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县域内转化食用油为燃油

(2009-02-09 16:32:20)
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杂谈

VATS of grease may make health advocates cringe, but Westchester County officials see excess cooking oil from the county’s 3,500 restaurants as a means of cleaner, cheaper fuel.

With seven vehicles that run solely on fuel made from cooking oil and 125 vehicles that run on a mix of cooking oil and diesel fuel, the county has begun a program to take excess oil off local restaurateurs’ hands free to use it as an alternative energy source.

At a news conference on Tuesday to announce the program, Andrew J. Spano, the county executive, hailed the program as part of the county’s continuing effort to cut costs while reducing emissions that harm the environment.

For every 10,000 gallons of cooking oil collected, the county could save about $25,000 in diesel fuel costs, Mr. Spano said. It could also provide savings to restaurant owners, many of whom rely on private disposal services to haul away frying oil that cannot be reused, he said.

“This is a product that restaurants would normally have to pay to take away,” Mr. Spano said.

More important, the program will aid the county in its continued push to reduce its impact on the environment, officials said.

Joseph D. Simoncini, who oversees the county’s fleet of 3,800 vehicles, as well as its equipment that runs on gasoline or diesel, said the yearlong experiment of mixing vegetable oil with diesel to fuel vehicles had been so successful that there is room to expand the effort to another 350 vehicles.

It cost $4,500 to retrofit each of the seven vehicles that run solely on vegetable oil — two educational and training vehicles, including the Veggie Van; three trucks; and two tractors — Mr. Simoncini said. However, running vehicles on a mix of vegetable oil and diesel costs very little, he said.

It is also relatively inexpensive to build processing systems for the oil, several of which are already in place at a cost of about $1,000 each, Mr. Simoncini said. Should the need arise for more processing systems, the county could build more.

The county has been collecting its vegetable oil from a range of facilities, including county-owned concessionaires and homeless shelters.

According to restaurant owners, however, there could be a bounty of oil out there should restaurants opt to participate.

Koshy Chacko, president of the Westchester chapter of the New York State Restaurant Association, said not having to pay an oil disposal company would be a welcome reprieve for local businesses. It can cost up to $22 to remove five gallons of oil, and since the ban of trans fats, restaurants have been using healthier oils and must change the oil in their fryers more often.

Mr. Chacko said his Fair Deal Cafe in White Plains produces about 200 gallons of oil every three weeks, which costs $86 in hauling fees. Food service at the MasterCard headquarters in Purchase, one of the 10 businesses already participating in the county program, disposes of about 100 gallons a month.

With the program newly begun, county officials said it was unclear how many businesses ultimately would participate and how much oil could be collected.

In the meantime, however, the benefits of running vehicles on fuel that costs less and is cleaner is invaluable for both taxpayers and the environment, officials said.

“Besides the cost and the savings, it’s the emissions factor,” Mr. Simoncini said. “It’s priceless.”

县域内转化食用油为燃油

大桶的食用油可能使健康饮食提倡者恐惧,但是威斯彻斯特县的官员们将县内3500家餐馆过量的食用油看作更清洁,便宜的燃油来源。

有着7辆完全食用油转化汽油的车和125辆混合食油和柴油的车,这个县开始了将当地餐馆多余食用油作为另一种能源来源的计划。

在周二报告这则计划的会议上,县长Andrew J.Spano将这个计划称颂为当地对降低尾气污染物花费减少的持续成果的一部分。

Spano先生说,每收集到10000加仑的汽油,这个县就能在柴油燃料花费上节约25000美元。它还能使餐厅老板在依靠私人废弃食用油处理方面省钱。

“这是个餐馆普遍会购买的产品。”Spano先生说。

更重要的是,官员宣称这个计划能帮助县里持续推动减低环境污染。

监督全县3800辆交通工具和使用汽油柴油的设备的人,Joseph D.Simoncini说这一年混合植物油和柴油作为燃料的经验是如此成功以至于仍有空间来以同样的效果增加另外350辆交通工具。

Simoncini说,更新7辆完全使用植物油车中的一辆需要4500美元——两个教育和训练车,包括Veggie运货车;三辆卡车;两辆拖拉机。然而,更新混合植物油和柴油的车花费很少。

建造这类油的处理系统也相对地不贵,一个只需1000美元。越多的油处理系统的需要,这个县就能造更多。

这个县开始从一系列设施,包括县有土地和私人土地处收集植物油。

然而,根据餐厅老板所说,选择加入的餐厅可能会大量缺乏油。

纽约州餐厅协会的威斯彻斯特区主席Koshy Chacko说不用付费给废油公司很当地商业欢迎。处理5加仑的油要花费22美元,自从过量脂肪的禁用后,餐厅一直在使用更健康的油,而且必须更加频繁地换掉他们油锅里的油。

Chacko说他在White Plains的Fair Deal咖啡店每三周要处理200加仑的油,运输费就要86美元。万事达卡总部购买的食物服务,其中十分之一已经加入了这个县立计划,每月要处理100加仑的油。

随着这个新计划的开始,县内官员们说不确定多少企业会加入进来,多少油能被收集到。

官员说然而与此同时,耗油更少,更清洁的交通工具的好处不仅对纳税人,还有环境都有好处。

“不考虑花费和节约,最有吸引力的因素,”Simoncini先生说。“它几乎免费。”

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