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New York Asks Help From Poor in Housing Crisis

(2006-03-09 22:18:12)
纽约在贫困住房危急上寻求帮助
纽约城市房屋总局,为400,000个贫困纽约人解决房屋问题,将面临168亿的资金短缺和预计通过新的住房税收来减少差距,并增加那些老的住房使只有一个厨房的地方增加为有厕所的房屋.
房屋总局称,这使至联邦政府为公众房屋筹集资金被取消后,来自养老金的巨大亏损.(什么意思?看半天不明白)直到2001年,代理人说,要从储备金中提出358亿元来弥补不断的预算裂缝。今年使首次没有预算来弥补短缺.
所以被提议每月支付$5.75给房客来运作洗衣机.(什么玩意?)$5每月来支付洗碗机,$10每月来支付独立冰箱。4月1日起,停车费将由每年$5涨到$75。
房屋总局计划对现有的许多税收增税,比如在正常磨损的情况之外毁坏公寓,将要支付税款,首先,这就好像在电梯的洞里寻找几个小时前丢失的钥匙一样。当局希望在5月1号左右将税收修改的比停车费用更有效。
房屋总局要求他们的高级职员在保留基础服务的情况下拟定一个方案来平衡预算,最小化容易愤怒的居民的冲突,并且找到当局所称的"流线型服务方式"。当局也在寻求联邦政府和城市官员的帮助。
"鸟儿们都要回家栖息"曼哈顿的代表者Jerrold L. Nadler说,他抗议联邦政府对公众住房承担太少的义务。"房屋总局持有它及被唾骂又被包装,用一个又一个的方式,这也许是真正的破坏。"
房屋专家担心,继续削减开销可能对全国有深刻的影响,但这将导致全国120,000的公众居民的房屋陷入恶化的危险。
全国最大的纽约房屋总局在全国范围内开展了345个开发项目,包括近2,700个建筑和181,000座公寓。一半的工程收入来自联邦政府的补贴金,其余的来自于房客的出租费用,那些房屋所有者每年平均收益小于19,000美元。
居住在曼哈顿西部的阿姆斯特丹的Arlyne Allen和他的丈夫还有3个十几岁的孩子,对于税收谈到,"这对我影响太大了,你甚至不能支付你现在拥有的东西"她说,如果可以的话,她将去宾夕法尼亚州找一个她能够供养的起的私人房屋。
根据代理的说法,费用猛涨。贡献给雇佣者养老保险金的投资增长了866%,从2001年到2005年,增长了62.6亿美元,部分是因为市场波动和国家颁布的新法律,这是政府中介帐目要面临的一个问题。未来,有效花费将增长到45%,健康保障花费将提高到45%并且提高到39%的工人赔偿。
在同一时间,当局官员表示对于全国范围内的公众房屋补贴将保持不变。并且当局联邦政府的补贴将缩减到14亿美元。代理任要对城市从前的21,000个公寓负责,并且国家不给予任何补贴。
由于,从2001年开始联邦政府已经每年面临预算不足的问题。到2006年的总计差距是182亿美元。代理人说通过调节,包括提议减员,合并职能,削减空位能够将此削减到168亿美元
 
New <wbr>York <wbr>Asks <wbr>Help <wbr>From <wbr>Poor <wbr>in <wbr>Housing <wbr>Crisis
 
 
The New York City Housing Authority, landlord to more than 400,000 poor New Yorkers, is facing a budget shortfall of $168 million and has proposed narrowing the gap by charging residents new fees and increasing old ones for everything from owning a dishwasher to getting a toilet unclogged.
 
The authority says its operating deficit stems from enormous increases in energy and pension costs while its federal financing for public housing has been cut. Since 2001, the agency says, it has spent $357 million from its reserves to close repeated budget gaps; this year, for the first time, it no longer has enough reserves to cover the shortfall.

So it has proposed charging tenants $5.75 a month to run a washing machine, $5 a month to operate a dishwasher, $10 a month for a separate freezer. Parking fees will rise to $75 from $5 a year on April 1.

The authority plans to raise existing fees for dozens of services, like fixing damage to apartments beyond normal wear and tear, and to charge, for the first time, for things like rescuing lost keys from elevator pits after hours. The authority would like to put the fee changes other than for parking into effect around May 1.

The Housing Authority board has asked its senior staff to come up with a plan to balance the budget while preserving basic services, minimizing the impact on the most vulnerable residents and finding what the board called "creative ways to streamline service delivery." The authority has also appealed to federal and city officials for help.

"The chickens are coming home to roost," said Representative Jerrold L. Nadler of Manhattan, who added that the federal government was taking less responsibility for public housing. "The Housing Authority has, by one ingenious means or another, been holding it together with spit and baling wire. This could be really devastating."

Continuing cost cuts are likely to have a profound effect around the country, with the nation's 1.2 million units of public housing in danger of deteriorating, housing experts fear.

New York's Housing Authority, the largest in the country, operates 345 developments around the city, including nearly 2,700 buildings and 181,000 apartments. Half of its operating income comes from its federal subsidy; most of the rest comes from rent from its tenants, whose average household income is less than $19,000 a year.

Arlyne Allen, who lives in the Amsterdam Houses on the West Side of Manhattan with her husband and three teenage children and provides day care out of her home, said of the fees: "It'll affect me a lot. You can't even afford what you have now." If she could, she said, she would move to Pennsylvania to find private housing that she could afford.

According to the agency, expenses have skyrocketed. Contributions to its employees' pension fund increased by 866 percent, to $62.6 million, between 2001 and 2005, in part because of market fluctuations and new state laws, a problem faced by scores of government agencies. Further, utility costs rose by 45 percent, health care costs by 42 percent and workers' compensation by 39 percent.

At the same time, authority officials say, the federal operating subsidy for public housing nationwide has remained flat, and the authority's federal operating subsidy has shrunk by $14 million. The agency is also responsible for 21,000 apartments formerly subsidized by the city and the state that no longer get any subsidy.

As a result, the authority has faced budget shortfalls every year since 2001. The total gap for 2006 is $182 million, which the agency says it has whittled down to $168 million through measures including proposed staff reductions, consolidation of functions and elimination of vacant positions.


原文地址:http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/09/nyregion/09housing.html?hp&ex=1141966800&en=aa8e65e4bbd9441a&ei=5094&partner=homepage

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