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空中英语教室 20080820【去赶市集】1/2

(2008-09-02 23:40:25)
标签:

教育

分类: 空中英语

去赶集市
Going to the Fair
从竞技,到美食和吹拉弹唱
集市上应有尽有

From competitions to food to music
fairs offer something for everyone
Aug. 20, 2008


In the summer months, nothing stirs excitement in North American communities like county fairs. Over the course of several days, locals enter their livestock, homemade products, and crafts in fair competitions. They also enjoy the entertainment and food the fair offers. County fairs mean fun for the whole family.

在夏季的月份里,没有什么能象美国北部的乡村集市一样撩动人心痒痒的。一连数天的乡村集市上,当地的农夫把他们的家禽,自制的农产品和手工艺品都带到集市上大显身手。同时他们又可以在这里享受娱乐活动和美食。乡村集市意味为家庭提供乐趣。

集市的历史根源
Fair history
County fairs began as agricultural fairs in rural America in the 1800s. these events were held so farmers could see new equipment and share knowledge about crops and livestock. They were often the first time rural people saw new inventions. Some people saw sewing machines, washing machines and a printing press for the first time at fairs in the 1850s and 1860s.

乡村集市起源于19世纪美国农村的农贸集市。这些集市能给农民们看到最新的农业器具以及分享有关庄稼和家禽的知识。集市上的农民经常可以第一时间看到最新的发明创造。十九世纪五、六十年代有些人第一次在农贸集市见到缝纫机,洗衣机和印刷机等。

Groups of individuals organized the first fairs, but later local governments helped finance the events. With the government money, communities built permanent fairgrounds. They had large buildings to house animals and a midway area for games and rides. By the 1870s, the fairs were much like the festive and competitive events held today.

最初是由各个私人团体组织的乡村集市,后来由当地的政府资助举办,有了政府的资金,社团修建起永久性的农贸场地。他们拥有大型的房屋用来存放牲口和用作玩耍和骑乘的游乐场地。到了十九世纪,这种农贸集市更象是今天举办的节日和竞技比赛。

Chat Room
在乡下的青少年往往会参加4-H Club,中文叫作四健会,4-H Club是一个非营利性青年组织,为了让年轻人可以在青春时期尽可能发展他们的潜力,所谓的四健分别对应英文的4个h,代表head健全头脑, heart健全心胸, hands健全双手and healthy健全身体
除了4-H Club在美国乡下还有另外一个组织,叫做Future Farmers of America美国未来农夫,来自于乡村或农场的这些孩子们可以透过这些俱乐部学习到许多的农场或农业知识

livestock (n)牲畜;家畜
集合名词
1 Early in the morning, the guide took us to visit the livestock auction to fill the excitement.
导游一大早带我们去家畜的拍卖场,去体会一下那里的兴奋的气氛。
2 All the residents and their livestock were evacuated from the flooded area.
所有淹水地区的住户和牲口都被撤离了。

finance (v)资助;筹措资金
1 The government decided to finance this company because it is facing bankruptcy.
政府决定要支援这家公司,因为他们即将面临破产。
2 The construction of the road in the area was partially financed by local businesses.
这个区域道路的兴建有部分是由当地的企业所资助的。

midway (n)园游会的游乐区
(adj, adv)中途的,中间的;在游乐场中用on
1 Iren won several stuffed animals from the games on the midway.
Iren在游乐场玩游戏的时候赢了好几只填充玩具。
2 We stopped midway on our trip to get some food.
我们在旅途中中途停下来去买些吃的东西。

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