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Senior Officers of the Roman Legion(罗马军团高级军官)

(2005-08-20 10:14:51)
分类: 帝国历史

The following list indicates ranks from highest command to lowest common soldier:

 

Legatus Legionis: The overall Legionary commander. This post was generally appointed by the emperor, was a former Tribune and held command for 3 or 4 years, although could serve for a much longer period. In a province with only one legion, the Legatus was also the provincial governor and in provinces with multiple legions, each legion has a Legatus and the provincial governor has overall command of them all.


以下列表从最高指挥官至底层士兵排列:
  
Legatus Lesgionis(军团长):整个军团的指挥官。这一职务一般由皇帝任命,担当者通常是从前的护民官,并且任期为3-4年,但是有的军团长能够服役更长时间。在只有一个军团驻扎的行省中,军团长同时也是行省总督;再有多个军团驻扎的兴盛当中,各个军团长由行省总督管理。


Tribunus Laticlavius: Named for the broad striped toga worn by men of senatorial rank.This tribune was appointed by the Emperor or the Senate. Though generally quite young and less experienced than the Tribuni Angusticlavii, he served as second in command of the legion, behind the Legate.


Tribunus Laticlavius(副军团长):专为元老院元老设立的职位。这个职位的人选由皇帝或者元老院指定。虽然这些军官一般都比骑士军官年轻且缺乏经验,但是他们在军团中却是仅次于军团长的军官。


Praefectus Castrorum: The camp Prefect.Generally he was a long serving veteran who had been promoted through the ranks of the centurions and was 3rd in overall command.


Praefectus Castrotum(宿营长):一般这个职位是由一名百夫长提升而来的老兵担任。他在军团中处于三把手的位置。
Tribuni Angusticlavii: Each legion had 5 military tribunes of equestrian (knight) class citizens. They were in many cases career officers and served many of the important administrative tasks of the Legion, but still served in a full tactical command function during engagements.
Tribuni Angusticlavii(骑士军官): 每个军团有五名骑士阶层的军事领袖。他们在大多数情况下以文职人员的身份出现,负责管理一些重要的军团行政事务,但是在交战时也要执行军团战术指挥任务。


Primus Pilus: The "First File" was the commanding centurion of the first cohort and the senior centurion of the entire Legion. Service in this position also allowed entry into the equestrian social class upon retirement.


Primus Pilus(第一百夫长):这名百夫长是军团第一步并大队的指挥官,也是全军团中最高一级的百夫长。担任这个职务的人被准许在退休后进入骑士阶层。


 

                                       英语原文摘自UNRV History

 

                                       翻译:何流


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