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美国路易斯安娜州立大学口述历史中心简介

(2008-01-09 07:58:25)
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文化

分类: 各地口述历史计划介绍
美国路易斯安娜州立大学口述历史中心简介
The T. Harry Williams Center for Oral History
 
History

"It's no secret," said T. Harry Williams, "that I am a great believer in oral history. Trained researchers using a tape recorder ought to interview people to get the information that is in their heads and no place else." For the past decade, the T. Harry Williams Center for Oral History, keeping with this mandate, has been collecting, preserving, disseminating the valuable information found in first-person narratives.



Established in August 1991 to document the history of Louisiana State University, the Williams Center's mission and scope have grown dramatically over the years. A department of LSU Libraries Special Collections, the Center now conducts and collects interviews on Louisiana's social, political, cultural, and economic history. Our staff and affiliated researchers come from diverse academic backgrounds, including history, anthropology, folklore, creative writing, psychology, education, landscape architecture, African-American studies, and sociology. Although their research topics may vary, everyone who comes to the Center believes that oral history is a meaningful research tool.



Our collection reflects the interdisciplinary nature of the Center, and our holdings range from interviews with folk artists involved in the Acadian Handicrafts Project to prominent Louisiana politicians. The Center's largest holdings document LSU history, the African-American experience in Baton Rouge, Louisiana politics, and World War Two. In the past fifteen years, we have added nearly 2,500 interviews to our collection, and researchers can access them in LSU Libraries Special Collections Hill Memorial Library.



Besides conducting and collecting interviews, we teach groups and individuals from LSU and from around the state how to use oral history as both a research and an educational tool. The Williams Center staff also conducts workshops for and consults with researchers, university and secondary school teachers, and community groups and helps them to establish their own oral history projects.



During the past fifteen years, the Center has also spread the word about oral history in other ways. We published three books: A Guide to Oral History Collections in Louisiana, Louisiana Voices: Remembering World War II, and Talking Gumbo: An Oral History Manual for Secondary Teachers. We have created and helped to create multiple digital audio digital exhibits featuring excerpts from various series including "'Old Ways No More:' An Oral History of the 1953 Baton Rouge Bus Boycott," "'A Grown Man Does this and Gets Paid for It!' The Williams Center Presents William Haag, Jr.," "'We Just Kept Saying Equal!' Oral Narratives of Women Who Integrated LSU, 1964-1973," "Waking up to War: The Shock of Pearl Harbor," "'I Been Here a Long Time:' Oral Histories of West Feliciana's African-American Community," "Leaving Vietnam: Excerpts from Interviews by Dudley R. Meyer, Jr., 1975,"and "'A Lady in the South Could Only Do Certain Things:' LSU Home Management Residence, 1935-1945." Our staff also maintains an extensive web site that lists all of the interviews in our collection. Some of our tapes, transcripts, and publications are available online though LSU's Digital Library.

  • WHAT IS THE CENTER'S MISSION?

    • The primary mission of Center is to document the history of LSU. Because the history of the state and university are closely intertwined, many broader Louisiana subjects are documented as well. Interviewees include war veterans, former governors, congressmen, state and local officials, and other political figures.



      Documenting the Civil Rights Movement in Louisiana and the diverse cultures that comprise our state are also high priorities. In addition to these large projects, individuals or groups of individuals who possess unique knowledge about the state's culture or history are also of interest.



      Public outreach is an important aspect of the Center's mission. Through training workshops, consultations, and collaborations with individual researchers, community groups, classes, and institutions, we enhance oral history collections throughout the state. Often, the collections that result from these collaborative efforts are donated to LSU Libraries for preservation and public access; in many cases copies are provided to libraries, schools, museums, providing access for members of the communities in which the oral histories were collected.



      HOW IS THE CENTER'S MISSION REALIZED?


      The Center conducts, collects, preserves, and makes available to scholars oral histories--primary source documents of Louisiana's social, political, and cultural history. The collection to date is comprised of over 40 series and contains over 2,500 tape-recorded interviews totaling more than 3,000 hours of tape.



      The Center sponsors and directs several on-going projects. The Center works to collect and preserve, through the use of tape-recorded interviews, unique and valuable information about Louisiana history that exists only in people's memories and would otherwise be lost. We accomplish this through interviews conducted by Center staff, paid interviewers, and volunteers, and by encouraging and assisting those who wish to carry out their own oral history projects. All interviews are prepared for deposit in the LSU Libraries Special Collections.



      But the work of the Center goes beyond simply recording interviews. All tapes that enter our collection are eventually transcribed or indexed by student and contract workers. Staff members edit the transcripts and prepare topical abstracts of the interviews. Ultimately, all tapes and transcripts are deposited into the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) housed in LSU Libraries Special Collections at Hill Memorial Library. Barring any restrictions placed on them by the interviewee or the interviewer, the tapes and transcripts are made available to researchers.



    • T. HARRY WILLIAMS

      • The name T. Harry Williams conjures up many images for those who knew him. He was a Pulitzer Prize winning author and an outstanding teacher of southern history, who had a flair for the dramatic. Williams was also an innovative scholar and a pioneer in the field of oral history.



        Williams was born in Illinois, moved to Wisconsin, and received his Bachelors Degree in Education from Platteville State Teachers College, Wisconsin. He earned Masters and Doctorate Degrees in History from the University of Wisconsin. He taught history at several universities, the final one being Louisiana State University, where he was a professor from 1941 until 1979. He became a Boyd Professor of History in 1953. In 1979, the LSU Board of Supervisors established the T. Harry Williams Chair of American History. Also that year, the T. Harry Williams Scholarship Fund was created.



        Among Williams' many academic honors were Doctor of Law, Northland College (1953); Guggenheim Fellow (1957); Doctor of Letters, Bradley University (1959); Harry S. Truman Award in Civil War History (1964); Harmsworth Professor of American History, Queen's College, Oxford, England (1966-1967); Doctor of Humane Letters, Loyola University (1974); and Doctor of Humane Letters, Tulane University (1979). Williams was the President of the Southern Historical Association (1958-1959) and Organization of American Historians (1972-1973). In 1991, LSU Libraries Special Collections established the T. Harry Williams Center for Oral History, to record and preserve the oral history of the university and Louisiana.*



        When he began research for his biography of Huey Long, Williams used tape-recorded interviews with both supporters and opponents of the late-governor. So it is with the oral history technique Williams developed that we ask you to turn your attention to remembrances by his former students, friends, and colleagues. The effect that he had on his students and colleagues was long-lasting. Almost everyone we interviewed tells a similar story about how difficult his classes were to get into and how people would line up outside of the lecture hall just to hear him speak. His colleagues remember him fondly both as a scholar and as a friend.



        *Please note: The T. Harry Williams Papers are not actually part of the Williams Center's collection, but are rather classified separately within LSU Libraries' Special Collections, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections. For further information, see the LLMVC and a list of Special Collections Finding Aids.
      • HOW CAN YOU GET INVOLVED WITH THE CENTER?

        • The Williams Center would not be able to carry out its mission to ultimately serve the public were it not for public collaboration. So thanks to volunteer interviewers, community partnerships, and donors we are able to continue documenting Louisiana's rich cultural heritage and making it available to researchers.



          What can the Center do for you and your community through project partnerships?



          Are you an educator and interested in incorporating oral history into a class project into history, English, social studies, creative writing, service learning, anthropology, geography or other classes?



          Does your community have a unique history that has yet to be fully documented? Are there elders in your neighborhood or town who tell stories that you would like to record?



          Are you interested in documenting your family history? Does someone in your family or community have interesting stories about the 1927 Flood, the Great Depression, World War II, LSU, or the Civil Rights movement?



          Are you a researcher writing a paper, thesis, dissertation, journal article, or book, who is interested in incorporating another primary source into your methodological inquiry?



          If you answered "yes" to any of these questions, please contact the director and indicate your interest as an educator, student, family historian, community historian, or researcher. The Williams Center staff can conduct workshops and serve in a consultation capacity to provide training and guidance for your project. Also inquire about donating your tapes to the Williams Center so that the oral histories you collect can be preserved and made available to researchers in the future.
          HOW CAN THE CENTER FULFILL ITS MISSION?


          Generous financial contributions from people like you make it possible for us to continue collecting and preserving the voices and memories of Louisiana in all their rich variety.



          If you would like to make a tax deductible donation to the Center, several options are available:



          Print and mail a
          donation form to:



              T. Harry Williams Center for Oral History

              LSU Libraries Special Collections

              Agnes Morris House

              Baton Rouge, LA 70803



          Or donate online via our
          secure credit card donation form.

         

      有关该中心的详细内容,请访问网站:http://www.lib.lsu.edu/special/williams/

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