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美国太空部队发射秘密X-37B航天飞机进行更多的在轨试验

(2020-05-18 12:45:11)

美国太空部队发射秘密X-37B航天飞机进行更多的在轨试验

美国太空部队发射秘密X-37B航天飞机进行更多的在轨试验

美国太空部队发射秘密X-37B航天飞机进行更多的在轨试验

美国太空部队发射秘密X-37B航天飞机进行更多的在轨试验

2020年5月17日,19:18 UTC

作者:Daniel Patrascu(www.autoevolution.com)

2019年10月,波音公司的X-37B在地球同步轨道连续飞行780天创纪录的绕地球飞行,根据官方的说法,这架航天飞机进行了在轨试验,但很少有人知道在轨道上做了什么。现在这架飞机代表新成立的美国太空部队(Ussf)发射,而不是它以前的美国空军(USAF)。它在一枚联合发射联盟阿特拉斯五号火箭(最初的计划是在SpaceX猎鹰9号上发射)上升空,准备进行另一项破纪录的任务。像往常一样,X-37B会进行一系列实验。

第六次部署这架航天飞机的主要任务是,在轨道上为美国空军学院交付FalconSAT-8。美国宇航局(NASA)也将在飞机上进行两项实验,实验针对研究辐射对某些用于种植食物的材料和种子的影响,而海军研究实验室(Naval Research Lab)正在寻找将太阳能转化为射频微波能量的方法,这些微波能量可以被发回地面。波音航天公司(Boeing Space)发射高级副总裁吉姆·奇尔顿(Jim Chilton)在一份声明中表示:“X-37B改变了太空开发的模式,重新定义了空间开发的效率。该项目带来的快速技术进步,将造福整个太空界,并影响下一代航天器的设计。”X-37B是一种可重复使用的自主飞行器,用火箭发射。它于2010年第一次发射,最初只打算停留270天。今天发射之前,它在那里总共停留了2865天,平均每次飞行573天。

Space Force Launches Secret X-37B Spaceplane for More Orbit Experiments

17 May 2020, 19:18 UTC · 

by Daniel Patrascu(www.autoevolution.com)

In October 2019, Boeing’s X-37B place came back to Earth after a record 780 day non-stop flight around the globe at orbit altitude. Officially, the spaceplane conducted in-orbit experiments, but few know what the craft actually did while in orbit. And now it’s at it again.

This time, the machine was launched on behalf of the newly-created Space Force (USSF) instead of its former operator, the United States Air Force (USAF). It took off on board a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket (the initial plan was for the mission to launch on top of a SpaceX Falcon 9), heading up for yet another possible record-breaking mission.

As usual, the X-37B carries with it a number of experiments for various interested parties, this time more than before thanks to the plane being fited with a new service module. The main mission of this sixth deployment of the spaceplane is the delivery in orbit of the FalconSAT-8 for the USAF Academy.

NASA sent two of its experiments on board as well, both meant to study the impact of radiation on certain materials and seeds used to grow food, while the Naval Research Laboratory is looking to find ways to transform solar power into radio frequency microwave energy that could be beamed back to the ground.

“The X-37B has shifted the paradigm and redefined efficiency in space development," said in a statement Jim Chilton, Boeing Space and Launch senior vice president. “The rapid technology advancements enabled by the program will benefit the entire space community and influence the next generation of spacecraft design.”

The X-37B is a reusable autonomous aircraft, launched by means of a rocket. It first took off in 2010 and was initially meant to stay up for just 270 days. Until today’s launch, it spent 2,865 days up there, or an average of 573 days per flight.

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