It's worth the hard work.值得付出努力
It's worth all the hard work you put in education when you see so many happy children.

 

worthy adj.值得,其后可以加名词,也可以加被动语态的动名词,
be worthy of respect值得尊敬
be worthy of being respected
She is such a good teacher that she is worthy of being respected.

worth ,worthy都是因为自身好的行为导致的一些好的结果,而deserve就不一定是好的行为,也可以是不好的行为导致的一些不好的结果。
deserve;to have earned sth by good or bad behavior
You get what you deserve.(You reap what you sow)种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆
He deserves it.(口语)罪有应得,活该。

 

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