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美国通用汽车工人罢工进入第二周

(2019-09-24 17:38:32)

通用汽车罢工进入第二周,情况如下

谈判人员整个周末都在开会,并于星期一上午返回谈判桌

作者:美联社

2019年9月23日上午9:13

纽约-周一,四万九千名美国汽车联合公司工人(UAW)发动对通用汽车(General Motors)的罢工进入第二周,谈判取得了进展,但没有明确的结果。

美国通用汽车工人罢工进入第二周

周一,罢工进入第八天,讨价还价者们举行了整个周末的会议,并恢复了谈判。

一位了解谈判情况的人士表示,他们正在就工资和利润分享、通用汽车希望关闭的工厂的新产品、新员工获得全额工资的更快途径以及对临时工的使用等问题进行讨价还价。该人士不愿透露身份,因为谈判的细节是保密的。

九月一十六日,工人们停止了工作,使九个州约三十个制造厂的生产陷于瘫痪。

罢工迫使通用汽车公司关闭了两家加拿大工厂,这两家工厂生产发动机、老式皮卡和两款小汽车。如果罢工拖得更久,通用很可能不得不关闭更多在墨西哥和加拿大的工厂,因为发动机,变速器和其他组件是在美国国内生产,向通用汽车公司供应零部件的公司也将不得不开始减产。

本周,消费者在经销商处将看到更少的卡车、SUV和小型汽车。考克斯汽车公司 Cox Automotive说,通用汽车在罢工前储备了77天的汽车销售量供应。但在罢工之前,雪佛兰(ChevroletTahoe)等大型SUV的供应量已经低于行业平均61天的车辆价值the industry average 61 days' worth of vehicles。

工人也会感到压力,他们上周拿到了最后的GM薪水,并将不得不在本周开始领取每周二百五十美元的罢工薪酬。

在过去的五年中,美国汽车联合公司工人(UAW)希望在利润中占有超过30亿美元的份额。但通用汽车公司看到全球汽车销售下滑,并希望将其劳动力成本与位于外国的美国工厂保持一致,生产工人的最高工资约为每小时30美元,而通用汽车的总劳动力成本(包括福利)约为每小时63美元,在南方经营的国外工厂平均为50美元。

阻碍谈判的包括利润分配方式,工会希望改善。目前,在北美,公司每赚十亿美元,工人们就能得到一千美元的税前收入。今年工人每人得到一万零七百五十美元的支票,低于去年的一万一千五百美元。

工资也是一个问题,该公司正寻求将薪酬更多地转移到依赖于收入的整笔薪酬上,而工人们希望增加每小时工资,如果经济下滑,那将是一个问题。

他们也在谈临时工人的使用和使他们成为全职工人的途径,以及让新雇用的工人进入UAW最高工资的更快的轨道。

通用汽车希望关闭两个提供产品的工厂,一个在底特律-Hamtramck生产电动皮卡的工厂和一个在俄亥俄州的洛德斯通Lordstown电池工厂,该地区正在关闭一家小型汽车组装厂,这家工厂将由一家合资企业经营,虽然会雇佣UAW的工人,但通用汽车提议他们的工资不能比组装厂高。

这是自2007年来的第一次全国性罢工,当时工会停止了通用汽车公司两天的生产。

As GM strike enters its second week, here's where things stand

Negotiators met all weekend and returned to talks Monday morning

BY:ASSOCIATED PRESS

Sep 23rd 2019 at 9:13AM

NEW YORK — The strike against General Motors by 49,000 United Auto Workers entered its second week Monday with progress reported in negotiations but no clear end in sight.

Bargainers met all weekend and returned to talks Monday morning as the strike entered its eighth day.

A person briefed on the negotiations says they're haggling about wages and profit sharing, new product for factories that GM wants to close, a faster route to full wages for new hires, and use of temporary workers. The person didn't want to be identified because details of the bargaining are confidential.

Workers walked off their jobs early on Sept. 16, paralyzing production at about 30 manufacturing sites in nine states.

Already the strike forced GM to shut down two Canadian factories that make engines, older-model pickup trucks and two car models. If the strike drags on much longer, GM likely will have to close more factories in Mexico and Canada because engines, transmissions and other components are built in the United States. Companies that supply parts to GM also will have to start cutting production.

Consumers this week will start to see fewer trucks, SUVs and cars on dealer lots. Cox Automotive said that GM had stocked up before the strike with a 77-day supply of vehicles. But before the strike, the supply of larger SUVs such as the Chevrolet Tahoe already was below the industry average 61 days' worth of vehicles.

Workers also will feel pressure. They got their last GM paycheck last week and will have to start living on $250 per week in strike pay starting this week.

The union wants a bigger share of GM's more than $30 billion in profits during the past five years. But the company sees a global auto salesdecline ahead and wants to bring its labor costs in line with U.S. plants owned by foreign automakers.

The top production worker wage is about $30 per hour, and GM's total labor costs including benefits are about $63 per hour compared with an average of $50 at factories run by foreign-based automakers mainly in the South.

Issues that are snagging the talks include the formula for profit sharing, which the union wants to improve. Currently workers get $1,000 for every $1 billion the company makes before taxes in North America. This year workers got checks for $10,750 each, less than last year's $11,500.

Wages also are an issue with the company seeking to shift compensation more to lump sums that depend on earnings and workers wanting hourly increases that will be there if the economy goes south.

They're also bargaining over use of temporary workers and a path to make them full-time, as well as a faster track for getting newly hired workers to the top UAW wage.

GM has offered products in two of four locations where it wants to close factories. It's proposed an electric pickup truck for the Detroit-Hamtramck plant and a battery factory in the Lordstown, Ohio, area, where it is closing a small-car assembly plant. The factory would be run by a joint venture, and although it would have UAW workers, GM is proposing they work for pay that's lower than the company pays at assembly plants.

This is the first national strike by the UAW since 2007, when the union shut down General Motors for two days.

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