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空中英语教室 SC080130/31【冰上竞速:竞速滑冰与冰球】

(2008-02-16 10:16:07)
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教育

分类: 空中英语
 Speed on Ice: Speed Skating and Ice Hockey
冰上竞速:竞速滑冰与冰上曲棍球

Winter sports for those who need speed
适合追求速度感的人的冬季运动
 hockey (n) 曲棍球
Dan likes to play ice hockey because he can skate fast.

The crowd cheers as speed skaters zip around the track.
在群众的欢呼声中,竞速滑冰选手沿着跑道飞奔而过。

They're racing against the clock, and one-hundredth of a second can be the difference between winning and losing.
他们和时间赛跑,百分之一秒就可能决定胜败。
against the clock (idiom) 抢时间;分秒必争
It was a race against the clock to try to finish the history exam before class was over.

Hockey players, on the other hand, chase a puck that can travel at 190 km/h instead of racing toward a finish line.
另一方面,曲棍球选手则追逐时速可能高达一百九十公里的冰球,而不是朝着终点线猛冲。
puck (n) 冰球(冰上曲棍球赛的橡皮圆盘)

For those who love speed, there's nothing like speed skating and ice hockey.
对於爱好速度感的人来说,竞速滑冰与冰上曲棍球绝对是最过瘾的运动。

Speed Skating
竞速滑冰

Speed skating is the fastest human-powered sport in the world, with racers reaching speeds of up to 60 km/h in long-track and short-track competitions.
竞速滑冰是世界上速度最快的依靠人力驱动的运动,选手在长道和短道上较劲,时速可高达六十公里。

In a long-track race, two skaters race around a 400-meter oval ice rink.
在长道比赛中,两名选手绕着四百公尺的椭圆形溜冰场比赛,
ice rink (n) 溜冰场

They compete in races that vary from 500 meters up to 10,000 meters.
比赛的距离从五百公尺到一万公尺不等。

Instead of racing each other, skaters compete for the fastest time.
滑冰选手较量对象不是彼此,而是必须创下整场赛事中最快的时间纪录。

In short-track speed skating, four to six skaters jockey for position and often bump one another as they race several times around a 111-meter oval track.
在短道竞速滑冰比赛中,四到六名选手互相争先,在一百一十一公尺的椭圆形跑道上绕行竞赛,途中常会互相碰撞。
jockey (v) 争取(优势或地位)
The two racecars jockeyed for the lead as they sped around the racetrack.

They often fall and sometimes end up with serious injuries.
选手常会跌倒,有时甚至会受重伤。

Japanese-American Apolo Anton Ohno, a two-time Olympic gold medal winner and a short-track sensation, is an audience favorite.
日裔美籍选手阿波罗?安东?欧诺曾经两度赢得奥运金牌,是短道比赛好手,深受观众喜爱。
sensation (n) 表现出色人物;风云人物
Hilary Duff is a singing sensation among teenagers.

He looks to speed his way to more gold at the Winter Olympics in Canada in 2010.
他希望能在二0一0年的加拿大冬季奥运摘下更多金牌。

Ice Hockey
冰上曲棍球

Hard-hitting and fast-action describe ice hockey, where two opposing teams use curved hockey sticks to hit the puck into their opponent's goal.
冰上曲棍球的特色就是重击与急速动作。互相较劲的两个队伍用弯曲的曲棍球棍把冰球打进敌队的球门里。
opponent (n) 对手
Joe was happy he beat his opponent in the tennis match.

A game consists of three periods, and the team with the most goals at the end of those periods wins.
一场曲棍球赛分为三节,三节结束後进球最多的队伍获胜。

At the start of the game, one player from each team goes to the center of the rink for a face-off to gain control of the puck.
比赛一开始,两队各派一名球员到球场中央争球,夺取冰球的控制权。
face-off (n) 争球

Once the puck is in play, skaters can reach speeds of up to 50 km/h when chasing after it.
开打之後,球员追逐冰球,滑行时速可以高达五十公里。

A lot of protective gear is worn by the players because of roughness during the game.
由於比赛粗暴激烈,球员必须穿戴许多护具。

Players slam into each other, trip each other and even get into fights, which often earns them a seat in the penalty box.
球员会互相撞击、绊倒对方,甚至爆发斗殴,但斗殴的球员常被判下场坐进受罚席。
slam (v) 猛烈撞击
Erin tripped and slammed into the wall while running in the house.
penalty box (n) 犯规球员的受罚席

Teams dream of winning the renowned Stanley Cup, which is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL) in Canada and the United States.
曲棍球队的梦想就是赢得远近驰名的史丹利盃,就是加拿大和美国的全国冰上曲棍球联盟赛的冠军奖盃。

Speed skating and ice hockey attract large audiences as many people hunger for speed.
许多人都渴望追逐速度感,因此竞速滑冰与冰上曲棍球吸引了大批观众。

If you're among them, watch these sports as speed skaters set new speed records and ice hockey players skim over the ice in the quest for control of the puck.
你如果也是这样的人,不妨观赏这两种运动,看竞速滑冰选手不断创下速度的纪录,以及冰上曲棍球选手在冰上滑掠而过,追求冰球的控制权。
quest (n) 寻求;追寻
Mike met a lot of challenges on his quest to find the sunken ship.

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